“A Member of Parliament has no power to vote against his party as per the constitution of Bangladesh. If he or she votes against the will of his party, though the will is malafide, he/she will lose seat in the Parliament.”Critically evulate the statement


Bangladesh has a parliamentary   system of   governance.  The  frigate  bestows  the  parliament with  most  discretionary  powers  over  the  administrator  leg.  The  governing  is  underage on a parliamentary number. The Chairwoman is the affair front of the refer and is  elected by the parliament. The parliament of Bangladesh is named as the Jatiya Sangsad (JS), the  Accommodation of the Commonwealth.

[1]The  formation  of  Bangladesh  bestows  the  parliament  with  dominant  powers  in  making  laws and approving  budgets.  It  is  conferred  wide ranging   soul  to  scrutinize  the  actions  of  the executive  who  remains  accountable  to  the  parliament.  Notwithstanding  these  organic powers, in actuality, the parliament’s show has fallen far  little  of  its  expectation  of   being  the focal institution of democracy,  expressing  the module  of  the  grouping, and making the governance regularly accountable to that will.

[2]Though’ Bangladesh started easily adopting parliamentary republic in its Formation, it did  not make as it ideally should. The new method which Sheikh Mujibur Rahman titled his  “indorse revolution” was not radically several from the way he governed the country from  1972 to 1975. Rounaq Jahan argued that the new display was bitingness put into activity by the  identical old leadership with the selfsame communication. With the espousal of a new pose, all knowledge was  single on one paw by making Sheikh Mujibur Rahman the topic of the verbalize, the assorted in  structural cost, behaviorally the two systems worked solon or little in the similar way.

 The  leader of the back turning could not end yearner since Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was assassinated in a noncombatant takeover led by a unit of mid ranked blue officers on Lordly 15,  1975.    Multitude the assassination of Ruler Mujib Rhaman poet law was avowed and the  region remained low two ensuing militaristic governments until Dec 1990. After  upcoming to quality, combatant governments attempted to legitimize themselves. In the teaching of  civilianization of the combatant regimes, trio parliaments had been definite low a  statesmanlike organize of polity and these were mostly impermeable machine equivalent institutions. At settle

 of regime the parliamentary system of the government restored again in 1991  with consensus of the major political parties, the student organizations, the professional  bodies, the media and the civil society. Therefore, it is argued that the idea of liberal democracy was though rejected in 1975 by the ruling political elite; the ‘model’ itself did not lose support with the people as a whole.

Major political party in Bangladesh  Parliament :

These two parties are headed by Sheikh Hasina (AL) and Khaleda Zia BNP). They come from two iconic families of Bangladesh and therefore the party council sessions meant to elect office bearers of these two parties are arranged by their supporters and sycophants in a way that would guarantee these two ladies the party chair positions in their respective parties.

Furthermore, the party chairs of AL and BNP are authorized by their party men to select and fire at will other office bearers of their parties. So, Sheikh Hasina and Khaleda Zia enjoy absolute power and authority in their respective political parties and have been exercising dictatorial authority for roughly thirty years now, contrary to the practices elsewhere in the democratic world.

Impuissance of the Bangladesh  parliament:

 The imperfection of the parliament in Bangladesh is manifested not so  untold  in  the  absenteeism of  its  creativities  in  formulating  laws  and  budgets,  but  in  the  epilepsy  of  concrete  talks,  disputation  and  scrutiny  of  the  proposals  put  advancing  by  the  administrator  arm  of  the  governing.  Several  indispensable  factors  constrain  the  impelling  effective  of  the  parliament.  Yet,  it  is  the  governmental  observes, most  notably  the  drill  of  boycotting  the  parliamentary  meetings  by  the  oppositeness  which  bonk  created  starring  disorders  inhibiting  the  concert  of the  parliament. In a Westminster style lawmaking system, the primary trustiness for ensuring the  governance’s  answerability  water  on the  shoulders  of  [3]the  oppositeness  in  parliament,  as the  judgment party parliamentarians are potential to validation the governing. But in Bangladesh since  the  mid1990s,  the  opposition  has  adopted  the  tactics  of  boycotting  congressional  meetings  rather than to communication  when  both major  governmental  parties  someone  turned  in  noses  and  also  in  the  action.  The  oppositeness’s apply of boycott of the parliament is single to Bangladesh.

Duty of parliament member :

A member in the Parliament is a division of the receiver they grow from. Their obligation is to position melody in their designated tariff, fulfill authorized rituals, and assist the group and the nation. Republic is a line of the act, as a verifying harm, greed gets into the fitter lateral of thought. A member, who is square and soul to their employ, oft certifies as an undemanding mark for their superiors to be laid upon the unethical values internal the endeavor

The challenge of a parliamentary member : 

 A Member of parliament of governance view is ever should supporting to their governmental recipient .Numerous times it happened that that MP do not like the account which is verified by this or her organization at that second he or she requisite to go against according their organization but of the law of establishment they are unable to go.  In this status many term whatsoever mouth passed in the parliament which are not suited for the group of Bangladesh but it passed from the parliament by the imperfectness of the law.

Existence fit to put up with issues regarding the rules and policies of our formation, the hailing validness is that, group don’t choose rules because deform remaining rules. State fit to commute ones opinions is same rising a mount with no equipment. Of class, politicians are now on the boundary of new techniques that involves death of both resources and status. The intolerable fact s solace there, a member is unable to wage votes to a predictable pick that goes against the organization they are from. This demarcates the position to find an item on ones appearance for making reliable, that their initiatives get the extreme belief behind their perverse semi political timing.

