Laws aimed at raising awareness, addressing infectious diseases, controlling and eliminating the need to address public health emergencies and reduce health risks.
As it is expedient and necessary to make provisions for the raising of awareness, prevention, control and elimination of infectious diseases, to address public health emergencies and reduce health risks;
Therefore, the law is hereby made as follows: –
Short title and introduction
- (3) This Act shall be known as the Infectious Disease (Prevention, Control and Elimination) Act, 20.
(2) It shall be effective immediately.
- Unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context, in this Act, –
(1) “Department” means the Department of Health;
(2) “Committee” means an Advisory Committee constituted under section 4;
(4) “empowered employee” means any employee empowered under section 4;
(4) “Schedule” means the Schedule of this Act;
(3) “carrier” means a microbial nonbonded organism carrying organisms from one animal to another;
(4) “Rule” means the rules made under this Act;
(4) “Director General” means the Director General of the Department of Health;
(4) “Infectious disease” means any infectious disease referred to in section 4.
- Whatever the law may be for the time being in force, the provisions of this Act shall prevail.
- For the purposes of this Act, infectious diseases shall include the following diseases, namely: –
(B) black fever;
(F) avian flu;
(I) Mars-Cove (MERS-CoV);
(K) Japanese encephalitis;
(3) respiratory infections;
(T) viral hepatitis;
(L) diseases preventable by vaccination;
(B) food poisoning;
(B) chikungunya; And
(V) any emerging or reemerging diseases declared by the Government, in the official Gazette.
Duties and Functions of the Department
- (3) For the purpose of this Act, the duties and functions of the Directorate shall be, among other things, under the general or special powers of the Government, as follows: –
(a) To formulate a strategy for the prevention, control and eradication of infectious diseases, and to protect the people from its national and international spread. Taking integrated initiatives;
(B) receiving assistance from public and private and domestic and international organizations for the implementation of the strategies mentioned in clause (a);
(C) taking necessary initiatives to address public health emergencies and reduce health risks, increase awareness, prevent and control infectious diseases;
(D) separation of the infected area from the infection-free area, providing necessary instructions to prevent the spread of the disease to the infected area and to prevent recurrence in the affected area;
(E) taking necessary measures to prevent unnecessary use and abuse of antibiotic drugs used in the treatment of infectious diseases;
(F) inspecting the place or establishment and taking necessary measures accordingly if it is provided to the person suffering from infectious diseases in the house, other house, clinic, hospital and diagnosis center or in any establishment considered to be the source of transmission of such disease;
(G) physical and laboratory examination of the person infected with the infectious disease and, if necessary, antibiotic, preventive vaccine or drug application;
(H) instructing any person who has infectious disease information to be transmitted to the Directorate regarding such disease;
(I) for the prevention and control of harmful pests and for the prevention and control of malaria or other communicable diseases (Vector Borne Disease).
(I) the application of pesticides in homes, other houses, mosquitoes, curtains, bed sheets and other useable textiles;
(Ii) Determination of safe levels of pesticides;
(E) access to any premises for data collection;
(3) reproductive management;
(V) if pesticides are applied to the carrier of infectious diseases, refrain from being washed, lubricated or plastered within the next 5 (five) months and refrain from taking any action on the surface;
(J) inspection and testing of food, beverages or raw materials for the purpose of identifying contamination or adulteration while preparing, storing, transporting and distributing them;
(K) keep or quarantine any suspected person infected with an infectious disease, at a specific hospital, temporary hospital, establishment or home;
(L) the removal or destruction of sources of bacterial contamination and the transmission of diseases;
(D) banning engineering, agricultural or industrial projects that may increase or spread malaria and other infectious diseases;
(4) prohibit the sale of products containing pesticides such as Long Listing Insecticidal Net (LLIN) and Insecticidal Net Seal or that may disrupt the screen’s performance;
(O) to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, to declare any markets, masses, stations, airports, boats and ports temporarily closed;
(T) to prevent the spread of infectious diseases by the arrival, departure, or movement of airplanes, ships, ships, buses, trains and other vehicles from one place to another within the country;
(E) to perform such duties as may be assigned by the Government from time to time.
