The Current Market Scenario and the Future Prospect of Leather Chemical Industry of Bangladesh (ACI) Limited

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1.0 Introduction
 
 
1.1 Company Profile at a Glance:
 

  • Company Name                      : Advanced Chemical Industries (ACI) Limited
 
  • Address                                   : ACI Centre, 245, Tejgaon Industrial Area,  Dhaka-1208.
 
  • Phone                                      : +88-02-9885694
 
  • Fax                                          : +00-02-9886029
 
  • E-mail                                     : INFO@ACI-BD.COM
 
  • Web Page                                : WWW. ACI-BD. COM
 
  • Company Logo                       :          
                                                                 
     
1.2 Strategic Business Units:
*       Pharmaceuticals
*       Consumer Brands
  • *      
  1. Crop Care and Public Health
  2. Animal Health
1.3 Subsidiaries:
*       ACI Trading Limited
*       ACI Formulation Limited
*       Apex Leather crafts Limited
*       ACI Salt Limited
 
 
1.4 Executive Management:
 
*      Mr. M Anis-Us-Dowla                                    Chairman
*      Dr. Arif-Dowla                                               Managing Director
*      Mr. M Mohibuz Zaman                                  Chief Operating Officer,                                                                                             Pharmaceuticals.
*      Dr. F H Ansarey                                             Executive Director,                                                                             Agribusiness.
*      Mr. Azmal Hossain                                       Executive Director,                                                                           Trade.
*      Mr. Syed Alamgir                                           Executive Director,                                                                             Consumer Brands.
*      Mr. Muallem A Choudhury                            Executive Director,                                                                             Finance & Planning.
*      Mr. Towfiqur Rahman                                    General Manager,                                                                               Operation.
*      Mr. Priyatosh Datta                                         General Manager,                                                                               Quality Assurance.
*      Ms. Sheema Abed Rahman                            General Manager,                                                                               Corporate Service.
*      Mr. Pradip Kar. Chowdhury                           Financial Controller
 
 
1.5 Financials (Year Ending December 2004):
 
  • Authorized Capital:                                  Taka 500 Million.
  • Paid-Up Capital:                                       Taka 161.70 Million.
  • Sales:                                                         Taka 2,558 Million.
  • Numbers of Employees:                           2161 
 
 
2.1 Background:
 
ACI was established as the subsidiary of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) in the East Pakistan in 1968. After independence the company has been incorporated in Bangladesh on the 24th of January, 1973 as ICI Bangladesh Manufactures Limited and also as Public Limited Company. This Company also obtained listing with Dhaka Stock Exchange on 28.12.1976 and its first trading of share took place on 09.03.1994. Later on May 05, 1992, ICI Plc divested 70% of its shareholders to local management. Subsequently the company was registered in the name of Advanced Chemical Industries Limited. Listing with Chittagong Stock Exchange was making on 22 October, 1995.
 
Advanced Chemicals Industries (ACI) Limited is one of the leading conglomerates in Bangladesh, with a multinational image. ACI is a Public Limited Company with a total number of 19,653 shareholders. Among these, there are three foreign and fifty local institutional shareholders. The company has diversified into five major businesses. Beside these, the company has a large list of international associates and partners with various trade and business agreements.
 
 
2.2 Company Mission:
 
ACI’s mission is to enrich the quality of life of people through responsible application of knowledge, skills and technology. ACI is committed to the pursuit of excellence through world-class products, innovative processes and empowered employees to provide the highest level of satisfaction to its customers.
 
 
2.3 Company Vision:
 
To realize the mission ACI will:
  • Endeavor to attain a position of leadership in each category of it businesses.
  • Attain a high level of productivity in all its operations through effective and efficient use of resources, adoption of appropriate technology and alignment with our core competencies.
  • Develop its employees by encouraging empowerment and rewarding innovation.
  • Promote an environment for learning and personal growth of its employees.
  • Provide products and services of high and consistent quality, ensuring value for money to its customers.
  • Encourage and assist in the qualitative improvement of the services of its suppliers and distributors.
  • Establish harmonious relationship with the community and promote greater environmental responsibility within its sphere of influence.
 
2.4 Values:
*      Quality
*      Customer Focus
  • *     
  • *     
*      Continuous Improvement
 
2.5 Distribution Network:
 
The company maintains strategically located sales centers in 198 different locations across the country. It has developed an advanced distribution system through its more than 300 skilled and trained manpower and a large fleet over 80 vehicles. The distribution system is capable of handling continuing volume of diverse range of products from the various businesses.
The company’s distribution centers are highly streamlined, computerized and automated. We are capable of maintaining a cold chain for some specialized range of products such as vaccines and insulin. The combination of this advanced function and multi dimensional capabilities make it possible to handle hundreds of products efficiently.
 
 
2.6 Business Units:
 
2.6.1 ACI Pharmaceuticals: In 2004, ACI Pharmaceuticals ranked 11th in the Bangladesh pharmaceuticals industry. It provides  the market with a wide selection of drugs across all major therapeutic classes, and also offers some specially medicines. ACI Pharmaceutical represents AstraZeneca, Eli Lily and UCB in Bangladesh.
 
2.6.2 ACI Crop Care and Public Heath Division: This Division is holding the leadership position in the industries; Animal Health has experienced one of the highest growth rates in this sector. ACI Agribusiness has partnerships with several international conglomerates including Ceva Santhe Animale, Invesa, UCB, Isago Asia and Boreegaad Taicang Chemical Co. Ltd.sdx.
 
2.6.3 ACI Consumer Brands: This Division is a leading Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) company in Bangladesh. In the liquid antiseptic and mosquito repellant categories, this division is a very strong market leader. Foreign partners represented in by this division include Godrej Consumer Products (for hair care and skin care ), Parle Group (for Parle G biscuits), Beiersdorf, Germany (for Nivea range of Products) and Colgate Palmolive.
 
ACI has formed joint ventures with leading FMCG and agribusiness players in the region.  These are:
  • Asian Consumer Care Private Ltd: Joint venture of ACI and Redrock Limited, for distribution of various ranges of Dabur products in Bangladesh. ACI holds 50% stake in the venture.
  • Tetly ACI Bangladesh Ltd: Joint venture of ACI and Tetley Group of United Kingdom for distribution of Tetley products in Bangladesh, with ACI having 50% shareholding.
 
Many ACI products have crossed our national boundary and are being successfully exported to various countries in Asia, the Middle East and the CIS region. The responsible of foreign consumers to our products has been encouraging.
 
2.7 Manufacturing Standards:
ACI has three separate manufacturing plants in the outskirts of Dhaka. The Pharmaceuticals plant is located at Narayanganj; ACI Formulations has been setup in Gazipur and the Tetley factory has been built at Konabari. ACI Limited is the first company in Bangladesh to have attained the ISO 9001 certification for Quality Management and ISO 14001 for Environment Management. The Trading subsidiary has also received ISO 9002 certificate. At our manufacturing facilities, we follow CGMP guidelines and standards recommended by World Health Organization (WHO) for pharmaceutical formulations.
 
2.8 Diversification into new industries:
ACI Limited is venturing into new areas of business, as part of its diversification initiatives. Two such businesses being set up are ACI Salt Ltd. And ACI Godrej Agrovet Private Limited.
  • ACI Salt Ltd: ACI has set up its salt plant in Rupganj, on the bands of the Shitalakhya river. The plant will produce refined iodized salt through Thermal Evaporation System. ACI has used technology from China Heavy Machineries Corporation (CHMC) in establishing the plant. The end product will be high quality, free-flowing salt with even, crystallized grains. The iodine content of ACI salt will have a stability of more than 6 months. The project has been undertaken at an approximate cost of Taka 32 crores.
  • ACI Godrej Agrovet Private Limited: Godrej is a pioneer in the packaged meat business in India. It is also the market leader in the poultry industry, and the owner of ‘Real Good’ brand. ACI and Godrej have a joint venture in Bangladesh to set up an Integrated Poultry Project. Under this project, ACI Godrej Agovet has already set up a feed mill at Sirajganj. This is fully automatic pellet poultry and fisheries feed mill, which uses technology from Jiangsu Muyang group of China. The company has also set up a hatchery at Joynabazar, on the Dhaka Mymenshingh road, with technology from Godrej. The plans for this project also include establishing Grand Parents and Parent Stock breeding farms. The investment in the project is Taka 8 crores, with ACI Limited having 50% shareholding of the company.
 
2.9 ACI Formulation Limited:
 
ACI Formulations Limited (ACI FL) is a subsidiary of ACI Limited, located at Gazipur, in the outskirt of Dhaka.
 
ACI FL manufactures majority of the products of ACI strategic Business Limited except for Pharmaceuticals division. The factory is equipped with the state-of-Art facilities for product formulations and process innovation. These include modern computerized equipment like HPLC and GLC.
 
The product range manufactured at ACI FL include Crop Protection Chemicals like insecticides, herbicides and fungicides in granular, powder and liquid forms, Mosquito Pesticides in the forms of aerosols, vaporizers and coils, and households chemicals like toilet cleaners and hand wash.
 
2.10 Quality Policy
 
ACI aims is to achieve business excellence through quality by understanding accepting, meeting and exceeding customer expectations.
 
ACI follows International Standards on Quality Management System to ensure consistent quality of products and services to achieve customer satisfaction. ACI also meets all national regulatory requirements relating to its current business and ensures that current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMP) as recommended by World Health Organization is followed for its pharmaceutical operations.
 
The management of ACI commits itself to quality as the prime consideration in all its business decisions. All employees of ACI must follow documented procedures to ensure compliance with quality standards.
 
The pool of human resources of the company will be developed to their full potential and harnessed through regular training and their participation in seeking continuous improvement of work methods.
 
2.11Business Performance and Growth Scenario of ACI Limited:
 

Figure No: 2.1
 
      Figure No: 2.2
      Figure No: 2.3
 

2.12 ACI Trading Limited
 
ACI Trading Ltd is one of the leading Trading Houses in Bangladesh. Originally it was ICI Pakistan Ltd established as the subsidiary of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) in the then East Pakistan. After independence of Bangladesh the operation continued as ICI Bangladesh Ltd. In July 1994 ACI Ltd another divested part of ICI PLC UK for Pharmaceuticals and Agrochemicals operation purchased ICI Bangladesh Ltd from ICI PLC and renamed it to ACI Trading Ltd.
 
ACI Trading Ltd has been accredited with ISO 9002 certification since June 1997 for its Quality System on indenting business. The Company is mainly involved in marketing and sales of various Industrial Chemicals, Petrochemicals, Plastics, Pharmaceuticals, Leather and Shoe finishes. Textile Dyes and Auxiliaries through Indent sales. It has four business divisions such as Chemicals, Textile, Leather and Water Pumps. To render technical service ACI Trading has two separate technical application laboratories for textile and leather businesses.
 
We represent ‘World Class Products’ in Bangladesh from ICI and some other multi-nationals like ExxonMobile, Solvay Interox, Enichem, Huntsman Tioxide, Magadi Soda Co., Stahl UK Ltd, Onga Australia Pte Ltd etc. We also represent some reputed Principals form Asian countries mostly from India, Singapore and Malaysia.
 
This is a 60% owned subsidiary. ICI, Zeneca, Exxon, Stahl are leaders in their respective fields and ACI have excellent market share of their products in Bangladesh.
 
The major responsibilities of ACI Trading are:
 
– Representing various international companies
– Procuring raw materials
 
 
2.13. Organogram – Business Management 

 
  Organization Chart
 
 
 
 

                                               
 
Figure No: 2.4
 
 
 
 
2.13.1 Organogram – Business Support Functions
 

Organization Chart
           
 
Figure No: 2.5
 
2.13.2 Organ gram of ACI Trading Limited (Focusing Leather Chemical Division)
Organization Chart
 

Figure 2.6
 
2.13.3 Mission:
 
Want to be a leading trusted quality Trading Company to earn confidence of the customers.  To establish a long-term business relation by offering quality products & services from World Class chemical companies in alignment with our core values.
 

2.13.4 Strategic Objective:
 

  • To sustain and improve Market Share for the key products
  • To offer World Class products from reputed sources
  • Increase ability to compete in the industry by developing people
  • To render superior service (technical & logistics) to customers
  • To maintain & improve business relation with our Principals
  • New Products Sourcing from reputed manufacturers
  • Aggressively grow Ex-stock Trading with calculative risk
  • To ensure stable earning through balanced product port-folio
  • Taking care of our shareholders interest.
 
2.13.5 Indent Sales Growth from 2002-2005 & Budget 2006

 
 
Growth %
2003 31.77
2004 57.08
2005 8.31
2006 20.61
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reason for variance 05
  • UCB Film not contributed although budgeted in ’05
  • Allocation & price constraint of ExxonMobil Plastics for 3 months
  • Scares of Foreign Exchange & restriction on L/C by Central Bank
Assumption for Bud’06
  • Increase customer & product base
  • New initiative for aggressive growth
 
 
 
 
 
 

2.13.6 Ex-stock Sales Growth from 2002-2005 & Budget 2006
 
 

Reason for variance’05
  • Less ExxonMobil Plastics sales due to strategic import
  • Stahl sales was behind due to recession in Leather Industry
Assumption for Bud’06
  • To increase ExxonMobil Plastics sales with calculative risk
  • To increase Textile Auxiliaries sales through Cola Project
  • To increase sales of MEC, Cereclor
  • Inclusion of other products like TiO2, PET
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Growth %0
2003 -3.87
2004 3.36
2005 74.03
2006 46.83
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
2.13.7 Profit and Loss Budget 2006
 
 
 
2.13.8 SWOT Analysis of ACI Trading Limited
 
Strength

  • On going need base training of people (Management & Technical)
  • Well groomed Employees & Professional approach
  • Association of global famous brand (ExxonMobil, ICI)
  • Loyal customer base for World Class products
  • Quality perception of customer for products & services from ACI
  • Support of ACI conglomerate & its image
 
Weakness
  • Achievement depends on supplier’s own strategy
  • Much dependent on few major suppliers
  • Some major Raw Material suppliers absence in Portfolio
  • Uncompetitive price & longer lead-time (Europe vs. India/China)
  • Technical support is based on suppliers’ priority
 
 
Opportunity
  • More Local & Export orientated industries coming up
  • Sourcing Chinese suppliers for some major RM
  • New business line expansion (API, PET, PS etc)
  • Value addition of products (Textile, Leather)
  • Increase Ex-stock Trading (existing & new)
Threat
  • Indian & Chinese cheaper RM suppliers
  • Local basic RM manufacturers coming up
  • Increase of competition taking advantage of 
 
2.13.9 Business Strategy
 
To nourish the Strength
 
  • More need base training of people (Management & Technical)
  • Build more relation with major supplier
  • Exert Professional Behavior to maintain the reputation of ACI
  • Proactive approach to customers for relationship marketing
 
To turn Weaknesses to Strength
  • Find suppliers for some major Raw Material not in range
  • Update suppliers with market & competition on regular basis
  • Insist supplier for technical support showing business potentiality
 
To avail Opportunities
  • Increase customer base
  • Increase product base
  • Step for Value Addition
  • Increase trading of Ex-stock
 
To turn Threat to Opportunity
  • Take advantage of IT to form chemical data-base for new opportunity.
  • Try sourcing of RM from India & China
 
2.13.10 Key differentiating factors that attracts customers:
 
  • Quality, price, timely delivery with clean documents
  • Technical Assistance/Information to customers about int’l price
  • Proactive involvement in customers purchasing decision
  • Excellent relation with loyal customers
  • Highly professional & customers caring sales people
 
 
2.13.1 1Products, Customers & Supplier Base Up to 2005
 
  Chemical Textile Leather Total
Total Product base 60 35 70 165
Total customer 70 36 60 166
Total supplier 29 4 2 35
 
 
2.13.12 Major Development through initiative in 2005
 
 
  1. Re-start of Ex-stock sales of ExxonMobil Plastics
  2. Increased customer & Product base through trials for Textile Auxiliaries
  3. Introduction of C&TP from Stahl India
  4. Appointed a Retailer for Stahl Leather Chemical sales
  5. Irregularities caused by Sales Manager, Leather (Mr Mizan) mostly adjusted with customer satisfaction
  6. Sourcing PET from China
  7. Sourcing API from India & China
  8. Measurable & Comparable items Software development
  9. Weekly sales Meeting with all SBU with EDT
  10. Study on Textile Auxiliaries Market through Internee
 
2.13.13 Projects/Suppliers looked for
 
  1. H2O2
  2. Paints
  3. Bulb & Tube Lights
  4. Dry Cell Battery
  5. Adhesive Tapes
  6. Lady Napkin
 
2.13.14 Initiative to be taken in 2006
 
  1. Value Addition – Textile Auxiliaries
  2. ICI Paints India (J.V.)
  3. Value Addition for Beam House Chemicals for leather
  4. More trials of Text. & Leather Chemicals to increase customer & Product base
  5. Dyes & Optical Brightener sourcing – India, China
  6. Introduction more Traders for Textile Aux. credit sales
  7. Recruit sales person for Chemical & Textile division
  8. Implementation of Program for Measurable & Comparable items related to sales performance
  9. Engage two Internee for Chemical & Leather Market Study
  10. Interaction with knowledgeable & experienced persons from Faculties and Trade
  11. Aggressive Plan to become a big Trading House by 2008
 

 

Leather Industry of Bangladesh
 

3.0 Leather Industry Background

3.0.1The Leather Industry in Bangladesh

 
Tannery transforms raw hides and skins into leather for manufacturing articles like shoe-upper, bag, suitcase, belt, wallet and jacket. In the past, leather processing was done manually using certain indigenous chemicals.

