Non-formal Education Act, 20

(Act No. 8 of 27)

[November 26, 21]

Legislation created to provide education opportunities for the underprivileged, to create life-long learning opportunities, to livelihood through technical and vocational training, to become skilled human resources, to create self-employment qualifications and to create alternative opportunities for out-of-school and out-of-school children.

As the literacy of the disadvantaged people is essential for the education of the deprived community, the creation of life-long education opportunities and the livelihood of such people through technical and vocational training are essential; And

since it is necessary to transform such people into skilled human resources, create opportunities for self-employment; And

that it is expedient and necessary to provide for the provision of alternative opportunities for the education of the out-of-school and degraded children;

Therefore, the law is hereby made as follows: –

The first chapter is


Short title and introduction

  1. (3) This Act shall be called the Non-Formal Education Act, 20.

(2) This Act shall come into force on the date the Government determines, by notification in the Official Gazette.


  1. In this Act, unless there is anything irrelevant to the subject or context,

(1) “continuing education” means the provision of training for living, skills development, basic education (literacy and primary education and life skills) for the socio-economic development of the disadvantaged people or the community. And higher education opportunities under the lifelong learning process;

(2) “formal education” means a systematic and systematic learning process that extends to life-long education, aimed at increasing the capacity of underprivileged and disadvantaged people under formal education under this Act;

(3) “Community Learning Center” means an educational center established for the city or rural population outside the formal education system and providing various types of education and training on demand for the improvement of the quality of life and the community through local people;

(4) “Chairman” means the Chairman of the Board of Non-formal Education and shall also include a member who serves as chairman;

(4) “National Skill Development Framework” means the National Skill Development Framework set by the Government;

(3) “Life-long education” means learning in various subjects throughout the life of the individual, whether formal or informal or informal or private, which helps to enhance the excellence of the mind, the development of the acquired skills or the continuous improvement of the standard of living;

(4) “Fund” means a fund constituted under section 20;

(3) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules or regulations;

(4) “Director” means the Director of the Board;

(3) “regulation” means the regulations made under this Act;

(4) “Rule” means the rules made under this Act;

(12) “Special needs children and young women – men” means all children and young men and women who have any type of impairment, as follows: –

(a) Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders;

(B) physical disability;

(C) mental illness disability;

(D) vision impairment;

(E) speech impairment;

(F) intellectual disability;

(G) hearing impairment;

(H) hearing impairment;

(I) cerebral palsy;

(J) Down syndrome;

(K) multidimensional disability; And

(l) any other disability;

(4) “vocational institution or school” means any institution offering courses on formal education, life-long education, pre-vocational training;

(4) “Board” means the formal board of education established under section 4;

(3) “Bureau” means the Bureau of Informal Education;

(4) “Director General” means the Director-General of the Bureau;

(4) “Member” means the member and chairman of the board;

(3) “equivalent education” means qualifying education prescribed for different levels of formal education, in harmony with the main linkage assigned to each level of formal education, to ensure the equivalence of formal education with different levels of formal education;

(3) “general education” means all types of formal education other than technical education conducted under the Technical Education Act, 1967 (Act No. I of 1967); And

(20) “literacy” means reading, understanding, verbally and in writing, explaining various things, communicating and counting.

Law prevails

  1. The provisions of this Act shall prevail, for the time being, no matter what is different from any other law                              The second section

covers the classification of formal education, the scope and scope of education, and so on

Classification and age range of formal education

  1. (4) The classification of formal education according to nature and type shall be as follows: –

(a) Formal primary education; And

(b) non-formal adult and lifelong learning.

(2) The age limit for formal elementary education shall be from eight (eight) to fourteen (fourteen) years of age, who have never gone to school or dropped out of school before completing their primary education.

(3) The age limit for non-formal adult and life-long education will be for women (fifteen) and above, who have never gone to school or dropped out of primary school or have been newly-signed or continue to seek demand-based life skills and livelihood-skills. .

