Feasible Study Of Profitability & Liquidity Of Sonali Bank (2006) (Gazipur Branch)
Overview of the Bank:
Sonali Bank, the largest & leading commercial bank of the country, came into being in 1972 immediately after the emergence of Bangladesh as an independent state. A fully state-owned enterprise, the bank has been discharging its nation-building responsibilities by undertaking government entrusted different socio-economic schemes as well as money market activities of its own volition, covering all spheres of the economy. Sonali Bank singularly enjoys the prestige of being the agent of the Central Bank of Bangladesh in such places where the guardian of the money market has chosen not to act by itself.
Sonali Bank is governed by a Board of Directors consisting of 7(seven) members headed by a Chairman, who is a renowned economist and a former Vice Chancellor of a reputed University. The other members are distinguished representatives from both private and public sectors.The Bank is headed by the Managing Director (Chief Executive), who is a well-known Banker and a reputed professional. The head office of the bank along with its corporate structure is located at Motijheel, Dhaka, the main commercial center of the capital.
Some notable features of the Bank are as follows:
Country Rank : 1 (One)
Asian Rank : 282 (Asia week, September 14, 2001)
World Rank : 925 (The Banker’s Almanac, volume-3, July 1999 )
Authorized capital : US$ 184.30 million
Paid up capital : US$ 60.30 million
Reserve capital : US$ 40.18 million
Branches and Subsidiaries:
Total branches : 1186
Branches in Urban areas : 488
Branches in Rural areas : 696
Overseas branches : 2
Subsidiary branches/booths in UK & USA : 15
Representative Office in K.S.A : 3
Correspondents/agents : 2000
Employees : 24215 (Officer-12603 and staff- 11612)
Fax : 88-02-9561410
SWIFT Code: “BSONBDDH”
Division of Sonali Bank Limited:
01.00: RURAL CREDIT DIVISION (RCD)
02.00: MICRO CREDIT DIVISION (MCD)
03.00: INTERNATIONAL TRADE FINANCE DIVISION (ITFD)
04.00: FOREIGN REMITTANCE MANAGEMENT DIVISION (FRMD)
05.00: GENERAL ADVANCES DIVISION (GAD)
06.00: INDUSTRIAL PROJECT FINANCING DIVISION (IPFD)
07.00: AGRO BASED PROJECT FINANCING DIVISION (APFD)
08.00: LOAN RECOVERY & CLASSIFICATION DIVISION (LRCD)
09.00: PROJECT MONITORING & REVIEW DIVISION (PMRD)
10.00: LEGAL MATTERS DIVISION (LMD)
11.00: TREASURY MANAGEMENT DIVISION (TMD)
12.00: GOVT. ACCOUNTS & SERVICES DIVISION (GASD)
13.00: CENTRAL ACCOUNTS DIVISION (CAD)
14.00: INSPECTION & AUDIT DIVISION-1 (I&AD-1)
15.00: INSPECTION & AUDIT DIVISION-2 (I&AD-2)
16.00: VIGILANCE & CONTROL DIVISION (VCD)
17.00: MARKETING & DEVELOPMENT DIVISION (MDD)
18.00: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY DIVISION (ITD)
19.00: RECONCILIATION DIVISION (RD)
20.00: MIS & STATISTICS DIVISION (MSD)
21.00: MODERNIZATION & RESTRUCTURING DIVISION (MRD)
22.00: PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT DIVISION (PMD)
23.00: HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT DIVISION (HRDD)
24.00: SONALI BANK STAFF COLLEGE (SBSC)
25.00: DISCIPLINARY & APPEAL DIVISION (DAD)
26.00: EMPLOYEES WELFARE & TRANSPORT DIVISION (EWTD)
27.00: ESTABLISHMENT & ENGINEERING DIVISION (EED)
28.00: COMMON SERVICES DIVISION (CSD)
29.00: BOARD DIVISION (BD)
30.00: MANAGING DIRECTOR’S SECRETARIAT (MDS)
Branches in Bangladesh:
Gazipur (Bengali: ??????? ) is a town located within the Gazipur Sadar sub-district of Gazipur District in the Dhaka Division of Bangladesh.
Gazipur consists of 9 wards and 31 mahallas with an area of 49.32 sq km. The town has a population of 123,531; male 52.52%, female 47.48%; and a population density of 2505 per sq km .Contents
Major sites and establishments:
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BBRI)
Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)
Central Extension Resources Development Institute (CERDI)
Seed Certification Agency (SCA)
Bangladesh Ordnance Factory (BOF)
BRAC Dairy Farm
Bangladesh Institute of Technology (BIT)
Gazipur Judge Court.
