An overview of the company: Padma Fabrics, Bleaching & Dyeing, & Weaving Pvt Ltd
1.0 Company information:
The Padma Fabrics (Pvt) Ltd.,Padma Bleaching & Dyeing Ltd, Padma Weaving Ltd.
All are under one umbrella. These are all private limited companies registered with joint stock company under trthe same ownership. The factories are located only 23 kilometer south east from the capital Dhaka in an ecofriendlyone where most textiles are located. Padma has a capacity of dyeing and finishing of 18 million meters of fabrics per year from light to heavy weaving. It has a strong marketing team supported by expertise from abroad in the production areas.
Our vision is product diversification, employment generation through expansion and to contribute in the national economy by earning foreign currency. To achieve the goal the group has got a set of expert professionals. In addition, we have a succession plan to go with sustainable expansion. Padma believes in quality, friendly environment and committed to social development.
To provide quality products to customers and explore new markets to promote/expand sales of the company through good governance and foster a sound and dynamic team, so as to achieve optimum prices of products of the company for sustainable and equitable growth and prosperity of the company.
Padma Group of Textile has three companies. The Padma Fabrics (Pvt.) Ltd., Padma Bleaching & Dyeing Limited and Padma Weaving Ltd. All are Limited companies under one umbrella of a composite Textile, registered with joint stock companies of Bangladesh.
The management’s top body is the board of Directors headed by the Chairman, Mr. Nazrul Islam who is an honorable person of Dhaka City having long business background.
The overall management is run by Managing Director, Engr. Ahmed Ali who has a 23 years background in running textile Industry. Basically an engineer started textile in 1985 and gathered multiple experience in the field of Textile. He is the founder of the company and very widely travelled person with lot of innovative ideas in textile sector.
The Marketing & production team includes highly experienced people from home & abroad with assistance from local technocrats.
2.5-Scope for Expansion of Padma Textile
Out of four industries of the group two industries namely Padma Bleaching & Dyeing Limited and Padma Weaving Limited are located at Bhulta, Rupgonj, Narayangonj. Total area of Bhulta industrial park is 80268 sq.m, out of which 33445 sq.m has already been covered by two industries and 46823 sq.m is still lying vacant for industrial expansion. Besides there is wide prospect for further extension of the Industrial Park as much as required. The industrial park is equipped with infrastructural facilities like gas connection for captive power generation, water softening plant, effluent treatment plant and internal road. In addition electricity connection is also in place as standby source of power.
The total investment of the group is around 1100 million Taka equivalent to US$ 16 million. Based on operational result of the group the financial highlights as on 30.06.2011 are incorporated as under:
|Paid up Capital||261.00||million||Taka||equivalent||US$||3.80||million|
|Profitability (Net profit)||113.30||million||Taka||equivalent||US$||1.64||million|
3.1- Spinning Department:
Padma Textile Limited has seven spinning units situated in Narayangonj. These units are equipped with the latest machines in all of their departments. In the spinning units the fiber is converted into yarn, and as this the quality of yarn is very important in the textile sector so spinning units have a lot of importance.
- Grey Room
Generally the spinning mills mechanism is very similar. It starts from the mixing department where the bales of cotton are mixed and at that section the most visible impurities are taken out. This mixed cotton is then taken to the blow room by a machine. After going through a process it is taken to the card room for the next process.
After the card room the route is taken by keeping in view that whether carded yarn is the end product or the combed yarn. The combed yarn is of better quality and its process is a bit bigger than the other one.
For the carded portion the drawing breakers & drawing finishers are used to prepare the fiber to a certain level so that the process on the simplex machine can be carried out. On the other hand, in the combed portion, after the drawing breaker the cotton goes through the lab former, & after that it goes through the combing machine, where the comer noil and comber sliver are separated.
The comber sliver, after passing through the PC drawing & Drawing finisher goes to the simplex machine. The product that comes from the simplex machine is then taken to the Ring section where the yarn is to be made. Finally after passing through the auto cone the yarn comes in the packing department. In Padma the process of Ultra Violet Checking is also practiced to ensure the quality of the yarn.
