Flowers & Plants: National Hotel & Tourism Training Institute Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation National Tourism Organisation

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Flower and Plants:

National Hotel & Tourism Training Institute



History of flower and Plant

Scientists say there are over 270,000 species of flowers that have been documented and are living in the 21st Century. But scientists have yet to answer basic questions about these marvels of beauty… What led to their amazing diversity? Are there flowers that have not changed much during the evolution of this planet?

The first plant fossils found were woody magnolia-like plants dating back 93 million years. Paleobotanists have more recently uncovered tiny herb-like flower fossils dating back 120 million years. Flowering plants, called angiosperms by scientists, were believed to be already diverse and found in most locations by the middle of the Cretaceous period… 146 million years ago. A myriad of images of preserved flowers and flower parts [in very fine detail] have been found in fossils located in Sweden, Portugal, England, and along the Eastern and Gulf coasts of the United States. Below are a few brief histories of some of today’s best loved flowers.

Flower Meanings.

In Victorian times, certain flowers had specific meanings because the flower selection was limited and people used more symbols and gestures to communicate than words. But today, with so many flower choices, there are no rules – it’s the sentiment that gives the gift its meaning. Your florist can help you send the right message. Many people assign their own personal meanings – a flower or color that might remind them of a special event or moment in their lives. For those interested in the historic meanings of flowers, the Society of American Florists has compiled this list from a variety of different sources:

What Is Flower?

What Is A Flower?
All plants produce flowers for the same reason: to make seeds so another plant can grow.
A flower is the part of the plant that makes the seeds. The main parts of a flower are the carpels and stamens. These parts are often found in the center of the flower. There are egg cells in the carpel and pollen cells in the stamen. All flowers have four basic parts: <href=”#SEPAL”>sepals, <href=”#PETAL”>petals, <href=”#CARPEL”>carpels and <href=”#stamen”>stamen. Different flowers have different numbers and shapes of these parts.

Daffodils Flower

Common name: Daffodils

Description : One of the most popular flower, symbolizing friendship is Daffodils. When daffodils arise from ground it is considered that winter is going to end and its beginning of warmer summer. Often daffodils are yellow colored , but you can also find yellow and white, yellow and orange, White and orange , pink, and lime –green . Daffodils grow perennial from bulbs . These flowers mostly grow in clusters.

Daffodil Flower

02. Daffodil flowers have a trumpet-shaped structure set against a star – shaped background. Mostly the trumpet is in a opposite color from the background.

Daffodils come in all sizes, from 5-inch blooms on 2 –foot stems to half-inch flowers on 2-inch stems.

Daffodils are considered as Regard, rebirth , new beginnings, unrequited love, you’re the only one, chivalry .Its is even associated with the tenth wedding anniversary and is the birth flower for March. But a single daffodil is sign of misfortune.

Alstroemeria Flower

Common names: alstroemeria , Peruvianlily, Inca lily.

Description :

The main stems of these cut flowers are 2 to 3 feet long and branch into four to six short pedicels, each holding two to four flower buds.

Colors include yellow, apricot,orange,salmon ,pink,red,mauve,lavender,purple ,cream, white and bi-colors. Alstroemeria typically last one to two weeks.

History of Alstroemeria

Alstroemeria is named after the Swedish botanist Baron Klas von Alstroemer. This South American flower’s seeds were among many collected by von Alstroemer on a trip to Spain in 1753.

Daffodil Flowers.

Common names: Daffodil, narcissus, jonqil.

Description: Six outer petals surround a cup creating a trumpet-style look of this cut jlower. Some stems produce one flower. Others produce clusters. The outer petals are yellow or white. Cups may be white , yellow , orange or salmon, and some have an orange edge.

Special Care: Daffodils secrete a sap that can harm other flowers if not properly conditioned If mixed with other flowers, do not recut as you will cause sap to be released again.

Gladiolus flowers

Common names: gladiolus, glad, gladioli.

Description: Tall , tightly packed spikes of six to eight blossoms open in sequence from the bottom. The 2 to 8 –inch-wide florets bloom in one direction with sword shaped foliage on stems. Gladioli lend itself to almost any type of style from the use of a full stem to provide height to a tall arrangement or individual florets for corsage and wedding work. Gladiolus last seven to 10 days are available in a wide variety of colors including white, green , cream, yellow, buff , orange, salmon, pink, red, lavender, purple, blue and terra cotta.


The Latin word gladius, meaning “sword,” and this flower was named for the shape of its leaves. Gladiolus was also called “xiphium,” from the Greek word xiphos, also meaning sword. This flower is said to have represented the Roman gladiators.