Sonali Bank extends all the major personal banking facilities and services to its customers with its skilled manpower and largest network of around 1186 branches covering all the urban and remote rural areas of Bangladesh.
Name of Scheme Interest Rates
( Floating )
Current Deposit : Nil
Savings Deposit : 4.00%
Ø Urban Area (City Corporation, Others
Ø Municipality, Upazila Sadar Branches ) 5.00%
Ø Rural Area 6.00%
Ø Savings Deposit from Foreign Remittance 6.00%
Short Term Deposit: 3.50%
Fixed Deposit :
Ø 3 Months or above but less than 6 months 7.00%
Ø 6 Months or above but less than 1 year 7.50%
Ø 1year or above but less than 2 years 7.75%
Ø 1years or above but less than 3 years 8.00%
Ø 5 years 8.00%
Ø 10years 10.00%
Sonali Bank provides Local & Foreign Remittance in quickest possible time. Foreign remittance is available in both T.C. & Taka draft.
Transfer of fund from one branch to another by
Ø Demand Draf
Ø Mail Transfer
Transfer of fund on Standing Instruction Arrangement
Collection of cheques through Clearing House/beyond Clearing House.
Issuance of Payment Order / Call Deposit.
Locker facilities for safe keeping of valuables
Corporate Client Services with computerized system at selective branches.
Sonali Bank’s pioneer and extensive role in international banking has enabled it to broaden and deepen its base of qualified professionals for extending expert service to the valued clients.
Product & Services:
Export Credit (Pre-shipment & Post shipment)
Facilitating Supplier’s Credit
LCs (Letter of Credit)
Guarantees in Foreign Currency
Ø Bid Bond
Ø Performance Guarantee
Ø Advance Payment Guarantee.
Remittance, collection, purchases & sales of Foreign Currency & Traveller’s Cheques.
NRAT (Non-Resident Account in Taka)
NFCD A/c (Non-Resident Foreign Currency Deposit)
RFCD A/c (Resident Foreign Currency Deposit)
Convertible and Non-convertible Taka Account
Sonali Bank supports its customers by providing facilities throughout the import process to ensure smooth running of their business.
The facilities are:-
Import Letter of Credit
Post Import Financing (LIM,LTR etc)
Import collection services & Shipping Guarantees
Sonali Bank offers extra cover to its customers for whole export process to speed up receipt of proceeds.
The facilities are:-
Export Letters of Credit advising
Pre-shipment Export Financing
Export documents negotiation
Letter of Credit confirmation
Guarantee In Foreign Currency:
Sonali bank issues guarantee (Bid Bond/Performance Bond/Advance Payment Guarantee) at the request of Bangladeshi exporter through our foreign Correspondent Banks.
Guarantees (Bid Bond/Performance Bond/Advance Payment Guarantee) against Counter Guarantee of foreign correspondent banks in favour of Bangladeshi beneficiaries are also issued.
The Government has declared a number of facilities in the Export-Import Policy which, in brief, are as follows:-
Infrastructure facilities, specially in Export Processing Zone
Concessional rate of cargo fair
Special facilities to sub-contracting export
Higher annual ceiling for sending specimen of exportable goods
Facilities for import of specimen for product development
Multiple entry visa for foreign importers and investors
Facilities for attending to market development and international fair
Awarding national trophy and nominating CIP
Deemed export facilities
Allowing export/import without LC in special cases
Liberal terms for import of industrial raw materials of export oriented industries and Incentive for using local raw materials
Sonali Bank extends multiple credit facilities to boost up trade, commerce and industry. The credit packages and interest rates are as under:
Credit Packages : Interest Rates
Credit to Trade and Commerce 12%
Working capital to Industries. 11%
Credit for Power Driven Vechicle/Water Transport. 12%
Ø Fixed deposits 10%
Ø DPS/SDPS Accounts 10%
Ø National Savings Certificates 10%
Ø ICB Certificates 12%
Ø Life Insurance Policy 12%
Ø Wage Earners’ Development Bonds 10%
Ø Shares and Debentures of Public Limited Cos. 12%
Ø Work Order of Govt./Semi-Govt./Corporations 12%
Housing Loans 12%
Small Loans 10% — 10.50%
Packing Cash Credit. 7% –8.50
Consumers credit 12%
Working Capital to Diagnostic Centers 11%
Loans to Public Sector Enterprises. 12%
Cash credit facilities for Small Business enterprises 12%
Agricultural loan under various program/project 9%
Long term loan for setting up new industrial units and BMRE of existing units including working capital finance are extended by Sonali Bank to cottage industries, small-medium-large scale industries and also to self-employed persons with a view to creating employment opportunities, deployment of resources, increasing GDP and over-all industrial development of the country. Currently the following credit schemes are on offer by the bank:
Some of the main Credit Schemes:
Industrial Financing for Thrust Sectors
Sonali Bank Industrial Credit Scheme
Special Investment Scheme for Cottage and Small Industries
Financing Large Scale Industries through Banks’ Consortium.