(2) The Director General shall be responsible for the performance and performance of this Act.
- (3) The Advisory Committee shall consist of the following members: –
(a) the Minister or Minister of State or Deputy Minister, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, who shall also be its Chairman;
(B) the Secretary, Department of Health Services;
(C) Secretary, Health Education and Family Welfare Department;
(D) a representative of the rank of Additional Joint Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture;
(E) a representative of the rank of additional joint secretary of the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock;
(F) a representative of the rank of Additional Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forests;
(G) a representative of the rank of Additional Joint Secretary of the Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Department;
(H) Director, Disease Control Branch, Health Department;
(I) Director, Disease Theory, Disease Control and Research Institute, Department of Health;
(J) the Director General, Health Department;
(K) two (two) persons experienced in the respective matters nominated by the Government;
(L) a representative of the rank of Additional Joint Secretary of the Department of Health Services, who shall also be its Member Secretary.
(2) For the purpose of sub-section (1), the Government may, if necessary, co-opt an expert on infectious diseases to the Advisory Committee.
(3) The Department of Health Services shall provide necessary secretarial support to the Committee.
Duties and Functions of the Committee
- The responsibilities and functions of the Committee shall be as follows: –
(a) To provide necessary advice to the Directorate in formulating strategies for the protection of the people from the national and international spread of infectious diseases;
(B) review of the use of other drugs, including antibiotics, used in the treatment of infectious diseases;
(C) to instruct the Director General on the prohibition or cause of engineering, agricultural or industrial projects that may increase or spread the infectious disease;
(D) provide necessary guidance to the Director General in the effective implementation of the law;
(E) any other function prescribed by the Rules.
Meeting of the Committee
- (4) Subject to the other provisions of this section, the Committee may determine the procedure of its meeting.
(2) The Committee shall meet at least two (two) meetings every year and the date, time and place of the meeting shall be determined by the Chairman.
(3) The Member-Secretary of the Committee shall convene a meeting of the Board, by written notice, with the consent of the Chairman.
(4) The Chairman shall preside over all meetings of the Board, but in the absence of the Chairman, any nominated member may preside over the meeting.
(4) The quorum of the meeting of the board shall require the presence of at least half of its total members, but in the case of the meeting, no quorum will be required.
(3) Every member present at the meeting of the Board shall have one vote and a decision shall be made on the basis of the vote of the majority of the members, but in case of equality of the votes cast, the President may issue a deciding vote.
(4) Only the vacancy in any member’s post or the error in the formation of the committee shall not invalidate the proceedings or proceedings of the committee, nor can any question be raised in connection with it.
Following World Health Organization regulations
- To protect the people from the national and international spread of infectious diseases, to prevent, control and eradicate such diseases, to issue global alerts and to increase mutual support for the outbreak of the disease, to increase the capacity for precise risk management and to spread related education, to review the progress of diseases, to protect rights including Systematic loss Tre World Health Organization (World Health Organization) by the above-mentioned publication and tapasile International Health Regulations, the necessary adaptations, in line shall be applicable.
Providing information on infectious diseases
- (4) If a physician is in charge of treating a person infected with an infectious disease, and the person dying of the disease becomes aware of the existence of an infectious disease in any home, premises or area, he shall inform the civil surgeon concerned.
(2) If a boarding, residential hotel or temporary residence owner or person responsible has reason to believe that a person living in the place has been infected, he shall promptly notify the concerned Civil Surgeon and the Deputy Commissioner of the matter.
(4) If a civil surgeon becomes aware of an infectious disease or a person infected with the disease, he shall promptly notify the Director General of the matter.
Declaration of infected area, access control, etc.
- (4) The Director General may, by order of the Government, by order, declare any of the following areas as infected areas, namely: –
(a) any local area or area of Bangladesh which has been infected or infected by an infectious disease, has been reasonably suspected;
(B) products, houses, courtyards, dwellings or vehicles used by an infected person to eradicate or limit the spread of infection.
