An arbitration clause is a commonly used clause in a contract that requires the parties to resolve their disputes through an arbitration process. Although such a clause may or may not specify that arbitration occur within a specific jurisdiction, it always binds the parties to a type of resolution outside of the courts, and is therefore considered a kind of forum selection clause. Conciliation is another dispute resolution process that involves building a positive relationship between the parties of dispute. However, it is fundamentally different than mediation and arbitration in several respects. Conciliation is a method employed in civil law countries, and is a more common concept there than is mediation. The “conciliator” is an impartial person that assists the parties by driving their negotiations and directing them towards a satisfactory agreement. It is unlike arbitration in that conciliation is a much less adversarial proceeding; it seeks to identify a right that has been violated and searches to find the optimal solution. Conciliation tries to individualize the optimal solution and direct parties towards a satisfactory common agreement. Although this sounds strikingly similar to mediation, there are important differences between the two methods of dispute resolution.
Arbitration is one of the oldest processes for the resolution of objections between the parties. It has existed, in one type or the other, in every countryside at all times. Arbitration as a process of contest resolution offers many gains to both the parties. Conciliation is another argument tenacity method that engages construction an affirmative connection between the parties of dispute. However, it is basically distinct than mediation and arbitration in some respects. Conciliation is a procedure engaged in municipal regulation nations, like Italy, and is a more widespread notion there than is mediation. While conciliation is normally engaged in work and buyer arguments, Italian referees boost conciliation in every kind of dispute. The “conciliator” is an impartial individual that assists the parties by going by car their discussions and administering them in the direction of a satisfactory agreement. It is different arbitration in that conciliation is a much less adversarial proceeding; it hunts for to recognize a right that has been contravened and explorations to find the optimal solution. Conciliation endeavors to individualize the optimal answer and direct parties in the direction of a satisfactory widespread agreement.
Conciliation is the process by which one or more independent person(s) picked by the parties to an harmony commonly by mutual go-ahead, either at the time of taking in the harmony or subsequently after a contest has arisen between them, to bring come seal a settlement of their contest through consensus between the parties by enlisting various persuasive and other interchangeable techniques. It is a process of confidence and faith. Sometimes, and in numerous webs it is also summoned mediation. There may be mechanical or lawful dissimilarities between the two signs, namely, conciliation and mediation, but for the present reason the sign “conciliation’ is utilized to mention to both the methods, namely, the conciliation and mediation. Conciliation is a productive entails of alternate argument tenacity and can be helpfully established for both worldwide as well as household arguments, except that in the conciliation of a worldwide argument certain details suppose larger significance than they would in a household conciliation.
“Conciliation is a process in which parties to a dispute, with the assistance of a neutral third party (the conciliator), identify the disputed issues, develop options, consider alternatives and endeavor to reach a resolution by agreement”
Arbitration, a pattern of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a lawful method for the tenacity of arguments out-of-doors the enclosures, where the parties to an argument mention it to one or more individuals, by whose conclusion they acquiesce to be bound. It is a town method in which a third party reconsiders the case and enforces a conclusion that is lawfully binding for both sides. Arbitration is often utilized for the tenacity of financial arguments, especially in the context of worldwide financial transactions. The use of arbitration is furthermore often engaged in buyer and paid work affairs, where arbitration may be mandated by the periods of paid work or financial contracts. 
Arbitration can be either voluntary or mandatory and can be either binding or non-binding. Non-binding arbitration is, on the covering, comparable to mediation. However, the major distinction is that where a mediator will a go to aid the parties find a middle ground on which to compromise, the arbitrator stays entirely extracted from the community method and will only give a desperation of liability and, if advantageous, an signal of the quantum of damages payable. Arbitration is a progressing in which a quarrel is answered by an impartial adjudicator whose decision the parties to the dispute have agreed, or legislation has decreed, will be final and binding.
MODEL CONCILIATION CLAUSE:
“If any dispute arises between the parties out of or relating to this contract, or in respect of any defined legal relationship associated therewith, the parties agree to refer the same to sole conciliator for amicable settlement. The conciliator shall be appointed by the parties by mutual consent. If the parties shall fail to arrive at an agreement, the conciliator shall be appointed by person or institution.”
Model Arbitration Clause:
In the event of any dispute, claim, question, or disagreement arising from or relating to this agreement or the breach thereof, the parties hereto shall use their best efforts to settle the dispute, claim, question, or disagreement. To this effect, they shall consult and negotiate with each other in good faith and, recognizing their mutual interests, attempt to reach a just and equitable solution satisfactory to both parties. If they do not reach such solution within a period of time, then, upon notice by either party to the other, all disputes, claims, questions, or differences shall be finally settled by arbitration administered.
Application in Bangladesh:
In Bangladesh, the present regulation of arbitration is comprised mostly in the Arbitration Act, 1940, there being distinct Acts considering with the enforcement of foreign awards. There are furthermore wander provisions as to arbitration, dispersed in exceptional Acts. Three kinds of arbitration are considered by the Arbitration Act of 1940, namely (i) Arbitration in the course of a match, (ii) Arbitration with the intervention of the court, and (iii) Arbitration else than in the course of a match and without the intervention of the court. In perform, the last class attracts the greatest number of cases.
