Annexed to General Assembly resolution 3166 (XVIII) of 14 December 1973.
Entered into force on 20 February 1977.
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1035, p. 167
Copyright © United Nations
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected
Persons, including Diplomatic Agents,
Annexed to General Assembly resolution 3166 (XVIII) of 14 December 1973
The States Parties to this Convention,
Having in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations concerning the
maintenance of international peace and the promotion of friendly relations and cooperation among States,
Considering that crimes against diplomatic agents and other internationally protected persons
jeopardizing the safety of these persons create a serious threat to the maintenance of normal international
relations which are necessary for cooperation among States,
Believing that the commission of such crimes is a matter of grave concern to the international community,
Convinced that there is an urgent need to adopt appropriate and effective measures for the prevention and
punishment of such crimes,
Have agreed as follows:
For the purposes of this Convention:
1. “Internationally protected person” means:
(a) A Head of State, including any member of a collegial body performing the functions of a Head of
State under the constitution of the State concerned, a Head of Government or a Minister for Foreign
Affairs, whenever any such person is in a foreign State, as well as members of his family who
(b) Any representative or official of a State or any official or other agent of an international
organization of an intergovernmental character who, at the time when and in the place where a crime
against him, his official premises, his private accommodation or his means of transport is committed, is
entitled pursuant to international law to special protection from any attack on his person, freedom or
dignity, as well as members of his family forming part of his household.
2. “Alleged offender” means a person as to whom there is sufficient evidence to determine prima facie
that he has committed or participated in one or more of the crimes set forth in article 2.
1. The intentional commission of:
(a) A murder, kidnapping or other attack upon the person or liberty of an internationally protected
b) A violent attack upon the official premises, the private accommodation or the means of transport
of an internationally protected person likely to endanger his person or liberty;
(c) A threat to commit any such attack;
(d) An attempt to commit any such attack; and
(e) An act constituting participation as an accomplice in any such attack shall be made by each State
Party a crime under its internal law.
2. Each State Party shall make these crimes punishable by appropriate penalties which take into account
their grave nature.
3. Paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article in no way derogate from the obligations of States Parties under
international law to take all appropriate measures to prevent other attacks on the person, freedom or dignity of an
internationally protected person.
1. Each State Party shall take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over the
crimes set forth in article 2 in the following cases:
(a) When the crime is committed in the territory of that State or on board a ship or aircraft registered
in that State;
(b) When the alleged offender is a national of that State;
(c) When the crime is committed against an internationally protected person as defined in article 1
who enjoys his status as such by virtue of functions which he exercises on behalf of that State.
2. Each State Party shall likewise take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over
these crimes in cases where the alleged offender is present in its territory and it does not extradite him pursuant
to article 8 to any of the States mentioned in paragraph 1 of this article.
3. This Convention does not exclude any criminal jurisdiction exercised in accordance with internal law.
States Parties shall cooperate in the prevention of the crimes set forth in article 2, particularly by:
(a) taking all practicable measures to prevent preparations in their respective territories for the
commission of those crimes within or outside their territories;
(b) exchanging information and coordinating the taking of administrative and other measures as
appropriate to prevent the commission of those crimes.
1. The State Party in which any of the crimes set forth in article 2 has been committed shall, if it has
reason to believe that an alleged offender has fled from its territory, communicate to all other States concerned,
directly or through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, all the pertinent facts regarding the crime
committed and all available information regarding the identity of the alleged offender.
2. Whenever any of the crimes set forth in article 2 has been committed against an internationally
protected person, any State Party which has information concerning the victim and the circumstances of the
crime shall endeavour to transmit it, under the conditions provided for in its internal law, fully and promptly to
the State Party on whose behalf he was exercising his functions.