Non-formal education


Non-formal education shall include the following topics, namely: – (a) Vocational education up to the pre-vocational-level level of literacy, basic education or formal education of the eighth-grade equivalent and the National Skill Development Framework;

(B) to enhance, refine and enhance acquired literacy, livelihoods, skills and basic education;

(C) continuing education programs for the development of skilled human resources through enhancement of life and livelihood skills;

(D) creating opportunities for lifelong learning by providing all types of continuing education, vocational, entrepreneurial development and employment training support in the field of formal education;

(E) educational activities based on the history of the War of Liberation;

(F) information technology literacy;

(G) Agriculture, Health, Nutrition, Family Planning, Forest and Environment, Fisheries and Animal Husbandry, Cottage Industries, Technical and Vocational Education and Training, Road Use / Road Safety Climate Change, Disaster Management, Gender, Democracy, Values, Reproductive Health Education, HIV-AIDS or any other life-threatening issue,

(h) disability and autism.

The magnitude of informal education

  1. The scope of formal education will be as follows: –

(a) For children who have been deprived of access to formal education in primary school for various reasons, to create equal quality basic education opportunities through formal education;

(B) creating second or alternative opportunities for basic education equivalent to quality education through formal education for adolescents who have not attended primary school or dropped out of school for various reasons;

(C) providing livelihood, skills management and continuing education opportunities for vocational education up to the pre-vocational-level level of literacy and national skills development framework for all the elderly women and men deprived of education opportunities;

(D) small ethnic groups, haor, chars, coastal areas, hilly regions, tea gardens, or any community living in such backward areas, who are denied access to education in backward areas for socio-economic and geographical reasons;

(E) afflicted populations (eg: pedestrians, slum dwellers, unemployed youth, men, low-income workers and working men, etc.);

(F) To create special non-formal education opportunities for children and young men and women with special needs.

The quality of informal education

  1. (4) The classification of formal education shall be determined by the Board against formal education.

(2) All persons, organizations and institutions conducting equivalent formal education within the borders of Bangladesh shall follow the prescribed curriculum and content.

(3) All persons, organizations and institutions conducting informal education within the boundaries of Bangladesh must appoint qualified trained teachers.

(4) The Board of Directors shall issue certificates after verification of the qualifications of the graduates of equivalent formal education courses, in the prescribed manner.

(4) If a person wishes to receive recognition of his past learning, he / she must participate in the standardized test of learning under equivalent formal education and may be admitted to the next level on the basis of the certificate obtained through the examination.

(4) On the basis of the certificates received under sub-section (1), a student of formal education may be admitted to the next level of formal education institution, and in the same way, a student who has received a certificate of formal education may be admitted to the next level of formal education.

The medium of informal education

  1. (3) Bengali will be the medium of instruction in formal education:

Provided that, for small ethnic groups, teaching can be arranged in their own language in the manner prescribed by their intention.

(2) Children and young men and women with special needs can be taught in Bengali gestures and in a prescribed manner.

(3) Whatever may be in sub-sections (1) and (2), the student may also be taught in other languages, including English, as required.

The third section is

curriculum and co-placement

Curriculum for Non-formal Education

  1. (3) All courses covered by the equivalent of non-formal education and the curriculum at the Prevocal-1 and 2-level curriculum of the National Skill Development Framework shall be approved by the Bureau.

(2) To determine the core competency of the equivalent of formal education for the level of Prevocational-1 and 2 of the National Skills Development Framework, such curriculum should be prepared by representatives and experts from different organizations accordingly.

(4) The Prevocational Level 1 and 2 level syllabus of the National Skill Development Framework shall be prepared in light of the needs of the job market and recruitment institutes and accordingly the syllabus should be prepared with the representatives of the various private non-governmental organizations, recruitment agencies and experts.

(3) Persons, institutions and organizations who are pursuing formal education or interested in the development of non-formal education may design and develop new curriculum, training programs and related content on demand and submit it for approval within the next three (three) years.

In equilibrium

  1. (4) The synergy of formal education will be ensured with different levels of formal education.

(2) The eligibility for formal education shall be determined in accordance with the basic qualifications prescribed for each level of formal education, and the curriculum will be prepared on the basis of that core competency.