Arbitration is a consensual issue where every party desires to articulate their consent. In drawing up the clause, there are a couple of mandatory obligations that should be contacted, and a couple of provisions that should be included. These provisions should be clear and unequivocal. In supplement to these provisions, a clause may be ornamented in effectively endless blends with a cornucopia of provisions covering topics as significant as the sites of the arbitration and as esoteric as class activity arbitrations. Each clause should be mindfully tailored to the exigencies of a granted position, taking into account the probable kinds of arguments, the desires of the parties’ connection and the applicable laws. Because the arbitration clause is normally one of the last contractual provisions discussed – after the parties have acquiesced on the absolutely crucial periods –often the parties only inject pattern clauses or permit the party with the utmost bargaining power to dictate the contents of the clause. 
Factors requirement for arbitration clause
First, the arbitration agreement should be decreased to writing. A composing may comprise of a distinct arbitration agreement or an arbitral clause comprised in a contract. Second, the composing should either be marked by the parties or be comprised in an exchange of notes or telegrams. Both the parties should signal in the treaty to get the full benefit of law.
Capacity of the Parties
When the arbitration affirmation is invalid under the ruling regulation acquiesced by the parties or, in the nonattendance of an affirmation on the ruling regulation, under the regulation of the homeland where the accolade is made with this inducement in brain, occasionally a State will contend that it did not have the capability to acquiesce to arbitration.
Authority of the Signatures
An alike topic arises when a party assertions the individual marking the affirmation was not correctly authorized. In municipal regulation nations, certain formalities, for example a power of advocate, are often needed for authorization to signal an agreement. Some States, and possibly even some personal businesses, may need two signatures of individuals at exact grades before certain agreements may be advised binding. 
Parties Bound By an Arbitration Clause
Generally, an arbitration clause binds only the individuals or businesses who signal the agreement. This obligation reflects the detail that arbitration is consensual in environment, and is reliant upon the parties’ agreement.
Unified Contractual Scheme
Some arbitral tribunals and enclosures have determined that an arbitration clause in one agreement between the parties would furthermore request to other affirmations between the identical parties if the affirmations concern to the identical project. Some arbitrators mention to this as “a unified contractual scheme” Other situations have mentioned to affirmations without an arbitral clause as “merely accessory” to an agreement encompassing an arbitration affirmation as a way of justifying the elongation of the clause.
Arbitration clauses have been assaulted as void founded on assertions that the agreement as an entire was induced by deception, was rescinded or terminated by its own terms. Although there is some ordered force to these assertions, to validate such assertions when the parties acquiesced in their agreement to determination all arguments by arbitration would block the intent of the parties. One of the significances of this doctrine is that the validity and result of the arbitration clause may be subject to a distinct country’s regulation than the agreement itself.
Arbitrability of Disputes
One of the matters that rarely originate is if the kind of argument engaged is “arbitral” – that is, if under a granted nation’s outlook of public alignment or public principle a specific species of argument may correctly be arbitrated, or if it should be litigated in the nation’s courts. It would be helpful for parties to study the applicable regulation to work out if any probable arguments that may originate under their affirmation are advised non-arbitral. With this information, parties may better design for the tenacity of disputes.
Conditions Precedent to Arbitration
Occasionally, parties’ supply that a certain activity or happening will happen former to the initiation of an arbitration advancing Three difficulties may happen in the drawing up of such clauses. The first happens when the parties supply for the incident of an happening former to arbitration but are unclear if it is only favored that the activity or happening happen before the arbitration or if it is really proposed as a status to starting a proceeding. This need of clarity may outcome in litigation, hold up and additional expense.
Incorporation of Arbitration Clauses by Reference
Major tasks may engage the discussion and drawing up of numerous distinct but interrelated affirmations – in some situations dozens of distinct contracts. If the parties yearn to encompass the identical arbitral clause in each affirmation, other than typing the identical dialect into each and taking the risk of changing dialect, which could lead to distinct outcomes, the parties may favor to discuss a lone expert or sunshade arbitration agreement. If an arbitral clause from an unrelated affirmation is to be integrated by quotation into an exact agreement, the parties should be very careful to insure that all facets of the clause fit their agreement.
Unconscionable Arbitration Clauses
In the happening that a argument being conciliated under the Permanent Court of Arbitration Optional Rules for Conciliation of Disputes Relating to Natural Resources and/or the Environment has not been resolved pursuant to said Rules inside 90 days of filing an request to conciliate, or inside such other time span as the parties may acquiesce in composing, or when some facet of the argument is unanswered notwithstanding the periods of a town affirmation come to pursuant to Article 12 of said Rules. Such argument will be eventually resolved under the Permanent Court of Arbitration Optional Rules for Arbitration of Disputes Relating to Natural Resources and/or the Environment by one or more arbitrators nominated in agreement with the said Rules of Arbitration. No admission or suggestion formulated throughout the course of the conciliation method, either by one of the Parties or by the Conciliation Commission, can be advised as prejudicing the privileges or the contentions of either Party in the happening of the malfunction of the procedure.
