view with charts and images



Executive Summary

Banking industry plays very important role in any economy. It has a long history as a service sector. Banks make it easy for people to complete their different monetary transaction and activity. It also creates new opportunity of earnings and help managing business with reliability.

Presently there are 49 banks operating in Bangladesh. Among them 30 privet sector commercial banks, 10 foreign commercial banks, 5 specialized banks and 4 nationalized commercial banks. Commercial banks work for profit providing financial services to its clients. Specialized banks are assisting specific sector of the country created by special ordinance by the parliament.

Commercial banks of the country are in its third generation growing faster then before and in more competitive environment. In terms of service banks have gained professionalism, efficiency and knowledge with skilled people. In year 2006 country’s privet sector commercial banks witnessed a growth of 31.87%

and the operating profit of 28 PCBs out of 30 were TK. 37.04 billion up by 8.95 billion from previous year.

The International Finance Investment & Commerce Bank Ltd. (IFIC Bank Ltd.)

is one of the first generation bank of the country. It was set up at the instance of the Government in 1976 as a joint venture between the Government of Bangladesh and sponsors in the private sector with the objective of working as a finance company within the country and setting up joint venture banks/financial institutions abroad. The Government held 49 per cent shares and the rest 51 per cent were held by the sponsors and general public.

In 1983 when the Government allowed banks in the private sector, IFIC was converted into a full-fledged commercial bank. The Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh now holds 35% of the share capital of the Bank. Leading industrialists of the country own 34% of the share capital and the rest is held by the general public.

The performance evaluation of the bank has been completed with the help of financial statements analysis techniques. Beside, the organizational framework & operational detail has been described to gain knowledge about this institution.

IFIC bank Ltd. provides all kinds of banking service and other financial solution. The deposit of the bank grows at 16.8% on an average in last twenty years. The bank earned TK. 1010 million as profit in 2006, and registered a growth of 42.30%.The bank maintains a steady liquidity position in the past years and operating abroad from its early life.

The bank was able to manage its debt, the times interest earned ratio of last four years shows a positive result of 1.12, 1.10, 1.11, 1.13 for 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 respectively.

About the report

This report is prepared as a requirement of MBA program as a part of internship of the Department of Finance, University of Dhaka. The report covered the time period from 21 January, 2007 to 07 March, 2007 of 1 month & 15 days.

There are five chapters in the report covering a description of IFIC Bank Ltd. and operational and financial activity. The first chapter deals with the methodology followed in the study and motivation behind the work.

Chapter two is devoted to Pallabi branch as I was given placement at this branch as an intern of the bank.

Chapter three covers the profile of IFIC Bank Ltd. in two different perspectives:

a. Organizational and

b. operational.

The first section covers IFIC at its organization base describes the departments and their job level also the employee profile.

The operational overviews entitles the bank’s different banking operation such as deposit, loans & advances, international business, information technology and introduction of new product.

Chapter four contains the financial statement analysis of the bank. The Balance sheet & the Profit & loss Account of the bank is analyzed to identify the strength and weakness and compare the performance over the years 2002, 2003, 2004 & 2005.

Chapter five concludes the report containing findings of the study.

The International Finance Investment & Commerce Bank Limited is a full service commercial bank of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh. For the last two decades there has been a number of reformation in the banking sector of Bangladesh as well as of the global banking system and some new dimensions have evolved to match changes in the world’s flow of economic activity.

In terms of mode of service, reducing time & complicated paper work create significant economies of scale for the banking service as a whole. Bangladesh is also trying to reach that standard of service. The competition and other factor for this alleviation are there in the commercial banking sector. The report tries to portray this effort and identify the limitations there on.


IFIC Bank Ltd is serving for a long time, as a commercial bank. From the beginning government and public sponsors comprises its equity structure.

The bank has survived the economic crises of the country and demonstrated a sound financial performance. It has also expanded its business outside Bangladesh and is offering almost every newest banking product and service. The bank has a significant share in foreign trade. So I thought as a student of finance IFIC Bank Ltd is the right place to learn more about finance.