3.0.2 The beginning of the Tannery

 
The first tannery in Bangladesh territory was set up at Narayanganj by RP Saha  in the 1940s. It was later shifted to Hazaribag area of Dhaka, which turned into a location that now accommodates a large number of tannery units. During the period before Partition of Bengal (1947), almost all the raw hides and skins available in East Bengal were exported to west Bengal, particularly to Calcutta and processed there. In fact the tannery industry of Bangladesh originated after its relocation from Narayanganj to Hazaribagh in Dhaka in 1951. At that time there were 54 tanneries in the country and out of those 30 belonged to the Pakistani owners. Development of tannery industry in East Pakistan started after the Partition with an influx of tanners displaced from India and subsequently, with the establishment of subsidiaries of some companies of West Pakistan. The tanning industry in East Pakistan and export of leather from the province were mainly in the hands of the non-Bengali people. A few tanning units, however, belonged to Bengali entrepreneurs but they were small and of cottage type and they used to process leather mainly for the domestic markets. Most non-Bengali tanners processed wet-blue and sent the product to West Pakistan where it was further processed and finished for producing different consumer goods. Till 1960, tanneries of East Pakistan used to process raw hides and skins applying salt and then drying them in the sun and the material thus developed was known as shaltu.
 

3.0.3 Post Liberation Period

 
During the war of liberation in 1971 the non-Bengali tanners of Bangladesh left the country abandoning about 30 tannery units owned by them. After the war, the new government of Bangladesh vested the management of these units on a newly formed Tannery Corporation, which was expected to convert them into finished leather manufacture units. Unfortunately, the corporation did not serve the purpose because of lack of experience and other reasons including corrupt practices. Later, the government relinquished the Tannery Corporation and handed over the management of most of these tanneries to Bangladesh Chemical Industries Corporation (BCIC). Three of them were given to Bangladesh freedom fighters welfare trust. Both the authorities had miserably failed to manage the tanneries. In 1982, the government transferred them to private entrepreneurs in pursuance of its general policy of disinvestments, which had allowed some enterprising Bengalis with little or no experience in the industry to start wet-blue production.

3.0.4 Present Condition

 
At present, the leather sector of Bangladesh has 220 processing units located at different parts of the country (mainly in Dhaka) as follows: –
 
Dhaka (Hazaribag)                   –           194      units
Dhaka (Dhamrai/Savar)           –           3          ”
Gazipur (Kaliakoir)                  –           1          ”
Jessore (Noapara)                    –           1          ”
Chittagong                               –           18        ”
Jamalpur                                  –           1          ”
Rangpur                                   –           1          ”
Khulna                                     –           1          ”
 
                                                 Total : 220 units
 
Only about 50% of the above units are well equipped for processing crust and finished leather. But only 28 tanneries are in operation, among them 20 are operating in crust section and 8 are in finishing section.
According to the records of the Bangladesh Tanners Association, about 3,000 workers are employed in the tanning industry. Besides, there are about 100 qualified technologists including foreign nationals who are working in different tanneries. Total capital invested in the tannery industry is estimated at Tk 2.5 billion, of which government/bank finance is about Tk 1.2 billion. About 1,500 persons are involved in the process of collecting raw hides and skins and making them available at tannery units. About 100 organizations import chemicals for use in tannery industry. Some reputed tanneries of Bangladesh are Dhaka Leather, Apex Tannery, Lexco, Karim Leather, Samata Tannery and Bay Tannery
 
Production
4.0 Leather Sector in the Economy of Bangladesh
 
The Leather sector plays a significant role in the economy of Bangladesh in terms of its contribution to export and domestic market. Bangladesh currently produces about 20.0 million sq. meters of leather and leather goods per year. The total production of leather and leather goods shows an increasing trend over the years. Beginning with the 1993/94, the production increased from 14.60 in 1993/94 million sq. meters to 15.90 million sq. meters in 1995/96. It fell to 11.95 million sq. meters in 1996/97. Since 1996/97, there has been a steady increase in the production of leather and leather goods that reached 19.91 million sq. meters in 2000/2001. The following table shows the production of leather and leather goods in the country.
Leather sector is perceived to be one of the important economic sectors in Bangladesh. As a single sector of the economy, the sector contributes modestly to the country’s GDP. Contribution of leather sector (hide &skin, leather and leather goods, and footwear except rubber) to GDP is 0.31 (at constant price) in FY 2003.
Table 4.1: Production of Leather & Leather Goods
 

Year

Unit (Million Sq. Meter)
1993-94 14.60
1994-95 15.00
1995-96 15.90
1996-97 11.95
1997-98 12.12
1998-99 16.21
1999-2000 18.31
2000-2001 19.91
2001-2002 17.30
2003 22.85*
2004 20.78**
Source:         Bangladesh Economic Survey, Ministry of Finance, 2002
                    
*Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
**Approximate Data from LSBPC                             
The quantum index of leather and leather goods production increased to 131 in 1998/99 compared to the base year (1988/89=100) and that of leather footwear production rose to 193 for the same period. It is therefore evident that leather is increasingly being used in the production of footwear. The following table shows the trend of production of leather and leather footwear during the 1990/91 through 1998/99 period.
 

Table 4.2 : Quantum Index of Leather and Leather Goods and Leather Footwear

 
(Base: 1988/89=100)
Year Production Index
Leather & Leather Goods Leather Footwear
1990-91 84.34 100.03
1991-92 92.97 100.07
1992-93 108.72 110.93
1993-94 123.44 139.48
1994-95 126.77 161.76
1995-96 133.85 174.46
1996-97 100.84 185.95
1997-98 102.25 123.17
1998-99 136.76 192.84
1999-00 154.41 186.71
2000-01 165.85 216.67
2001-02 146.37 229.47
Source: Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh 2002, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
 

Table- 4.3 : Yearly production of Leather Sector by Different Enterprises/Firms

 
 
Firm Types Total Production  
Wet blue (000 sqf.) 35060  
Crust (000 sqf.) 66172  
Finished (000 sqf.) 134820  
Leather Footwear (000 pairs) 16766  
Leather Goods (000 pcs.) 766  
  Note: Data for the period Jan.-Dec.2003.
       
 
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
Table 4.4: Leather Production of the renowned Tanneries of Bangladesh:
 
Name of the Organization Annual Production (SFT/Month) Product
Apex Tannery 1700,000 Crust, Printed Bag, Semi Aniline, C\G Glaze Kid
Bay Tannery 600,000 Crust, Resin Coat, Semi Aniline C\G, Lining, Brush Off,
SAF Industries 600,000 Crust, Semi Aniline C\G, Glaze Mild, Lining,
Bata Shoe co (BD) ltd 400,000 C/G, Box Sandle, Semi Aniline, Creasy Horse, Lining
Bengal Leather Complex 500,000 Polishable Finish, Crust, Semi Aniline,
Dhaka Hide & Skins 1400,000 Crust, Milled Bag, Repolisable, S/A
H&H /H.B Tannery 500,000 Crust, Glaze Kid, C/G, Resin Goat, S/A, Lining
Phoenix Leather 400,000 Crust, C\G, S\A
Karim Leathers 500,000 Crust, S\A
Lexco Ltd. 200,000 C\G, S\A
Samina Tannery 500,000 Crust, S\A
Riff Leather 200,000 Crust, C\G, S\A
Modina Tannery 150,000 Crust, S\A
Reliance Tannery 600,000 Re polish able, Crust,
B.S Leather   200,000 Re polish able, Crust,
Progoti Leather Complex 500,000 Crust
Vulua Tannery 600,000 Crust
Kalam Brothers 300,000 Crust
Amin Tannery 200,000 Crust
Anwer Tannery 200,000 Crust
Cottege Customer 1000,000 Crust, Repolishable, S/A

Total

11250,000 SFT/MONTH

Total Annual Production: 135,200,000 SFT/Year

Total Crust Production = 101,400,000 SFT/Year

Total Finish Production = 33,800,000 SFT/Year
Source: Shajedul Alam,  Internship Report, June 19, 2004, Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka;
 
 
 
Source: Magazine, Dhaka International Leather Fair 2005
 
Table 4.6: Number of Animal Population in Bangladesh (thousand head)
 
Types 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 (est.)
Bovine Animal 24016 24859 24433 24816 24220 24480 24730 24830 24830
Sheep and Lambs 873 1070 1124 1158 1110 1121 1132 1143 1143
Goats and Kids 21031 30330 33312 34478 33500 33800 34100 34400 34400
Source: FAO, 2003
 
 

Leather Export

 
5.01 Leather Export Performance of Bangladesh: The ever highest export performance was achieved in 2000-2001 due to the mad cow disease in EU but after 11th September incident, the declining trend cannot be prevented due to the less value addition capability and non-sustainable nature of the leather sector industry of Bangladesh. The export performance of Bangladesh after 1999 is shown in table4.1. The Leather export is almost 2.5 percent to the total export of Bangladesh. Table 4.2 shows how the percentage of leather export to the total export is decreasing year after year. 
 
Table 5.1: Export performance:  From July 1999
 
 
  Leather (Mn. US$) % Increase or Decrease
July 1999- June2000 246.89
July 2000- June2001 290.68 +17.76%
July 2001- June2002 252.49 -13.13%
July 2002- June2003 229.72 -9.01%
July 2003- June2004 211.41 -7.97%
July 2004- June2005 220.93 +4.50%
Export Target for
July 2005- June2006
235.00  
Export Performance for July 2004-Nov 2005 84.37
Export Performance for July 2005-Nov 2006 96.21 +14.03%
Source: Export Promotion Bureau of Bangladesh.
           
 

Table 5.2: Percentage of the Leather Export to the Total export of Bangladesh:
 
        (Value in million dollar)
Year Total Export Leather, Leather
Footwear and Leather Goods export
Leather, Leather
Footwear and Leather Goods as % of Total Export
1998-99 5312.86 219.39 4.39
1999-2000 5752.20 246.89 4.30
2000-2001 6467.30 290.68 4.50
2001-2002 5986.09 252.49 4.22
2002-2003 229.72
2003-2004 7602.99 211.41 2.78
2004-2005 8654.52 220.93 2.55
2005-2006 10159.20* 235.00* 2.31
Source: Export Promotion Bureau of Bangladesh (EPB)   *Export Target
 
Hong Kong, Korea Rep., Italy, Japan are the main export destinations of the leather goods of Bangladesh. Though the Leather export performance of Bangladesh is decreasing day by day but still some countries like China, Taiwan, Vietnam are showing their interest to import more leather goods from Bangladesh. In comparison to India and Pakistan the export performance of Bangladesh shows a very uncomfortable figure. The main reason for that is the infrastructure of the sector. Although the RMG sector of Bangladesh is booming even after the post MFA era, foreign investors are not showing interests to invest in the leather sector of Bangladesh. Even the local investors are not interested to invest in leather sector, though there are lots of places Bangladeshi investors can invest easily.      
 
Table 5.3: Country Wise Export of leather and Leather Goods during the period of July2004 – March 2005:
 
Value in ‘000’ US$
Country Export Country Export Country Export
Argentina 5 India 1679 Saudi Arabia 2
Australia 279 Indonesia 153 Singapore 137
Austria 2 Italy 29791 S. Africa 243
Belgium 65 Japan 10723 Spain 5701
Benin 21 Korea DPR. 39 Sri Lanka 11
Brazil 745 Korea Rep. 20151 Taiwan 7953
Cambodia 426 Local Sale 540 Thailand 742
Canada 35 Mexico 1123 Turkey 8
China 6049 Myanmar 21 U.A.E 23
Czech Rep. 5 Netherlands 634 U.K 1059
East Timor 13 Norway 37 U.S.A 645
El Salvador 50 Oman 10 Ukraine 69
Finland 1 Pakistan 62 Uruguay 575
France 753 Philippines 166 Venezuela 40
Germany 189 Poland 3767 Vietnam 8681
Greece 26 Portugal 51    
Hong Kong 54584 Qatar 6    
Hungary 4 Samoa 5    

Total

158621
Source: Foreign Trade Statistics of Bangladesh, 2001-2002
 

Table 5.4: Export of Leather, Leather Footwear and Leather Goods

       Million US$
Year Leather Leather Footwear Leather Goods Total
 
Export % of Total Export % of Total Export % of Total
1998-1999 168.25 76.69% 46.55 21.22% 4.59 2.09% 219.39
1999-2000 195.05 79.00% 48.26 19.55% 3.58 1.45% 246.89
2000-2001 253.93 87.36% 33.63 11.57% 3.12 1.07% 290.68
2001-2002 207.33 82.1% 41.29 16.4% 3.87 1.5% 252.49
2002-2003 191.23 83.2% 35.06 15.3% 3.43 1.5% 229.72
2003-2004 211.41 79.50% 50.86 19.13% 3.64 1.37% 265.91
    Bangladesh Export Promotion Bureau
 
5.02 Sales and Exports of Leather sector Enterprises/Firms
 
Table show that during January-December 2003, the collective sales of the leather sector firms stood at Tk.23045 million. Of the total sales of the firms, over 75 percent are sold outside the country. Leather processing units exported most of their products that accounted for about 85 percent of their total sales revenue during 2003. Footwear manufacturing firms’ sales revenue from exports accounted for about 40 percent of their total revenue. Leather goods manufacturing firms exported its entire volume of production during 2003.
Table 5.5  : Yearly Value of Sales and Exports by Types of Firms (Tk 000)
 
 
Firm Types Sales  (Local) Exports Total Sales  
Leather Processing 2847600 15622354 18429954  
Leather Footwear 2456349 1682140 4138489  
Leather Goods 0 437389 437389  
Total 5303949 17741883 23005832  
  Note: Data for the period Jan.-Dec.2003.
           
 
 
 
Table 5.6 : Yearly Value of Sales and Exports by Types of Firms (%)
 
 
Firm Types Sales  (Local) Exports Total Sales  
Leather Processing 15.42 84.58 100  
Leather Footwear 59.35 40.65 100  
Leather Goods 0 100 100  
Total 23.01 76.99 100  
  Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
           
 
 
 
5.2.1 Sales and Exports: Leather Processing
 
Leather processing firms’ sales value stood at about Tk.18470 million during January-December, 2003 (Table 4.7). Exports revenue accounted for about 88 percent from the crust leather and over 97 percent from the finished leather produced by the leather processing enterprises. Except for an insignificant volume, most wet-blue leather is locally used for the production of crust/finished leather. The survey data show that as a whole about 85 percent products of the leather processing firms are exported and total export value stood at Tk. 15622 million (during January-December 2003).
 
