Labour law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the legal rights of, and restrictions on, working people and their organizations. As such, it mediates many aspects of the relationship between trade unions, employers and employees. InCanada, employment laws related to unionized workplaces are differentiated from those relating to particular individuals. In most countries however, no such distinction is made. However, there are two broad categories of labour law. First, collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union. Second, individual labour law concerns employees’ rights at work and through the contract for work. The labour movement has been instrumental in the enacting of laws protecting labour rights in the 19th and 20th centuries. Labour rights have been integral to the social and economic development since the industrial revolution.
Labour law arose due to the demands for workers for better conditions, the right to organize, and the simultaneous demands of employers to restrict the powers of workers’ many organizations and to keep labour costs low. Employers’ costs can increase due to workers organizing to win higher wages, or by laws imposing costly requirements, such as health and safety or equal opportunities conditions. Workers’ organizations, such as trade unions, can also transcend purely industrial disputes, and gain political power – which some employers may oppose. The state of labour law at any one time is therefore both the product of, and a component of, struggles between different interests in society.
The basic feature of labour law in almost every country is that the rights and obligations of the worker and the employer between one another are mediated through the contract of employment between the two. This has been the case since the collapse of feudalism and is the core reality of modern economic relations. Many terms and conditions of the contract are however implied by legislation or common law, in such a way as to restrict the freedom of people to agree to certain things to protect employees, and facilitate a fluid labour market.
One example in many countries is the duty to provide written particulars of employment with the essential terms to an employee. This aims to allow the employee to know concretely what to expect and is expected; in terms of wages, holiday rights, notice in the event of dismissal, job description and so on. An employer may not legally offer a contract in which the employer pays the worker less than a minimum wage. An employee may not for instance agree to a contract which allows an employer to dismiss them unfairly. There are certain categories that people may simply not agree to because they are deemed categorically unfair. However, this depends entirely on the particular legislation of the country in which the work is.
However, The Lawyers & Jurist is blessed with some of lawyers who are fortunate to practice with the precursory lawyer in labor law practice inBangladesh. While our chamber has crossed a long tenure of practice we have been enriched in dealing with disputes regulated by Labour laws of bangladesh-2006. The Bangladesh Labour Code-2006.
Our chamber has a remarkable presence in Labour Court as well as Labour Appellate Tribunal. The issues we deal with mostly cover every segment of labour law, including, Health and safety, Anti-discrimination, Unfair dismissal, Child labour, Trade unions, Strikes, Lay-out, Service Benefit, Termination, Dismissal and misconduct, Wages and compensation, etc.
Apart from above services, our chamber has expertise of Criminal Law who in course of time is identified as some of the brilliant performer in Criminal Cases. In recent time, we have conducted some of criminal cases which has stunning discovery and vibrate the introspection of the nation. Our practice in Criminal Law extends to Criminal Conspiracy, offence against state, offence against public tranquility, offence relating to public servants, offence relating to Election, Contempt of the lawful authority of public servants, offence against public justice, offence relating to coins and Government stamp, offence relating to Weights and measurement, offence affecting public health, safety, convenience, Decency and Morals, offence relating to Religion, Offence affecting Human Body (which includes, amongst other, offence affecting life, criminal force and assault, Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and forced Labour, rape), offence against property, offence of Extortion, Criminal misappropriation of property, Criminal Breach of Trust, Receiving of Stolen Property, Cheating, Fraudulent Deeds and Deposition of Property, Mischief, Criminal Trespass, Loss of property of Banking Company, offence relating to documents and to trade or property marks, offence relating to currency note and bank–note, offence relating to marriage, Defamation, Criminal intimidation, insult prejudicial act, etc.