As this process is very important so there are some common parameters on which the quality of yarn is judged. These parameters have been listed as below:
Important Parameters of Yarn & Fiber:
Important Parameters of the Fiber:
??Neps / gram
Important Parameters of Yarn:
Yarn Elongation (Flexibility)
??Single Yarn Strength
Very similar to the spinning units, the weaving units of Padma are really very well equipped with the latest machinery to make the best possible product for the customer to gain the customer satisfaction.
Most of the machines in the weaving unit of Padma are of new technology & Padma has a very good check on the quality of fabric produced by its Quality Control department.
The end product of the spinning unit is the starting point of the weaving unit. When the cones of the yarn are brought to weaving unit, it is then taken to the warping zone in which the beams are prepared.
These beams are then taken to the sizing section where the different chemicals are applied to the yarn so that the weaving of the fabric can be done with the minimum breakage of yarn. After sizing the process of drawing inn is applied so that the yarn could be converted into fabric.
After the drawing inn the beams of the yarn is then taken to the Sulzer Looms so that the yarn is converted into the weaved product. When the greige is made, then it is taken to the inspection department, where a lot of quality check is done. At the first step the fabric is classified into two types, i.e. A grade & D grade.
The D grade fabric is either used in the B grade sale or in gathering of the fresh pieces. While the process of A grade fabric is a bit longer.
The A grade fabric after mending, goes to the checking machines, from where it is taken to the rechecking machines. After rechecking either the greige is rolled or folded & packed according to requirements of the buyer.
During all the above process, quality is the main purpose of the Padma people. The weaving units of Padma check the product quality as under:
Padma (Four Weaving Units)
Padma has one of the largest weaving setups in Golakandail, Bhulta, Rupgonj, Narayangonj. This Unit is equipped with the later Air Jet looms. The variety level of the product is very good.
In the warping section Padma has 5 Benninger Machines which are of Switzerland origin. In the sizing section the Padma has 5 machines. As far as the looms are concerned, Padma has 389 looms for preparing the greige. Out of these 389 machines 96 are Sulzer Ruti of Switzerland, while other machines are the latest Air Jet machines of Japan origin.
The weaving unit of Padma is specially very well known for its product in all over the country.
3.3- Quality Control Department:
First of all the people of Padma checks the quality of yarn before taking it into the process.
Following are the yarn characteristics that are checked before taking it into the process:
??Thick & Thin bases
At the warping section the following characteristic is checked:
When the sizing process is applied, the following two tests are applied:
After completion of the greige the g/sm test is applied so that to have the best customized product. Finally in the folding section checks are applied at every step of the folding process. The weaving units of Padma are known to be the best producers of greige product in Bangladesh.
QUALITY CONTROL LAB:
During the production, quality control lab ensures that every work has done according to the standards of Padma. Following checks are made at different departments:
Checks while Printing:
Checks after Curing:
Checks after Stenter Process:
Checks after Raising:
The purpose of all these checks is to ensure the Quality of the end product.
QUALITY CONTROL LAB MACHINES:
??Garment Washing Machine:
??Light Fastner Tester
The above are the machine which is used in the Quality Control Lab to ensure the quality at every step.
3.4- Processing Department:
Processing Unit of every textile mill has a paramount importance because it actually provide the finish fabric product which is either sent to customer either as a piece good or as made up after converting the fabric into the required stitched product.
The processing unit of Padma comprises of the following department:
??Quality Control Lab
??Digital Design Studio & Engraving Department
??Production & Planning Department
The operations of Production & Planning Department are to work as a bridge between the marketing team and the processing people, so this department has the prime importance.
All of the communication which is held between the processing & the export people is done through this department. The finishing department is also very important because it is the center of operations held in the processing unit.
A brief overview on the Processing capacity of Padma has been discussed as follow:
3.5- Bleaching Department:
The bleaching department of Padma is equipped with the latest machinery to compete with the market. Bleaching department has the following machines:
??Singeing & De-sizing:
The above are the machines & a very brief overview of the machines. The bleaching department is like a back bone of the processing unit. After weaving mill, the fabric is brought to the bleaching department where it is prepared on the above machines so as to be prepared for the Printing or Dyeing.
The Quality Control people ensure the Quality of work in the Bleaching to fulfill the collective goal.