Objectives of the study

1. To have an insight of day to day banking operation; and

2. To evaluate the financial performance of IFIC Bank Ltd.

Approach and Methodology

The research methodology followed in this report is in accordance with the objectives, requirement and scope of the study. The study has many limitations because of my inability to collect all the related information.

In this report the effort was given to emphasize on an overall performance evaluation of the International Finance Investment & Commerce Bank Limited.

The different techniques used in the analysis are

  1. Time series analysis is done with last 20 year’s data of deposits.
  1. Ratio and Trend analysis to evaluate financial position. For an example, the burden of debts and the company’s ability to repay them can be best evaluated by comparing I) firm’s debt to its assets and II) the interest it must pay for its funds to the interest it earns from its lending operations.
  1. Common size analysis for identifying trends in financial statements. The analysis is useful in comparative evaluation, where all income statements items are divided by sales and all balance sheet items are divided by total assets. The common size income statement shows each item as a percentage of sales and common size balance sheet shows each item as a percentage of total assets.
  1. Percentage change analysis, where growth rates are calculated for all income statement items and balance sheet accounts. Percentage change analysis helps to identify exclusively, the influence of any individual item. For an example it will identify if the interest expense decreased or increased the reported income.

5. SWOT analysis, which is a qualitative judgment and represents the

Strength, Weakness, and Opportunities and Threats for the company in terms of its financial states, service, client, contribution to the economy, growth and creditworthiness, stated in a brief manner.

Sources of data

1. Library search of IFIC Bank Ltd at the HRD and Research division.

2. Annual Report 2003 and Audit report 2005.

3. Academic calendar 2006 and 2007.

4. Web site of IFIC Bank Ltd., Bangladesh Bank and DSE.

5. Pallabi branch yearly performance evaluation report.

6. Prudential guidelines for Consumer Finance – IFIC Bank Ltd.


During 2003 IFIC Bank Ltd. opened six new branches among which Pallabi Branch is one. Pallabi is located in Mirpur of Dhaka and identified as one of the developed area of Mirpur. Pallabi is a residential area with significant amount of commercial activity. Transport facility of the area is satisfactory. Potentiality of the branch is proven through its performance of three years of operation.

On 14 January, 2007 I was given placement as an intern at Pallabi branch of IFIC Bank Ltd. During my intern I have learned how a bank’s operational activities are run. At that time I get introduced with very nice and friendly people working for Pallabi branch, who has co operate me in every way and make my internship a special one.

Pallabi branch Profile:

Inception on: 2003

Location: Kashem Chamber

(1st and 2nd floor)

Commercial plot, 11

Main Road, 03

Section, 07

Pallabi, Dhaka.

Rival banks in the area: Standard Chartered, Brac bank, One bank

Ltd., Eastern Bank Ltd., AB Bank Ltd., Mutual Trust

Bank Ltd., Exim Bank Ltd.

Departments at the branch:

Inland L/C

Local Remittance


Loans and Advances

Cash Management

IT Section

Accounts section

Product Offered by the branch:

Besides providing general banking service Pallabi branch is offering all the new product of the bank. Here the loans and advances segment is highlighted.

  1. Consumer Finance
  2. Small Enterprise loan.
  3. Large and medium size loan.

Portfolio of the loans and advances of the branch is as under:

Category 2006 % of total
Consumer finance 9940000 11
Small enterprise loan 35009000 40
Large and medium size loan 39186000 46
Staff loan 2362000 3
Total 86497000 100

Portfolio of the loans and advances

Consumer finance:

Background for consumer financing of IFIC Bank Ltd.:

During 1999 bank has introduced Consumer financing scheme and gradually develop following 7 (seven) product:

    1. Easy loan (secured personal loan)
    2. Consumer durable loan
    3. ‘Parua’ (education loan)
    4. ‘Thikana’ (house building loan)
    5. Flexi loan (personal loan)
    6. Peshajeebi loan (loan for professional)
    7. Auto loan.