 
 
 
 
Table5.7 : Annual Volume of Sales and Exports by the Leather Processing Firms 
(in 000 sqf.)
 
Product
Category
Local Sales Total
Local Sales
Total
Exports
Total Sales Volume in sf.
Direct
 
Through Agent
Wet Blue 35060 0 35060 0 35060
Crust 5281 3400 8681 57491 66172
Finished 4814 0 4814 130006 134820
Note: Data for the period Jan.-Dec.2003.
 
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
Table 5.8: Yearly Sales and Exports by the Leather Processing Enterprises/Firms 
(Tk000)
 
Products category Local Sales Total
Local Sales
Total
Exports
Total Sales Volume (in
Tk. 000)
Direct
 
Through Agent
Wet Blue 1959300 0 1959300 0 1959300
Crust 318850 220000 538850 4141826 4680676
Finished 349450 0 349450 11440528 11789978
Total 2627600 220000 2847600 15622354 18429954
Note: Data for the period Jan.-Dec.2003.
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
 
Table 5.9: Annual Value of Sales by the Leather Processing Enterprises/Firms 
(%)
Products category Local Sales Total
 Local Sales
Total
Exports
Total Sales value
Direct
 
Through Agent
Wet Blue 100.0 0 100.0 0 100
Crust 6.81 4.70 11.51 88.49 100
Finished 4.58 0 2.96 97.04 100
Total 18.36 1.54 15.42 84.58 100
Note: Data for the period Jan.-Dec.2003.
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
 
5.2.2 Sales and Exports: Footwear
 
Still over 50 percent of the footwear manufacturing enterprises’ production is locally consumed. Total local sales stood at Tk.2456 million for the period January-December 2003. Export sales of the footwear firms for the period were Tk.1682 million. 
 
Table 5.10: Yearly Sales and Exports by the Leather Footwear Enterprises/Firms
 
  Local Sales Total
Local Sales
Total
Exports
Total Sales
Direct
 
Through Agent
Volume (pair) 8435500 0 8435500 8309750 16745250
Value in Tk.’000 2456349 0 2456349 1682140 4138489
Note: Data for the period Jan.-Dec.2003.
 
Table5.11: Annual Sales and Exports by the Leather Footwear Firms  (%)
 
  Local Sales Total
Local Sales
Total
Exports
Total Sales
Direct
 
Through Agent
Volume (pair) 50.38 0 50.38 49.62 100
Value in Tk.’000 63.39 0 59.35 40.65 100
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
5.2.3 Sales and Exports: Leather Goods
 
All leather goods manufacturing firms (covered under census) are export oriented. Their total sales volume, which is same as their exports, stood at Tk.437 million during the period January-December 2003.
 
Table5.12- Yearly Sales and Exports by the Leather Goods Enterprises
 
  Local Sales Total
Local Sales
Total
Exports
Total Sales
Direct
 
Through Agent
Volume (pcs) 0 0 0 764100 764100
Value in Tk.’000 0 0 0 437389 437389
Note: Data for the period Jan.-Dec.2003.
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
Table 4.3 showed the country wise export figure of Bangladesh and the Table 4.13 shows how country wise export figure changed during 2000-2003 to 2003-2004.
 
Table 5.13: Country wise changes in Export of Leather:
  (Value in `000’ US$)
 
 
Countries

2002-2003

2003-2004

Value

% of Total Value % of Total
Hongkong 69039 36.10 72026 34.06
Italy 38621 20.20 43601 20.62
Koria Rep. 13736 7.18 19779 9.36
Japan 15029 7.86 15188 7.18
Taiwan 11556 6.04 11850 5.61
Vietnam 4928 2.58 11500 5.44
Spain 6821 3.57 9709 4.59
China 5932 3.10 7655 3.62
Mexico 2027 1.06 2160 1.02
UK 1507 0.79 1228 0.58
France 1779 0.93 1106 0.52
USA 983 0.51 631 0.30
Germany 818 0.43 549 0.26
Others 18450 9.65 14430 6.84
Total 191226 100.00 211412 100.00
Source: EPB Export Statistics
 
 
Table 5.14: Company wise Export of Leather Goods & Footwear from Bangladesh
(Export Period: 01/01/2005 ~ 24/11/2005)
 
Name of the Company Value in US$
Legacy Footwear Ltd. 5508573.5
Jennys Shoes Ltd. 3775499.81
Picard Bangladesh  Ltd. 3130611.97
Leatherex Footwear  Ltd. 1631819.61
H.N Shoes Ltd. 1054264.91
Cosmic Jute & Leather Ind. Ltd. 884406.75
Shampan Shoes Ltd. 771231.60
Savar Ind. Pvt.  Ltd. 507352.22
Bangladesh Export  Ltd. 432373.06
Landmark Footwear  Ltd. 221137.63
Vannara Corporation  Ltd. 219053.3
RMM Leather Ind.  Ltd. 164923.28
Apex Leather Craft Fashion 149779.03
Bani Footex 131864.3
Bay Footwear 131660
Advanced Ind. Management Co. Ltd. 103890.61
Malim BD. Co.  Ltd. 85356.65
MAMC 84174.50
Surma Leather & Footwear Ind.  Ltd. 74735.5
Sonali Ansh Ind.  Ltd. 68737.68
Apex Footwear  Ltd. 63310
Legacy Footwear  Ltd. 61119.88
Hara Leather 46843
Rexus Leather Club 40270
Crown Leather Products Ltd. 29219
Creative Products 27365
Anowara Leather 14520
Tropical Shoes  Ltd. 7560
 
 
 
 
           
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Source: Leather goods & Manufacturers & Exporters Association of Bangladesh.
 
Raw Materials
 
6.1 Raw Materials used by the Leather Firms
 
From the survey data it is transpires that raw materials used by the leather sector firms are procured mainly from local market. Except for an insignificant proportion, almost all raw materials of wet blue i.e. raw hides are collected from the local sources.  Raw materials for crust leather and finished leather are wet-blue and crust respectively. About 99 percent of the raw materials of wet blue, crust and finished leather are sourced locally. Of the broad categories of leather firms, footwear sector used highest proportion of raw materials (includes finished leather, lining leather sole, etc.) from external sources, which is 3.13 percent of the total used by the sector.
 
Table 6.1 -: Yearly Raw Materials used in the Leather Sector to produce different types of product  (in Tk.000)
 
Types of Product Name of Raw materials Local Foreign Total
Wet blue Raw hides 1276262 5040 1281302
Crust Wet blue 2756629 41300 2786474
Finished Crust 7428519 34000 7462519
Footwear Finished,  lining leather, Sole etc. 1146399 38236 1184635
Leather Goods Finished & lining leather 90466 0 90466
 
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
Table 6.2 -: Yearly Raw Materials used in the Leather sector by types (%)
 
Types Name of Raw materials Local Foreign Total
Wet blue Raw hides 99.60 0.40 100
Crust Wet blue 98.93 1.07 100
Finished Crust 99.54 0.46 100
Footwear Finished,  lining leather, Sole etc. 96.77 3.23 100
Leather Goods Finished & lining leather 100 0 100
 
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
6.2 Raw Materials:  Leather Processing
Leather processing units or tanneries produce wet-blue, crust, and finished leather. In producing wet-blue and crust, the firms use raw hides and wet-blue as raw materials respectively. Crust leather is used as raw materials for producing finished leather.
 
6.2.1 Raw Materials for Wet Blue
Raw hides used for producing wet-blue are mainly procured from local sources. Locally, raw hides are collected mainly from leather depot located at Dhaka, Chittagong, Comilla, Kustia, Natore and Rangpur.  Only an insignificant volume of camel hide is imported from external sources. South Africa was the only source of camel hide imports in 2003. 
 
 
Table 6.3 : Yearly Raw Materials used for Producing Wet Blue
 
Hide and Skin Local Foreign Total
Quantity
(000pcs)
Value in  Tk.000 Quantity
(pcs)
Value in Tk.000  
Quantity
(000pcs)
Total Value
Tk.000
Cow 856 1074032 0 0 856 1074032
Buffalo 107 88835 0 0 107 88835
Goat 1035 97495 0 0 1035 97495
Sheep 115 12034 0 0 115 12034
Cow/Buffalo head 41 3866 0 0 41 3866
Camel 0 0 4 5040 4 5040
Total 2154 1276262 4 5040 2158 1281302
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
Table 6.4 : Yearly Raw Materials used for Producing Wet Blue (%)
 
Raw materials for Wet blue Local Value
 (%)
Foreign Value
 (%)
Total Value
(%)
Cow 100 0 100
Buffalo 100 0 100
Goat 100 0 100
Sheep 100 0 100
Cow/Buffalo head 100 0 100
Camel 0 100 100
Total 99.60 0.40 100
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
6.2.2 Raw Materials for Crust
 
Wet blue, raw materials for producing crust is mainly collected from local sources particularly from Dhaka. A small quantity of wet-blue to prepare crust leather is collected from Chttagong and Jessor. Very insignificant volume of raw materials is imported. In 2003, only about 1.5 percent of total raw materials (wet blue cow and camel) was imported from South Africa, Australia, and Brazil .
 
 
Table 6.5 : Yearly Raw Materials used for Producing Crust Leather
 
Raw materials for crust Local Foreign Total
Quantity
(000sqf)
Value in Tk.000 Quantity 
(000 sqf)
Value in Tk.000 Quantity
(000sqf)
Total Value
 Tk.000
Cow 23358 1524583 530 33300 23888 1557884
Buffalo 11210 447936 0 0 11210 444480
Goat 11016 603330 0 0 11016 603330
Sheep 1848 161580 0 0 1848 161580
Others 240 19200 0 0 240 19200
Camel 0 0 100 8000 100 8000
Total 47672 2756629 630 41300 48302 2786474
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
Table 6.6: Yearly Raw Materials used for Producing Crust (%)
 
Raw materials for crust Local Value
 (%)
Foreign Value
 (%)
Total Value
(%)
Cow 97.86 2.14 100
Buffalo 100 0 100
Goat 100 0 100
Sheep 100 0 100
Others 100 0 100
Camel 0 100 100
Total 98.52 1.48 100
 
6.2.3 Raw Materials for Finished Leather
 
Crust leather used for producing finished leather is also collected mainly from local sources. Only a very insignificant volume of cow crust is imported to produce finished leather. In 2003, cow crust was imported from Australia valued Tk.34 million.
 
Table 6.7 : Yearly Raw Materials used for Producing Finished Leather
 
Raw materials for finished Local Foreign Total
Quantity
(000sqf)
Value in Tk.000 Quantity
(000 sqf)
Value in Tk.000 Quantity
(000sqf)
Total Value
Tk.000
Cow Crust 55488 4396440 400 34000 55888 4396840
Buffalo Crust 8822 494124 0 0 8822 494124
Goat Crust 23019 1979055 0 0 23019 1979055
Sheep Crust 5412 558900 0 0 5412 558900
Total 92741 7428519 400 34000 93141 7462519
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
 
Table 6.8 : Yearly Raw Materials used for Finished Leather (%)
Raw materials for finished Local Value
 (%)
Foreign Value
 (%)
Total Value
(%)
 Cow Crust 99.23 0.77 100
 Buffalo Crust 100 100 100
 Goat Crust 100 100 100
 Sheep Crust 100 0 100
 Total 99.55 0.45 100
 
 
6.2.4 Raw Materials: Footwear
 
Other than finished leather, some other raw materials as lining leather, artificial sole, insole-leather etc. are used in producing footwear by the footwear-manufacturing firms.  Footwear manufacturing units imports comparatively greater volume of raw materials (as compared to leather processing and leather footwear sector) from external sources. Footwear manufacturing units imported over 3 percent of their total raw materials amounted to about Tk. 38 million during January to December 2003. Sources for local raw materials are mainly Dhaka and Chittagong. Of the external sources, finished leather is mainly collected from Pakistan and China. Artificial sole is imported mainly from India, Indonesia, China and Taiwan, and lining leather is collected mainly from China, Taiwan and Pakistan. China, India and Italy are the major sources of in-sole leather.  Some footwear raw materials are also imported from Canada, France and Germany.
 
Table 6.9: Yearly Raw Materials used for Producing Footwear
 
Name of raw materials for footwear Local Foreign Total
Quantity sqf. 000 Value in Tk. 000 Quantity
sqf. 000
Value
in Tk. 000
Total quantity Total value Tk. 000
Finished Leather 9932 823434 225 25350 10157 848784
Lining Leather 2944 134023 506 8960 3450 142983
Artificial Sole 1806 155317 855 3266 2661 158583
In-sole Leather 639 33063 45 660 684 33723
Others 7 562 0 0 7 562
Total 15328 1146399 1631 38236 16959 1184635
 
 
Table6.10: Raw Materials used for Footwear (%)
 
Raw materials for Footwear Local Value
 (%)
Foreign Value
 (%)
Total Value
(%)
Finished Leather 97.01 2.99 100
Lining Leather 93.73 6.27 100
Artificial Sole 97.94 2.06 100
In-sole Leather 98.04 1.96 100
Others 100 0 100
Total 96.77 3.23 100
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
6.2.5 Raw Materials: Leather Goods
 
The leather goods producing firms that are very few in number use basically finished leather and lining leather as raw materials. The value of the raw materials used by the leather goods manufacturing units constitute less than 8 percent of the raw materials used by the footwear manufacturing units. All of the raw materials of the leather goods manufacturing firms are collected from local sources.
Table  6.11: Yearly Raw Materials used for Producing Leather Goods
 
Raw materials for crust Local Foreign Total
Quantity
(000sqf)
Value in Tk.000 Quantity 
(000 sqf)
Value in Tk.000 Quantity
(000sqf)
Total Value
 Tk.000
Finished Leather 1365 87366 0 0 1365 87366
Lining Leather 50 3100 0 0 50 3100
Total 1415 90466 0 0 1415 90466
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
6.3 Availability of raw material in Bangladesh
 
Table 6.12
  Total Number (Head) Hides & Skins (piece) Hides & Skins (Sq.ft)
Cow/Buffalo/Calf 24.31 million 5.31 million 116.00 million
Goat/Sheep 32.70 million 19.70 million 64.00 million
 
Source: 1. Bureau of Statistics 2. Livestock Census 3. ITC 4. FAO
 
Table6.13  Availability of raw material (Division wise) (Piece)
 
  Dhaka Chittagong Rajshahi Khulna Total
Cow/Buffalo/Calf 13,78,700 12,60,500 15,90,800 10,72,700 53,02,700
Goat/Sheep 39,40,000 43,37,000 55,16,000 59,07,000 1,97,00,000
 
Source: 1. Bureau of Statistics 2. Livestock Census 3. ITC 4. FAO
Chapter-Seven
 
SWOT Analysis
 
7.1 Strengths
7.1.1 Strengths of the Firms: Leather Processing
The SWOT analysis is based on the opinions of the leather sector firms. The survey reveals that ‘higher productive capacity’ is the main strength of the maximum number of firms of the leather processing industry. Main strengths of the leather processing industry as identified by the leather processing firms in the survey are as follows:
 
Table 7.1: Strengths of the Leather Processing Firm
Strengths Percent of Total Firms
Production capacity 70%
Competitive price 67%
Cheap Labour 66%
Market Information 56%
Better management 54%
 
 

Figure: 7.1 Strengths of the Leather Processing Firms
 
With high installed capacity and better utilization of that capacity, firms can economize on the costs and offer competitive price. It is recognized that the element of competitive price is related to productivity and cost of production. Hence firms with better productive capacity can offer better price to their clients. Generally, productivity of the big firms is expected to be higher than that of smaller firms with low productive capacity. Availability of cheap labour is another common advantage in the leather processing. This sector is relatively more labour-intensive than other two sectors (footwear and leather goods).