The Printing department of Padma Textile Limited comprises of three rotaries, i.e. Reggianni, Zimmer & Stork. Along with theses three rotaries, the printing department has three sampling tables to fulfill the sample need of the customers of Padma.
There is a mini sampling machine for the sampling section to facilitate their work. The specification & general points about these rotaries are as under:
The Printing department of Padma is working at its best & producing really good stuff. After the printing from the rotaries, the route of the fabric depends on the dye class.
If the reactive dyes have been used, then the fabric will be taken to first of all Ager Machine & then Goller Soaper Washing, then to Stenter finish & finally to the calendar.
On the other hand the fabric treated with pigment dye is taken to the curing machine & from there it is taken to the calendar after the required stenter finish. Now in the following line, we’ll see the specifications of the Curing & Ager Machines:
??Ager & Curing Machine:
3.7- Dyeing Department:
The dyeing department is a major department of Padma processing. This includes three machines. These machines have been identified & discussed as below:
??Goller Soaper Washing:
So above is a bird’s eye view on the dyeing department of Padma.
3.8- Finishing Department:
Finishing department of any textile mill has a very significant importance because it acts like a hub in the Processing. Almost every fabric which goes through processing unit, it has to be passed through the finishing department. The finishing department of Padma Processing unit is famous for its quality work. It comprises of many latest machines which includes Stenters, Cylinders, Raising Machines & Sanforizing Machine.
Types of Finishes:
There are two major types of finishes:
The finishes in which no chemical is used is called the mechanical finish, a very good example of mechanical finish is Calender Finish. On the other hand the finishes through stenter are known to be the chemical finish. The finishes are of the following types:
The Sanforizing machine is used for relaxing the shrinkage of warp. The machine possessed by NML has a workable width of 114”. It is basically used either on customer demand or in case of Garments. The standard is 5%. Padma has one Sanforizing machine in its processing unit.
This basically means to raise the fibers from the surface of the fabric. The machine possessed by the finishing department of Padma has a workable width of 114”. Padma has one raising machine in its processing unit.
NML has 2 Cylinders. The basic purpose of calendaring is to have the shine & to have better hand feel. These Cylinders are of two different lengths, the workable width of the Cylinders is 100” & 111” respectively.
The above is a brief introduction of the Finishing department of Padma.
The folding department of the Padma has a daily production of 1,00,000m. The folding department is the last department of the Processing Unit. After the folding unit the fabric is transferred to GSC.
The folding department has two kinds of machines; the kind is rolling machine while the other kind is of folding machines. It depends on the requirement that which kind of machine would be used.
In the folding department of Padma latest 4 score method is used for the inspection purposes. Quality checks are made at every step of processing unit.
3.10- Engraving Department:
The Engraving Department of Padma Textile Mills Limited is equipped with the latest machinery along with the manual machinery for the process of exposing.
In the Engraving Department of Padma, the screens are generally prepared which are then used in the printing process.
Sizes of the Screens:
Following are the three repeats of screens which are used in the Engraving Department:
Similarly the widths of the screens are of the following five kinds:
The fifth width is currently not in the use of Engraving department and that are not in used in Padma now. The first four kinds are basically in use in the Padma.
The selection of the screens depends on the design requirement of the print. The most important thing which should be kept in mind is that only one screen should be used for one color that means the number of screens will be equal to the number of colors which will be used during the printing process.
The first step which is taken in the formation of the screens is to coat the screen with SCR 100. This coating is done for the purpose of blocking the meshes of the screen so that the required king of design can be made through the screen. The coating of the screen takes almost 8-9 minutes.
2. Heating Stage:
These screens are then heated in the ovens so that to carry out the process in the best possible manner. When the screens are heated in the proper way then they are taken to the exposing machines. The heat is provided to the screens so that to fix the SCR 100 so that the exposing stage should be started.
3. Exposing Stage:
PadmaTextile Mills Limited has two exposing machines, one of them is manual and the other is fully automatic. The automatic machine is the “wax jet”. The process of exposing stage is different for both the machines.
In the process of Manual Machine, it is quite a time taking process. In this machine, the presence of machine operator is very important; otherwise the time for each screen will be higher than the original one.
Earlier most of the work was done through this machine but now the major load has been shifted to “was jet”. Irrespective of these facts the importance of this machine is still there.