Consumer finance portfolio at the Pallabi branch:

Category 2006 (in thousand taka) % of total portfolio
1 House building 1660,000 16.70020121
2 Auto loan 2143,000 21.55935614
3 Flexi loan 510,000 5.130784708
4 Easy loan 4727,000 47.55533199
5 consumer durable 900,000 9.054325956
Total 9940,000 100

In the port folio easy loan 47.55 percent is the highest, and then comes the auto loan of 21.55 percent, house building loan contributes 16.7 percent to the total and consumer durable and flexi loan is 9.05 and 5.13 percent respectively.

Organizational Overview

IFIC Bank Ltd.

Industry segment: Banking Company

Origin: Bangladesh

Established: In 1976, as a joint venture.

Incorporated: In 1983, as a full-fledged commercial bank.

Head office: Motijheel, Dhaka.

Branches: 65

Uniqueness: Significant presence in the South Asia and

Middle East.

Government of people’s Republic of Bangladesh – 35%

Leading Industrialists of the country – 31%

General public holding – 44%

Capital Structure – As on January 2007

Mission Statement of IFIC Bank Ltd.:

“Our Mission is to provide service to our clients with the help of a skilled and dedicated workforce whose creative talents, innovative actions and competitive edge make our position unique in giving quality service to all institutions and individuals that we care for.

We are committed to the welfare and economic prosperity of the people and the community, for we drive from them our inspiration and drive for onward progress to prosperity.

We want to be the leader among banks in Bangladesh and make our indelible mark as an active partner in regional banking operating beyond the national boundary.

In an intensely competitive and complex financial and business environment, we particularly focus on growth and profitability of all concerned.”

Board of Directors:

Thirteen (13) directors designated as under,

Eight represents Sponsors and general public.

Four represents the government of Bangladesh who are senior official in the rank and status of joint secretary/ Additional secretary.

Managing Director is the ex-officio Director of the board.

Achievements of the bank overtime:

1976 – Established as an Investment and Finance Company under

arrangement of joint venture with the Govt. of Bangladesh.

1980 – Commenced operation in Foreign Exchange Business in a

limited scale.

1982 – Obtained permission from the Govt. to operate as a

commercial Bank.

1983 – Setup its first overseas joint venture (Bank of Maldives)

on the Republic of Maldives.

– Commenced operation as a full-fledged commercial Bank in


1985 – Set up a joint venture Exchange Company in the Sultanate

of Oman.

1987 – Set up its first overseas branch in Pakistan at Karachi.

1993 – Set up its second overseas branch in Pakistan at Lahore.

1994 – Set up its first joint venture in Nepal for banking


1999 – Set up its second joint venture in Nepal for lease


2003 – Bank celebrated its 20th founding anniversary.

– Overseas Branches in Pakistan amalgamated with NDLC,

to establish a joint venture Bank: NDLC-IFIC Bank

Ltd. subsequently renamed as NIB Bank Ltd.

People at IFIC bank ltd.:

Total number of employee are-2,014.

1,430 are officer

584 are staff.

Percentage of total
Number of male worker 1739 86.34%
Number of female worker 275 13.66%

Departments at Head Office

Sub division of the departments














Presence across the nation

Expansion policy across the nation is, as expected with the growth of the bank. There are 65 branches covering important trading and commercial centers of the country. These branches provide all banking facilities. To encourage and familiar people with bank as a reliable source of financial channel there has been a number of branches located in semi-residential areas. All the branches are technically equipped and manpowered.

Presence abroad

IFIC is the first among the banks in the private sector to have operations abroad. In 1983, the Bank set up a joint venture bank in Maldives known as ‘Bank of Maldives Limited’ (BML) at the request of the Government of the Republic of Maldives. This is the only national bank in that country having branches throughout that country. IFIC Bank managed the affairs of BML from 1983 to 1992. IFIC Bank sold its shares in 1992 to the Government of the Republic of Maldives and handed over the Management of BML to Maldives Government. Presently the bank is operating abroad as under:

  1. Oman International Exchange LLC (OIE), is a joint venture between IFIC Bank Ltd. and Oman nationals, was established in 1985 to facilitate remittance by Bangladeshi wage earners in Oman. The company is run by the bank under a management contract.
  2. Nepal Bangladesh Bank Ltd. (NB Bank), a joint venture commercial bank with the Nepalese in effect from June 06, 1994. The management interest was withdrawn after expiry of the Technical Service Agreement on 08 April, 2005.
  3. Nepal Bangladesh Finance and Leasing Ltd. (NBFLC), a joint venture leasing company started operations on 18 April, 1999.
  4. NDLC-IFIC Bank Ltd. was emerged by the amalgamation of the Pakistan operation of IFIC bank ltd. and National Development Leasing Corporation of Pakistan on 03 October, 2003. On 28 November, 2005 the bank was renamed as NIB Bank Ltd. due to revise minimum capital requirements by the State Bank of Pakistan and ownership structure has changed. Presently IFIC Bank Ltd. holds 7.31% share in the bank.

Operational Overview

Credit policy and Portfolio

Credit operation is one of the major tasks for any bank. The diversification and complexity this sector has gained in last 5/10 years that policy in this regard matters. IFIC Bank Ltd. works within the framework of three main objectives in their credit policy and portfolio management. The objectives are:

  1. Maintenance and improvement of quality of assets.
  2. Recovery on-time.
  3. Building-up efficient customer oriented credit delivery system.

The portfolio of loans and advances of IFIC Bank Ltd. in different aspects is described below.

Loans and Advances:

This is the general portfolio of the banks loans and advances as per sanctioned mode in different category. The detail with a common size analysis of the portfolio as a percentage contribution of each category to the total amount of loans and advances is shown here. The largest share in the portfolio is of term loan other than industrial. Second larger share is of cash credit. Next the term loan on industrial category. In the year 2005 a significant improvement appears on Inland documentary bill purchased.

2004 % of total portfolio 2005 % of total portfolio
Total Loans & Advances 21280878608 21694895612
100% 100%
1 Term loan (industrial) 1993415649 9.37 2439604538 11.25
2 Term loan (other) 7211193084 33.89 6690460531 30.84
3 House building loan 257458327 1.21 162537979 0.75
4 Staff loan PF and HB 666544333 3.13 744989897 3.43
5 Transport loan 211549780 0.99 155405615 0.72
6 Loan general 122782598 0.58 223897310 1.03
7 Secured overdraft 1577778257 7.41 1887205644 8.70
8 Cash credit 4272931568 20.08 4403760754 20.30
9 Inland documentary bill purchased 1253304352 5.89 2034339982 9.38
10 Foreign documentary bill purchased 300339445 1.41 389533609 1.80
11 Investor’s scheme 40244 0.00 38959 0.00
12 Payment against document (cash) 254488872 1.20 108829264 0.50
13 Payment against document (forced) 633312197 2.98 211521878 0.97
14 Payment against document (EDF) 169003054 0.79 178029575 0.82
15 Loan against imported merchandise 815905021 3.83 613538634 2.83
16 Loan against trust receipt 945200525 4.44 861407896 3.97
17 Export cash credit 216039767 1.02 263625024 1.22
18 Consumers’ credit scheme 362161586 1.70 282454565 1.30
19 Other loans and advances 17429949 0.08 43713958 0.20

In the maturity grouping a balance has been maintained for the loans sanctioned as we can see the distribution in short term and long term.

Maturity Grouping of loans and advances 2004 % of total maturity grouping 2005 % of total maturity grouping
Total 21280878608 21694895612
100% 100%
Repayable on demand 937114014 4.40 712890633 3.29
Not more than 3 months 2924770083 13.74 3105893969 14.32
Over 3 months but not more than 1 year 6484372865 30.47 7194721658 33.16
Over 1 year but not more than 5 years 2824609539 13.27 3770897307 17.38
Over 5 years 8110012107 38.11 6909492045 31.85

Basic classification of loans and advances of IFIC Bank Ltd. is as under:

