Convention Relating To Civil Liability In The Field Of Maritime Carriage
Of Nuclear Material, 1971
(Excerpted from: http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=56757)
The High Contracting Parties,
Considering that the Paris Convention of 29 July 1960 on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear
Energy and its Additional Protocol of 28 January 1964 (hereinafter referred to as “the Paris Convention”)
and the Vienna Convention of 21 May 1963 on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (hereinafter referred to
as “the Vienna Convention”) provide that, in the case of damage caused by a nuclear incident occurring in
the course of maritime carriage of nuclear material covered by such Conventions, the operator of a nuclear
installation is the person liable for such damage,
Considering that similar provisions exist in the national law in force in certain States,
Considering that the application of any preceding international Convention in the field of maritime
transport is however maintained,
Desirous of ensuring that the operator of a nuclear installation will be exclusively liable for damage caused
by a nuclear incident occurring in the course of maritime carriage of nuclear material,
Have agreed as follows:
Any person who by virtue of an international convention or national law applicable in the field of maritime
transport might be held liable for damage caused by a nuclear incident shall be exonerated from such
(a) if the operator of a nuclear installation is liable for such damage under either the Paris or the Vienna
(b) if the operator of a nuclear installation is liable for such damage by virtue of a national law governing
the liability for such damage, provided that such law is in all respect as favourable to persons who may
suffer damage as either the Paris or the Vienna Convention.
1. The exoneration provided for in Article 1 shall also apply in respect of damage caused by a nuclear
(a) to the nuclear installation itself or to any property on the site of that installation which is used or to be
used in connexion with that installation, or
(b) to the means of transport upon which the nuclear material involved was at the time of the nuclear
for which the operator of the nuclear installation is not liable because his liability for such damage has been
excluded pursuant to the provisions of either the Paris or the Vienna Convention, or, in cases referred to in
Article 1(b), by equivalent provisions of the national law referred to therein.
2. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not, however, affect the liability of any individual who has caused
the damage by an act of omission done with intent to cause damage.
No provision of the present Convention shall affect the liability of the operator of a nuclear ship in respect
of damage caused by a nuclear incident involving the nuclear fuel of or radioactive products or waste
produced in such ship.
The present Convention shall supersede any international Conventions in the field of maritime transport
which, at the date on which the present Convention is opened for signature, are in force or open for
signature, ratification or accession but only to the extent that such Conventions would be in conflict with it;
however, nothing in this Article shall affect the obligations of the Contracting Parties to the present
Convention to non-Contracting States arising under such international Conventions.
1. The present Convention shall be opened for signature in Brussels and remains open for signature in
London at the Headquarters of the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (hereinafter
referred to as “the Organization”) until 31 December 1972 and shall thereafter remain open for accession.
2. States Members of the United Nations or any of the Specialized Agencies or of the International Atomic
Energy Agency or Parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice may become Parties to the
present Convention by:
(a) signature without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval;
(b) signature subject to ratification, acceptance or approval followed by ratification, acceptance or
3. Ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be effected by the deposit of a formal instrument to
that effect with the Secretary-General of the Organization.
1. The present Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day following the date on which five States
have either signed it without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval or have deposited
instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Secretary-General of the
2. For any State which subsequently signs the present Convention without reservation as to ratification,
acceptance or approval, or deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the
Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day after the date of such signature or deposit.
1. The present Convention may be denounced by any Contracting Party to it at any time after the date on
which the Convention comes into force for that State.
2. Denunciation shall be effected by a notification in writing delivered to the Secretary-General of the
3. A denunciation shall take effect one year, or such longer period as may be specified in the notification,
after its receipt by the Secretary-General of the Organization.
4. Notwithstanding a denunciation by a Contracting Party pursuant to this Article the provisions of the
present Convention shall continue to apply to any damage caused by a nuclear incident occurring before the
denunciation takes effect.
1. The United Nations where it is the administering authority for a territory, or any Contracting Party to the
present Convention responsible for the international relations of a territory, may at any time by notification
in writing to the Secretary-General of the Organization declare that the present Convention shall extend to
2. The present Convention shall, from the date of receipt of the notification or from such other date as may
be specified in the notification, extend to the territory named therein.
3. The United Nations, or any Contracting Party which had made a declaration under paragraph 1 of this
Article may at any time after the date on which the Convention has been so extended to any territory
declare by notification in writing to the Secretary-General of the Organization that the present Convention
shall cease to extend to any such territory named in the notification.
4. The present Convention shall cease to extend to any territory mentioned in such notification one year, or
such longer period as may be specified therein, after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-
General of the Organization.
1. A Conference for the purpose of revising or amending the present Convention may be convened by the
2. The Organization shall convene a Conference of the Contracting Parties to the present Convention for
revising or amending it at the request of not less than one-third of the Contracting Parties.
A Contracting Party may make reservations corresponding to those which it has validly made to the Paris
or Vienna Convention. A reservation may be made at the time of signature, ratification, acceptance,
approval or accession.
1. The present Convention shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the Organization.
2. The Secretary-General of the Organization shall:
(a) inform all States which have signed or acceded to the present Convention of:
(i) each new signature and each deposit of an instrument together with the date thereof;
(ii) any reservation made in conformity with the present Convention;
(iii) the date of entry into force of the present Convention;
(iv) any denunciation of the present Convention and date on which it takes effect;
(v) the extension of the present Convention to any territory under paragraph 1 of Article 8 and of the
termination of any such extension under the provisions of paragraph 4 of that Article stating in each case
the date on which the present Convention has been or will cease to be so extended.
(b) transmit certified true copies of the present Convention to all Signatory States and to all States which
have acceded to the present Convention.
3. As soon as the present Convention comes into force, a certified true copy thereof shall be transmitted by
the Secretary-General of the Organization to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and
publication in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.
The present Convention is established in a single original in the English and French languages, both texts
being equally authentic. Official translation in the Russian and Spanish languages shall be prepared by the
Secretariat of the Organization and deposited with the signed original.
In witness whereof the undersigned being duly authorized by their respective Governments for that purpose
have signed the present Convention.
Done at Brussels this seventeenth day of December 1971.