(2) If it appears to the Director General or empowered employee that it is not possible to immediately reduce or eliminate any infectious disease by taking proper health care measures, then he may restrict, restrict or restrict the contact of the infected person or any other person in the infected place. .
(4) For the purposes of this section, other necessary matters shall be determined by the rules.
Sample collection and examination
- (6) If the empowered employee has reason to believe that a person is infected or infected with an infectious disease in his body, then he may collect the sample from the person and examine it.
(2) The empowered employee shall conduct a pathological examination of the samples collected under sub-section (1).
(4) If the pathological examination confirms the presence of infectious disease or germ in the sample, the competent employee shall inform the civil surgeon in his jurisdiction, with advice on the matter to be done, and he shall take the necessary steps following the direction of the civil surgeon in this regard.
Products used by a sick person
- If an empowered employee has reason to believe that the substance used by a person infected with an infectious disease remains, he may, in the manner prescribed by the rules, purify or destroy such products.
Temporary isolation of a diseased person
- If the empowered employee has reason to believe that an infected person can be infected by another if not isolated, then that person may, in the manner prescribed by the rules, be temporarily transferred or displaced to another location.
- For the purpose of preventing the spread of infectious diseases, if the empowered employee has reason to believe that the presence of an infectious disease or germs is present in a person’s home, any other house, courtyard or used goods, he may, in the manner prescribed by the rules, visit the place.
Disinfection or closure of infected sites or establishments, etc.
- (3) The empowered employee may take the following steps to confirm the presence of infectious diseases in any place or establishment –
(a) examination of suspicious premises, establishment or premises;
(B) directing the disposal of suspicious sites, establishments or premises;
(C) prohibit or restrict access and use of the public at such place unless the premises, premises or premises are sterilized;
(D) any other arrangement as may be prescribed by the Rules.
(2) For the purpose of sub-section (1), the empowered employee may, in the manner prescribed by the rules, enter into any questionable place, establishment or premises.
Destruction of the establishment
- (4) If it appears to the empowered employee that disinfection is not possible under Article 5 of the Disposable Establishment, he shall notify the Civil Surgeon concerned.
(2) After being notified under sub-section (1), the civil surgeon may, if necessary, instruct its owner to demolish the establishment.
(3) If any instruction is provided under sub-section (2), the civil surgeon shall promptly notify the Director General.
Ability to order vehicle disinfection
- If the empowered employee has a reasonable reason to believe that a vehicle has been infected with infectious germs or that the infectious germ is present in it, he shall, in the manner prescribed by the rules, authorize the owner to discharge the vehicle. .
Seized vehicles, seized goods, etc.
- (4) An authorized employee may confiscate a vehicle, utilities or animal if it is reasonably presumed to have been infected or infected with infectious germs.
(2) The empowered employee shall take necessary steps for the disinfection of seized vehicles, consumables or livestock under sub-section (1).
(3) Unless it is possible to dispose of seized vehicles, consumables or livestock under sub-section (1), it shall notify the Civil Surgeon and after being notified, the Civil Surgeon shall, in consultation with the Director General, destroy it accordingly. Can do
Burying the dead
- (4) If it is suspected that a person has died or died of an infectious disease, the body of such person shall be buried or buried under the direction of an empowered employee.
(2) For the purposes of this section, other necessary matters shall be determined by the rules.
- (4) For the purpose of this Act, the Government shall coordinate with the concerned ministries, departments or agencies in the import and export of food, products, animals or any other substance that may carry infectious diseases.
(2) For the purpose of sub-section (1), the Government may, if necessary, form an Inter-Ministerial Coordination Committee, in the manner prescribed by the Rules.