7.1.2 Strengths of the Firms: Leather Footwear
As is leather-processing industry, ‘higher productive capacity’ is the main strength of the maximum number of firms operating in the footwear industry. The major strengths of the firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 
 

Table 7.2: Strengths of the Leather Footwear Firm
Strengths Percent of Total Firms
Production capacity 74%
Better quality of management 66%
Sufficient supply of processed leather 65%
Trained manpower 60%
Quality Control 58%
 
 

Figure: 7.2 Strengths of the Leather Footwear Manufacturers
 
Footwear firms appear to have emphasis on the quality of management of the firms. Adequate supply of processed leather (from the leather processing firms) is the third most important factors that determine the strength of the footwear firms. Quality control appears to have provided competitive advantages to a good number of firms.

7.1.3 Strengths of the Firms: Leather Goods
Better management quality, and quality control came up as the main strengths of the leather goods producing firms. A list of major strengths of the footwear manufacturing firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are presented in table 7.3.
 

Table 7.3: Strengths of the Leather Goods Firm
Strengths Percent of Total Firms
Better management Quality 71%
Quality control 69%
Sound environmental management 64%
Market information 60%
Production Capacity 48%
 

 
Figure: 7.3 Strengths of the Leather Goods Manufacturers
 
As in case of footwear, leather goods manufacturing firms also appear to put considerable emphasis on better management quality and quality control. Environmental management and market information have also been identified by considerable percentages of firms as may be expected from a hundred percent export oriented industry.   
7.2 Weaknesses
7.2.1 Weaknesses of the Firms: Leather Processing
Size of the firms and financial crisis are found to be the main weaknesses of the firms operating in the leather processing industry. The major weaknesses of the firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 
 
Table 7.4: Weaknesses of the Leather Processing Firm
 
Weaknesses Percent of Total Firms
Low Volume of Production 82%
Financial Crisis 80%
Weak Marketing 64%
Inefficient Management 46%
 
 

Figure: 7.4 Weaknesses of the Leather Processing Firms
 
In global context the smaller leather processing firms produce lower quantity that precludes them in attaining economies of scale. Generally, leather-processing firms face financial difficulty and have no marketing strategy. Of the leather processing firms, 46 percent identified inefficient management as one of their main weaknesses.
 
7.2.2 Weaknesses of the Firms: Leather Footwear
 
‘Financial Crisis’ is found to be the main weakness of the leather footwear industry. The major weaknesses of the footwear firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 
Table 7.5: Weaknesses of the Footwear Firm
 
Weaknesses Percent of Total Firms
Financial Crisis 92%
Weak Marketing 86%
Low Volume of Production 84%
Uncompetitive Product Price 80%
 
 
 Figure: 7.5 Weaknesses of the Leather Footwear Manufacturers
 
Generally, footwear firms face financial difficulty and lack effective marketing strategy. Size of the firms in global context is smaller which is a notable obstacle in achieving economies of scale and offering competitive price.

7.2.3 Weaknesses of the Firms: Leather Goods
In line with leather footwear, ‘financial Crisis’ is found to be the main weakness of the leather goods manufacturing industry. The major weaknesses of the leather goods firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 

Table 7.6: Weaknesses of the Leather Goods Manufacturing Firm
 
Weaknesses Percent of Total Firms
Financial Crisis 88%
Weak Marketing 87%
Low Volume of Production 87%
Uncompetitive Product Price 74%
 
 
 
 
 Figure: 7.6 Weaknesses of the Leather Goods Manufacturers
 
About 90 percent leather-goods manufacturing firms have identified ‘financial difficulty’ as their one of the major weakness. The firms also lack effective marketing strategy. Size of the leather goods firms in global context is smaller which is a notable obstacle in achieving economies of scale and offering competitive price.
7.3 Opportunities
7.3.1 Opportunities of the Firms: Leather Processing
‘Cheap Supply of Labour’ is found to be the main aspect the opportunities the leather processing firms enjoy. The major aspects of opportunities of the leather processing firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 
Table 7.7: Opportunities of the Leather Processing Industry
Opportunities Percent of Total Firms
Cheap Supply of Labour 82%
Sufficient Supply of Hide and Skin 64%
Stable Global Demand 62%
Favourable Business Environment 60%
Conducive Industrial Policy 58%
 
 

Figure: 7.7 Opportunities of the Leather Processing Firms
It is obvious that availability of cheap labour can provide considerable cost advantage to the firms of a particular area/location. Leather Processing firms located in Bangladesh have been availing the opportunity. Supply of raw materials, global demand of the footwear, and business environment are also found to be positive from the firms’ point of view.  
 
7.3.2 Opportunities of the Firms: Leather Footwear
‘Stable glocal demand’ is found to be the main aspect of the opportunities the footwear firms currently have. The major aspects of opportunities of the footwear firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
Table 7.8: Opportunities of the Footwear Industry
 
Opportunities Percent of Total Firms
Stable Global Demand
 
60%
Conducive Industrial Policy 58%
Favourable Business Environment 57%
Cheap Supply of Labour 51%
Duty Free Access in Major Markets 51%
 
 
 Figure: 7.8 Opportunities of the Leather Footwear Manufacturers
The footwear firms found the current stable global demand condition for the Bangladeshi footwear is a major aspect of opportunity on the way towards expanding export markets for footwear. The industrial policy and business environment are found to be positive for them and availability of cheap labour is an added advantage.  
7.3.3 Opportunities of the Firms: Leather Goods
 
The  ‘Industrial Policy’ is found to be positive for the leather goods manufacturing firms. The major aspects of opportunities of the leather-goods firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 
Table 7.9: Opportunities of the Leather Goods Industry
 
Opportunities Percent of Total Firms
Conducive Industrial Policy
 
66%
Favourable Business Environment 60%
Cheap Supply of Labour 58%
Stable Global Demand 58%
Duty Free Access in Major Markets 51%
 
 

Figure: 7.9 Opportunities of the Leather Goods Manufacturers
The industrial policy and business environment, and cheap supply of labour are found to be advantageous for the leather goods manufacturing industry, as opined by most firms of the industry.   Current global demand condition appeared to be favourable for these firms.    
7.4 Threats
 
7.4.1 Threats to the Firms: Leather Processing
 
‘Disruption of electricity’ is found to be the main aspect of threat to the leather processing firms of Bangladesh. The major aspects of threats of the leather processing firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 
Table 7.10: Threats for the Leather Processing Industry
 
Threats Percent of Total Firms
Disruption of Electricity
 
74%
Hartals, strike, and other disturbances 72%
Unstable Policy Environment 68%
External Competition 64%
Lack of Trained Labour 62%
Environment consciousness in Importing Countries 60%
Shortage of Water Supply 58%
 
 
 
 Figure: 7.10 Threats of the Leather Processing Firms
 
Practically, ‘disruption of electricity’ and ‘hartal strike etc.’ are very common aspects of threats facing by the industry sector of the country in general.  Inadequate infrastructural facilities like insufficient supply of electricity and shortage of water supply affect optimum capacity utilization, volume of production, and destroy cost advantage. Such problem is particularly threatening in an atmosphere of growing global competition. Moreover, environment consciousness in importing countries mainly in the developed world is the cause of concern for the exporting countries like Bangladesh where environmental issues are not strongly addressed both in firm and policy level.   Moreover, Firms also do not get sufficient trained people.
7.4.2 Threats to the Firms: Leather Footwear
 
As in leather processing sector, ‘disruption of electricity’ is found to be the main aspect of threat to the footwear firms of Bangladesh. The major aspects of threats of the footwear firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
 
Table 7.11: Threats for the Footwear Industry
 
Threats Percent of Total Firms
Disruption of Electricity
 
74%
Hartals, strike, and other disturbances 68%
External Competition 68%
Environment consciousness in Importing Countries 60%
Shortage of Water Supply 58%
 
 

Figure: 7.11 Threats of the Leather Footwear Manufacturers
 
 
 
Inadequate infrastructure facilities like insufficient supply of electricity and shortage of water supply are among the major causes of concern for the footwear firms. Growing external competition and environment consciousness in the importing countries may affect the export market of the footwear firms in coming days.
7.4.3 Threats to the Firms: Leather Goods
In line with the leather processing and footwear sectors, ‘disruption of electricity’ is found to be the main aspect of threat to the leather goods manufacturing firms of Bangladesh. The major aspects of threats of the leather goods manufacturing firms as identified in the survey (as opined by the firms) are as follows:
Table 7.12: Threats for the Footwear Industry
 
Threats Percent of Total Firms
Disruption of Electricity
 
74%
Lack of Trained Labour 64%
External Competition 62%
 
Hartals, strike, and other disturbances
60%
Environment consciousness in Importing Countries 58%
 
 

Figure: 7.12 Threats of the Leather Goods Manufacturers
 
Other than inadequate supply of electricity, leather goods manufacturing firms face lack of trained labour force to be employed. Growing external competition and environment consciousness in the importing countries may affect the hundred percent export-oriented leather goods sector of the country in near future.
 
Production Stages
 
8.1 Production Stages in Leather Processing Industry
                   
   
   
 
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

                                                                                                  

 

           
   
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

8.2 Production Stages in Footwear and Leather Goods Industries
 

                           
   
Footwear
 
Leather Goods
 
   
     
Designing
 
Pattern Making of Leather Goods
 
Designing
 
Pattern Making 
Designing of Footwear
 
 
 
     
   
 
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

       
 
Footwear
 
   
Leather Goods
 
 
8.3 Description of the various Stages of Leather Processing:
 

8.3.1Wet-Blue Section:
 

Name of operation Objectives Generic names of chemicals Chemicals Required
Curing/ Preservation Dehydration    
Soaking Restore Moisture to original condition Soaking Preservatives
/ Enzymes
Sodium sulfide, sodium hydroxide, sodium tetra sulfide Decaltal types, formic acid, bi sulfite solution, sodium bi sulfite.
Liming and Unhairing Removing the hair and opening up of fibre structure for tannage Liming Auxiliaries Sodium sulfide, Sodium hydrosulfide. Hydrated lime powder (calcium hydroxide). Seldom slaked lime (lime paste). Sodium chlorite
Washing after liming Cleaning for fleshing and start delime by thorough  washing     
Fleshing Removing fat and surplus flesh to give a Cleaner surface for better penetration of the subsequent chemicals    
Deliming Replacing strong alkali, Reducing Swelling Deliming agents Hydrochloric acid, Sulfuric acid, Formic acid, acetic acid, Lactic acid, Boric acid, Ammonium chloride, Sodium meta by sulphate
Bating Producing a smooth, clean grain by enzyme action, removing unwanted proteins Bating Agents Enzymes, wood flour as carrier substance, ammonium salts,
neutral salts as buffering and deliming agents
Pickling Prepaing pelt for chrome tanning by acidification Pickling Agents Formic Acid
 
 
Name of operation Objectives Generic names of chemicals Chemicals Required
Chrome Tanning Making Leather resistant to purification, Increasing Thermal Stability Tanning Agents Chrome Tanning Agents, (chromium(III) salt, ca.
25 % Cr2O3, ca. 33 % basicity), Aluminium tanning agent( ca. 16 % Al2O3, ca. 50 % basicity.) Combination of Al and Cr ( Ca. 14 % Al2O3, ca. 3.0 % Cr2O3; ca. 20 % basicity.)
Other agents: Chromium (acelate, Sulphate, chloride) potassium dichromate etc.
Sammying To remove the unbound water so that the hide can be split or shaved with an even or consistent moisture content    
Splitting To reduce thickness and separate splitting part    
Shaving The final adjustment for thickness    
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
& Pocket Handbook of Leather Technology, 2004, BASF
 
8.3.2 Crust Section:
 
Name of operation Objectives Generic names of chemicals Chemicals Required
Neutralization Preparing Tanned leather for retannage Neutralizing Agents Sodium Carbonate, Borax
Sodium Bicarbonate, Ammonium Bicarbonate, Sodium (Sulphite, Thiosulphate, acetate, formate), Calcium Formate etc.
Retanning Using suitable chemicals for the final product requirement Retanning Agents Phenol, Nepthalane, B- Napthole, Aromatic Ether
Dyeing To impart requisite colour on leather Dyes  
Fat liquoring To soften the leather Fat Liquoring Agents Untreated oils, fats and waxes Emulsified oils and fats Chlorinated oils and fats Sulfonated oils, fats and fatty alcohols, Oxidation products of oils and fats
 
 
Name of operation Objectives Generic names of chemicals Chemicals Required
Setting Out Removing wrinkles as much as possible and mechanically held water before drying    
Drying Removal of water without damaging Leather quality    
Conditioning Controlled addition of moisture    
Staking/Vibration Soften by separating the fibres    
Toggle Drying Complete the drying under streching condition    
Trimming Removal of irregular edges, damaged portion    
 
8.3.3 Finishing Section:
 
Name of operation Objectives
Sorting To examine Quality and select different grades for end products
Buffing Up gradation of lower grade leather through shaping/ buffing of grain surface
Finishing Producing the finished film
a. Ground Coat Providing suitable base for better adhesion and makes the leather surface smooth, uniform and impermeable
b. Season Coat Covering the major proportion of the film thickness and getting skewed between ground and top layer, Sealing from both sides by impermeable ground and top layer
c. Top Coat Providing required degree of gloss, feel handle and final appearance of the finished leather
Pressing Providing smooth or embossed/ printed surface with ironing/ plating
Milling Mechanically softenning of the semifinised leather
Final Gradation Examine quality and allocate each finished piece of grade
Measuring  
 
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
& Pocket Handbook of Leather Technology, 2004, BASF
 
LEATHER CHEMICALS & ACCESSORIES
9.0 Chemicals and Accessories: Leather Sector
A number of chemicals are used in the leather processing, footwear manufacturing and leather goods manufacturing units most of which are foreign chemicals. In terms of value, above 87 percent chemicals used by the leather sector firms are of foreign origin. Above 95percent (of the total value) of the chemicals used in the productions of crust and finished leather are foreign. Over 70percent (of the total value) of the chemicals used by the footwear manufacturing are foreign made. Data collected from the secondary sources show that leather goods manufacturing units depend mainly on local chemicals (Table *.2). 
 
Table 9.1: Yearly value of Chemicals used by the Leather Sector Firms (by sources)
 
Production type Local
Value in Tk.000
Foreign
Value in Tk.000
Total, Value
in Tk.000
Wet-Blue 20,685 63,938 84,623
Crust Leather 2322 116720 119042
Finished Leather 1679 44791 46469
Footwear 12660 42609 55269
Leather Goods 1636 18 1654
Total 38982 268076 307058
 
 
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
Table 9.2: Distribution of Chemicals used by the firms of the Leather Sector (%)
 
Production type Local Value Foreign Value Total Value
 
Wet-Blue 24.44 75.56 100
Crust Leather 1.95 98.05 100
Finished Leather 3.61 96.39 100
Footwear 29.70 70.30 100
Leather Goods 90.0 10.0 100
Total 19.20 80.80 100
 
 
Table 9.3: Yearly Value of Accessories used by the Footwear and Leather Goods Manufacturing Units (by sources)
 
Types of Production Local Foreign  
Total
Value in Tk.000 Value % of Total Value in Tk.000 Value%
of Total
Value in Tk.000 Value%
of Total
Footwear 73961 80.76 17616 19.24 91577 100
Leather Goods 237 27.40 628 72.60  
865
 
100
Total 74198 80.30 18244 19.70 92442 100
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
Most accessories used by the footwear and leather goods manufacturing enterprises are locally made. As a whole, about 20 percent of the accessories used in the production of footwear and leather goods are foreign made. About 81 percent (of the total value) accessories used by the footwear-manufacturing units are local accessories.
 
9.1 Chemicals: Leather Processing
 
9.1.1 Leather Processing: Wet-Blue
 
Secondary data show that over 75 percent (of total values) of the chemicals used for the production of wet-blue by the tanneries are foreign-made. There are chemicals that are supplied by both local and foreign sources like sodium chloride, sodium carbonate, ammonium sulphate, sulphuric Acid, Bating Agent etc. However, some chemicals like enzymatic soaking agent, sodium formate, masking agent etc. are exclusively supplied from external sources (Table 9.4). In 2003, major suppliers of the chemicals were Germany, China, Italy and UK .
 
