Labor means to do hard physical work.1The constitution is a whole system of a country; it is the collection of rules which establish and regulate or govern the Government. All these rules together determine the entity of a country. Like the other countries, Bangladesh also has a constitution which is written down in the form of legal document. Here our focus is one of the important consideration which is mentioned in the fundamental rights portion (part III) of the constitution is “All forms of Forced labor are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.”
Although, it has been pledged in the constitution that it shall be the fundamental responsibility of the state to secure the fundamental rights and freedom of all citizens in the country but the government has failed to enforce this prohibition effectively. Although there are mechanisms to fight against the forced labor but due to the lack of resources and potential effort the forced labor is still a problem in Bangladesh and numerous cases can be found in this regard.
Forced labor refers to unfree labor, or slave labor that is a collective term for a variety of work relations in which people are employed against their will, often under threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), or other extreme hardship to themselves or family members. Forced labor includes the serfdom, debt bondage, prisoners of war, and convict labor, as well as all forms of slavery.
Child labors below the accepted age can also be considered as forced labor. In Bangladesh a significant portion of the forced labor is consist of the child labors. The other portion of this segment consists of the domestic servants whose conditions resemble servitude and the trafficked women and children who works as prostitutes or compelled to work against their will in different places of the world.
Forced labor was a common phenomenon in the late eighteenth century and in the early nineteenth century. At that time people were bound to do work. Their consent had no value and employers also did not pay heed regarding their matter. 1926 Slavery Convention was the first attempts form any world organization which banned the slavery activities. It is said that, “The parties agreed to prevent and suppress the slave trade and to progressively bring about the complete elimination of slavery in all its forms”.
Forced labor condition in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a densely populated third world country. Although it poses a very little area but the population compared to the area is extremely high that is 160 million. As a result, poverty goes hand in hand with the people of Bangladesh that have not only reduce the people’s standard of life but also made them to involve in different kind of legal or illegal activities only for the sa