A1.Bangladesh Service Rules (BSR Part I & II)
The Bangladesh Service Rules are effectively the terms & conditions of service to be followed by a person on being appointed as an employee of the Government.

Persons holding constitutional posts are not covered under these rules eg. the Attorney General. The Bangladesh Service Rules contain various rules, but not necessarily all, issued at different times by the Government with addendum, omission and amendments as required.


A2.Bangladesh Civil Service Recruitment Rules 1981
Recruitment into different Cadres of the Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS) is in accordance with the provisions of this rule. No direct appointment can be given in BCS Cadre Service without the recommendation of the Public Service Commission, and examinations are held (both written & viva-voce).

A person should be a Bangladeshi national and a permanent resident in Bangladesh to be appointed to the Cadre Service. Any national married or promised to be married to a foreign national will not be eligible for such an appointment. There are presently twenty nine Cadre Services and the Bangladesh Civil Service (Roads & Highways) is one of them.

For appointment to Cadre Service a person already in the Government or in the service of any local body / authority can apply through the proper channels i.e. through their employer. Recommendation by the Council Committee on Promotions, the Superior Selection Board or the Special / Divisional Promotion Committee is required for promotion to different tiers of the service.


A3.Bangladesh Civil Service (Examination for Promotion) Rules 1986
The Public Service Commission conducts examinations for promotion for the members of the Cadre Service twice in a calendar year. The examination for promotion is guided by these rules with some exemptions as mentioned in Rule 8. An officer shall not be promoted unless he has satisfactory records of service and recommendation from the Superior Selection Board, Divisional Promotion Committee etc. for his promotion.

The Commission announces the date, time, place and other information at least 60 days before the examination through daily newspapers and the broadcasting media.


A4.Roads and Highways Department (Gazetted & NonGazetted Employees) Recruitment Rules, 1984
The Bangladesh Public Service Commission made these rules after due consultation, which were published by a notification by the Ministry of Communications on 9 January 1985. The rules are applied for recruitment / appointment of all categories of staff & officers (Gazetted and Non- Gazetted) except for Class 1 Gazetted officer Cadre Service posts. This rule covers the appointments by (i) direct recruitment (ii) by promotion (iii) by transfer on deputation.

It should be noted that Government rules which relate to recruitment are issued from time to time and are also applicable.


A5.BCS Seniority Rules, 1983
Certain general principles for determination of seniority were formerly communicated by the Establishment Division. These general principles were formalised in this rule. Subsequent amendments were made after consultation with the Public Service Commission.

The fixation of seniority in individual cases is the responsibility of the Ministries and Divisions concerned. However, all doubtful cases where seniority cannot be determined under general or specific principles are referred to the Establishment Division. The provisions of article 140(2) (c) of the Constitution and schedule to the Rules of Business are to be kept in mind when the question of fixation of seniority of officers is involved.


A6.The Government Servants (Seniority of Freedon Fighters) Rules 1976
The Freedom Fighter employees are those persons who were employees on or before 25 March 1971, of the erstwhile Government of Pakistan or the Government of East / West Pakistan and participated in the war of liberation of Bangladesh.

By this rule a Freedom Fighter employee of the Government is entitled to two years ante-dated seniority. This entitlement is generally reflected at the time of promotion with all attendant benefits in terms of pay, pay- scale etc.


A7.The Government Servants (Conduct) Rule, 1979
The conduct and behaviour of a Government employee, during the performance of his duties and in his private life are regulated by these rules. The staff and the officers of the Government (with the exception of some departments/agencies mentioned in Rule 2, who have their own establishment rule) are to abide by these rules either working inside or outside of Bangladesh, whilst on leave or on deputation to any other institution, authority or agency.

The violation of any of the Government Servants (Conduct) Rules are considered as misconduct. For such violation, an employee is accused of breach of discipline and subjected to being punishable under “The Government Servants (Discipline and Appeal) Rules 1985”.


A8.The Government Servants (Discipline & Appeal) Rule, 1985
These rules shall apply to all Government servants, with the exception of some departments/agencies (for example the Railways and BDR) who have their own establishment code. A Government servant is subjected to this rule when, in the opinion of the authority he is:

1. Inefficient
2. Guilty of misconduct
3. Guilty of desertion
4. Corrupt or may reasonably be considered corrupt
5. Engaged or is reasonably suspected to be engaged in subversive activities

A Government servant under this rule, may appeal against any order:

1. Imposing upon him any penalty.
2. Altering, varying or denying to his disadvantages his pay, allowances, pension or other condition.
3. Interpreting to his advantage, the provision of any rule or contract of service whereby his pay, allowance, pensions etc. are regulated.