Financing Software Development and Data Processing.
Besides the traditional and oft-trodden sectors, Sonali Bank has also come up with very low rate of interest to finance the following thrust sectors of the economy as identified by the Government:
Software development and data processing.
Agro-based industries (excepting cold storage for preservation of potatoes).
Manufacture of artificial flowers.
Gift items (preferably export oriented).
100% export oriented finished leather goods.
100% export oriented jute goods.
Jewelry and Diamond cutting and polishing.
Oil and Gas.
Sericulture and silk industries.
Stuffed Toys (preferably export oriented).
100% export oriented textile industry (excepting garments manufacturing industries).
Other Viable Industrial Sectors:
Composite textile (woven & knit fabrics)
Textile / Acrylic Spinning
Garments Accessories & Washing Plant
Denim Fabrics (export oriented)
Tourism / Hotel and Resort facilities
Hospital & Clinics
Other Export linkage industries.
Power Generating Plant.
LPG, CNG Filling & Conversion plant.
Tannery/Rubber Foot wear.
Other highly rewarding appropriate technology based projects.
Nature of Loan Interest rates
1. Term loan/Project loan 9% –11%
2. Term loan/project loan (Thrust Sector) 9%
3. Working capital 11%
Rural lending continues to be one of the core lending programs of Sonali Bank. Sonali Bank stepped into rural lending in 1973. Any comparative study would clearly depict Sonali Bank’s supremacy in the Rural Finance Market over other private or public sector commercial banks in Bangladesh. All the on-going rural and micro finance outlets of Sonali Bank aim at increasing agricultural output, promote agro-based Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs), facilitate agro-based support services, create and sustain employment opportunities through linking the rural and urban poor to the various Income Generating Activitis (IGAs) and reduce poverty. Sonali Bank’s Rural / Microcredit has been channeled through a wide network of 1073 rural branches.
Broadly, Sonali Bank’s rural and mircocredits are of following categories:
These outfits aim at addressing the credit need of the mainstream agriculture ( viz. cereal crops, tubers, pulses, oilseeds, etc.) and agro-sub-sectors (viz. dairy, poultry, fisheries, hatchery, etc.) as well as agro-offshoots ranging from medium term as in small and medium agro-enterprises to long term as in agro-based industries.
The programs include:
Special Agricultural Credit Program (credit to subsistence and marginal farmers as well as share-croppers for raising seasonal crops )
Financing the poor and subsistence farmers grouped under formal cooperative societies.
Finance to agro-based Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) under a scheme named Special Investment Scheme.
Finance to Agrobased Industries.
Finance to various farm and off-farm micro enterprises.
Credit to agro-support sectors (viz. various irrigation equipments, agricultural implements, tractors, powertillers etc).
These programs predominantly aim at reducing the level of poverty and generate self-employment opportunities with the core objective of improving the quality of life.
Targeted hardcore rural and urban poor, socially as well as technically mobilized and prepared by Partner Organizations (NGOs and various public bodies).
In all the cases, Sonali Bank’s microcredits aim at socio-economic development and empowerment of the poor with special focus on disadvantaged/destitute women. Sonali Bank has, interalia, three microcredit products that exclusively target the disadvantaged rural and urban women, namely :
Integrated Rural Women Development Programme (IRWDP).
Credit for Urban Women Micro Enterprise Development Programme (CUMED)
NGO linkage programme for assisting the women in city slums.
Linkage with Microfinance – NGOs:
Bangladesh has been the world’s capital of Microfinance with more than 1,000 Micro Finance Institutions (MFls) concentrating to this sector. Sonali Bank with a mission of building a sustainable business relationship with the MFls has marketed this new product in 1997 and leveraged so far a total sum of Tk. 500 Million (=US$ 10 million approximately) to a number of MFIs. Sonali Bank’s NGO-linkage program has been regarded as the single largest linkage outfit in the world.
Rural/Microcredit clients are usually given incentives for on-time repayments by offering rebate on interest payable.