Restrictions on imports and exports
- (3) Imports and Exports (Control) Act, 1950 (Act No. XXXIX of 1950) or thereafter, from time to time, no matter what is in the import and export policy or order issued by the Government, any person shall be subject to food, consumer goods or regular use. shall not import or export, if-
(a) the product of any human remains, human tissues or part, infectious disease organism, or
(b) in accordance with the rules made under this Act or of any of the harmful organisms or substances or Fart,
(2) Whatever is contained in the Imports and Exports (Control) Act, 1950, Bangladesh Animal and Livestock Products Quarantine Act, 23 (Act No. 2 of 24) and the Plant Quarantine Act, 23 (Law No. 2 of 24), No person may import or export flowers, plants and animals if –
(a) germs of any infectious disease, or
(B) any harmful organism, substance, component or component,
existing under the rules made under this Act .
Receipt of government expenditure
- For the purpose of this Act, the Government may, in the manner prescribed by the rules, receive back the money spent for the disinfection of any vehicle, place or establishment.
Crimes and penalties for the spread and transmission of infectious diseases
- (4) If a person helps spread or spread the infectious germs, or even if he or she is knowledgeable, hides the infected person or the risk of infection when approaching the establishment, then that person will have a similar act.
(2) If a person commits an offense under sub-section (1), he shall be punished with an additional term of six (six) months, or a fine not exceeding one (one) lakh rupees, or both.
Crimes and penalties for obstructing duty and for disobeying instruction
- (3) If any person-
(a) obstructs or hinders the Director General, Civil Surgeon or Empowered Officer from discharging any duty conferred on him, and
(b) the Director General, Civil Surgeon or Empowered Officer for the prevention, control and eradication of infectious diseases If you disagree with any instruction,
it will be a crime to do so.
(2) If a person commits an offense under sub-section (1), he shall be punished with an additional term of three (three) months, or a fine not exceeding 1 (fifty) thousand rupees, or both.
The guilt and penalty of giving false or inaccurate information
- (3) If a person deliberately gives false or incorrect information despite knowing the correct information about the infectious disease, then that person will have a similar act.
(2) If a person commits an offense under sub-section (1), he shall be punished for a maximum period of two (two) months, or a fine of up to twenty (twenty-five thousand) rupees, or both.
Application of Criminal Procedure
- The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure shall apply to the filing, investigation, trial and settlement of appeals of any offense committed under this Act.
Non-enforceability, surety and compromise of crime
- The offenses committed under this Act shall be non-cognizable, bailable and compoundable.
Accept regional and international cooperation
- For the purpose of this Act, the Government may, if necessary, seek regional and international cooperation.
Handing over power
- The Director General may, if necessary, delegate to any officer of the Directorate any power conferred upon him by such general or special order in writing, subject to the conditions stated in that order, if any.
Eliminate the difficulty
- In the event of any difficulty in enacting any of the provisions of this Act, the Government may, in conformity with the other provisions of this Act, by order issued in the Official Gazette, provide instructions on how to do so in clarification or interpretation of such provision.
Ability to make rules
- For the purpose of this Act, the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules.
Ability to amend the schedule
- For the purpose of this Act, the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend the schedule.
Cancellation and custody
- (1) The Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 (2) The Public Health (Emergency Provisions) Ordinance, 1944 (1) The Bangladesh Malaria Eradication Board (Repeal) Ordinance, 1977 and (3) The Prevention of Malaria (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1978 Then the repealed ordinances, referred to herein, were hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal under sub-section (1) –
(a) any action or action taken under the repealed ordinances shall be deemed to have been done or taken under this Act;
(B) the notice or order or decision or procedure prescribed under the repealed ordinances, shall be subject to compatibility with this Act and shall continue to be in force in such manner as it is issued and prescribed under this Act; And
(C) If any act or arrangement under the Ordinances repealed on the date of the commencement of this Act remains unspecified or is underway, it shall be settled in such a manner that such non-ordinances are not repealed.
Translated text in English
- (3) After the enactment of this Act, the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, publish an Authentic English Text translated into English of the original Bengali text of this Act.
(2) The Bengali text shall prevail in case of a dispute between the Bengali text and the English text.