 
Table 9.4: Yearly Value of Chemicals used for the Production of Wet-Blue
 
Name of Chemicals Local Foreign Total
Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000) Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000) Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000)
Sodium chloride 1630.84 13,642 4 86 1634.84 13,728
Soaking Agent 72.835 2,770 17.8 1,021 90.135 3,791
Enzymatic Soaking Agent 15.54 2,359 15.54 2,359
Sodium Sulphide 228.65 4,880 228.65 4,880
Lime Auxiliaries 16.8 690 72.015 6,509 87.715 7,199
Bactericide 13.825 482 13.825 482
Ammonium Chloride 1 46.745 1,149 47.745 1,149
Sodium Carbonate 0.55 161 44.17 984 44.72 1,145
Oxalic Acid 14.18 658 14.18 658
Sodium Formate 48.23 1,387 48.23 1,387
Magnesium Oxide 27.915 3,926 27.915 3,926
Ammonium Sulphate/Dolomite 138 1,518 18.86 534 156.86 2,053
Bating Agent 13.13 181 53.59 3,343 62.02 3,524
Sulphuric Acid 74.46 1,342 8.41 301 82.87 1,643
Formic Acid 5.77 168 73.55 4,123 78.55 4,291
Basic Chrome powder 2.1 89 512.92 24,572 513.02 24,661
Sodium Bicarbonate 0.65 11 54.12 1,789 54.77 1,799
Masking Agent 6.96 1,129 6.96 1,129
Preservative 0.125 113 6.96 4,706 6.79 4,819
Total 1956.26 20,685 1274.47 63,938 3202.38 84,623
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
9.1.2 Leather Processing: Crust Leather
 
As the survey data show over 98 percent of the chemicals used for the production of crust leather (from wet-blue) are foreign made. Other than a few chemicals like basic chroming sulphat, phenolic syntan etc. generally chemicals have both local and foreign suppliers. However, very insignificant volumes of local chemicals are used as compared to the foreign chemicals. Foreign chemicals used are mainly made in Germany, UK, Holland, and Italy .
 
Table 9.5: Yearly Value of Chemicals used for the Production of Crust Leather
Name of Chemicals Local Foreign Total
Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000) Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000) Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000)
Basic Chroming Sulphate 0 79.46 3564 79.46 3564
Sodium Formate 0.75 21 47 1233 47.75 1254
Na-EDTA 1 94 2.36 217 3.36 311
Acrylic syntan 2 176 83.28 9022 85.28 9198
Phenolic syntan 0 57.50 7891 57.50 7890
Melamine /Urea syntan 2 212 72.16 8601 74.16 8813
Replacement syntan 1.8 225 82.97 9222 84.77 9447
Vegetable extracts 2.5 188 130.89 8742 133.39 8930
Dyestuffs 1.4 770 54.22 31506 55.52 32275
Fat Liquors 3.5 473 196 26408 199.5 26880
Formic Acid/Acetic acid 1 51 58.54 31667 59.54 3217
Dye Auxiliaries 0 12.69 2559 12.69 2559
Preservative 0.13 113 5.1 3633 5.23 3745
Aldhyde Tannin 0 3.68 956 3.68 956
Total 16.07 2322 885.86 116720 901.84 119041
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005

9.1.3    Leather Processing: Finished Leather
Over 95 percent (of the total value) of the chemicals used in the production of finished leather (from crust) are foreign-made. Except for a few, almost all chemicals have domestic suppliers, however, uses of local-made chemicals are very limited. Most of the chemicals used to produce finished leather are made mainly in Germany, Italy, UK, and Holland.
 
Table 9.6: Yearly Value of Chemicals used for the Production of Finished Leather

Name of Chemicals Local Foreign Total
Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000) Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000) Quantity (MT) (Value in Tk.000)
Acrylic binder 0.75 37 10.33 3296 11.08 3334
Butadyne binder 0.8 40 1.75 495 2.55 535
Protein Binder 0.8 50 14.83 3867 15.63 3917
Wax emulsion 0.3 81 7.97 3081 8.27 3162
Penetretor 0.17 15 14.34 3958 14.51 3973
Nitrocellulose binder 4.16 1172 13.29 4712 17.45 5884
Poly Eurathane binder 0.75 52 14.70 4778 15.46 4830
Dye liquid 0.1 100 8.67 7312 8.77 7412
Filler 0.35 20 4.13 1222 4.49 1242
Pigments 1.4 60 12.54 3083 13.94 3143
Acetic Acid 0.05 2 2.47 170 2.52 172
Matting Agent 0.13 17 3.69 1498 3.81 1515
Film Modifier 0.05 20 4.08 3906 4.14 3926
Pull-up Wax 0 2.44 949 2.44 949
Pullup oils 0 4.02 1450 4.02 1450
Cross linkers 0.02 10 0.355 900 .37 910
Solvent 0 0.35 105 .35 105
Formal dehyde 0 0.05 3 .05 3
Total 9.83 1678 120 44790 129.83 46468
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
9.2 Chemicals and Accessories: Footwear
 
Table 9.6: Annual Chemical used for the production of Footwear
  Local Foreign Total
Name of Chemicals Quantity in Kg Value in Tk Quantity in Kg Value in Tk Quantity in Kg Value in Tk
Aqua Solar 0 0 2.5 6250 2.5 6250
Aciton 0 0 130 26000 130 26000
Batal Acid 10 1500 0 0 10 1500
Belco 37 9300 0   37 9300
EMK 10 100 85 25500 95 25600
Gail Goods 0 0 3 6300 3 6300
Glace 0 0 1009 402520 1009 402520
Hardner 0 0 790 723000 790 723000
Lacker 20 3000 0 0 20 3000
Ligar 0 0 9 1440 9 1440
Liquid Spray 0 0 25 11750 25 11750
Latex 0 0 2600 260000 2600 260000
MEK 0 0 630 78900 630 78900
Oxalic 0 0 600 27000 600 27000
Polishing Cream 22 6600 60 17400 82 24000
Powder Dice 0 0 500 18000 500 18000
Pasting 19505 1462500 0 0 19505 1462500
Primer 0 0 1760 607000 1760 607000
Pigment 10 2000 0 0 10 2000
Spray 0 0 48 17700 48 17700
Solution 19500 1365000 5000 400000 24500 1765000
Shining 0 0 1800 2160000 1800 2160000
Split 0 0 40 1200 40 1200
Solvent Laker 20 2100 15 3000 35 5100
Season 15 1500 0 0 15 1500
Sufar 25 1500 0 0 25 1500
Thinner 0 0 3570 286700 3570 286700
Tolbin 0 0 1550 131250 1550 131250
Adhesive 0 0 7200 1008000 7200 1008000
Ecosolar 0 0 4.5 6850 4.5 6850
Cleansing Agent 0 0 20 700 20 700
Zinc acid 25 2500 0 0 25 2500
Staric Acid 25 1500 0 0 25 1500
Antioxident 25 1250 0 0 25 1250
MBT 25 1205 0 0 25 1205
TBT 25 1250 0 0 25 1250
Total 39299 2862805 27451 6226460 66750 9089265
 
Both domestic and foreign made chemicals are used in the production of footwear. Adhesive constitute the main head of chemical. Some chemicals like batal acid, belco, lacker, pasting, sufar are exclusively supplied by the local sources, and some chemicals used like aqua solar, aciton, thinner, tolbon etc. are of foreign origin. About 70 percent of the total chemicals used (of the total value) are foreign made. Most of the foreign chemicals are made in UK, India, Taiwan, Malaysia and Germany.
 
A number of accessories like bukless, belt, button, catel, deco, eyelet etc. are used by the footwear manufacturing firms to produce footwear. About 80 percent (of the total value) of the accessories used by the footwear-manufacturing units are locally made. A few accessories like deco, catel tap, and eyelet used by the footwear firms are exclusively foreign made. Most of the foreign accessories are made in Korea, Hong Kong, India, Taiwan and Italy. 
 
Table 9.8: Yearly Value of Accessories used for the Production of Footwear
(Value in Tk.000)
 
Name of accessories Local Foreign  
Total
Buckles 248 7087 7335
Belt 1313 1248 2561
Button 7903 475 8378
Catel 11 201 212
Catel tap 0 1799 1799
Daco 0 1640 1640
Eyelet 0 128 128
Others 70356 386 70742
Total 79831 12964 92795
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
Packaging and labeling materials like paper board box, tracing paper, poly bag, carton etc. are collected from local and as well as foreign sources. About 50 percent of the packaging and labeling materials used by the footwear firms are of foreign origin.  China, Italy, and Korea were the main suppliers of the packaging and labeling materials for footwear industry in 2003.
 
9.3 Chemicals and Accessories: Leather Goods
 
About 90 percent of the chemicals (of the total value) used by the leather goods manufacturing units are locally made (Table 9.9). Accessories used by the leather goods manufacturing units include bukless, belt etc. Over 70 percent of the expenses on accessories of the leather goods manufacturing units are on foreign made accessories. Hong-Kong was the main supplier of the foreign made accessories for the leather goods firms in 2003. Packaging and labeling materials used by the leather goods manufacturing units are locally made.
Table 9.9: Yearly Value of Chemicals used in the Leather Goods Manufacturing Units
 
Chemicals Local Foreign Total
Adhesive 1630 18 1648
Lacker 2 0 2
TBT 4 0 4
Total 1636 18 1654
 
 
Table 9.10: Yearly Value of Accessories used in the Leather Goods Manufacturing Units (value in Tk.000)
 
Accessories Local Foreign Total
Bukless 63.5 600 663.5
Belt 151.5 24 175.5
Button 15 0 15
Others 7 4 11
Total 237 628 865
Source: Leather Sector Census Study, LSBPC, 2005
 
Major Players of the Leather Chemical Industry
 
10.1 Market Share of Major Beam House Chemical Suppliers
(Wet Blue)
 
 
1.         Soaking Agent: 550-600MT /Year                 Price: 100-120Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. ACI, Bangladesh 50%
2. BASF, Germany 30%
3. Others 20%
                        Source: Primary survey
 
Product Name:
Lissapol, ACI;
Lisapen-PA-WB, BASF
 
2.         Soaking Enzyme: 300MT /Year                     Price: 150-190Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. TFL, Germany 25%
2. BASF, Germany 20%
3. Buckman, Singapore 15%
4. TH Bohme 15%
5. Schill & Seilacher, Germany 5%
6. Scitan, Italy 5%
7. Others 15%
                        Source: Primary survey
Product Name:
(Pellvit C, Pellvit DPH), TFL;
(Basozym-S20), BASF;
(Busan-40L), Buckman;
(Vinkol A), Schill & Seilacher;
 
3.         Liming Auxiliaries: 750-900MT /Year                      Price: 65-120Tk Per Kg.
           

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. TFL, Germany 25%
2. BASF, Germany 20%
3. Buckman, Singapore 10%
4. Seicie, Italy 10%
5. Schill & Seilacher, Germany 5%
6. Others 30%
                        Source: Primary survey
Product Name:
(Erhavit-MB), TFL;
(Mollescal AGN, Mollescal LS), BASF;
(Buspers 77432), Buckman;
(Saical-FC), Seicie;
 
4.         Deliming Agents: 1000MT /Year                   Price: 8-15Tk Per Kg.
 
Chemicals: Sodium Meta Bi-Sulphate, Ammonium Sulphate, Ammonium Chloride
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. Local 75%
2. China, Thiland 25%
 
Product Name:
(Delimer-AR), Neochemica;
 
5.         Bating Agents: 500-600MT /Year                 Price: 60-100Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. Clariant, UK 35%
2. TFL, Germany 20%
3. Buckman, Singapore 15%
4. BASF, Germany 10%
6. Rock Chem 5%
7. Others 15%
                        Source: Primary survey
Product Name:
(Oropon-G, Oropon-ANZ, Vulal-K), TFL;
(Basozym-C10), BASF;
(Bate-PBW1), Buckman;
( Z.H Bate) ZH chemical;
 
6.         Pickling Agents: 1500-1700MT /Year                      
 
Chemicals: Sulphuric Acid                  Price: 15Tk. Per kg.
                    Formic Acid                     Price:
                    Salt (NaCl)                       Price: 10Tk Per Kg.
                   
                   
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. Local 55%
2. Clariant, U.K 10%
3. BASF, Germany 10%
4. Kemira 5%
5. Others 20%
                        Source: Primary survey
 
7.         Tanning Agents: 6000-8000MT /Year                       Price: 50-150Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. BASF, Germany 30%
2. Bayer, Germany 30%
3. American Chemical Co. 15%
4. Sulchome, Italy 10%
5. Others 15%
                        Source: Primary survey
Product Name:
(Chromosol-B), Bayer;
(Chromitan-B), BASF;
(Chromix-B33), American Chemical Co.;
 
8.         Preservatives: 100-120MT /Year                  Price: 750-850Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. Buckman,  Singapore 40%
2. Bayer, Germany 30%
3. Chemicolor/ Yorkeshire 10%
4. ATC, France 5%
5. Others 15%
 
Product Name:
(Prevental-Z), Bayer;
(Busan-30L), Buckman;
(Tolcide-2230), Chemicolor/Yorkeshire;
9.         Basifying Agents: 500-700MT /Year             Price: 110-120Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. BASF, Germany 30%
2. TFL, Germany 10%
3. Clariant, U.K 10%
4. Clowan 10%
5. Others 50%
                        Source: Primary survey
Product Name:
(Neosym-MGO), Clowan; (Chromitan-B), BASF;
(Chromino-FB), TFL; (Tanbase), Clariant;
 
10.1.1 Total Quantity wise Market Share (Wet Blue)
 
Sl. No. Name of the Suppliers Approximate Market Share (%)
1 BASF, Germany 25%
2 Clariant, UK 22%
3 Bayer, Germany 20%
4 American Chemical Co. 8%
5 TFL, Germany 5%
6 Buckman, Singapore 5%
7 Others 15%
 

Figure 10.1:
 
10.2 Market Share of Chemical Suppliers (Wet Blue To Crust)
 
 
1.         Neutralizing Agents: 500MT /Year               Price: 90-160Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. BASF, Germany 25%
2. TFL, Germany 25%
3. Clariant, UK 20%
4. Buckman, Singapore 10%
5. Others 20%
 
Product Name:
(Butan 7810), Buckman;
(Tamol GA, NNOL), BASF;
(Sellasol NG), TFL;
(BS3), Smith & Zones;
(Probal-PRA), Clariant;
(PAKS), Bayer;
 
 
2.         Retanning Agents: 3000-4000MT /Year                   Price: 115-180Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. BASF, Germany 50%
2. Bayer, Germany 30%
3. Others 20%
 
Product Name:
(Basyntan-AM, Basyntan- DLE, Syntan-DLE, Relugan), BASF;
(Tanizon-OS, Ratingan- R7), Bayer;
3.         Dyes: 1000MT /Year              Price: 300-1200Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. Clariant, UK 40%
2. BASF, Germany
3. Guama
4. Stahl, Holland
5. Others 30%
 
Product Name:
(Beige-L), BASF;
(Black-PNT), Guama/Chika;
(Brown-574), Croda;
 
4.         Dyeings Auxiliaries: 250-350MT /Year                     Price: 70-350Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. Clariant, UK 20%
2. BASF, Germany 20%
3. TFL, Germany 10%
4. Hodgeson 10%
5. Others 40%
                        Source: Primary survey
Product Name:
(Tamol AW), BASF;
(Neosyn-N), Clarient;
(Compound DLS), Hodgeson;
 
 
5.         Fatliquors: 1800-2000MT /Year                    Price: 70-350Tk Per Kg.
 

#SL.

