Bangladesh became an independent country after 9 months of liberation war. It emerged as an independent sovereign nation in 1971.Now it is one of the210 independent countries of the world. Total area of Bangladesh is 147570 sq. km and the population is nearly 15 cores at present.
Bangladesh is one of the densely populated countries of the world. Here the population is increasing day by day creating lots of problem.
At present with the increase of population terrorism and corruptions are also increasing. It is known that terrorism and corruption degrade the moral attitudes of the society. It also retards the usual development of country and deprived the people from their rights and hampered the development.
This report attempts to have a comparative Study of Different types of Terrorism and Corruption in Bangladesh covering the time period 2002 to 2006.No doubt with the increase population in the country terrorism and corruption are also increasing.
Sources of data:
The sources of data for this research are obtained from BBS. The researcher uses data for this research from Statistical pocket book of Bangladesh 2007.
Objective of the study:
This report attempts to have a comparative study of different types of terrorism and corruption with increment of population after independent. The main variables that have been included here are the dacoity, robbery, burglary, theft, murder, rioting, women molestation, children oppression, kidnapping, police torturing, cases regarding rescue operation, law of rapid justice (act2002) and others.
It is expected that the analysis in subsequent pages will help interested persons to get an idea of corruption and terrorism in Bangladesh.
The information related to violence i.e. robbery, theft, murder, rioting, women molestation, kidnapping etc. which were published in the Statistical pocket book of Bangladesh 2007 by the Police Directorate. The researcher collected it from BBS.
Data are computed, compiled and processed by the researcher and necessary package programs used were:
- Microsoft Word 98
- Microsoft Excel
- The data used in this study were taken mainly from the Statistical pocket book of Bangladesh 2007 and no field level data were procured.
- Data for 5 years only were considered for analysis. So a general conclusion can not be made in this study.
Data were collected by the researcher for this study from the Statistical pocket book of Bangladesh 2007. The pocket book published by the BBS was considered. Information on topics related to dacoit, robbery, burglary, murder, theft, rioting, women molestation, children oppression, kidnapping, police torturing, cases regarding rescue operation, law of rapid justice (act 2002) and others were collected to identify the fatalities, interrogated or informed by the relative of the victims.
The data represent the social condition of Bangladesh. It represents that the criminal cases in Bangladesh are increasing day –by- day.
The data collected are presented in a tabular form to get an idea of incidence of crime.
Table-1: No. of criminal cases from 2002 to 2006 in Bangladesh
|Cases regarding rescue operation||17394||16785||16534||20960||22073|
|Law of rapid justice||1693||2179||2053||1814||1638|
Source: Police Directorate
Table-2: Percentage distribution of criminal cases from 2002 to 2006 in Bangladesh
|Cases regarding rescue operation||13.629||13.360||13.856||17.036||16.965|
|Law of rapid justice||1.327||1.734||1.72||1.474||1.259|
Source: Police Directorate
A graphical presentation of increasing terrorism and corruption when population increases
From the graph it is clear that the no. of dacoity is decreasing day by day. In 2002 it is the highest and in 2006 it is the lowest.
Here both increasing and decreasing trend is found. The no. of robbery is highest in 2002 and lowest in 2006.
Here a decreasing trend is found. The no. of burglary is decreasing here from year to year.
Here both increasing and decreasing trend is found. Here the phenomenon is almost same in every year.
Here both increasing and decreasing trend is found. In 2003, the no. of murder is lowest and in 2006, it is highest.
Here a decreasing trend is found. The no. of rioting is decreasing from year to year in Bangladesh.
(7) Women molestation:
Here both increasing and decreasing trend is found. The no. of women molestation is increasing from 2002 to 2003 and decreasing from 2003 to 2006.
(8) Children oppression:
Here both increasing and decreasing trend is found. From 2002 to 2003 children oppression is decreasing and then from 2003 to 2006 it is increasing.
(10) Police torturing:
Both kind of decreasing and increasing trend is found here. Here it is clear that from 2005 to 2006 police torturing is increasing rapidly.