Classification of loans and advances 2004 2005
Total 21280878608 % of total 21694895612 % of total
100% 100%
1. Unclassified 17600053608 82.70 18809867612 86.70
2. Special mention account 0.00 790308000 3.64
3. Substandard 184952000 0.87 89553000 0.41
4. Doubtful 75629000 0.36 52139000 0.24
5. Bad/loss 3420244000 16.07 1953028000 9.00

Treasury and International Operations

IFIC Bank Ltd. one of the leading first generation bank of Bangladesh has a huge experience of overseas operation. Unlike other banks it has some joint venture at South Asia and Middle East. The division’s segmentation is as under:

Besides giving international trade related support to the branches the Division is responsible for maintenance of the Nostro accounts, for investment of excess foreign exchange reserves, for ensuring proper compliance of the foreign exchange regulations by the branches dealing in foreign exchange business.

The International Division also acts as an intermediary between the branches and the foreign correspondents without whose assistance international transactions would be almost impossible. With a view to enhance the Bank’s income the Division is entrusted with the development of different type of foreign exchange related products and services.

Service and Job schedule of this division are, FX Dealing, Money Market Operations, Investments Portfolio, Asset Liability management, Correspondent Banking and BKE issues, Joint Ventures Operations, Drawing Arrangements, Inward and Outward Foreign Remittance, AD License etc.

Joint Venture Operations abroad:

% of Share

Total Equity % share of IFIC Bank Ltd.
Nepal Bangladesh Bank Ltd.

(NB Bank)

719.85 million(NRS) as of 15 July 2005 50% of equity
Nepal Bangladesh Finance and Leasing Limited (NB Finance) 30 per cent share of control
Oman International Exchange LLC (OIE) (751,363) RO as of 31st December 2004. 25% of equity
NIB Bank Ltd., Pakistan (4.139 billion) PKR as of 30th June 2005 7.31% of equity

Information technology and online banking:

There are 65 branches across the nation of which 22 are Authorized Dealer (AD) for conducting foreign trade. All the branches are using computerized banking solution. To join the ever competitive technology base banking service IFIC Bank Ltd. now working on the objectives:

    1. Achieve better customer relationship management.
    2. Multi-channel distribution.
    3. Developing attractive products and services.
    4. Assured risk management.
    5. Use of better business intelligence and enhanced image.

To achieve these objectives Project Horizon has been launched. The project

is devoted to implement software banking solution solely for IFIC Bank Ltd.

featuring real-time, integrated and centralized banking solution. The solution

is being provided by Misys International Banking Systems, UK with

consulting services.

Five pilot branches have been selected for the first phase implementation.

These branches are Gulshan, Motijheel, Narayanganj, Agrabad and Sylhet.

In the second phase another 14 AD branches will be provided with the


Some of the success achieved already as Gulshan branch is being facilitated


a. Internal and Communication infrastructures.

b. Initiation of Roll Out process.

c. Conversion and migration of live data.

d. Parallel runs with live data and routine reconciliation with the existing process.

Deposit and New Products

Some of the new products offered by IFIC Bank Ltd. are Visa Credit cards, ATMs, Phone Banking, Pension Savings Scheme, Death risk benefit scheme, Monthly income scheme and Customer credit scheme, Education Assistance Plan (deposit scheme).

Deposit and other usual banking product and service are provided by the bank with its longtime experience and efficiency. Detail of deposit and other accounts of the bank as of year 2004 and 2005 are given below:

(taka in million)

Maturity grouping of deposits and other accounts 2004 2005
1 Payable on demand 4476672064 3437281364
2 Repayable on 1 month 4011600000 3779501971
3 Over 1 month but within 6 months 5230103856 5230103856
4 Over 6 month but within 1 year 5763700000 4357785495
5 Over 1 year but within 5 years 2391900000 2571516145
6 Over 5 years but within 10 years 1249000000 1398301004
7 Over 10 years or more 0 0

Financial statement analysis

Financial statement analysis involves the objective of

I. Comparing the firm’s performance with that of other firm of the same industry

II. Evaluating trends in the firm’s financial position overtime.

In this chapter financial statement of IFIC Bank Ltd. is analyzed in the context of second objective served by such analysis. The techniques used are SWOT analysis, Ratio and trend analysis, Percentage change analysis and Common size analysis. Some of the component of these techniques can not be covered as nature and criteria of the absence of with specific nature and criteria.