British Gladiolus used the stem base (corms) as a poultice and for drawing out thorns and splinters. A mixture of powdered corms and goat’s milk was a favorite remedy for colic. In the 18th Century, African Gladioli were imported in large quantities to Europe from South Africa.

Iris Flowers

Common names: Iris, netted iris, Dutch iris.

Description: Flower open to 1 to 3 inches across. Long, thin, pointed leaves grow from the base of the stem. Purple, lavender white and yellow. Many have yellow markings on the lower part of the petals. Vase life is two to five days.

Iris Flower

Common name : Iris.

Description: One of the wonderful garden plants is Iris. In Greek the word Iris means rainbow. Irises can be seen in nearly 200 varieties. Burt the most popular are in blues and purples, Whites and yellows, pinks and oranges, browns and reds, and even blacks.

As all flowers have some meaning, Iris is considered as flower of faith, hope, and wisdom. The “dark blue” or “purple iris” can denote royalty. While the “yellow iris” are symbol of passion some of Irises express feelings of courage and admiration.

Lily Flowers

Common names: lily, Asiatic lily, Oriental lily

Description: Trumpet-shaped flowers grow to a 6-inch diameter. Stems grow to 3 feet long, carrying four to eight blossoms. Sparse foliage is dark green. Because blooms open at various times, most lilies live one to two weeks. Colors include white, yellow, pink, red and orange; many have a deeper color (freckles) on the inner petal.

Special care: To prevent pollen from staining petals or clothing, remove stamens.

Attention Cat Lovers: According to the ASPCA, lilies are considered to be highly toxic to cats. While the poisonous component has not yet been identified, it is clear that with even ingestions of very small amounts of the plant, severe kidney damage could result. The Society of American Florists recommends keeping lilies out of the reach of cats. It is important to note that lilies do not pose a problem for other pets or humans.

History of Lily:

Lilies have been associated with many ancient myths, and pictures of lilies were discovered in a villa in Crete, dating back to the Minoan Period, about 1580 B.C.

Lilies are mentioned in the Old Testament, and in the New Testament, they symbolize chastity and virtue. In both the Christian and pagan traditions, the lily is a fertility symbol. In Greek marriage ceremonies the bride wears a crown of lilies and wheat… purity and abundance. Lilies are also a symbol of death, and at one time lilies were placed on the graves of children.

The lily has no true medicinal value, although In Elizabethan times, lilies were one of the ingredients in medicines to treatment fever, or for cleaning wounds, burns and sores.

Various types Lily:

*Asiatic Lilies –Small flowers , less fragrant, wide colors.

*Trumpet / Aurelian Lilies .

*Oriental Lilies – Have strong fragrances, few colors , larger, flowers.

*The wild Lilies

*Martagon hybrid Lilies – Edible and Esculent herbs

*Candidum hybrids Lilies

*American hybrids Lilies Longiflorum hybrid Lilies- strong, sweet fragrance, large funnel shaped flowers, unusually white.

Lily Flower

Common name: Lilly.

Description : One of the most popular flower worldwide. Globally it stands fourth amongst the popularity in flowers. Lilly is birth flower of May month.

The family of Lilly flowers represents wealth , majesty , pride, innocence and purity.The white lilies, called the “Easter Lilies”, are used to describe heavenly feeling. While that of “Peruvian Lilies” describe friendship and devotion , “ Cala Lilies depicts beauty , sophistication and yellow .

Comment: Lastly “tiger lily ” is sign of wealth and pride and Lily of the valley describes sweetness, Tears of the virgin Mary , Return to Happiness, Humility , You’ve Made My Life complete, beauty, gaiety.

Rose Flower

Rose Common names: spray rose, pot rose

Description: Pot roses have clusters of blooms 2 to 3 inches in diameter. Blooms come in red, yellow, white, and pink. different colored roses have different meanings like “ Red Roses “mean I love u, Unconscious beauty. “White” ness show spiritual love, purity , “Yellow Roses” depicts joy , gladness, While “Orange Roses” are sign of Fascinated, enthusiastic, “ Pink Roses “show Grace, gentility ,”Tea Roses “ I’ll remember Always.

Roses are the queen of flowers, the second oldest variety of flowers on the planet. Roses are the most popular flowers world-wide, both because of their beauty and exceptional fragrances. Popularly known as Flower of Love.

Special care: Display in a well-lit location, but avoid direct sunlight.

Rose Care Tips

? If your roses arrived in plastic water tubes, remove them before arranging.

? Remove any leaves that will be under water, taking care not to cut through or scrape the green bark.