Conciliation is a more prescribed method than mediation and it could usually engage the commitment of lawful representatives, therefore producing it a more costly method than mediation. There is, although, the supplemented benefit that should no amicable answer be come to, the conciliator has the obligation to try to convince the differing parties to accept his own answer to the dispute. Most thriving conciliators are highly accomplished negotiators. Some conciliators function under the auspices of any one of some non-governmental entities, and for governmental agencies. Most thriving conciliators are highly accomplished negotiators. Some conciliators function under the auspices of any one of some non-governmental entities, and for governmental agencies.
An arbitration clause is a routinely utilized clause in an agreement that needs the parties to determination their arguments through an arbitration process. Although such a clause may or may not identify that arbitration happen inside an exact jurisdiction, it habitually binds the parties to a kind of tenacity out-of-doors of the enclosures, and is thus advised a kind of forum assortment clause. Conciliation is another argument tenacity method that engages construction an affirmative connection between the parties of dispute. However, it is basically distinct than mediation and arbitration in some respects. Conciliation is a procedure engaged in municipal regulation nations, like Italy, and is a more widespread notion there than is mediation. While conciliation is normally engaged in work and buyer arguments, Italian referees boost conciliation in every kind of dispute.
- Conciliation Process, Retrieved from University of Monash website: http://www.monash.edu. au/equity-diversity/discriminationharassment/conciliation-process.html
- Ficci Arbitration and Conciliation Tribunal, “What is Conciliation/Mediation?” Available at http://www.ficci-arbitration.com/htm/whatisconcialation.htm
- Rao, M.J. Concept of conciliation and mediation and their differences. Available at http://lawcommissionofindia.nic.in/adr_conf/concepts%20med%20Rao%201.pdf Visited 30th November 2011
- In“The Law and Practice of International Commercial Arbitration”, by Redfern & Hunter.
- AAA International Rules Introduction. The model clause also gives the parties the option of specifying the number of arbitrators, and the place and language of the arbitration.FRIEDLAND, Paul D. and HORNICK, Robert N., “The relevance of international standards in the enforcement of arbitration agreements under the New York Convention”, The American Review of International Arbitration, The Parker School of Foreign and Comparative Law,Columbia University, New York, 1995, Vol. 6, N° 2
- DERAINS, Yves, “The revision of the ICC Rules of Arbitration. Method and objectives”, The ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin, Vol. 8 N° 2, December 1997.
- COULSON, Robert, Business Arbitration (what you need to know), American Arbitration Association, 4th edition, 1991.
- BLESSING, Marc, “The ICC Arbitral Procedure under the 1998 ICC Rules. What has changed?”, The ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin, Vol. 8 N° 2, December 1997
- AKSEN, Gerald y DORMAN, Wendy S., “Application of the New York Convention by United States Courts: a twenty-year review. (1970-1990)”, The American Review of International Arbitration, The Parker School of Foreign and Comparative Law, Columbia University, New York, 1991, Vol. 2, N° 1
- BENGLIA, Jean, “Inaccurate referencia to the ICC”, The ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin, Vol. 7 Nº 2, December 1996
- Thomas J. Stipenwich, ADR and the “Vanishing Trial”; the growth and Impact of “Alternative Dispute Resolution”, Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 2004.
- Dina M. Siddique, Salish and the quest for Gender Justice: An Assessment of Strategic Inventions in Bangladesh (2006),
- Akhtaruzzamn, Md, Alternative Dispute Resolution Concept and Law ad Legal Ai Law , 2nd edition, 2008
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 See Conciliation Process, Retrieved from University of Monash website: http://www.monash.edu.au/equity-diversity/discriminationharassment/conciliation-process.html
 See Squbini, A., & Marighetto, A. (2004, August). Arbitration, Mediation and Conciliation: differences and similarities from an International and Italian business perspective. Retrieved from LIPSCOMB University, Institutes for Conflict Resolution, website: http://www.mediate.com/articles/sgubiniA2.cfm#top
 See Handbook of City Disputes Panel, (1997), p.127
 See Indian Law, sec.30, sec. 64(1) and sec. 73(1) of the 1996 Act
 DERAINS, Yves, “The revision of the ICC Rules of Arbitration. Method and objectives”, The ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin, Vol. 8 N° 2, December 1997
 Ficci Arbitration and Conciliation Tribunal, “What is Conciliation/Mediation?” Available at http://www.ficci-arbitration.com/htm/whatisconcialation.htm
 BLESSING, Marc, “The ICC Arbitral Procedure under the 1998 ICC Rules. What has changed?”, The ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin, Vol. 8 N° 2, December 1997
 Conciliation Process, Retrieved from University of Monash website: http://www.monash.edu. au/equity-diversity/discriminationharassment/conciliation-process.html