By National Association of Social Workers (NASW)
Approved by the 1996 NASW Delegate Assembly and revised by the 2017 NASW Delegate Assembly
The NASW Code of Ethics is intended to serve as a guide to the everyday professional conduct of social workers. This Code includes four sections:
- The first Section, “Preamble,” summarizes the social work profession’s mission and core values.
- The second section, “Purpose of the NASW Code of Ethics,” provides an overview of the Code’s main functions and a brief guide for dealing with ethical issues or dilemmas in social work practice.
- The third section, “Ethical Principles,” presents broad ethical principles, based on social work’s core values, that inform social work practice.
- The final section, “Ethical Standards,” includes specific ethical standards to guide social workers’ conduct and to provide a basis for adjudication.
Revised Code of Ethics
The revised Code of Ethics includes 19 changes that address ethical responsibilities when using technology. All social workers should review the new text and affirm their commitment to abide by the Code of Ethics. Currently available in English. Spanish edition coming soon.
The National Association of Social Workers Delegate Assembly created the first version External link of the Code of Ethics in October 1960. It has since been revised several times External link , but it maintains many of the original principles.
The code serves six purposes:
- To establish the core values upon which the social work profession is based.
- To create specific ethical standards that should guide social work practice and reflect the core values.
- To help social workers navigate professional considerations and obligations when ethical uncertainties arise.
- To provide ethical standards to which the social work profession can be held accountable.
- To initiate new social workers to the profession’s mission, values, and ethical principles and standards.
- To create standards by which the social work profession can assess if a social worker has engaged in unethical conduct. Social workers who pledge to abide by this code must cooperate with its implementation and disciplinary rulings based upon it.
The code is also based on the six core values of the social work profession:
- Social justice
- Dignity and worth of the individual
- Importance and centrality of human relationships
Major Points from the Social Work Code of Ethics
The code is composed of thematic sections that outline a social worker’s responsibility to clients, colleagues, employers, and the profession in general. Following is a summary of some of the major points from a few of the sections.
Social workers must:
- Maintain high standards of personal conduct.
- Aim to maintain a high degree of professionalism throughout their careers.
- Hold service to be the most important element of social work.
- Maintain a high level of professional integrity.
- Engage in lifelong learning to maintain competence.
- Guide practice according to scholarly inquiry and use evidence to inform best practices.
Responsibility to Clients
Social workers must:
- Make clients their primary responsibility.
- Foster maximum self-determination in clients.
- Respect the privacy of clients and keep information that has been shared during the course of their duties confidential.
- Charge fees for services that are fair and considerate to clients.
Responsibility to Colleagues and Employers
Social workers should:
- Treat colleagues with respect, fairness, and courtesy.
- Adhere to professional obligations as determined by their employers.
Responsibility to the Social Work Profession
Social workers should:
- Uphold, represent, and advance the values of the social work profession.
- Help the profession make social services available to the general public.
- Educate themselves to become culturally competent and understanding of diversity.
At its most basic level, social work is about promoting the general welfare of society by representing those who are most vulnerable. Providing social services can sometimes be a difficult task, wrought with ethical uncertainties and challenges. The Social Work Code of Ethics helps social workers navigate these challenges throughout their careers and provides a framework for the principles and standards that they must uphold.