The incumbent may apply to the President for review of the order.


A9.The Government Servants (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 1979
The ordinance makes special provisions for maintaining discipline among Government servants. The ordinance will take precedence over any other rules and regulations in this respect. Any action taken or penalty imposed under provisions of this ordinance cannot be put up or challenged in any Court of Law. However, one can appeal to the appropriate authority or to an appellate authority within a certain time limit. The rules under this ordinance are applied when a Government employee is accused of the following offences:

1. To indulge in activities for which office discipline is broken or causing a situation not congenial for work.

2. To refrain from attending duties without taking permission either individually or collectively and failure to perform the works assigned.

3. To incite or obstruct any Government employee so that they remain absent from the office and do not perform their duties.


A10.The Public Employees Discipline (Punctual Attendance) Ordinance, 1982
The ordinance was promulgated by the Chief Marshal Law Administrator to ensure punctual attendance in offices and to eradicate incidences of unauthorised absence and late attendance by the officers and staff.

Under this ordinance the authority (appointing authority or designated person) has been given the power to impose penalty (deduction in pay) on any employee coming to the office late or remaining absent from the office without authorisation or leaving the office without permission.

No consultation with the Public Service Commission will be necessary in imposing a penalty and no proceeding or order under this ordinance shall be called into question in any Court of Law. However, the employee concerned may appeal within 48 hours to the authority for revision of the order.


A11.The Public Servants (Dismissal on Conviction) Ordinance, 1985
Under the provisions of this ordinance, actions are taken by the administrative authority when a public servant commits a serious criminal offence and a sentence is awarded by the Court of Law for example:

1. capital punishment
2. imprisonment for life
3. imprisonment for more than six months and/or a fine of more than Taka 1000(one thousand)


A12.The Prescribed Leave Rule, 1959
The granting of leave to a Government servant is generally controlled by “Prescribed Leave Rules ‘59, Fundamental Rules (FR) and Bangladesh Service Rules (BSR). There are different kinds of leave for example Earned Leave, Recreation Leave, Leave Preparatory to Retirement (LPR), Maternity Leave, Casual Leave, Public Holiday etc.

Before availing leave, a Government servant should obtain approval for the same, but it cannot be claimed as a matter of right. In the case of public exigencies, the leave granting authority may cancel or reduce any leave previously granted.

An employee cannot take a job during leave of absence, except on LPR with the permission from the appropriate authority. The leave for a Gazetted officer cannot be entertained, without an admissibility report for leave from the concerned audit office where leave records are kept. The records are kept in a prescribed form as per the provisions of the Fundamental Rules. For Class III and IV employees the records of leave are kept in the last part of the Service Book.


A13.The Public Servants (Retirement) Act. 1974 & Rules 1975
The Act consolidates and amends the law relating to the retirement of public servants. The Government has been given power to make rules under Section 11 of this Act.

Under this rule a Government servant must retire from service on attainment of 57 years of age. In fact, leave preparatory to retirement (LPR) for a period of one year is allowed to an employee, from the date of superannuation, provided that such leave is earned/accumulated to his credit and he finally retires at the attainment of 58 years of age. An Employee may opt for only a part of LPR and may even forego the whole of the period of LPR.

Re-appointment or extension of service under this rule is completely prohibited. However, the President, in the interests of public service has special powers to appoint any suitable person on a contract basis for which there is no age-bar.

In the public interest, the Government may also ask an employee to retire from service without showing any reason when he has completed 25 years of service. Similarly, a Government servant may also opt to retire at this stage of service for which prayer (petition) with 30 days’ notice is to be given to the appointing authority.

The prayer for optional retirement cannot be withdrawn or any change or correction made by the person concerned. The appointing authority or the Government also cannot ask an employee to withdraw his application provided that it is submitted in a manner as required by rule.
After retirement, a Government servant receives pension, gratuity, medical allowances, medical facilities, and benefits under the benevolent and group insurance fund.