Classes of Tenants
Classes of tenants.— There shall be, for the purpose of this Act, the following classes of tenants, (namely) :—
(1) tenure-holders, including under-tenure-holders,
(2) raiyats, and
(3) under-raiyats, that is to say, tenants holding whether immediately or mediately under-raiyats; and the following classes of raiyats, namely :—
(a) raiyats holding at fixed rates, which expression means raiyats holding either at a rent fixed in perpetuity or at a rate of rent fixed in perpetuity,
(b) occupancy-raiyats, that is to say, raiyats having a right of occupancy in the land held by them, and
(c) non-occupancy-raiyats, that is to say, raiyats not having such a right of occupancy.
Meaning of “tenure-holder” and “raiyat”.— (1) “Tenure-holder” means primarily a person who has acquired from a proprietor or from another tenure-holder a right to hold land for the purpose of collecting rents or bringing it under cultivation by establishing tenants on it, and includes also the successors-in-interest of persons who have acquired such a right.
(2) “Raiyat” means primarily a person who has acquired a right to hold land for the purpose of cultivating it by himself, or by members of his family, or by servants or labourers, or with the aid of partners, and includes also the successors-in-interest of persons who have acquired such a right.
Explanation.—Where a tenant of land has the right to bring it under cultivation, he shall be deemed to have acquired a right to hold it for the purpose of cultivation, notwithstanding that he uses it for the purpose of gathering the produce of it or of grazing cattle on it.
(3) A person shall not be deemed to be a raiyat unless he holds land either immediately under a proprietor or immediately under a tenure-holder.
(4) In determining whether a tenant is a tenure-holder or a raiyat, the Court shall have regard to —
(a) local custom; and
(b) the purpose for which the right of tenancy was originally acquired.
(5) Where the area held by a tenant exceeds one hundred standard bighas, the tenant shall be presumed to be a tenure-holder until the contrary is shown.