Part A: Time Series Analysis

Time series analysis of Deposit (1984-2005)
(in million tk.)
Year t Deposit(Y) t2 Yt
1984 1 863.4 1 863.4
1985 2 1586.4 4 3172.8
1986 3 2344.13 9 7032.39
1987 4 3722.08 16 14888.32
1988 5 5098.66 25 25493.3
1989 6 5912.78 36 35476.68
1990 7 6712.5 49 46987.5
1991 8 8284.49 64 66275.92
1992 9 9594.76 81 86352.84
1993 10 11649.03 100 116490.3
1994 11 12747.5 121 140222.5
1995 12 13565.35 144 162784.2
1996 13 14811.08 169 192544
1997 14 15623.94 196 218735.2
1998 15 16793.49 225 251902.4
1999 16 16732.09 256 267713.4
2000 17 16577.52 289 281817.8
2001 18 17616.69 324 317100.4
2002 19 19131.85 361 363505.2
2003 20 19798.97 400 395979.4
2004 21 20774.48 441 436264.1
2005 22 22505.17 484 495113.7
?t =253 ?Y =262446.36 ?t2 =3795 ?Yt = 926716
n = 22 ?Y*?t = 66398929.08 (?t)2 =64009
t =11.5 Ý= 11929.38

Trend equation for time series analysis is,

Y = a + bx, where,

a = Ý – bt

b = (?yt – ?y?t/n)/ ?t2 – ?t2/n


b = (?Yt – ?Y ?t/n)/?t2 -(?t)2/n

= (3926716 – (262446.36*253)/22)/ (3795-(2909.5/22))



a = Ý – bt

= 11929.38 – 1026.067*11.5


So, the trend equation of deposit is,

Y = 129.6056 + 1026.067x

Growth Rate (GR) of deposit,

= [ n-1?Yn/Y1-1]*100

= 16.8%

Acceleration Rate (AR) of deposit,

= [ n-1?(Yn/Yn-1)/(Y2/Y1)-1]*100

= 13.46%


I. During the period 1084-2005 deposit increased at an average rate of TK. 1026.067 million per year.

II. Growth rate (GR) indicates during the period of 1984-2005 deposit increased at an average rate of 16.8% per year.

III. Acceleration rate of 13.46% indicating that in future the GR in each successive year will be 113.46% of the previous year’s GR.

Part B: Ratio and trend Analysis

I. Liquidity Ratios:

Indicate the firm’s ability to payoff its obligation at anytime. The two


The information contains in this web-site is prepared for educational purpose. This site may be used by the students, faculties, independent learners and the learned advocates of all over the world. Researchers all over the world have the access to upload their writes up in this site. In consideration of the people’s participation in the Web Page, the individual, group, organization, business, spectator, or other, does hereby release and forever discharge the Lawyers & Jurists, and its officers, board, and employees, jointly and severally from any and all actions, causes of actions, claims and demands for, upon or by reason of any damage, loss or injury, which hereafter may be sustained by participating their work in the Web Page. This release extends and applies to, and also covers and includes, all unknown, unforeseen, unanticipated and unsuspected injuries, damages, loss and liability and the consequences thereof, as well as those now disclosed and known to exist.  The provisions of any state’s law providing substance that releases shall not extend to claims, demands, injuries, or damages which are known or unsuspected to exist at this time, to the person executing such release, are hereby expressly waived. However the Lawyers & Jurists makes no warranty expressed or implied or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product process or service by trade name, trade mark, manufacturer or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation or favouring by the Lawyers & Jurists. The views and opinions of the authors expressed in the Web site do not necessarily state or reflect those of the Lawyers & Jurists. Above all, if there is any complaint drop by any independent user to the admin for any contents of this site, the Lawyers & Jurists would remove this immediately from its site.