An Analytical Report Health Hazard of Workers in Textile Industry: “A Case Study of Borpa- Rupgong of -Narayangong”

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An Analytical Report Health Hazard of Workers in Textile Industry

“A Case Study of Borpa- Rupgong of -Narayangong”

Geography & Environment

Bangladesh Textile Industry

While Agriculture for domestic consumption is Bangladesh largest employment sector the money gained from exporting textiles is the single greatest source of economic growth is Bangladesh. Export of textile, clothing, and ready made garments accounted for 77% of Bangladesh total merchandise export in 2002. Only 5% of textile factories are owned by foreign investors with most of the production being controlled by families or Bangladesh companies.

History of Textile production in Bangladesh:

Immediately after the founding of Bangladesh, tea and jute were the most export- oriented sectors. But the consulting threat of flooding, declaiming jute saber prices significant decrease in would demand, the contribution of the jute sector to the country economy has deteriorated. The textile industry is Bangladesh became the main source of forcing exchange starting in 1980 and exported about $5 billion USO in 2002.

Textile Processing

The textile industry includes a variety of process ranging from the manufacture of synthetic fibers and factors productions to retail sales. The first step in the production of a textile product is the manufacture of fibers or in the case of natural fibers, the manipulation, of these fibers into useful fibers, Afterward the fibers are turned into yarn by spinning are texturing preparation dying, and finishing can be done on yearn or on the textile product obtained through knitting weaving and non- wave techniques. The last step in the fabrication of a finished product.

The preparation , dying and finishing of textile products consume large amounts of enough, chemicals and water . These wet processing operations reburies the use of several chemical booths that, often at elevated temperature, give the desired characteristics to the yarn or fabrics. This section describes the different wet processing techniques used in the production of cotton fabrics, The same techniques are used when other types of fiber are processed , but differences will occurs in the amount of raw materials required .

Further processing natural fibers requires more processing them manufacture fibers, It is important to know that significant difference exist between mills processing the same fabrics using the same techniques. For example, one mill might operate its rinsing both at a higher temperature them another mill thereby reducing the water consumption.

Textile Unit Processing:

They are divided into four units

These are-

  1. Printing
  2. Dying
  3. Processing
  4. Textile fabrics.

This study was to investigate health hazard of the worker of the textile industry. This industry uses vast amount of water, energy and chemicals.

The industries were located at Borpa of Narayangonj. There were to textile industries at Borpa, Such as ACS, ASS, Ranok Textile., Super febriculas and Lithun fabrics Almost 1000-1200 workers have been sun in every industry. And between 400-450 workers are working there in per unit shit by shift.

In Bangladesh maimun textile industries and located in Demra Tangi, Tejgoan of Dhaka districts and Chittagong district. Narayangonj is one of most industrial area is Bangladesh. We surveyed and collected data from that industrial area which name was Borpa, Narayangonj.


Bangladesh is developing country and most of our people are illiterate and the Percentage of illiteracy is 65. So for this reason they cannot participle in better. Sector. And thus maximum people migrate from rural to urban area for working purposes. And finally maximum young people join in textile , raw materials and chemical r used for manufacturing products. But raw materials and chemicals are harmful for the labor, Thus the owner appointed doctor for worked in very industry, The owner gave them ( worker) hand glass, masks and boots to use in working were not conscious about health. For this, most of they time they are confronting many problems and diseases.

q Loss of haring

q Excusive anxiety

q fright and change in chart text rates

q dilation of pupil of eyes

q Constriction of blood vessel

q Emotional disorders

q Skin diseases.

In our country 65% workers are suffering from different kinds of decreases in every year:


The owner of the textile industry and govt. should take proper step to solve those health problem such as _

1) Proper Education

To take proper education system

2) Awareness

To increase awareness about those health problem

3) To protect disease:

Lack of concision, they don’t know how protect the disease. So, work hand of the textile industries would be know how to protect those problems

4) Need doctor and adviser

To appointed more doctors and adviser

5) Proper food and rest:

They ( worker) need proper food ( balance diet) and rest.

6) Child labor and older labor:

Child and older labor should not be appointed in every industry.

List of Tables

1. Ratio of the head of the household

Head of the family Frequency Percentage (%)
Male 20 100%
Female 00 00
Total 20 100%

In Borpa Area, the percentage of male population is very high.