The fourth chapter is the

implementation framework

Bureau of Informal Education

  1. (3) For the purpose of this Act, the Government shall establish a Bureau of the Non-Formal Education Bureau, headed by the Director General.

(2) The Director General shall be appointed by the Government and his terms of service shall be fixed by the Government.

(3) The number of officers and employees required to perform the functions of the Bureau properly may be appointed in the manner and conditions prescribed by the Rules.

(3) The Bureau’s head office shall be in Dhaka and the Government may establish its branch office anywhere in Bangladesh.

(3) The Bureau established under sub-section (1) of the existing formal education bureau, established in the Government decision immediately before the commencement of this Act, shall be deemed to be the Director, other officers and employees appointed under this Act. .

Functions of the Bureau

  1. The functions of the Bureau under this Act shall be as follows: –

(a) Co-operative activities through coordination between various government agencies providing formal education, partnering non-governmental organizations, training agencies, commercial organizations, employers or agencies, agencies or organizations assisting in the development and marketing of enterprises. Formulation and implementation;

(B) to provide all kinds of assistance to the government agencies, departments and private organizations operating or interested in the field of informal education, including consultation, training, creating a favorable environment;

(C) Establish and manage an information storage and information management system for collecting and storing necessary information and information regarding the informal education activities conducted by all government agencies, departments and private organizations;

(D) to provide the information, as required, by the Bureau of Informal Education for the Information Management System by the Bureau of Informal Education, Lifetime Education and Continuing Education;

(E) to develop appropriate implementation methods for formal education with opportunities for easy participation of students of different environments, different types and ages;

(F) conducting research, training, planning, monitoring and evaluation activities for the development of formal education activities;

(G) Formation of sub-committees and sub-committees, if necessary, to implement the formal education programs.

Local adjustment

  1. (3) The Deputy Commissioner, Non-formal Education Officer and Upazila Executive Officer and Upazila Non-Official Education Officer at the district level and the local government will provide necessary coordination to the formal education activities in their jurisdiction and provide government-directed assistance.

(2) The matters relating to coordination under sub-section (1) shall be determined by the rules.

Public Private Partnership

  1. Private partnerships will be encouraged, including the involvement of government, non-governmental organizations, institutions and educated people in the formal education program.

Chapter Five

Establishment of Non-formal Education Boards, etc.

Establishment of Non-formal Education Board

  1. (4) After the introduction of this Act, as soon as possible, the Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, establish one or more formal education boards for the purposes of this Act.

(2) The Board shall be a statutory body and shall have a permanent continuity and a common seal and shall have the power to acquire, hold and transfer property, both immovable and immovable, and the Board may file a lawsuit in its own name and may also be sued against it. Will go

Formation of Non-formal Education Board

  1. (4) The Board of Non-formal Education shall consist of the following members, namely: –

(a) the Director-General of the Bureau, who is designated as the Chairman;

(B) an officer of the rank of Additional Joint Secretary of the Ministry nominated by the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education;

(C) the Secretary of the Board of Informal Education, ex officio, who shall also be its member-secretary;

(D) a professor of the University nominated by the Open University;

(E) the director or officer of such rank nominated by the Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education;

(F) the director or officer of such rank, nominated by the Directorate of Primary Education;

(G) the director or an officer of the same rank nominated by the Directorate of Technical Education;

(H) the director or equivalent officer of the board nominated by the Madrasa Education Board;

(I) the Managing Director of the National Disability Development Foundation or a designated director or an officer of similar status;

(J) three representatives of experienced government-designated formal education;

(K) The Executive Director of the Central Organization representing the private organizations conducting the non-formal education designated by the Government.

(2) The members nominated under clauses (j) and (k) of sub-section (1) shall remain in office for a period of three (three) years from the date of nomination:

Provided that the Government may at any time, without showing any reason, Can cancel nomination.

(3) A member nominated by sub-section (1) may resign his post in writing signed by the Chairman:

Provided, however, that no resignation will be effective unless accepted by the Chairman.