All sizes and widths of the screens can be prepared through this machine. Basically the manual machine is used for the word of design studio.
The “Wax Jet” machine is fully automatic. The work done through the digital design studio is done through this automatic machine. The speed of exposing through this machine is relatively higher than the manual machine because there is not such need of operator at every stage of the exposing.
The process at this machine does not effect because of the presence of the operator. The exposing is being done through the wax on this machine that is why it has such a name.
The mechanism of this machine is that the machine is linked with the digital design studio, so the operator can access any of the prepared design in the studio. Then the wax is applied on the screen in such a way that the wax is applied on that place from where the operator want to open the meshes. Then the lighting process is done i.e. the screen goes through high power light.
The result of this process is that the place where only coating is there and there is no wax, at these places the coating got fixed in such a way that the meshes are blocked in a better way. After this Exposing stage the screen is taken to the next stage.
Padma has ordered for “ink jet” machine which will enhance the production capability of the engraving department.
4. Washing Stage:
The screens are then taken from the exposing machines to the washing area. This is the area where the screens are washed so that the black portion can be washed from the screens. This is also called the Developing Stage. The screens are then kept on the light stand to see that whether the results are satisfactory or not. When the staff feels that the design is satisfactory then they send this screen to the heating machine for curing.
5. Curing Stage:
The curing is being done through an oven. The screens are kept about 20-25 minutes in the oven. This heat fixes the design on the screen so that after the final touch the screen can be sent to the next department.
6. Endring Stage:
During this stage the ring type iron is fixed on both the sides of the screens so that the screens could be taken to the printing department for printing.
7. Touching Stage
During the touching stage the final work is done. In this stage if there is any extra patch on the screen, then they are blocked with SCR52 so that the correct effect can be drawn on the fabric. This is the final stage of Engraving Department. After this step, the screens are then taken to printing department.
The design studio is a very important department of Processing Unit. The importance of design studio is because of the reason that without its right work nothing correct can be done. The presence of good design studio is very important for any good textile export organization.
The buyer sends the desired design in the following forms:
??Through Fabric Sample
Now after having the concept of design, it is then the responsibility of design department to make the screen design, to select the sizes of the screen, to select the repeats of the screens and most importantly to make the films and designs so that to have the same designs during the printing process as required by the buyer.
In the digital design studio the work is being done through the latest machineries and software and dedicated and educated persons are there for the purpose carrying out the process. All of the work in this studio is done on the latest machines and the work can be accessed through the Wax Jet machine.
In the other design studio, the work is being done through the experienced persons. In that studio the guideline is the first thing which is made at the start. After this step, there comes a chain in the design studio such as to separate the colors up to making the and preparing the films which can be used in the engraving department.
3.11- Stitching Department:
Padma has One stitching units.
1: It is situated in Narayangonj
Narayangonj unit is a complete unit which is involved in all kinds of stitching.
3.12- Cutting Department:
The cutting department is the first department of GSC, which takes the fabric. The fabric, which is to be stitched, is brought from the folding department to the cutting department. In this department the fabric is cut according to the specifications & need. From the cutting department the fabric is transferred to the store from where the fabric is issued on the required floor according to the freezing plan.
The cutting department objectives
So cutting department was performing these responsibilities. The Cutting supervisor who shared the rules of cutting that is the foundation of the complete stitching department. Those are
One: LENTH FOR LENGTH (L*L)
Two: WIDTH FOR LENGTH (W*L)
The Process flow of cutting department is as below
SAMPLE PROGRAMME CUTTING
Stitching Department (GSC)
Stitching department is one of the well equipped machines department in the field of the Textile in Bangladesh that’s why there are most of the loyal customers of the Padma from all over the world specially WALL MART, TARGET and TARGET. These are the major have chain of stores around the world.
724 helpers are daily wages working as quality checker in the whole stitching department. 400 stitching machines in the whole stitching unit. Every machine operator has a unique no to find out the any type of the fault.
The objectives of the stitching department are
??The cost minimization and
??To minimize wastage
??Best utilization of time
??Quality control by line checker
Types of stitching
Dispatch department is performing two functions
Dispatch department is responsible to dispatch all types of Export after packing. It depends on the marketing department when it should be dispatched. Its not necessary to dispatch daily. Dispatch department is to pack and dispatch report preparation the prime responsibility is to make maid-ups dispatch Report.