Nature of Loan Interest Rates
Ø Crop Loan 8.00%
Ø Other agricultural loan 8.00%
Ø Thrust sector (viz. Dairy, Poultry, Fisheries etc) 8.00%
Ø a) NGO-linkage 9%
Ø b) Microenterprises 12.00%
Central Accounts & Fund Management Division at Head Office maintains Investment Portfolio of the Bank. With a view to implementing Government policies & decisions and accelerating the growth of the Capital Market of the country, surplus funds of Sonali Bank are utilized in the following areas:
a) Short Term:
1. Call Loans:
An overnight investment to other Banks & Financial Institutions
2. Treasury Bills:
Investment made to the Government through Treasury Bills.
b) Long Term:
- Government / Public Bonds:
Sonali Bank purchases bonds issued by the Govt. of Bangladesh and other Public Bodies.
- Shares / Equity Participation:
Sonali Bank participates in the IPO and extends bridge finance to the equity of Public Ltd. Companies, Institutions and Public Bodies.
Sonali Bank purchases debentures issued by the Public Bodies and Financial Institutions under Government Guarantee. Besides, Sonali Bank purchases the debentures of the Public Limited Companies.
Reciepts & Paments:
Bangladesh Bank, the central bank of the country has authorized Sonali bank to carry out Government transactions on its behalf in places where it has no branch. At present 572 branches of Sonali Bank carry out Government transactions. These branches receive deposits towards Government exchequer and pay against different Government bills/Payrolls. Besides, 104 more branches of Sonali Bank receive only deposits towards Government exchequer where branches of Bangladesh Bank exist.
Sonali Bank offers multiple special services with its network of branches throughout the country in addition to its normal banking operations.
Municipal holding Tax
Passport fees and Travel tax
Customs & excise duties
Pension of employees of Government and other Corporate Bodies
Old age allowances
Widows, divorcees and destitute women allowances
Freedom Fighters’ allowances
Govt. & Non-Govt. Teachers’ salary.
Food procurement bill on behalf of the Govt.
Sale & Encashment/Purchase:
ICB Unit Certificates
Wage Earner’s Development Bonds
Lottery tickets of different Semi-Govt. and Autonomous Bodies.
|Total Deposit of the Bank|
|Deposit Schemes||Amount (Taka)||Percentage|
|Total Deposit (Taka)||300,000,000||100%|
|Cash Reserve Ratio(CCR):||4.5% of total Deposit||13,500,000|
|Statutory Liquidity Ratio||13.5% invested as bond or T-Bill||40,500,000|
|Total Statutory Reserve(taka)||54,000,000|
|Deposit Available For Investment(Tk)||246,000,000|
|Deposit available for loans &advances||70,000,000|
|Loan to headoffice(Sonali Bank)||173,000,000|
|Income from Investment & Loans(TK)|
|Credit Packages||Amount||Interest Rate||Interest Income|
|Cash credit facilities for Medium Business enterprises(CC)|
|1. Rice Mill||2,000,000||12%||2,400,000|
|2. Electronic Shop||1,800,000|
|3. Cosmetics market||1,900,000|
|5.Working Capital to Diagnostic Centers||4,000,000|
|6.Credit for power driven vechicle||3,900,000|
|7.Working capital for Medium Business||2,500,000|
|Total CC Loan||20,000,000|
|Rural Credit Department(RCD)|
|2. poultry Firm||3800000|
|3. Dairy Firm||3900000|
|4.Agricultural loan under various program/project||8,300,000|
|Total RCD Loan||20,000,000|
|Staff Housing Loans (At Bank Rate)|
|Staff Housing Loans||20,000,000||6%||1,200,000|
|Total Staff Housing Loans||20,000,000|
|Cash credit facilities for Small Business enterprises||10,000,000||10%||1,000,000|
|Total Small Loans||10,000,000|
|Loan to Head Office|
|Jodevpur Branch cant invest/loan all of its deposit.The rest of money they give loan to sonali bank head office branch||174,000,000||7.5%||13,050,000|
|Total Loan to Head Office||174,000,000|
|Total Income from Investments & loans||19,450,000|
|Income from Other Sources||Amount(Taka)|
|Commision on PO/DD/TT/MT||200,000.00|
|Foreign Exchange Charge||93,750.00|
|Fees & Charges||187,500.00|
|Income From Loans & Investments||19,450,000|
|Income from Other Sources||625,000|
|Cost of Fund:|
|Deposit Schemes||Amount (Taka )||Interest Rate||Interest|
|Total Interest Expense (Taka)||14,700,000.00|
|Salaries & Allowances||2,580,000|
|Taxes & Insurance||Head Office|
|Depreciation,Leasing expense& Repair of bank||10,000|
|Total Nonfunded Expenses||2,961,000|
|Cost of Fund|
|Total cost of Fund||17,661,000.00|
|Income From Investment||20,075,000|
|Cost Of Fund||17,661,000|