Disqualification and removal of nominated members

  1. Notwithstanding the provision of sub-section (2) of section 4, the Government may remove any nominee of the Board by written order at any time if he-

(a) fails or refuses to perform the duties conferred upon him under this Act or in consideration of the Government. Unable to perform the duties; Or

(b) misuses his position as a member of the Government; Or

(c) acquires or retains any shares or interests in respect of any contract or service relating to the Board, whether directly or indirectly, by itself or through any partner, without the written permission of the Board.

Due to vacancy in the membership, the function or proceedings are not invalid

  1. Only in the absence of vacancy in any membership nor in the formation of the Board shall any proceedings or proceedings of the Board be invalidated or any question or objection may be raised in connection with it.

Meeting of the Board

  1. (4) Subject to the other provisions of this section, the Board may determine the procedure for its meeting.

(2) The meeting of the Board shall be held at the place and time appointed by its Chairman.

(3) At least 3 (one) meetings of the Board shall be held every 3 (three) months, but meetings may be convened at the shortest notice as necessary.

(4) For the formation of a quorum at a meeting of the Board, it shall require the presence of an additional one-third of the total number of members, but in the case of adjournment meetings, no quorum shall be required.

(3) The Chairman shall preside over all meetings of the Board and in his absence, any member nominated from among the members present at the meeting shall preside over the meeting.

(4) Every member of the board shall have one vote and a majority vote shall be decided at the meeting, but in the case of equality of the voting vote, the person presiding at the meeting shall have the power to cast a second or decisive vote.

Functions of the Board

  1. The functions of the Board shall be as follows: –

(a) To approve the equivalent structure on the basis of the core competence of the equivalent of formal education for each level of the Prevocational-1 and 2 levels of the National Skill Development Framework;

(B) to approve the implementation of formal education and preoccupation training programs, considering the qualifications and infrastructural facilities of government, non-governmental organizations or institutions interested in providing equivalent formal education with different levels of formal education;

(C) for the implementation of standardized equivalent formal education programs, for teachers to set specific standards of educational qualifications and skills for teachers of different levels of formal education and to approve teachers of such prescribed quality;

(D) To set the standard of skills of the Prevocational-1 and 2-level instructors in the National Skill Development Framework and to approve teachers of such prescribed quality;

(E) to approve the Prevocational Testing Center considering the qualifications and infrastructural facilities of the institutions and to approve them as examiners considering the skill, competence and credibility of the individual;

(F) to carry out tests and certificates at various levels of formal education, as determined by the Government, and at levels 1 and 2 of the Prevocational Education of the National Skill Development Framework;

(G) to take action to settle or resolve disputes between the teachers and the Governing Board or the Managing Committee of the institutions providing the formal education;

(H) to give the governing authority an opinion on any matter;

(I) to regulate all administrative matters, including the creation and abolition of posts in accordance with the provisions of the existing Government Rules and to make decisions related thereto;

(J) to determine, claim and accept fees in the manner prescribed by the Rules;

(K) to execute and enforce the contract for the exercise of its powers and duties conferred upon it by these laws, rules and regulations.

Committees, etc.

  1. (4) For the purposes of this Act, the Board may constitute a number of committees as required.

(2) The composition, responsibilities and duties of the committee referred to in sub-section (1) shall be determined by the rules.

Chapter 6

Chief Executives, Officers and Employees of the Board, etc.

Chief Executive and Secretary of the Board

  1. (3) The Chairman shall be the Chief Executive of the Board.

(2) There shall be a Secretary to the Board, who shall be the officer of the rank of Joint Secretary to the Government and he shall be appointed by the Government on certain terms.

(4) The Secretary shall be the full officer of the Board.

(3) The Secretary shall, from time to time, perform such functions as may be assigned to him by the Board and the Chairman.

(3) If the Secretary’s office becomes vacant or due to illness or any other reason he is unable to perform his duties, the Government shall take appropriate action in the matter of carrying out the duties of the Secretary until the newly appointed Secretary takes office or the Secretary is able to perform his duties again. .

Appointment of officers and employees, etc.