Dispatch Department has a continual liaison with Marketing Department and to fix stickers according to the customer demand on the cartoons. The dispatch report also send to the head office and as well as customer. Maximum container capacity is to six containers per day. Work force is use for loading or shipping in container.
??Twenty fitter lengths
??Forty STD 8.5 feet length
??Forty STD = 9.5 height.
To support the factory a well equipped laboratory has been established with required testing facilities. The lab has modern equipment like Data Color processor (USA),
Padder, Steamer, Light Fastness tester, Tear & Tensile tester, Crocking & Perspiration tester etc.
Uninterrupted Power Supply
A full time uninterrupted gas based power generator is supplying 3.5 megawatt power to feed the whole production. This makes possible to run the industry round the clock and keep the modern computerized equipment trouble free.
Water Softening & Effluent Treatment
To ensure quality dyeing & finishing Padma makes sure of supplying soft water as per requirement for which water softening plant is in place. Padma Group always looks to the ecofriendly environment which is a prime requirement for human health. An Effluent Treatment Plant is in operation to treat the effluents and discharge clear water to the canal.
3.15- Product Range:
|Yarn Dyed||Yarn Dyed Check||Yarn Dyed|
|Canvas||Yarn Dyed Check||Yarn Dyed Check|
|Yarn Dyed Check||Poplin||Slub Canvas|
|Canvas||Herring Bone||Herring bone|
|Yarn Dyed||Yarn Dyed||Yarn Dyed Dobby|
|Slub Dobby||Yarn Dyed Check||Yarn Dyed Dobby|
|Fancy Canvas||Yarn Dyed Check||Slub Ribstop|
|Dobby||Bedford cord||Yarn Dyed check|
|Bedford cord||Bedford cord||Sheeting|
|Herringbone||Ottoman canvas||Ottoman canvas|
|Ribstop||Slub canvas||Slub twill|
|Twill||Twill||Yarn dyed check|
|Cotton Canvas||Printed Poplin||Printed Poplin|
|Printed Poplin||Printed Poplin||Printed Poplin|
|Printed Poplin||Printed Poplin||Printed Poplin|
4.1- Marketing Strategy:
The past year has been tough for the textile industry as competition is steadily and margin of profits is becoming smaller day-by-day. Our competitors from Asia have come up in a big way with lower prices resulting from lower overhead, cheaper and better raw materials and machinery.
Countries like China, Indonesia, India and Bangladesh played an active role in the fabric market. Improvement in quality and production capability was the main area of concentration.
Market for Yarns and Grey fabrics was diversified to increase the customer base and reduce dependency on the Far East. In this effort business with Malaysia, Korea, Taiwan, UK and South America was initiated in case of Yarns.
A new spinning unit of 21,672 spinning has also commenced, which caters to the weaving units in Narayangonj.
In case of Grey Fabric market business was initiated in South Africa, North America, Japan, Italy, France, and Sri Lanka etc. Product range was also increased to cater to the differing needs of the buyers. Fancy and special items like Dobby Designs, Bedford Cords, and Cavairy Twills and stretch fabrics were developed which are being sold at premium prices.
Padma has constantly updated our machinery, replacing old machines with new ones upgrading the existing set-up, leading to better efficiencies and quality products.
Padma has established its name in new markets be creating specialized fabrics, designs and also by providing our customers with efficient service and excellent quality.
Leaving behind the traditional way of doing business and in our journey towards excellent it has consistently expanded its buyer base and explored the different markets around the world.
Keeping in view demand of the World market, Padma Textile Ltd pursued its strategy of value addition and reducing the dependency on Grey Fabrics and Grey Yarn.
Having the foresight to assess that in coming year’s value addition will be the thing of the future, Padma Textile Limited worked towards the achievement of its goal of future increasing its capability in value addition.
The export of processed fabric and made-Ups has shown market improvement as compared to last year. In Europe, Padma has made the most growth in the year 1999.
It has placed us successfully in the middle to upper end of the market. Our strength in Europe is the curtain division.
