(ACT NO. XXI OF 1974)
An act to provide for the preparation and revision of electoral rolls for elections to the National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies
WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the preparation and revision of electoral rolls for elections to the National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto:
It is hereby enacted as follows:
- Short title and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the Electoral Rolls Act, 1974.
- It shall come into force at once.
- It extends to the whole of Pakistan.
- Definitions.- In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in
the subject or context.
- “Commissioner” means the Chief Election Commissioner appointed under the Constitution and includes
- the person continuing in the office of Chief Election Commissioner by virtue of Article 275 of the Constitution; and
(ii) a Judge of the Supreme Court nominated under Article 217 of the Constitution to act as Chief Election Commissioner.
- “electoral area” means
1[(a) in rural areas, a village or a census block; and
- in urban areas,
- where there is a municipal ward or census Hock, such ward or census Hock;
- where there is no municipal ward or a census Hock, a well-defined Mohallah or a street; and
- where the ward or census Hock, Mohallah or street is
too big, a well-defined part thereof; or.].
(c) such other areas as may be determined by the Commissioner;
- “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Art;
- “Regstration Officer” means a Regstration Officer appointed under section 5, and includes an Assistant Regstration Officer performing the functions of a Regstration Officer; and
- “Revising Authority” means a person appointed under section 9 to hear and dispose of claims and objections and applications for correction relating to the electoral rolls.
- Assistance to Commissioner.-(l) The Commissioner may require any person or authority to perform such function or render such assistance for the purpose of this Art, as the C ommissioner may direct.
- All executive authorities of the Federal Government, each Provincial
Government, the Federal Capital and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas shall assist the Commissioner in the performance of his functions under this Act and for this purpose the Commissioner may issue such
directions as he may consider necessary.
- The Federal Government and each Provincial Government shall make available to the Commissioner such staff as he may require for the performance of his functions under this Act.
+[4. Preparation and computerization of electoral rolls for election to the Assemblies.-(l) The C ommissioner shall cause to be prepared the electoral rolls for election to the National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies afresh or by revising the electoral rolls existing immediately before the commencement of Electoral Rolls (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000, and revised from time to time in the prescribed manner.
- The Commissioner shall make arrangements for the computerization of the electoral rolls in the manner as he may determine and any printout of the computer maintained by, or with the authority of the Commissioner, shall be deemed to be an electoral roll published under this Act.]
- Appointment of Registration Officer, etc.-(1) The
Commissioner shall appoint a Registration Officer for an electoral area or group of electoral areas for the purpose of preparation, revision, correction and amendment of the electoral rolls and may, for that purpose, appoint as many Assistant Registration Officers as may be necessary.
- Subject to such instructions as maybe given in this behalf by the Commissioner,
- an Assistant Registration Officer may, under the control of the Registration Officer, perform the functions of a Registration Officer; and
- a Registration officer may require any person to assist him in the performance of his functions.
- Preparation of preliminary electoral rolls, etc — 1[(1) Subject to the superintendence, directions and control of the Commissioner, the Registration Officer shall prepare the electoral rolls by including therein the name of every person entitled to be enrolled as voter in the electoral area under this Act.]
(2) A person shall be entitled to be enrolled as a voter in an electoral area if he
- is a citizen of Pakistan;
- is not less than z [eighteen] years of age on the first day of
January in the year in which the preparation or revision of the electoral rolls commences under this Act;
- is not declared by a competent court to be of unsound mind; and
- is, or is deemed under section 7 to be, resident in the electoral area.
- Meaning of resident.-(1) Save as hereinafter provided, a person shall be deemed to be resident in an electoral area if he ordinarily resides, or owns or is in possession of a dwelling house or other immoveable property, in that area.
Substituted vide Ordinance No. LI of 2000, dated 27th September, 2000.
2Construed as “eighteen” in the light of Article 51(2)(b) of the Constitution, vide ECP Notification No. F. 1(4)/2003-Law, dated 27th March, 2004.
- Where a person owns or possesses dwelling houses or other immovable property in more than one electoral area, he may, at his option,
be enrolled in any one such area.
- A person who is in the service of Pakistan or holds any public office shall be deemed to be resident in the electoral area where he is posted, unless he, applies in writing to the Regstration Officer for enrolment in the electoral area in which he would have been enrolled if he had not been in such service or had not held such office.
- The wife of any such person as is referred to in sub-section (3)
and such of his children as are entitled to be enrolled shall, if they ordinarily reside with such person, be deemed to be residents in the electoral area in
which such person is deemed to be resident under that sub-section.
- A person who is detained in prison or held in other custody at any pace in Pakistan shall be deemed to be resident in the electoral area in which he would have been resident if he had not been so detained or held in such custody.