Supplier

Market Share

1. Smith & Zones 30%
2. TFL, Germany 20%
3. BASF, Germany 10%
4. Clariant, UK 10%
5. Zshimmer & Schwarz 5%
6. Others 25%
                        Source: Primary survey
Product Name:
(Lypoderm), BASF;
(Chromopol, Choripol), TFL;
(Derminol, Dermalix), Clariant;
(Eureka-172), Atlas;
(SLP), Yorkeshire;
(Coralon), Stahl;
 
 
10.2.1 Total Quantity wise Market Share (Crust)
 
 
Sl. No. Name of the Suppliers Approximate Market Share (%)
1 BASF, Germany 33%
2 Clariant, UK 20%
3 Bayer, Germany 17%
4 TFL, Germany 10%
5 Others 17%
Source: Primary survey

Figure10.2
 
 
10.3 Market Share of Chemical Suppliers (Crust To Finished Leather)
 
 
Name of the products: Coating Agents (Top Coats, Base Coats); Binders; Cross linkers; Colloidal Fillers, Wax Fillers, Penetrator, Acrylic Resins; Pigments; Dyes; Thinners etc;
 
Quantity:                                Total:              550-600 MT/Year,
 
Note That: Although the result obtained from the secondary data shows the annual requirements of leather-finishing chemicals is 1550MT but from the primary survey it has been confirmed that annual finishing chemical consumption is 550-600MT.                 
 
Sl. No. Name of the Suppliers Approximate Market Share (%) in
Finishing
1 ALPA, Italy 25%
2 BASF, Germany 20%
3 Stahl, Holland 18%
4 Clariant, UK 10%
5 TFL, Germany 5%
6 Finice(Italy) 5%
7 Horiyana Chemicals 5%
8 Buckman, Singapore 2%
9 Others(Indian & Italian) 10%
 
Figure 10.3
 
 
Findings and Recommendations
 

 
As the whole tannery industry of Bangladesh is getting squeezed day-by-day, the negative impact of it is obviously affected the leather chemical market of Bangladesh. Since on this small industry more than fifty chemical merchants and organizations are operating, price; marketing policy; relationship marketing; technical support by the chemical suppliers; are scrupulously observed by the tanneries of Bangladesh. 
 
Ten years back BASF and some other big chemical suppliers led the leather chemical market single handedly and played monopoly game with their consumers. At that time they took high price from the buyers. But now there are numerous competitors available on the market. Now, buyers can choose their own sellers since they have their alternatives. In the description bellow I tried to find out some basic marketing factors of leather chemical industry.
 
1. Technical Support: The leather chemical marketing and selling requires reliable technical services. Suppliers can sell their product only then, when they can make it sure to the buyers that the chemical is really useful for fulfilling buyer’s special purpose. So, if you don’t have good and skilled technical sales person you are no way near in the competition. 
 
2. Price: Price has always been a huge factor in leather chemical industry. Big suppliers are getting away from the good notice of their clients because of their high price comparing to their Chinese and Indian counter products. Freight cost, taxes, currency exchange rate have always played a big factor for the ultimate price of the chemical. Most of the Chinese and Indian products are proved to be less costly than most of the well-known German, Dutch and English chemicals.    
 
3. Relationship Marketing: Since the whole leather chemical market is very narrow, each and every one knows one another very well. But then again one has to maintain a very good relationship with the buyers. Most of the buyers want to purchase their chemicals on credit basis. So, you have no option but to sell your product on credit. Since, chemical selling requires post purchase technical support, one has to make it sure their chemical is doing better than competitors one in each and every aspect.
 
Discount can be offered for buying bulk amount.
 
Most of the buyers are facing difficulties in getting loan from the bank to purchase their raw materials. A supplier can also make a link with the banks to give loan to the tanneries for buying chemicals form them.    
 
4. Lead Time: 
 
Sometimes buyers have to buy a bulk amount of chemicals for their production. In most of the cases suppliers are not able to supply beyond a certain amount of chemicals, then they require importing chemicals from the manufacturing agents. Lead-time plays a big role in that particular case. If a supplier cannot maintain its declared time of supply, obviously the buyers will be dissatisfied.
5. Quality:
No matter in which way you have sold your chemical to the buyers you have to make it sure that you are selling a quality product. You have to remember that it is not the one time selling policy you want to follow. Only, the good quality product can ensure long term selling policy.
 

11.1 Problems of ACI Trading and Stahl in Leather Chemical Marketing

  
  1. Price:  Most of the Stahl products are costlier than their competitor’s counter products. Although Stahl has very good brand image in Finishing chemical section but high price is one of the factor for which Stahl is loosing market towards the Indian and Chinese products. Even in some cases their chemicals are costlier than BASF, ALPA and TFL’s chemicals. Actually, Stahl has to wait for their shipment from Holland. Fluctuations of Euro play an important part to fluctuate the price of the chemicals. ALPA (The market leader in finishing Leather chemical section) arranges shipment from two sources, one is India and another one is Italy. ALPA gives emphasize to the customers choice from where they want to get the shipment. In case of shipment from India, ALPA offers lower price in US Dollar. The other benefit, they can avoid the risk of frequent Euro fluctuation. Not only ALPA but also other competitors are practicing this strategy as well (BASF India, TFL Sri Lanka, BUCK MAN Singapore, etc).
 
  1. Organizational Hierarchy of ACI Trading Ltd and insufficient technical person in the leather chemical division: ACI Trading Limited is one the subsidiaries of Advanced Chemical Industries (ACI), Bangladesh Limited. The Company is mainly involved in marketing and sales of various Industrial Chemicals, Petrochemicals, Plastics, Pharmaceuticals, Leather and Shoe finish, Textile Dyes and Auxiliaries through Indent sales. It has four business divisions such as Chemicals, Textile, Leather and Water Pumps. To render technical service ACI Trading has two separate technical application laboratories for textile and leather businesses.
 
In the Leather chemical division there are only two persons working, a) Senior Technical Sales Officer, b) Technical Sales officer. There was a manager in this division, but after his death this position is vacant now.
 
 
The hierarchy of Leather Chemical Division:
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Technical Sales officer
 
Senior Technical Sales officer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                             
With the vacation of the mangers post, both the sales officers have to report directly to the
Executive Director. Insufficient personnel in the leather chemical division and vertical
hierarchy seem to be a noticeable problem for ACI Trading Ltd. ALPA, the market leader in
leather finishing, has eight technologists working for Bangladesh market (Three Bangladeshi
Technical persons, two Indian technologists, three Technologists from ALPA, Italy). In
comparison to that Stahl has only two technical sales officers of Bangladesh and one
Pakistani technologist.
 
Training of these technical personnel is very necessary. ALPA, Italy arranged regular training
for agent technologist and train up on latest development that helps to promote Chemicals to
tanneries. Stahl and ACI should arrange training on regular basis.
 
Job placement is another key strategy taken by the market leader ALPA. They appointed
technicians from India and occupied most of the finishing units in Bangladesh. These
technologists are working as shadow technologists of ALPA and at the same time Tannery
management also pleased for that and finally ALPA gets good business.
 
Appendix A-1
 
 
Members’ List of Bangladesh Finished Leather, Leather goods and Footwear Exporters’ Association (BFLLFEA)
 
Category: Tannery
 

SL

Name of the Firm Address Phone Contact Person and Designation
  1.  

M/S Al Madina Tannery

55/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8611579
019343789
Alhaj Nur Mohammed
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Amin Tannery Ltd. 60/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8610475
0171561660
Mr. Abdul Kader
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Anowar Tannery (Pvt) Limited 104, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9664078
506168
Mr. Md. Dil Jahan Bhuiyan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Apex Tannery Ltd. Off: 65-66 Motijheel C / A (2nd Floor)
Fact: 127 Hazaribagh, Dhaka
9551203
9560766
9551117
8625635-7
Mr. A.K.M Rahmatullah, Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Awal Leather Complex

69, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8626728
8118981
Mr. M. A. Awal
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Abul Khair Tannery 121/5, Sher-e-Bangla Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 8621787
0172126126
Hazi Md. Abul Khair
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S Ayub Brothers Tannery Ltd. 143/1 Hazaribagh
Dhaka
866518 Mr. Shahjahan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Azmir Leather 116/E, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 8626925 Mr. Md. Shahid Ullah
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S Aziz Tannery Ltd. 148/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Mr. Md. Asifur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Bangladesh Fine Leathers Processing Ltd. Alta Plaza (3rd Flor) House # 1
Road # 10, Dhanmondi, Dhaka
8124806
8626485
Mr. Anam Haque
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Bata Shoe Company Bangladesh Limited Tongi, Gazipur, (Dhaka) 9800501-5
9800513
Mr. G Stricker
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Bay Tanneries Ltd. 21, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8611445
8611468
011855496
Mr. Shamsur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Bengal Leather Complex

147, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 8614077
8615977
0171538060
Mr. Md. Tipu Sultan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Bengal Peli Export Company Hazaribagh
Dhaka
9122452
500197
Mr. Md. Anwar Hossain
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S Bikrampur Tannery Ltd. 180/2 Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9110690 Mr. S.M. Habibur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Cresent Tannery Ltd. 143 Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9663659 Mr. Md. Abdul Kader
Chairman
  1.  
M/S Dhaka Hides & Skins Ltd. 147, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8611268
9669849
Mr. M. A. Rashid Bhuiyan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Dhaka Tanneries Ltd. 124, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8615179
8613563
Mr. Md. NUrul Huda
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Diamond Tannery Ltd. 73, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 0189216979 Mr. Abdul Hakim
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S F. K. Leather Complex Ltd. 95/3A, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 502411
506921
Mr. Kutub Uddin
Chairman
  1.  

M/S Green Arrow Tannery

135, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 503650
8614182
Mr. Tofail Ahmed
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Great Eastern Tannery (PVT) Ltd 42, New Paltan Lane, Azimpur, Dhaka-1205 8626887
9666128
Alhaj Mohd Idrish
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S H & H Leather Industries Ltd. House # 69, Road # 8/A
Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka
9113776
9111209
8111526
Mr. M. Nasir
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S H. B. Tannery Ltd. House # 69, Road # 8/A
Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka
8111526
9111209
Mr. M. Fayaz
Director
  1.  
M/S H. R. C. Leather Complex 1. TC Bhaban, Kawran bazar
Dhaka
9128991-2 Mr. Sayeed Hossain Chowdhury, Chairman
  1.  
M/S Haroon Leather Ltd. 18, Kamal Ataturk Avenue (16th Fl)
Banani, C/A, Dhaka
8824979
8821024
Mr. Rizwan Haroon
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Helal Tannery

74, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8616305 Mr. Md. Belal Hossain
Proprietor
  1.  

M/S Helena Enterprise Ltd. No.2

78, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
59/60, Gazmohol, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 (?)
8631097
9660754
0171591647
Mr. Mohammad Mizan
  1.  

M/S Ibrahim Leathers

123/1 Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8625162 Mr. Md. Ibrahim
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S International Tannery Hazaribagh, Dhaka
 
504401
508863
Mr. Md. Fajlu Mia
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S Jamila Tannery Ltd. 112, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
508466
9112832
Mr. Shaiqur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Janata Tanning Industries Ltd. 180, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8618556
8626727
Mr. Abul Kashem
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Javed Tannery

119, Sher-e-Bangla Road
Dhaka
8117674 Mr. Tipu Sultan
Proprietor
  1.  

M/S Kader Leather Complex

54/F Moneshwar,
Hazaribagh, Dhaka
8116424
 
Mr. Abdul Kader
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S Kalam Brothers Tannery Ltd. 109/2 Hazaribag, Dhaka 8626727
8618556
0171561646
Mr. Md. Abul Kalam Azad
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Karim Leathers Ltd. 180, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8616584
8611286
8611129
Alhaj Rejaul Karim Ansari
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Kid Leather Ind. Ltd. Off: 62/1, Purana Paltan, Dhaka
Fact: 19 Sher-e-Bangla Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka
8612286
9563453
Mr. Md. S.A.M.M. Nuruddin
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Leather Ind. of Bangladesh Ltd. 54/1 Sher-e-Bangla Road,
Hazaribagh, Dhaka
8610516
8614242
Mr. Abdul Rahman Sales
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Lexco Limited

146, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9669397
8626082
8625147
Mr. M. A. Matten
Chairman
Mr. Harun Or-Rashid
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Madina Tannery

114, Kobi Nazrul Islam Road
Sadharghat, Chittagong
031-613916
031-617605
Mr. Abu Mohammad
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Manzur Industries Ltd. Dhaka Chamber Building
65-66, Motijheel C/A Dhaka
9551117
9566182-3
Mr. Quazi Anwarul Hoq (Tariq)
Director
  1.  

M/S Millat Tannery

116/6, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 504865
8611264
Mr. Md. Nurul Alam
Proprietor
  1.  

M/S Mitali Tannery

71/4 Gojmohol, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8612917
9665916
Mr. Mr. Hazi Abul Kashem
Proprietor
  1.  

M/S Mukti Tannery

 
141/2 Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8616586 Mr. Osman Gani Bhuiyan
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Mukta Tannery

34/C, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 9660674 Mr. Sayed Md. Shidullah
Proprietor
  1.  

M/S Paramount Tanneries

181/2 Sher-e-Bangla Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8626056
0189220471
Mr. Akbar Hossain
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Pioneer Tannery Ltd. 21, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
8623428 Mr. Ziaur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Pragati Leather Complex

55/1 Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9663121
8626485
0171524804
Mr. Md. Asadullah
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S R. M. M International Ltd. Suit # 601, Concord Tower
113 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, Dhaka
9345963-4 Mr. Mohiuddin Ahmed Mahin
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S R/ K. Leather Complex

153/A, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
011 867105 Mr. Md. Nurul Amin Chowdhury
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Rana Leather Ind. Ltd. 70, Dilkusha C/A, Dhaka
9, Hazaribagh Dhaka
9566025-6
9564509
508909
Mr. A. K. Shamsul Alamin
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Reliance Tannery Ltd. 48/2/K, Moneshwar Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8625119
8627425
0171898832
Mr. Md. Shajahan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Riff Leather Ltd. 4, CDA Noxious Industrial Area
Kalurghat, Chittagong
031-670764
031-671220
Alhaj Abul Kalam
Director
  1.  
M/S Roushan Tanneries 78, Hazaribagh
Dhaka
504696
801624
Mr. Amin Uddin Babul
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Ruma Leather Ind. Ltd. 131, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9664317
8627144
Eng. M. Abu Taher
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S S & S Tannery 86/1, Hazaribagh
Dhaka
9662523 Mr. Md. Abdur Rahim
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S SAF Industries Ltd. Akij Chember
73, Dilkusha, C/A, Dhaka
9552287
9666142
9666151
Mr. S. K. Momin Uddin
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Samata Leather Complex Ltd. 120, Sher-e-Bangla Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8611102
8611372
9662731
Mr. Mansur Ahmed
Chairman
  1.  
M/S Samina Tannery Pvt. Ltd. 36/1 Kalunagar, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
9660384
8625266
011850698
Abdus Samad
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Shadhin Tannery

Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
8616963 Mr. Faruque Ahmed
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Shafiq Leather Corporation Ltd. 43/1, Sher-e-Bangla Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 8616111
9669385
Mr. Sidul Islam Chowdhury
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Shahjalal Leather Complex

20, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
8619457
502709
Mr. Shahjalal Mazumder
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Superior Leather Industry Ltd. 19, Sher-e-Bangla Road
Hazaribagh, Dhaka
8612268 Mr. S. A. M. M. Nuruddin
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Taj Tannery Ltd. 148, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
8610285
 
Mr. Mujibur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S The Earth International Tannery 86/2 Sher-e-Bangla Road,
Hazaribagh, Dhaka
8618826
506910
Mr.  Alhaj M. A. Satter Bhuiyan
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S Vulua Tannery Ltd. 109, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
8611851
8118981
011859031
Mr. M. A. Awal
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Yousuf Brothers Tanneries Pvt. Ltd. 62, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
8614749
8613083
Mr. Mohammed Yousuf
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Yousuf Leather Corporation Ltd. 124/2, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
8625162
8614895
Hazi Mohammed Bashir
Managing Director
 
Appendix A-2
Members’ List of Bangladesh Finished Leather, Leathergoods and Footwear Exporters’ Association (BFLLFEA)
Category: Leathergoods
 
SL Name of the Firm Address Phone Contact Person and Designation
  1.  
M/S Alamin Brenton Leather Goods Limited 70, Dilkusha Commercial Area
Dhaka
9566025-6
9564507
Mr. Jahangir Alamin
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Asian Leather Complex 143/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 9664322 Mr. Md. Monir Hossain
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Bangla Tan Leather Products 148/3, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
503502
500905
Mr. Alhan M. A. Mateen
Chairman
  1.  
M/S Crown Leather Products Ltd. Star Center (1st Floor)
House # 2/A, Road #138, Gulshan-1
9880799
8317259
Mr. Serajul Islam
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Crystal Corporation Ltd. Shilpo Plot # 9, Block C,
Tajmahal Road, Mohammadpur
325449
244862
Mr. Engr. A. S. M. Rafid
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Dhaka Leather Crafts

147, Hazaribagh
Dhaka
966470-07
0171530159
Mr. Joynal Abedin Bhuiyan
Proprietor
  1.  