This included yarn dyed dobbies, engineered confections, different finishes and embellished products. The plan is to continue with this winning strategy and at the same time we are trying to find new clients in the high end.
We are also exploring business opportunities in countries like Spain and France where Padma has very little business at the moment.
North America is the star market for Padma; it’s a new market for it after breaking up the exclusive arrangement with our previous sale set-up. The quota is coming down in 2005 and we have started to prepare for it internally as well as for the external environment. Bedding is the bulk of the home textile business.
Padma is in the process of updating its machinery to cater the needs of the wider width fabric requirement for USA bedding business.Padma is also taking up the social accountability issues very seriously, which are so dear to the American consumers. Lot of big brand US companies have visited us and are discussing the possibilities of a joint venture.
The opportunities are limitless, we have to review and analyze them very thoroughly to associates with the right people in the long run. In the short term we are building a small amount of quota, which will give us recognition as a bedding supplier. Padma is very strong in non-quota categories like curtain and table linen. These categories are best served with new product development (NPD). Padma will coordinate the effort for NPD by all markets to optimize results. Padma has achieved the highest sales in 1999-2002 for North America market.
On top Padma has developed more direct and closer relationship with our end customers. Oceanic has been our most lucrative and mature marker. In business terms it is our “cash cow” market.
Primarily due to being a non-quota market it had no real limitations in this market. Despite economic problems in that region, it has maintained our sales figures in the year under review. This market is a good design source for other markets, which is helping us to maintain our print volumes.
Middle East market is composed of South Africa and the new emerging markets like the UAE, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan etc. Padma has dedicated new staff with fresh energy for the emerging market.
They have successfully broken the ground and we have very strong faith that these markets will give us good volumes in the near future. We are also targeting printed apparel business for the first time. The latest addition is the most ambitious Apparel Dyeing plant setup near Lahore, which has started its production.
The effectiveness and productivity of this plant will be further enhanced, as Padma Textile Ltd moves towards becoming a more vertically integrated organization.
Our dyed fabric has already established its name in the market. It is being exported to some of the leading brands of the world.
Padma has increasing its profitability by working efficiently, procuring better raw material and most importantly kept a very close association with its costumers.
It visits its business partners frequently and provides them with the best service possible. All of the above mentioned points led to strengthened relationship with its business partners making it very difficult for its competition to penetrate into its market share.
Padma has provided its staff with better working environment and facilities, which enhanced efficiency and out put.
At Padma, it is prospering due to our professional commitment toward excellence and giving the best results at all times and against all odds. Its marketing and production teams co-ordinance at all times and it focus remains on maintaining its position as the market leader in the textile sector of Bangladesh.
Inquiry costing quote to customer
Processing cost per delivery
Lab dips/strike sample P.O received/Sales Contract sent
Dying/printing program issue
Shipment sample dispatched for approval
Shipment sample approved
Along with the cutting section, there is another important depart named as commercial department. The working of commercial department starts from receiving the stitching programs. First of all, they see whether it is a new order or a repeat order. Then they issue a demand order through their Purchase Department. It is the duty of the commercial department to arrange all the equipment needed in the stitching unit for every bulk order. The products which are the responsibility of the commercial department includes label, fusing, polyester rope, stiffener, insert card, poly bag, stickers, size stickers, identification sticker, barcodes, security codes etc.
A freezing plan is made every month so as to maintain & systemize the production process. The stitching unit of Padma have latest and number of machines to fulfill the customer need & requirements. Total number of helpers in on daily wages in the whole stitching unit is 724. There are 400 machines in the GSC (general stitching company).
Quality is most important consideration while production in Padma. This is why the quality checks in stitching department are of very good level. In Padma Sewing Lahore, Acceptance Quality Level 2.5 & AQL 4.0 is under practice. The Padma Sewing Lahore is a certified for quality level from many organizations. This shows that the Quality checks in Padma Sewing Units are of international standards.
As the stitching department is the last department before the dispatch of goods so a lot of responsibility comes on its shoulders. There are sample rooms in the stitching units so as to fulfill the sample stitching requirement for different markets to ensure customer satisfaction. So the above is the brief overview of some of the Padma operations. Now we’ll discuss the chances of further improvement in Padma.
