In order to create certain, the legal security of communications between the people, associations and partnerships, IT acts have also been improved to control several industries. With the fast-technological modification and therefore the abuse of information technology, legislation was causing to control knowledge privacy; Electronically, info was transmitted, and work reduced. This newspaper emphasizes the Children’s net Protection Act (CIPA) and on-line privacy of youngsters (COPPA). each these acts are set up to protect kids on-line from immoral and unethical issues because of advances in info technology, the internet. Children, thirteen years old and under are covered by these acts, and on-line corporations should become the independent agency rules. These acts constitute and on-line corporations should still befit independent agency rules. The Children’s internet Protection Act may be a federal legislation that filters illegal content only through the internet (FCC, 2015). CIPA needs schools and all public libraries to use computer filters to stop kids from accessing very inappropriate sites. The CIPA was adopted in Dec 2000. the main objective of the CIPA is to guard kids from obscenity, pornography and different internet hazards.
CIPA does not really specify exactly what kind of filtering to use. It is the third law approved by congress to also allocate concerns about access for young children to inappropriate websites. Children face online predators as well as other unacceptable things in chat rooms online games pictures of teenagers drinking sexual messages and perhaps even misleading information about them written online before they are eighteen (Grams 2011) just about all household schools public places libraries and even our workplace has computers and internet access. People even use cell phones to connect to the Internet. Advanced technology offers great prospects for society, but new ethical problems exist. These new technologies try to expose our children every day to harmful sites.
this next congress act formed by the breakthroughs in information technology is the children’s online privacy act (COOPA). As the internet had become a source of potentially viable information computers in every household became a common asset. young children had to be shielded against the invasion of their data protection while using information technology. To do so the CIPA was created in the 2000. The law is designed to protect the kids under 13 years old on websites designed for use by children. The act requires the website owner to notify the user about the use of their personal information and the transmission to third parties of their personal information (Rein, 2014). For instance, even if this act was not created and enforced, sexual predators could obtain the collection of the personal information of our children, which would also make them more vulnerable to people who just want to harm them.
COPPA has been implemented, our children are much safer when using information technology than before. Since the Internet is a very popular technology, there are a lot of unethical issues and the Federal Trade Commission had to set certain acts into place to help protect children. The CIPA 2000 and the COPPA 1998 were both established to protect children from online websites. The Children’s Internet Act 2000 is to help filter what children can access while on school and library computers. This will help limit the access to websites that promote child pornography. The Children’s Online Privacy Act was made to help protect children’s personal information from websites that target the age group of 13 years and younger. Although schools and libraries follow these acts, children still have to be monitored at home because these harmful sites will not be automatically blocked.
Between the year 2000 and the year 2002, both acts were being questioned on its constitutionality. Considering the fact that COPA addresses only material sent over the Internet for commercial purposes, it does not directly affect schools or libraries. However, The Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) requires libraries and schools to install filters on their Internet computers to retain federal funding and discounts for computers and computer access. Because this law directly affected libraries and their ability to make legal information freely available to their patrons, the American Library Association and the Freedom to Read Foundation filed a lawsuit to overturn CIPA, but the Supreme Court on June 23, 2003, in a 6–3 decision, upheld the constitutionality of the Children’s Internet Protection Act (ALA, 2000).
The most challenging element of Copa and CIPA is assuring that they have the filters in place and that those filters are working at all times. The difference in age requirement for each act is it would be easier for someone to steal the identity of a child under 13 because they have little identity trail. This is why COPA requires the personal identification protection of children under 13. CIPA requires filters for children under the age of 17 because of the internet predators. I believe the main opposition with CIPA and COPA is the fact that COPA is not implemented in schools or libraries. It is my opinion that this law will be changed, and both will be required in all children institutions in order to fully protect the privacy and safety of the children.
- ALA (2000). Legal Issues: CIPA & Filtering. Retrieved from: http://www.ala.org/advocacy/intfreedom/iftoolkits/litoolkit/legalissues_CIPA_filtering
- FCC (2015). Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act. Retrieved from https://epic.org/privacy/kids/
- Grama, J. (2011). Legal Issues in Information Security.
- Rein, W. (2014). FTC offers New Methods for Obtaining Parental Consent. Retrieved from: http://www.wileyrein.com/newsroom-newsletters-item-4892.html