M/S Fortuna Leather Craft

131, Hazaribagh
Dhaka
9664317
8627144
Engr. M. Abu Taher
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Madina Leather Complex 117, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 9661157 Mr. Bellal Hossain
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Picard Bangladesh Ltd. Sky Lark Point, Suite No. 9J1, 24/A, Bijoynagar, 175, Syed Nazrul Islam Sarani, Dhaka 9354996-4
0171522170
Mr. Md. Saiful Islam
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S R. M. M International Ltd. Suit # 601, Concord Tower
113 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue Dhaka
9345963-4 Mr. Mohiuddin Ahmed
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Sonali Aansh Industries Ltd. Lal Bhaban (1st Floor)
18, Rajuk Avenue, Dhaka
9556251
8613132
Mr. Nurul Islam Patwari
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Spectra Leathergoods Ltd, Namazi Chamber (1st Floor)
16, Motijheel C/A, Dhaka
9565301
9564543
Mr. Sohail Askar
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Uttama Leather Production Star Center (1st Floor), House # 2/1
Road # 138, Gulshan-1, Dhaka
9880799
8825007
Mrs. Shaikh Selina Islam
Managing Director
 
Appendix A-3
Members’ List of Bangladesh Finished Leather, Leathergoods and Footwear Exporters’ Association (BFLLFEA)
Category: Footwear
 
SL Name of the Firm Address Phone Contact Person and Designation
  1.  
M/S Amit Footwear Ltd. Flat # 2/503 20, Eastern Tower
20, New Eskaton Road, Dhaka
9804046
0171542895
Mr. Sukumar Chowdhury
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Apex Footwear Limited

Plot # 3DS, Road No. 113/A,
Gulshan-2, Dhaka
8828258
8821591
Syed Manzur Elahi
Chairman
  1.  
M/S Bata Shoe Company Bangladesh Limited Tongi, Gazipur, (Dhaka) 9800501-5
9800513
Mr. G Stricker
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Bay Footwear Ltd. 21, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9663966
9666994
8623428
Mr. Shamsur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S B S Leather Complex

13, Moneshwar road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1205 8615921
9619934
Mr. Shohel Ahmed (Dilu)
Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Cosmopolitan Shoe Ind. Ltd

House#303, Road#19/B, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka 9261145  
  1.  
M/S Comfort Footwear Ltd. 86, Laboratory Road (Gd. Floor)
Dhaka
8612415
500516
Mr. Moinul Ahsan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Continental Footwear Ind. Ltd. 240, New Elephant Road, Dhaka 861623
8612408
Mr. Abul Kashem
  1.  
M/S Desma Shoe Industries Ltd. 10, Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenud (2nd Fl)
Kawran Bazar, Dhaka
8114053
8110782-3
Mr. Kazi Shahed Hasan Ferdous, Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Dhaka Footwear Ltd. 147, Hazaribagh,
Dhaka
9669849
8611268
Mr. M. A. Rashid Bhuiyan
  1.  

M/S H. N. Shoe Limited

House # 69, Road # 8/A
Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka
9113776
9111209
0171523223
Mr. M. Nasir
Managing Director
Mr. M. Amirullah
Executive Director
  1.  
M/S Inter Fashion Leathers & Footwear Ind. Ltd. Room # 410, DCCI Building
65-66 Motijheel C/A, Dhaka
9560591
9567986
Mr. Farukh Ahmed
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Jenny Shoes Ltd. House # 06, Road # 68A
Gulshan-2, Dhaka
8826350
8824885
Mr. M. Nasir Khan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Lalmai Footwear Ltd. Khan Mansion (5th Flor)
107, Motijheel C/A Area, Dhaka
9567312
9569458
Mr. Aminur Rashid
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Landmark Footwear Ltd. 67, Lake Circus, (Dolphin Lane)
Kolabagan, Dhaka
9338369
8312626
A. K. M. Afzalur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Leatherex Footwear Industries Ltd. House # 34/1 (Gr. Fl) Road # 10/A
Dhanmondi, Dhaka.
8112543 Mr. Mohammed Nazmul Hassan, Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Legacy Footwear Ltd. 168/A, Green Road, Dhaka 404684
011858976
Mrs. Shahnaz Sultana
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Lexco Footwear Ltd. 146, Hazaribagh, Dhaka 9669397
503502
Mr. Harun-Or-Rashid
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Madina Shoe Ind. Ltd. Baitul Hossain Building (Suite-1204), 27, Dilkusha C/A, Dhaka 9564042
9556208
7169495
0175013459
Md. Shafizul Islam Khandaker Managing Director
  1.  

M/S Malim Bangladesh Co. Ltd

290/1 Shonargaon Road
Dhaka
9803366
9803737
Mr. Delwar Hossain
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Phulhar Footwear Ltd. Meherba Plaza,
33 Topkhana Road, Dhaka
9570346-8 Mr. Md. Ziaur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Rever Side Leather & Footwear Ind. Pvt. Ltd. 2/1, R/K mission Road,
Dhaka
9563162
9560147-9
Mr. Abu S. M. Baqibillah
Executive Director
  1.  
M/S Rumana Shoe Industries Ltd. 45/B, Dilu Road, New Eskaton, Dhaka 8113648 Mr. S M Abul Kashem
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Savar Industry (Pvt) Ltd. Savar EPZ Area
Dhaka
8311252 Mr. Akihisa Osomura
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Shampan Shoes Ltd. Rahman Chamber (5th Floor)
12-13 Motijheel C/A Dhaka
9563185
9565325
Mr. Shamsuddin Ahmed
Executive Director
  1.  
M/S Surma Leather & Footwear Ind. Ltd. 34, Bangabahdu Avenue (3rd Floor)
Dhaka-1000
9557913
9558790
Mr. Mahbubur Rahman Sikder
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S S A Leather and Shoe Ind. Ltd. Malliker Para, Sonargaon, Narayangonj 8616305
0171378494
 
  1.  
Leather Plannets Limited (?) House # 159, Road # 01, DOHS
Baridhara, Dhaka
9887422
 
Mr. Harun Miah
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Brother Chemicals Ltd. (?) 9/1, Gozmohol, Hazaribagh
Dhaka
501622
9551725
Mr. Md. Abul Kalam Azad
Chairman
  1.  
M/S S. A. K. International Co. (?) House # 296, Road # 04, DOHS
Baridhara, Dhaka
9883926
502030
Shakil Ahmed Khan
Proprietor
  1.  
M/S Tivoli Bangladesh Ltd. (?) 49, Gulshan S/A
Gulshan – 1, Dhaka
9885362
8821153
Mr. A. H. Mustafa Kamal
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Velex Agences Ltd. (?) 62/1 Purana Paltan,
Motijheel C/A, Dhaka
Fac: 121/5 Sher-e-Bangla Road, Hazaribagh-Dhaka
9563404
9563453
Mr. S. A. M. M. Nuruddin
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Nitol Export (?)
                                                 
71, Mohakhali C/A, Nitol Centre, Dhaka-1212 9887074-6
8855794
0189238109
Mr. Abdul Matlub Ahmad
Managing Director
 
 
 

Appendix A-4

 
Members’ List of Leathergoods & Footwear Manufacturers’ and Exporters’ Association of Bangladesh (LFMEAB)
 
Category: Leathergoods
 
SL Name of the Firm Address Phone Contact Person and Designation
  1.  
M/S Apex Leathercraft Fashion & Accessories Ltd. House#296, Road#4, DOHS Baridhara, Dhaka Cantonment, Dhaka-1206 9883926
0171592979
Mr. Shakil Ahmed Khan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Aurora 10/1, Iqbal Road, Mohammadpur, Dhaka-1207 8117696
0189257031
Mr. Md. Shahidul Huq
Managing Partner
  1.  
M/S Cosmic Jute & Leather Industries Ltd. 561, Pakuria, Bhadhalodi, Uttara, Dhaka-1230 8916806
0189357570
Mr. Md. Shaheen Ahmed
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Crown Leather Products Ltd. 179, East Kafrul, Dhaka Cantonment
Dhaka-1206
9872149
0189803083
Mr. Serajul Islam
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Jass Leather Industries Ltd. 89, Motijheel C/A (3rd Floor)
Suit No. 62, Dhaka
9559979
0171458649
 
Mr. Jainal Abedin Raton
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Koninoor Leather Products Ltd. Amanullah Complex
87, Islampur Road, Dhaka
9566402
9566396
0171523675
Mr. Hossain A. Sikder
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Picard Bangladesh Ltd. Sky Lark Point, Suit no 9J1
24/A, Bijoynagar, Dhaka
9354993-4
0171522170
Mr. Md. Saiful Islam
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Sonali Aansh Industries Ltd. Lal Bhaban (1st Floor), 18 Rajuk Avenue
Dhaka
9556251
9563322
0171536721
Mr. Nurul Islam Patwari
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Universal Leather Products Erectors House (9th Floor)
18, Kamal Ataturk Avenue, Banani C/A, Dhaka-1213
9880102-5 Mr. M. Naser Rahman (MP)
Managing Director
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Appendix A5
 
Members’ List of Leathergoods & Footwear Manufacturers’ and Exporters’ Association of Bangladesh (LFMEAB)
 
Category: Footwear
 
SL Name of the Firm Address Phone Contact Person and Designation
  1.  
M/S Amit Footwear Ltd. House # 30, Road # 6, Sector 3
Uttara Model Town, Dhaka-1230
9804046 Mr. Sukumer Chowdhury
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Apex Footwear Ltd. Celebration Point,1st Floor, Plot # 3,5
Road # 113A, Gulshan-2, Dhaka
8828258
8620300
0171531722
Mr. Syed Nasim Manzur
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Bay Footwear Ltd. 21, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209 8611468
8612335
0171560794
Mr. Ziaur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S H. N. Shoes Ltd. House # 69, Road # 8/A
Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka
8111526
9111209
Mr. M. Nasir
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Jenny Shoes Ltd. Jennys House, House # 6, Road # 68/A
Gulshan-2, Dhaka-1212
8826350
8824885
0171535117
Mr. Nasir Khan
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Lalmai Footwear Ltd. Khan Mansion (5th Floor)
107, Motijheel C/A, Dhaka
9567312
9569458
0171538012
Mr. Aminur Rashid
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Landmark Footwear Ltd. 64, Bijoy Nagar (3rd Floor)
Kakrail, Dhaka-1000
9338369
8312626
Mr A. K. M. Afzalur Rahman
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Leatherex Footwear Ind. Ltd. House # 34/A, Road # 10/A
Dhanmondi R/A. Dhaka
8112543
9129192
0189227559
Mr. Nazmul Hasan Hohil
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Legacy Footwear Ltd. 64, Bijoynagar,
Kakrail, Dhaka
8319663 Mr. Kazi Rafi Ahmed
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Madina Shoe Industries Ltd. Suit # 1204, Baitul Hossain Building
27, Dilkusha C/A, Dhaka-1000
9667745
9556208
7169495
0175013459
Mr. Md. Shafiqul Islam
Managing Director
  1.  
M/S Surma Leather & Footwear Ind. Ltd. Corner Court, 29 Toynbee Circular Road
Motijheel C/A, Dhaka
9557913
9558790
Engr. Mr. Sultan A. Sikder
Director         
  1.  
M/S Tropical Shoes Ind. Ltd. A. R. Tower (3rd Floor)
24, Kamal Ataturk Avenue, Banani, Dhaka-1213
8815142
8815144
Mr. M. Anisur Razzaque
Managing Director.
  1.  
Bangladesh Export Ltd. 24, Kamal Ataturk Avenue,
Banani, Dhaka
8815142
8815144
0171538338
Mr. M. Anisur Razzaque
Managing Director.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Appendix A-6
 
Members’ List of Bangladesh Tanners Association  (BTA)
Category: Tannery
 
SL Tannery/ Organization

Address

 
Phone Contact Person
  1.  
M/S. Taj Tannery 148. Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
 
8610285 Md. Mizanur Rahman
  1.  

M/S. Chowdhury Leather & Co

95/7.Gazmahal, Hazaribagh.
Dhaka- 1209
9660754
8631097
0171526220
Md. Harun Chowdhury
  1.  
 
M/S. Helena Enterprise 95/7.Gazmahal. Hazaribagh.
Dhaka- 1209.
9660754 Md. Mizanur Rahman
  1.  
 
M/S. R M Leather 95/7.Gazmahal. Hazaribagh.
Dhaka- 1209.
9660754 Md. Monir Hossion
  1.  

M/S M B Tannery Ltd

44/1, Sher-e- Bangla Road
Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
8614663 Md Mozaffar Rahman
  1.  

M/S Pubali Tannery

44. Sher-e- Bangla Road
Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
9660508 Md. Mozibur Rahman
  1.  
M/S Abul Khair Tannery 125/1. Sher-e- Bangla Road
Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
8621787 Hazi Md. Abul Khair
  1.  
M/S. Nur Trading Corporation 119. Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
 
8631554 Md. Abdul Awal
  1.  

M/S. Forhed Leather Corporation

99. Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
 
9662836 Md. Abdul Hai
  1.  
M/S. Noakshli Tannery 107. Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
 
8628867 Mukbul Ahmed
  1.  

M/S. Shadhin  Tannery

101. Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
 
8614354 Farque Ahmed
  1.  

M/S. Mamun Trades

91. Hazaribagh. Dhaka. 1209.
 
9661733 Md. Moharaf Hossain
  1.  
M/S. H N Brothers 41/23/15. Zigatola, New Rd.
Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209.
 
9662836 Md. Amir Hussain
  1.  
M/S. Eusuf Tannery Ltd 135/2. Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
018- 244985 Md. Bashir Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Majdhi Tannery 136/3. Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8626492 Md. Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Kohinoor Tannery Ltd 130. Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
9669001 Md. Humiyan Kabir
  1.  
M/S. Bangla Ten Leather 148/3. Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
9125651 Md. Masum
  1.  
M/S. F K Leather 95. Gazmohal, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8624082 Md. Katub Uddion
  1.  
M/S. F F M Leather Complex 94/1. Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
9660509 Md. Sha Alam
  1.  
M/S. Rahman Oversize 44. Sher-e- Bangla Rd.  Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209.
 
8614663 Md. Fazrul Rahman
  1.  
M/S. Rahman Enterprise 39. Zigztola. Hazaribagh. Dhaka- 1209
 
  Md. Azizur Rahman
  1.  
M/S. Sonali Haide 44/1, Sher-e- Bangla Rd, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209. 9660508 Md. Mahabubur Rahman
  1.  
M/S. Bearied Leather Complex 45/1. Sher-e- Bangla Rd, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209. 8610543 Md. Akbar Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Shodesh Tannery 116/D, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
502264 Md. Shohied Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Urmi Trade International 136/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8620535 Md. Abul Kaham
  1.  
M/S. Zia Leather Complex 1310, Auture Dupo, Chittagong.
 
31- 682645 Md. Abu Musa
  1.  