4.4- Export Marketing Department:
The export department of Padma is known to be the best marketing department in the whole textile industry because of the commitment and dedication of employees, the determination of work & the best management system.
Padma Marketing has a very strong liaison with their customers around the world. That’s why Padma has different segments on the basis of different regions like North America, Australia and Europe.
Every region has a different Export Manager and its whole staff. The marketing responsibility is not only to just sales and marketing it has also to find out new horizons and new ways. That’s why Managers visit to new Markets around the world.
4.5- Market Evaluation Model:
By taking help of Evaluation model we are going to discuss about the Textile industry of our country.
4.6- Porters 5 forces
1. Rivalry among competitors:
The market is very competitive. There are lots of competitors in the Textile industry right now. And to some extent the price war also exists among the competitors. But due to higher demand of the product the market is quiet normal. So in the textile industry rivalry among competitors is moderate.
2. Bargaining power of the buyer:
Previously there were very few textile product manufacturers. Foreign buyers got the textile product at a lower price compared to other countries. So earlier the bargaining power of the supplier was low and the foreign buyers did not want to argue too much with the manufacturer. But the current scenario is bit different. Now there is lot of manufacturers and the market is getting competitive. For this reason the bargaining power of the buyer is quite high right now.
3. Bargaining power of the Supplier:
Along with the manufacturers, the demand of our textile and garment product has also increased. For this reason, the bargaining power of the supplier has not fluctuated too much. And the bargaining power of the supplier is moderate here.
4 .Substitute products:
Substitute product does not exist in the market and the demand of this product is quite inelastic. So here the threat of the substitute product is very low.
5 .Risk of entry of new firms:
Not only are the local investors but also the foreign investors are very much welcome to invest in the textile industry in our country. And the government gives all sorts of facilities to the new investors. And due to higher profitability investors are very much interested to invest in this industry. For this reason the risk of the entry of the new firms is very high.
4.7-4P of Padma textile LTD:
Padma produces 100% cotton yarn dyed fabrics. Though Padma is a business to business firm, we need to categorize their product in business product classification. Padma does produce finish product.
Generic Competitive Strategy:
|Overall Low Cost Leadership (Padma always wants to offer the lowest price for their average product).||Niche Differentiation|
|Overall Differentiation||Niche low cost leadership|
Padma price their product based on the construction of the product. A fabric which has a higher rate of construction, yarn count, and good quality it costs more. For setting the price Padma keep an amount as gross margin then add the cost of the product with the gross margin.
In order to sustain in the market they follow competitive pricing. They set the price based on the price of the competitors. Though the market is getting competitive and Padma is bound to lower the price of their product. In that situation they maximize their revenue by bringing efficiency in their production system.
They also charge higher price for some of their premium product. For example Fil-a-Fil and Chambray are their two premium products and no other Bangladeshi manufacturer is as efficient as Padma to produce those products. For this reason Padma asks higher price for that products.
Factors impacting the pricing Situation:
Customer price sensitivity:
Here the customer is price sensitive and due to higher competition among the manufacturers, the customers are in superior position. So price sensitivity of the customers plays a crucial rule here.
Product cost is the other factor here.Product cost influences thepricing situation very much. Padma charge the product price based on the production cost.
Competitors’ likely response:
For pricing situation it is also very crucial. If any company asks higher price for any product then the others overlap the situation and offer lower price to the buyers. Competitors respond very aggressively in this situation.
Legal and Ethical Constraint:
In our country there is not any legal or ethical constraint for pricing. So the manufacturer does not need to think about the legal issues.
Use of price in Positioning Strategy:
Instrument of Competition:
Padma uses price as an instrument of competition with their competitors. As I have said earlier, now Padma is one of the largest companies in textile industry. And by producing huge amount of product they gain economies of scale. In addition to this they always try to be efficient in their production system. As a result of that they achieve the quality to lower the price a bit. Eventually, without losing any profit they are now able to use the pricing technique as an instrument of competition.
Quality and Image of the product:
Padma asks higher price for some premium products and they have competencies of that product. And no other Bangladeshi company is as expert as Padma to produce that product. The higher price of that product shows the image and quality of that product.
In their promotional strategies Padma does sales promotion, Public Relations, personal selling, Direct and interactive marketing.