- Preliminary publication.- The preliminary electoral rolls prepared under section 6, together with a notice inviting claims and objections and applications for corrections, T any, with respect thereto, shall be published and displayed in such manner and form as may be prescribed.
- Appointment of Revising Authorities.- The C ommissioner
shall appoint a Revising Authority for any electoral area or group of electoral areas, for the purpose of receiving and deciding claims, objections and applications for corrections relating thereto.
- Period for lodging claims and objection. Every claim for inclusion of a name in the electoral roll, and every objection to, or application for correction of, any entry therein shall be made to the Revising Authority on the prescribed form within a period of twenty-one days next following the date of the publication of the preliminary electoral rolls under section 8.
- Transfer of name from one electoral area to another.- A person may apply for transfer of his name from the electoral roll of one electoral area to the electoral roll of another, by filing
- an objection to the inclusion of his name in the roll in which it has been included, and
- a claim for the inclusion of his name in the other,
With the appropriate Revising Authority or Revising Authorities, if it is preferred before the final publication of the electoral roll under section 16, or with the appropriate Registration Officer or Registration Officers, if it is preferred after such final publication.
- Rejection of claims and objections.-Any claim or objection or application for correction not made within the period specified in section 10 or in the prescribed manner shall be rejected.
- Application by the Registration Officer for inclusion of name, The Registration Officer may, within the period mentioned in section 10, apply to the Revising Authority,
- for the inclusion in the electoral roll of the name of any person left out due to inadvertence or the absence of timely information while preparing the preliminary electoral rolls; or
- for the exclusion of any name from the electoral roll or any correction of clerical, printing or other error which he is himself authorized to make under sub-section (2) of section 15.
- Enquiry into claims and objections, etc.-(1) Except where a claim or objection or an application for correction is rejected under section 12, or is decided without further inquiry being valid prima facie, the Revising Authority shall, give its decision after holding a summary inquiry into each claim, objection or application, after giving notice to the parties concerned.
(2) Every decision of the Revising Authority under sub-section
- shall be final and be communicated to the appropriate Registration officer.
- Correction of electoral rolls.- The Registration Officer
- shall correct the electoral roll in accordance with the decisions of the Revising Authority under section 14; and
- may further correct any clerical, printing or other error subsequently discovered in the roll, but not so as to include therein, or exclude therefrom, the name of any elector.
- Final publication.-After making additions, deletions, modifications or corrections, if any, under section 15, the Registration Officer shall publish in the prescribed manner and form the final electoral roll for each electoral area.
- Annual revision of electoral roll.- An electoral roll shall be
revised and corrected annually in the prescribed manner and form
- so as to include the name of any qualified person whose name
does not appear in such roll, or
- so as to delete the name of any person who has died or who is or has become disqualified for enrolment, or
- for correcting any entry or for supplying any omission in such roll:
Provided that, if, for any reason, the electoral roll for any electoral area is not revised, Ae validity or continued operation of the electoral roll shall not thereby be affected.
- E nrolment and correction at a time other than the annual
revvsion.-(l) Any person whose name is not included in an electoral roll for the time being in force and who claims that he was or is entitled to be enrolled on that roll, may apply to the appropriate Registration Officer, [alongwtih a photostat copy of the identity card [ issued, or deemed to have been issued, to him under the National Database and Registration Authority Ordinance, 2000 (VIII of 2000)] for the inclusion of his name therein, and if the Registration Officer is satisfied after giving such notice and making such inquiry as he may consider necessary that the applicant was or is entitled to have his name enrolled, he shall for the purpose of further correcting the roll insert the name of such person in that roll.
3 [Provided that if the name of applicant is already included in the electoral roll of any other electoral area of the same district or any other district, the Registration Officer shall strike off his name from the roll of that other electoral area of the same district and inform the Registration Officer of other district who shall, on receipt of the information, strike off the name of the applicant from that roll.]
(2) Any person may apply to the Registration Officer for the correction of any entry in an electoral roll for the time being in force; and
- if the entry relates to the applicant and the Registration Officer is satisfied after giving such notice and making such inquiry as he may consider necessary that the entry relates to the applicant and is erroneous or defective in any particular, he shall correct the roll accordingly; and
- if the entry does not relate to the applicant and the Registration Officer is satisfied after giving notice to the person to whom the entry relates and after making such inquiry as he may consider necessary that the entry is erroneous or defective or should be deleted, he shall correct the electoral roll accordingly.
1[(3) Where the Registration Officer rejects application made under ,sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), he shall record in writing brief reasons of his decision.
- A person aggrieved by the order of the Registration Officer made under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2)may, within thirty days of such order, appeal to the appellate authority to be appointed by the Commissioner and the decision of such authority given thereon shall be final.]