[4]When one advices for a replace in a parliament who thinks as a figure to happening exceed from the saintly it is the philosophy that defines the manner to make things amend. But the actuality is that organization is a stuff, which rules the rules. Leaders move their way of cerebration to the position.

Phylogeny of Parliamentary Artifact  :

In today’s semi political systems, the legislative wind as the domestic emblematic body is reasoned necessary for Victorian organization. In direct frame the enactment of the parliament and parliamentary structures in establishing accountable government can just be overemphasized. It is thence  argued that of all semi political institutions, none is author animated to the walk of linking governors and governed in relationships of somebody, arena, and legitimacy, than the redbrick legislature.

In modern democracies, parliament can humor significant part in making a link between the government and the world. Yves Many and Andrew Knapp noted, “If there is one symbolization that stands for a symbolic system, it is certainly that of the Building, a collegial embody through which the gift of all (or component) of the population is expressed.”

Democratically elected parliaments are potentially eventful because they personify pluralist conception so that varied segments of the society can advance to law making and monitoring the administrator and set view goals for the association.

Epilepsy of representative effectuation within the circle method calmness limited the legislators to energy in the parliamentary committees freely. It was observed that the circle chiefs both formally and informally restrained their parliamentarians allotted to various parliamentary positions and committees. Finished sanction and gratifying capacity the organization chiefs controller their committee members. The reasoning of the organization constitutions presented in this mull showed that the band gaffer enjoys enormous human in controlling their members.  The company formation prescribes their MPs to be doglike to the receiver honcho. Article 70 of the Bangladesh Organization also restricts the parliamentarians from achievement against recipient goal spell decisions are prefabricated in the parliament. The lot status and the inherent provender of company develop do not encourage their members to touch in the committees independently. [5]The honcho and the parliamentary company someone is the homophonic human. S/he enjoys overwhelming control to check lot members in and alfresco the assembly. The analysis of this cogitate showed that the commission members who were allegiant to the company boss and complied with the firmness of recipient chief promoted to an crucial item rather than others who were reluctant to obey specified direction.

 They chose opinion as an agreement avowal and hardly spent untold second in parliament-related playacting. Hence, quorum crisis became a stock phenomenon in the parliament as fortunate as in the committees. Most of the committees could not convene their breakfast regularly and did not submit papers in opinion prefab an earthshaking change in the friendly placement of the JS. Statistics reveals that the parliament became  many unrepresentative of the number of the population.[6] The JS had a short possible ness to propose the committee members on the supposition of their pro experiences. As such, the still committees equivalent the Teaching Commission, the Health Commission or the Environment Committee lacked members with specialized knowledge or pro vista. Thereby, most of the committees depended on the bureaucrats for skillful persuasion or advice. Due to the need of expertise on field obsessed, the committees were sharp to plow the misgivings of the authorities departments rather than policy matters. Though, the committees were due to soul persona in policymaking, their activities ended up with judgment debasement cases. Other magnitude was that most of the Concern had seen it as a house piazza for the women legislators. It was detected that their mortal colleagues oft unheeded them in the meeting.

Surjection :

  1. Different the industrial democracies, band honcho and parliamentary feature in  Bangladesh is the homophonic mortal. Set chiefs formally revel large soul to determine which member will go to which commission in the circle system. The legislators could hardly comment decisions or policy embezzled by the parliamentary organization mortal. The parliamentary circle boss and last body had determining manipulate over their commission members, which in flop damaged the committees. It is thusly key to neaten the governmental parties republican and cut party try over commission members so that they can fulfill in the committees in a non-partisan conduct.
  1.  For invigorating the parliament, parliamentary parties should bang few specialized excavation groups  and subgroups on item insurance region. Similar the parliamentary parties of the European Bundestag, parliamentary pick is profoundly embattled by these groups. Parties should present any execution so that lot members can acquire their noesis about component policy area.
  2. Finally, there should be an effective mechanism to link the people with the committee activities. For expert suggestions and public input, the committees have to be given the right of holding public hearing. The important committee reports, relevant information and activity reports should be made public. For making a bridge between the parliament and the public, mass media should be given access to the committee meeting, and the parliamentary web site must be reconstructed and enlarged with necessary information

 References :

  1. Saad, S. (2007). Political Culture in Bangladesh: Perspective and Analyses. PoliticalCulture in Bangladesh: Perspective and Analyses.
  2. Mezey, O. a. (1991). Legislatures in the Policy Process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Jahan, R. (1994). Pakistan: Failure of National Integration. Dhaka: University Press.
  4. Talukder, M. (1994). Politics and Security of Bangladesh. Dhaka: University Press Limited
  5. Halim, M.A. 1998. Constitution, Constitutional Law and Politics: Bangladesh Perspective. Dhaka: Rico printers.
  6. Davis, Kenneth Kulp, 1961. Ombudsman in America: officers to criticize Administrative Action, University of Pennsylvania Law Review
  7. Haque, K. A. (1994). Parliamentary committees in Bangladesh: structure and functions. Congressional Studies Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1

[1] Ahmed, Nizam (2002), The Parliament of Bangladesh,  Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing


[2] Ahmed, Moudud (1984).  Bangladesh: The Era of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Dhaka:

University Press Limited.

[3] Ahmed, Nizam (2006), Limits of Parliamentary Control: Public Spending in Bangladesh,

Dhaka: the University Press Limited

[4] Alfred Morris (ed.) (1997), The Growth of Parliamentary Scrutiny by Committee, Oxford:

Pergamon Press.

[6] Environmental Practice and Policy.   Singapore Journal of International

and Comparative Law, Volume 6, 2002, pp.: 723-746.

Resolution, Deputy Commissioners Conference , 28-30 July ,2009