1. Upon being satisfied that the circumstances so warrant, the State Party in whose territory the alleged
offender is present shall take the appropriate measures under its internal law so as to ensure his presence for the
purpose of prosecution or extradition. Such measures shall be notified without delay directly or through the
Secretary-General of the United Nations to:
(a) The State where the crime was committed;
(b) The State or States of which the alleged offender is a national or, if he is a stateless person, in
whose territory he permanently resides;
(c) The State or States of which the internationally protected person concerned is a national or on
whose behalf he was exercising his functions;
(d) All other States concerned; and
(e) The international organization of which the internationally protected person concerned is an
official or an agent.
2. Any person regarding whom the measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article are being taken shall
(a) To communicate without delay with the nearest appropriate representative of the State of which
he is a national or which is otherwise entitled to protect his rights or, if he is a stateless person, which he
requests and which is willing to protect his rights; and
(b) To be visited by a representative of that State.
The State Party in whose territory the alleged offender is present shall, if it does not extradite him, submit,
without exception whatsoever and without undue delay, the case to its competent authorities for the purpose of
prosecution, through proceedings in accordance with the laws of that State.
1.To the extent that the crimes set forth in article 2 are not listed as extraditable offences in any
extradition treaty existing between States Parties, they shall be deemed to be included as such therein. States
Parties undertake to include those crimes as extraditable offences in every future extradition treaty to be
concluded between them.
2. If a State Party which makes extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for
extradition from another State Party with which it has no extradition treaty, it may, if it decides to extradite,
consider this Convention as the legal basis for extradition in respect of those crimes. Extradition shall be subject
to the procedural provisions and the other conditions of the law of the requested State.
3. States Parties which do not make extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty shall recognize
those crimes as extraditable offences between themselves subject to the procedural provisions and the other
conditions of the law of the requested State.
4. Each of the crimes shall be treated, for the purpose of extradition between States Parties, as if it had
been committed not only in the place in which it occurred but also in the territories of the States required to
establish their jurisdiction in accordance with paragraph 1 of article 3.
Any person regarding whom proceedings are being carried out in connection with any of the crimes set
forth in article 2 shall be guaranteed fair treatment at all stages of the proceedings.
1. States Parties shall afford one another the greatest measure of assistance in connection with criminal
proceedings brought in respect of the crimes set forth in article 2, including the supply of all evidence at their
disposal necessary for the proceedings.
2. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this article shall not affect obligations concerning mutual judicial
assistance embodied in any other treaty.
The State Party where an alleged offender is prosecuted shall communicate the final outcome of the
proceedings to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit the information to the other
The provisions of this Convention shall not affect the application of the Treaties on Asylum, in force at
the date of the adoption of this Convention, as between the States which are parties to those Treaties; but a State
Party to this Convention may not invoke those Treaties with respect to another State Party to this Convention
which is not a party to those Treaties.
1. Any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this
Convention which is not settled by negotiation shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration. If
within six months from the date of the request for arbitration the parties are unable to agree on the organization
of the arbitration, any one of those parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in
conformity with the Statute of the Court.
2. Each State Party may at the time of signature or ratification of this Convention or accession thereto
declare that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph 1 of this article. The other States Parties shall not be
bound by paragraph 1 of this article with respect to any State Party which has made such a reservation.
3. Any State Party which has made a reservation in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article may at any
time withdraw that reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
This Convention shall be open for signature by all States, until 31 December 1974, at United Nations
Headquarters in New York.
This Convention is subject to ratification. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.
This Convention shall remain open for accession by any State. The instruments of accession shall be
deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date of deposit of the twentysecond
instrument of ratification or accession with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
2. For each State ratifying or acceding to the Convention after the deposit of the twenty-second instrument
of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after deposit by such State
of its instrument of ratification or accession.
1. Any State Party may denounce this Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the
2. Denunciation shall take effect six months following the date on which notification is received by the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States, inter alia:
(a) Of signatures to this Convention, of the deposit of instruments of ratification or accession in
accordance with articles 14, 15 and 16 and of notifications made under article 18;
(b) Of the date on which this Convention will enter into force in accordance with article 17.
The original of this Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are
equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall send certified
copies thereof to all States.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments,
have signed this Convention, opened for signature at New York on 14 December 1973.