  1. (4) The Board may appoint, as required, the officers and employees of the Board, in order to carry out its functions in accordance with the organizational structure approved by the Government, and their terms of service shall be determined by the regulations.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Chairman may, on an urgent basis, temporarily appoint a maximum number of employees for a maximum period of three (three) months through outsourcing.

Chapter 7

Funding of the Board, and so on

Funding of the Board, etc.

  1. (3) The Board shall have a fund and shall collect funds from the following sources, namely: –

(a) a grant from the Government;

(B) grants received from any foreign government, agency or international agency with the prior approval of the Government;

(C) the income earned from the property investment of the Board;

(D) fees paid for services rendered by the Board under this Act; And

(e) money received from any other source approved by the Government.

(2) The necessary expenses of the Board shall be deducted from the Fund.

(4) Funds may be deposited in a Scheduled Bank approved by the Board.

(4) The funds shall be invested in the government-approved sector.

(3) The accounts of the Fund shall be governed by the joint signature of the Secretary and Chief Accounting Officer of the Board.


  1. The Board shall submit the annual budget and revenue budget statement of the next fiscal year to the Government within the period prescribed by the Government each year, and shall specify the amount of money required from the Government in that fiscal year.

Eighth Chapter

Advisory Council

Advisory Council

  1. (3) The Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, form a National Advisory Council consisting of professionals, specialists, governmental, non-governmental organizations, and representatives of the concerned persons, to advise the government on formal education and to evaluate the ongoing work in setting policy at the national level.

(2) The Minister in charge of the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education shall be the President of the Advisory Council.

(3) The working hours and meetings of the Advisory Council shall be determined by the rules.

Chapter 9

Accounting and Auditing, etc.

Accounting and Auditing

  1. (3) The Board shall, in the manner prescribed by the Government, make proper account of its expenditure and shall prepare an annual statement of account.

(2) The Auditor General and Registrar of Bangladesh, hereinafter referred to as the Auditor General, shall audit the Board’s account every year and shall send a copy of the Audit Report to the Government and the Board.

(3) The Auditor General or any person authorized by him for the purpose of accounting under sub-section (2) may examine all records, documents, cash or bank deposits, deposits, deposits and other property of the Board and the Board may inspect it. Can interrogate any member, officer and employee.

(3) In addition to the audit referred to in sub-section (2), the Board’s account is examined and audited once every financial year by a Chartered Accountant defined in Article 2 (1) (b) of Bangladesh Chartered Accountants Order, 1973 (PONo.2 of 1973). Shall be

(3) The audit report shall be approved by the Board within 6 (six) months of the end of each financial year.

Chapter 10

Crime and Punishment

Crime and punishment

  1. If a person violates any of the provisions of this Act or deliberately interrupts an officer or employee of a duty under this Act, it shall be a crime and for that reason he shall be imprisoned for a maximum period of six (six) months, or more. ০০০ (Fifty Thousand) shall be punished with fine, or both.

Application of Criminal Procedure

  1. Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898) shall apply to all investigations, trials, appeals and ancillaries of any offense under this Act.

Taking the offense to justice

  1. No court shall accept a case under this Act without the written complaint of the Director General or any officer authorized by it.

Chapter eleven is


Annual Report

  1. (3) The Board shall submit to the Government an annual report containing the details of its performance in each financial year, by January 5 of the next financial year.

(2) The Government may, from time to time, call upon the Board any details, returns and reports on any of its matters, and the Board shall be obliged to provide it to the Government.

Handing over power

  1. (4) The Board may delegate any of its powers to the Chairman or any officer, subject to the conditions prescribed in this Act or the rules or regulations made thereunder.

(2) The Chairman may delegate any power to any officer of the Board, other than the power conferred on him by sub-section (1), conferred upon him in accordance with this Act or the rules or regulations made thereunder.

Ability to make rules

  1. For the purpose of this Act, the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules.

Ability to make regulations

  1. For the purpose of this Act, the Board may, with the prior approval of the Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, make such regulations not inconsistent with this Act or Rules.

Publish translated text in English

  1. (3) After the introduction of this Act, the Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, publish an Authentic English Text translated into English in this Act.

(2) In the case of a dispute between the Bengali text and the English text, the Bengali text shall prevail.