M/S. Gulshan Tannery

90, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Md. Salim Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Great Strean Tannery 48, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
   
  1.  
M/S. Chinaze Tannery Pvt Ltd 50, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8626492 Al hazi Kazi Abdul Kadir
  1.  
M/S. Yousuf Leather Corporation 124/2, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8129864 Hazi Md. Bashir
  1.  
M/S. Shatee Leather 136/5, Hazaribagh
Dhaka- 1209.
8612109 Md. Abul Kalam
  1.  
M/S. Feni Tannery Pvt Ltd 113, Hazaribagh
Dhaka- 1209.
8628529 Md. Golam Rabbani
  1.  
M/S. Kasim Tannery 110, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Abul kasam
  1.  
M/S. Asia Tannery 137, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.    
  1.  
M/S. Nashet Tannery 138, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Salim
  1.  
M/S. Sonali Tannery 111/A, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Babul Mia
  1.  
M/S. Fanche Leather Enterprise 95, Gozmohal, Hazaribagh
Dhaka- 1209.
9662840 Md. Shamsul Huda
  1.  
M/S. Razibe Leather Complex 95/4, Gozmohal, Hazaribagh
Dhaka- 1209.
9662840 Md. Shamsul Huda
  1.  
M/S. Son Light Tannery 122, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Hossain Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Karsaj Tannery 92, Gozmohal, Hazaribagh
Dhaka- 1209.
8625078 Md. Hanif
  1.  
M/S. Chanpur Tannery 93, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Md. Sarij Miha
  1.  
M/S. Oversige Tannery 139, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Nasir Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Capital Tannery 94, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Master Sayead Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Naru Bhai Tannery 97, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Abu Kausar Jahangir
  1.  
M/S. Comilla Tannery 98, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Nur Nabi
  1.  
M/S. Royel Tannery 100, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
9228857 Md. Momin Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Juliet Enterprise 81, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8614354 Md. Shaidul Hoque Master
  1.  
M/S. Lieen  Enterprise 100, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8616975 Sha Emrean Photoeary
  1.  
M/S. Ibrasim Tannery 105, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Israfil
  1.  
M/S.  Shatter Tannery 105, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Ahdur Shatter
  1.  
M/S. Mother Tannery 104, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   S M Awlad Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Manik& Sohaj Brotgers Tannery 79/A, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8628867 Mukbul Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Anjuman Trading Corporation 79, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Hanif
  1.  
M/S. Morshed Brothers Tannery 83/A, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
9662533 Md. Nur Nabi
  1.  
M/S. International Tannery 83, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Fazlu Miha
  1.  
M/S. Mizan & Suman Tannery 89/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8611204 Md. Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Mamtaj Tannery 84, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Jalal Uddion
  1.  
M/S. Jindhabad Tannery 84, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Momin Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Muzaheed Tannery 80, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.    Balal Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Salam Tannery 75, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md.  Abdus Salam
  1.  
M/S, Bhi Bhi Tannery 64, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Shakanter
  1.  
M/S. Jalal Tannery 117, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8118204 Sala uddion
  1.  
M/S. Metto Tannery 67/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Jamal Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Golden Leather Industries 65/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Md. Amir Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Islamia Tannery 65, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  M SB Sala Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Shahi Tannery 68, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Md. Samsul Islam
  1.  
M/S. Sodor Tannery 60, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
8625230 Md. Torea Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Hazi Mazharul Hoq Ltd 79/1, Water Workers Rd
Posta, Dhaka- 1209.
  Md. Gopran
  1.  
M/S. Sumon Tanney 57/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Hazi Md. Shajahan
  1.  
M/S. Lakhi Tannery 68, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209.
 
  Md. Shajahan
  1.  

M/S. A B S Tannery

42, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Md. Abu Bakker Siddque
  1.  
M/S. East Asia Tannery Ltd 12/2, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209.
8625268 Md. Bajlur Rahman
  1.  
M/S. Phoenix Leather Complex 180/C, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209.
8625268 Md. Bajlur Rahman
  1.  
M/S. Arafat Leather Complex 6/1, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209.
017- 524925 Hafaz Md. Mozzamal Hoq
  1.  
M/S. Marson Tannery 45/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.   Md. Estak Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Ashan Habibe & Brother 123/3 Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka –1209.
  Md. Akterurzzaman
  1.  
M/S. Mamun Tannery 91, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
9661733 Md. Mosaraf Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Iland Tannery 122/A, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Md. Tajul Islam
  1.  
M/S. Udion Corporation 124/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
  Md. Amanat Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Reshni Complex 100/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209.
 
9118857 Md. Humayan Kabir
  1.  
M/S. Latif Leather Complex 83/1, Hazaribagh
Dhaka – 1209.
8612098 Md. Hamidul Islam
  1.  
M/S. J R Leather Export 42/10. Sonatongho , Hazaribagh
Dhaka- 1209.
  Jamala Khatun
  1.  

M/S. Hossain Brothers Tannery

68/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209
 
8613770, 0175 042959 Hossain Ahmed Bhuiyan
  1.  
M/S. Kalu Leather Corporation 43, Sher- E Bangla Road
Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209
 
9667075 Mahabub Alam
  1.  
M/S. Aziz Tannery 148/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209
 
  Samsur Rahman
  1.  
M/S. Globe Tannery Ltd. 118, Sher-e- Bangla Road
Hazaribagh, Dhaka- 1209
  M A Bari
  1.  
M/S. S & S Tannery Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Abdur Rahim
  1.  
M/S. J A Leather 61, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Abdul Ajij
  1.  
M/S. Johir Trading Industries 121/4, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
  Md. Johir
  1.  
M/S. H S Tannery 47, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
  Hafez Ahmad
  1.  
M/S. Chowdhury & Co. 121/A, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
  Md. Hasan Chowdhury
  1.  
M/S. Jakir Hossain Tannery 120/1, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
  Md. Shekantor Hossain
  1.  
M.S. Zoobli Tannery 70, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Nurul Haque
  1.  
M/S. Leather Complex Pvt. Ltd. 11, Kalu Nagar, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Ibrahim
  1.  
M/S. T Ahmed Tannery 87, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Ali Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Nabipur Tannery 141/A, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Abdul Wahab
  1.  
M/S. Nobarun Tannery 56, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Iqbal Hossain
  1.  
M/S. City Leather Tannery 30, Monesshore Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Hazi Md. Ali
  1.  
M/S. New Kajol Tannery 30/A Monesshore Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Sala Uddin Ahmed
  1.  
M/S. Muslim Tannery 30, Monesshore Road, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Hazi Somsher Ali
  1.  
M/S. Milon Tannery 58, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Zohir Ahmad
  1.  
M/S. Moon Tannery 105/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Abul Kashem
  1.  
M/S T-Para Tannery 49, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209 
  Md. Aminul Islam Babul
  1.  
M/S. Kalam & Brothers Tannery 120/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
 
  Md. Abul Kalam
  1.  
M/S. Mohin Tannery
 
59/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Abdul Odud Mia
  1.  
Ms. United Tannery Ltd. 139, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Sala Uddin Chowdhury
  1.  
M/S. M S Tannery 121/3, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209 
  Md. Ruhul Amin
 
  1.  
M/S. Abul Bashar Tannery 135/B, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
  Md. Abul Bashar
  1.  
M/S. Dhaka Nagar Tannery 98, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Abul Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Jasim Tannery 30/3, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209 
  Sala Uddin
  1.  
M/S. M I Tannery 122, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Hazi Ismail Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Komla Tannery 125/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Hazi Nurul Islam
  1.  
M/S. Gokul Tannery 121, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Mozammel Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Bengal Peli Export Co. 94/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Anwar Hossain
  1.  
MS. Poiran Tannery 117/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Alhaj Md. Shofi Ullah
  1.  
M/S. Alea Tannery 106, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Nurul Huda
  1.  
MS. Iqbal Brothers Tannery 135/C-2, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
  Md. Sasuddin Munshi
  1.  
MS. Mukta Tannery 24/C, Kalunagar, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Sayed Md. Shahidullah
  1.  
Prominent Tannery Ltd. 25, Prominent Avenue, 3, PC Culture, Mohammadpur, Dhaka-1207   Major Monjur Kader (Retd) M.P
  1.  
M/S. Sayful Leather 121/2, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209 
  Hazi Md. Sofi
  1.  
M/S. Miraz Leather Complex 13/1, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Monir Hossain
  1.  
The Noakhali Tannery Dotter Hat, Miazdi Court, Noakhali
 
  Md. Moazzem Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Ismail Leather Corporation 121/B, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209  
  Md. Ismail
  1.  
M/S. Prince Tannery 135, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209   
  Md. Zahangir Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Al-Hera Leather Industries Ltd. 79, Water Works Road, Posta, Dhaka
 
  Hafez Muzahidul Haque
  1.  
M/S. Dincum Shoes Ltd. House# 14, No.1 PC Culture Road, Mohammadpur, Dhaka-1207   Hasan Showrozit
  1.  
Hi-tech Leather Complex Ltd. (Shohid Tannery) 111, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Md. Mozaffar Hossain
  1.  
M/S. Luna Tannery 66, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Hazi Monir Uddin Ahmad
  1.  
Chrome-veg tannery Ltd. 115, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Salim
  1.  
M/S. Rubi Leather Complex 71/4, Gozomohol, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Md. Shahjahan Bhuiyan
  1.  
M/S. Salam Leather Corporation 71/4/C, Gozomohol, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Hazi Md. Abul Bashar
  1.  
M/S. Atique Leather Complex 54/2, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Hossain Ahmed Bhuiyan
  1.  
M/S. Greenwage Tannery 133/3, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209   Md. Shirah-ud-doullah Bahar
  1.  
Hena Leather 44/1, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209  
  Md. Mozibur Rahman
44/1,
  1.  
M/S. Rabeya Khatun Tannery 49/3, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209  
  Md. Zamadul Haque
  1.  
M/S. H L Enterprise 38, Sonatongor, Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209      Md. Abul Hashem
  1.  
M/S. Dil Bahar Tannery 116/B, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209
 
  Md. Mostoffa Mia
  1.  
M/S. S A Leather 44/C, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209   
  Md. Mozaffar Rahman
  1.  
R A N Leather 44/B, Sher-e- Bangla Rd
Hazaribagh, Dhaka – 1209
  Md. Masukur Rahman
 
 
Appendix A-7
Bangladesh Chemical Importers & Merchants Association
124, Hazaribagh, Dhaka-1209, Tel: 8622608
                       
SL Name of the Importer Name of the Firm Address
  1.  
Md. Mizanur Rahman(Mesbah)
Chairman (BCIMA)
AIM Associate/ Imaco 124 Dhaka Tannery Market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Mohsin Bhuiyan Latex Tradelink 20, Sher-e-Bangla road, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Khasrul Alam M/s Tanvir & Co 130 KohinoorTannery market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md Mokhlesur Rahman   28, Sonatongar, Zikatola, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Morshed Haider Haider Traders 28, Sonatongar, Zikatola, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Bulbul Aiub B.N.C 3/6, Sonatongar, Zikatola, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Tofail Ahmed T.A Trading 130 KohinoorTannery market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Habibur Rahman Rupsi Traders 124 Dhaka Tannery Market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Hazi Rabiullah Taj Chemical 124 Dhaka Tannery Market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Altaf Hossain A.H Enterprise 99 Hazaribagh Dhaka
  1.  
Mazakat Harun Manik
General Secretary (BCIMA)
Chemitan Limited 124 Dhaka Tannery Market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Azizul Haque Hawladar Romo Enterprise 99 Hazaribagh Dhaka
  1.  
Maksudur Rahman Shopon Gonipur Agency 87, Sher-e-Bangla road, Zikatola
  1.  
Mostofa Akter Hossain Fair International 86, Sher-e-Bangla road, Zikatola
  1.  
Md. Abul Hossain Labony Traders 124 Dhaka Tannery Market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Abdur Rouf Sabuj Chemirex International 20, Sher-e-Bangla road, Zikatola
  1.  
T.M Manjur Hossain Mahai Trading 146 Hazaribagh Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Iunus Khan   165 Agrabad Chittagong
  1.  
Abu Musa   27 kalurghat Chittagong
  1.  
Md. Mijanur Rahman   130 Agrabad Chittagong
  1.  
Md. Amanullah   115, Sher-e-Bangla road, Khulna
  1.  
Md. KhodaBoks   23 Farajipara, Dalmil Road, Khulna
  1.  
Sirajul Islam   24/2 Azimpur, Dhaka
  1.  
Abul Khayer Bhuiyan   58, Terribazar, Chittagong
  1.  
Md Aiub Ali   155, Dewanhat, Chittagong
  1.  
Md. Alauddin Hawladar   Bibir Pukurpar, Barisal
  1.  
Md. Habibur Rahman Babul   Alokanda, Barisal
  1.  
Md. Sayedul Islam   49, Station Road, Dinajpur
  1.  
Azmal Hossain Bhoje   Talukdar Guest House, Syedpur, Nilphamari
  1.  
Md. Zahangir Hossain   6/1 Armanitola, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Ainul Haque   10/2 Armanitola, Dhaka
  1.  
Rafiqul Islam Badal   23 TantiBazar Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Faruq Hossain   23 TantiBazar Dhaka
  1.  
Iliasur Rahman Badal M/s Ilias & Brothers 10 Chalk MughalTuli, Dhaka
  1.  
Samsul Alam   20 Sena Kalyan Bhaban, Motijheel, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Aworangojeb   53 Motijheel, Dhaka
  1.  
Shamim Iqbal   67 Motijheel, Dhaka
  1.  
Shahnewaj Khan   Borobazar Ananda Mahol, Mymensing
  1.  
Md. Sadequr Rahman   10 Station Road, Mymensing
  1.  
Md. Selim Reja   Babubazar, Jessore
  1.  
Jafar Ahmed   Myzdi Court, Noakhali
  1.  
Abul Kalam Azad   26, Bangshal Road, Dhaka
  1.  
Abdur Rouf Mollah   31 Nyabazar Market, Dhaka
  1.  
Abdur Razzak Bishwas   35 Urdu Road Dhaka
  1.  
Hazi Bulbul Ahmed   35 Urdu Road Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Lutfur Rahman   14/15 Ispahani Building, Motijheel, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Delwar Kader   6 Motijheel, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Shakawat Hossain    
  1.  
Amar Saha Trade Exchange 20, Sher-e-Bangla road, Zikatola
  1.  
Abdus Sattar   130 KohinoorTannery market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Monjurul Haque Niru M.A Corporation 9, Dewan monjil, Sonatongar, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Dulal    
  1.  
Md. Fazlul Mukit Progressive Leather & Footwear Co. 20, Sher-e-Bangla road, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Zakir Hossain    
  1.  
Md. Shafiqul Islam    
  1.  
Md. Tarikul Islam (Mukul) R.M International 124 Dhaka Tannery Market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Khondaker Ahad Ahmed Organo MultiTrade Int’l H: 7, R: 4, Dhanmondi, Dhaka
  1.  
Abul Kalam Azad A.T.L 143/A Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Nurul Anwar Exim Trade Int’l 950/B Yakub Building, Khatunganj, Chittagong
  1.  
Md. Faruk Hossain   1/5 Mizan Tower, Kalyanpur, Dhaka
  1.  
Md. Rafiqul Islam Babul M/s Link Int’l 20, Sher-e-Bangla road, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Hazi Md. Abdus Salam B.S Trading Co. 143/A Hazaribagh, Dhaka
  1.  
Rawsan Uz Zaman    
  1.  
T.M Delwar Hossain Bangladesh Leather Syndicates 13 Sahjahan Tannery Block, Hazaribagh
  1.  
T.M Belayet Hossain   96/4 Monesshar road, Zikatola
  1.  
S.M Kamrujjaman   124/B Hazaribagh, Dhaka
  1.  
Sirajul Islam SF Trading 130 KohinoorTannery market, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Md. Tarek Hossain All Leather Trade 48, Sher-e-Bangla road, Hazaribagh
  1.  
Hazi Md. Yusuf M/s Lipi Leather 115 Hazaribagh
  1.  
A.K Moniruzzaman Romisa Int’l 124 Hazaribagh, Dhaka
  1.  
Moklesur Rahman Patwari Milon Enterprise 124 Hazaribagh, Dhaka
  1.  
Abul Kalam Azad Imon Trading Corp. 15/F Zikatola
  1.  
Md. Siddikur Rahman Buckman Laboratories 15/F Zikatola
  1.  
Khaza Ahmed Asia Trading Corp. 20 Sahjahan Tannery Block, Hazaribagh