2. Type of the family

Type of the family Frequency Percentage (%)
Single Family 15 75
Combined Family 5 25
Extended Family 00 00
Total 20 100%

75% families are single family in here.

3. Duration of living

Duration Frequency Percentage (%)
1-3 17 85
3-6 03 15
6+ 00 00
Total 20 100

This table shows that 85% people are living 1-3 years. 15% people are living 3-6 years.

4. Ratio of family members :

Head of the family Frequency Percentage (%)
Male 75 60%
Female 50 40%
Total 125 100%

Here, 60% people are male and 40% people are female.

5. Monthly income

Income Frequency Percentage (%)
2000-3000 2 10%
3000-4000 3 15%
4000-5000 15 75%
Total 20 100%

Here, 10% people earn between 2000-3000. 75% people earn between 4000-5000.

Age Structure

Age Frequency Percentage (%)
18-25 Years 12 60%
25-35 Years 8 40%
35+ 00 00
Total 20 400%

The age structure of 60% people are between 18-25 years.

Information of Industry

1. Duration of Working

Head of the family Frequency Percentage (%)
1 Year 5 25%
2 Year 6 30%
3 Year 9 45%
4 Year 00 00
Total 20 100%

25% people are working for 1 year duration. 30% people are working for 2 year duration.

2. Working level unit

Head of the family Frequency Percentage (%)
Printing 11 55%
Processing 5 25%
Dying 4 20%
Others 00 00
Total 20 100%

55% people are working in printing level.

3. Opportunity

Opportunity Yes No
Frequency % Frequency %
Medical Treatment 20 100 00 00
Educational Facilities 00 00 20 100%
Total 20 100% 20 100%



Most of the people in this area get opportunity about medical treatment.

5. Problems

Problem Yes No
Frequency % Frequency %
Health Problem 20 38.46 00 00
Housing Problem 15 28.84 05 65.25
Food Problem 17 32.69 03 37.5
Other 00 00 00 00
Total 52 100 08 100



Here, most of the people are confronting health problem in this industrial area.

6. Vacation (After Sickness)

Vacation Frequency Percentage (%)
2 days 16 80%
5 days 2 10%
7 days 2 10
10 days 0 0%
Total 20 100%

7. Opinion about working at factory

Opinion Frequency Percentage
Satisfied 15 75%
Dissatisfied 5 25%
Total 20 100%

75% people are satisfied to working here

8. Migration (Factory)

Migration Frequency Percentage (%)
Yes 5 25%
No 15 75%
Total 20 100%

9. Distance from factory

Distance Frequency Percentage (%)
10 Minutes 12 60%
20 minutes 8 40%
45 minutes 00 00
1 minutes 00 00
Total 20 100%

10. Housing Types

Types Frequency Percentage (%)
Kacha 00 00
Semi Pacca 13 65%
Pacca 7 35
Others 00 00
Total 20 100%

65% housing are semi pacca.

List of Map

List of Photograph

Photographs of ETP

Dying Unit

Processing Unit


Worker of the textile Industry

Printing Unit

Medical Services of Textile Industry


Any development can not be produce without research and survey. At present many develop countries of the world give very importance on research and survey as a policy. So we have presented about “ Health Hazard of workers of the textile Industries”. And for these , we selected Borpa Industrial area of Narayangong. We know the Narayangonj is one of the most industrial area in where we surveyed. And we presented those problem, worker/ labor are confronting in every moment. I also presented how to solve or protect those problem by my field work.


To protect health hazard we should take some steps such as;

1. To take proper education system

2. To Increase awareness about those health problem

3. Lack of conscious , they don’t know how to protect the disease. So work hand of the industries should be know how to protect those problems.

4. To appointed more doctor and adviser

5. Child labor should not be appointed in every industry.

According to this project, we have got the present situation of Borpa Industrial Area. This research has some limitations for the lock of time and scope. If some one wants to research about this subject have to follow them

i) Complete the land use survey

ii) Complete use in data analysis

iii) And the very important thing questionnaire survey.


Ø RMG workers suffer health hazards for use of synthetic materials in factories. Published in 2008-05-02 www.Textile

Ø Pollution prevention in the textile industry:

Developed by


Pollution Prevention work group


Ø BTMC Bangladesh Textile mill group

Ø Textile processing unit of textile industries

Ø Industrial development Savar municipal

developed by Jahangir Nagor University.

Ø University of Dhaka, Dept. of Geography and Environment.