(11) Cases regarding rescue operation:
In this graph, at first no. of cases regarding rescue operation is decreasing from 2002 to 2004 and then increasing from 2004 to 2006. So it is clear that the no. of cases regarding rescue operation is increasing day by day in Bangladesh.
(12) Law of rapid justice:
Here it is clear that at first law of rapid justice is increasing from 2002 to 2003 and then decreasing from 2003 to 2006. So from this graph we can say that law of rapid justice is decreasing day by day in Bangladesh.
(13) Other criminal cases:
From the graph it is shown that the no. of other criminal cases is decreasing from 2002 to 2003 and then increasing from 2003 to 2006. So it is clearly remarked from the graph that the no. of other criminal cases is increasing day by day in Bangladesh.
This chart shows that the no. of criminal cases of women molestation, theft, rescue operation and others are high and the no. of other criminal cases robbery, burglary, murder, rioting, children oppression, dacoity, kidnapping, police torturing, law of rapid justice are low in 2002 in Bangladesh. It also shows that the no. of other criminal cases is the highest and the no. of police torturing is the lowest.
This chart shows that the no. of criminal cases theft, women molestation, rescue operation and other criminal cases are high and the no. of other criminal cases dacoity, robbery, burglary, murder, rioting, children oppression, kidnapping, police torturing, law of rapid justice are low in 2003 in Bangladesh. It also shows that among them the no. of other criminal cases are the highest and police torturing are the lowest.
This chart shows that the no. of criminal cases theft, women molestation, rescue operation and others are high and the rest are low. It also shows that among them the other criminal cases occur highest and the police torturing occur lowest.
This chart shows that the no. of criminal cases theft, women molestation, rescue operation and other criminal cases are high and the rest are low. It also shows that the other criminal cases occur highest than all the stated criminal cases and the police torturing occur lowest than all the criminal cases.
This chart shows that the no. of criminal cases theft, women molestation, rescue operation and the other criminal cases are high and the rest are low. It also shows that the other criminal cases occur highest and the police torturing occur lowest.
Summary and conclusion
The main aim of the study is to compare different types of violence and terrorism. As population is increasing in Bangladesh violence and terrorism is also increasing.
After observing the table and graphs it becomes clear without any doubt that with the increase of population and time violence and corruption by terrorist increase also.
Rules for suppressing corruption and terrorism:
Rules for suppressing corruption and terrorism have been formulated from time to time in Bangladesh. In 1947 some rules of public importance were formulated to make the rules more active. Clusters of similar rules were added in 1957 to those of 1947. Afterwards many additions were made to those rules in 1958, 1960 and 1977.
4.3 Independent anticorruption commission:
In order to prevent activities leading to corruption the government introduced a bill in the 8th session of the national assembly. Threadbare discussion is going on to make the rules suitable to the present need.
Social movement can be initiated in 2 ways:
When an individual becomes a victim of corruption or terrorism he may protest against such corruption and terrorism. But isolated attempts to fight against the corruption and terrorism more often than not result into failure.
Therefore all the victims of corruption and terrorism should join together to make collective efforts to fight against corruption and terrorism. To make the movement a success support from the press, mass media, television etc. can play an important role.
At first we need political willingness to prevent corruption and terrorism. Government and opposition party should be mentally prepared to control corruption and terrorism.
More independence of the media:
The news media of Bangladesh is more independent than any other country of the world. Newspaper can play dominant role to prevent corruption and terrorism. These are
- Generate media support against corruption and terrorism
- Determine means to ensure freedom and independence of media and
- Develop and improve understanding for the media’s potential for preventing and combating corruption and terrorism.
Increase of advantages:
Government employ’s are not paid sufficiently to maintain their family is an honest way. The government employ’s salary should be increased to get rid of this situation.
Corruption and terrorism is consuming into the vital of the social structure. This brings bad luck to the nation. So we should find out the reasons why they are in increasing trend and to find out ways and means to decrease them. More research needs to be done by the researchers to solve the situation that the country peoples are suffering for several years.
- Statistical year book of Bangladesh 2007
- Statistical pocket book of Bangladesh 2007
- Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
- The daily Prothom Alo, The daily New age, The daily Ittefaque
- Police Headquarters
- Transparency International Bangladesh
- Durnity Domon Commisiion