- Preparation of rolls afresh.- If the Commissioner, on account of any gross error or irregularity in or in the preparation of an electoral roll for any electoral area or a part thereof, considers it necessary so to do, he may by order direct that the roll for such area or part shall stand cancelled and that afresh electoral roll for that area or part be prepared in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
- No correction to be made after constituency called upon to elect.- No revision or correction of any electoral roll for an electoral area shall be made nor shall any order under section 19 be made in respect of any electoral roll at any time after the constituency of which such electoral area forms part has been called upon to elect its representative and before such representative has been elected.
- Maintenance of electoral rolls.- An electoral roll as revised and corrected shall be maintained in the prescribed manner and shall be kept open to public inspection; and copies of such roll shall be supplied to any person applying therefor, on payment of such fee as may be prescribed.
- Departure from normal procedure in exceptional circum-
stances.-Where the Commissioner is satisfied that it is not possible to follow the procedure laid down for the preparation of an electoral roll in respect of any electoral area, he may direct that an electoral roll for such electoral area shall be prepared in such manner as he deems fit.
- Duration of the electoral rolls.- The electoral roll for any electoral area prepared under this Act shall come into force immediately upon its final publication and shall remain in force until revised.
- Access to register of births and deaths, etc.-(1) The person in charge of any register of births and deaths and any authority to whom an application for registration is to be made under the ^National Database and Registration Authority Ordinance, 2000 (VIII of 2000)], shall at the request of a Registration Officer furnish him with such information, including extracts from such register or, as the case may be, application, as may be necessary for the proposes of this Act.
- Sub-section (1) shall have effect notwithstanding anything contained [in 1section 28 of the National Database and Registration Authority Ordinance, 2000 (VIII of 2000)] and no person who furnishes any information to a Registration Officer in pursuance of the said sub-section shall be liable to any punishment.
- No person to be enrolled more than once or in more than one electoral area.- No person shall be enrolled -—
- on the electoral roll for any electoral area more than once;
- on the electoral rolls for more than one electoral area.
- Validity of electoral rolls, etc., not affected by reason of
any mistake.- An electoral roll shall not be invalid by reason of any misdescription of a person enrolled thereon or of omission of the name of any person entitled to be so enrolled or of inclusion of the name of any person not so entitled.
- Commissioner’s power to include a name in an electoral roll: – Subject to section 20 the Commissioner may, at any time, order
- the inclusion in an electoral roll of the name of any person entitled to be enrolled on such electoral roll, and such name shall from the date of such order, form part of the electoral roll;
- the exclusion from an electoral roll of the name of any person who has died or has become disqualified to be a voter, and such name shall, from the date of such order, stand excluded from that roll; and
- the removal of the name of any person from an electoral roll where such removal becomes necessary due to the repetition of the name in the same electoral roll or in the electoral rolls of more than one electoral area.
Substituted vide Ordinance No. LI of 2000, dated 27th September, 2000.
- Power to make rules.-(1) The Commissioner may, with the approval of the President and by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.
1[(2) Where a form has been prescribed for any of the purposes of this Act or the rules made thereunder, the Commissioner may, by notification in the official Gazette, make such modifications or additions in the form as may in his opinion be necessary:
Provided that the validity of an electoral roll prepared in the prescribed form for the time being in force shall not be affected by any modification or addition made in the form subsequent to the preparation of the roll.]
[28A. Removal of difficulties.-If any difficulty arises in giving effect to any of the provisions of this Act, the President may make such provision for the removal of the difficulty as he may deem fit.]
- Bar of jurisdiction.-No court shall question the validity of the electoral rolls prepared or revised under this Act or the legality or propriety of any proceedings or action taken thereunder by or under the authority of the Commissioner or a Registration Officer.
[30. Breach of official duty.-Where a Registration Officer, an Assistant Registration Officer or any other person appointed in connection with official duty under this Act, willfully or without reasonable cause, commits breach of official duty by any act or omission, the Commissioner may suspend such officer or person and initiate proceedings against him and refer the case along with statement of allegations to the Federal Government where such officer or person is serving under the Federal Government and in other cases the Provincial Government.
- Certain offences triable by Registration Officer.- Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898), the Registration Officer, if so authorized by the Commissioner in this behalf, may
(a) exercise the powers of a Magistrate of the first class under the said Code in respect of the offences punishable under sections 172, 173, 174, 175, 177, 178, 179, 180, 182, 186, 187, 188, 189, 191, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200,464 and 471 of the Pakistan Penal code, 1860 (Act XLV of 1860); and
Substituted vide Ordinance No. XXV of 1984, dated 3rd June, 1984. 2Inserted vide Ordinance No. XLVIII of 1984, dated 27th October, 1984. 3Added vide Ordinance No. LI of 2000, dated 27th September, 2000.
(b) take cognizance of any such offence and shall try it summarily
in accordance with the provisions of Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898), relating to summary trials.]
Submitted vide Ordinance No. LI of 2000, dated 27th September, 2000.