? Recut stems by removing 1-2 inches with a sharp knife.

? Immediately after cutting, place roses in a clean, deep vase of water containing a flower food provided by your florist.

? Check the flower food solution daily and make sure to keep it full, clean, and fresh. If the solution becomes cloudy, replace it entirely.

? Keep your roses in a cool place, out of direct sun and drafts.

History of Rose

Molecular biologists, who use DNA molecules to estimate age, can trace roses back some 200 million years! The legends take root….Cloris, goddess of flowers, crowned the rose as queen of the flowers. Aphrodite presented a rose to her son Eros, god of love. The rose became a symbol of love and desire.

Eros gave the rose to Harpocrates, the god of silence, to induce him not to gossip about his mother’s amorous indiscretions. Thus the rose also became the emblem of silence and secrecy. In the middle ages a rose was suspended from the ceiling of a council chamber, pledging all present to secrecy, or sub Rosa, “under the rose”.

The first cultivated roses appeared in Asian gardens more than 5,000 years ago. In ancient Mesopotamia, Sargon I, King of the Akkadians (2684-2630 B.C.) brought “vines, figs and rose trees” back from a military expedition beyond the River Tigris

Confucius wrote that during his life (551-479 B.C.), the Emperor of China owned over 600 books about the culture of Roses. The Chinese extracted oil of roses from the plants grown in the Emperor’s garden. The oil was only used by nobles and dignitaries of the court. If a commoner were found in possession of even the smallest amount, he was condemned to death!

Roses were introduced to Rome by the Greeks. During feasts young men and women in Athens adorned a crown of roses and danced naked around the temple of Hymen to symbolize the innocence of the Golden Age.

Roses were introduced to Europe during the Roman Empire, where they were mainly used for ornamental purposes. Early Christians saw the rose as a symbol of paganism, orgy, and lust. Tertullian wrote an entire volume against the flower and about 202 A.D., and Clement of Alexandra forbade Christians to adorn themselves with roses. Slowly the Church absorbed some aspects of paganism by changing them into Christian. In Catholic litanies, the Virgin Mary is called “Rosa mystica”

Rose Color Trends

Description: A rose is a rose is a rose. Or is it? Unbeknownst to most of us, the 1990s spawned a virtual baby boom of rose varieties. Brought on by a fertile production period, today there are close to 120 rose varieties commercially available – up from the few dozen choices found in flower shops in the 1980s.

These new rose varieties have not only expanded the color palette – from extreme lights to bright bright – but have enhanced characteristics such as bloom size, shape, stem length and strength of fragrance. The Society of American Florists offers the following guide on the expanding color families of roses:

1.Rage for Red Roses

The new reds for roses range from shades of bright raspberry to majestic scarlet to velvety-dark red to orange-kissed hues.

2.Pretty Pink Roses

Choose roses from the family of traditional bridal pinks or adopted siblings of hip hot pinks. Cousins on this family tree include peaches, apricots, corals and lavenders.

3.Yellow Roses

Whether crisp lemon, buttery hues, golden yellows or trendy two-tones, the variety of yellow roses cover a broad spectrum of color – and appeal. If you’ve never given flowers to a man before, introduce him to this family of colors. Yellow is the second most popular color cited by men. See Sending Flowers to a Man.

4.Bright White Roses

The trend toward neutral schemes for home environments makes an arrangement of lush white roses the perfect gift. Shades of white – ultra white, ivory, champagne lineages – are as lovely for weddings and romantic settings as they are easy complements to elegant home decors.

Roses in different Color Combinations:

* Red and Yellow Roses-Jovial and Happy Feelings

* White And Red Roses-Unity , flower Emblem of England

* White and Dried Rose – death is preferable to Loss of virtue.

* Garland or crown of Roses- Beware of Virtue , Reward of Merit, Symbol of superior Merit.

* Cluster of Musk Roses – Charming.

* Yellow Roses with Red Tip- friendship , falling in Love.

* Yellow and orange roses together imply passionate thoughts.

Lily of the Valley Flower


Common names: Lily of the Valley ,May Lily, Convallaria ,Our Lady’s Tears, Convall-lily, Lily constancy, Ladder-to –Heaven, Jacob’s ladder, Male lily.

Description: the Lily of the Valley has broad, spear-like follage and fragrant little white bell-shaped flowers.While it’s a popular garden perennial, the Lily of the Valley has seen increasing popularity as a cut flower, especially in wedding bouquets.


Common manes: Sunflower.

Description: Theselarge fleld-grown flowers hare 25-to 8 Inch diameters.Shor4t petals surround a large disc.Petal colors are pale or golden yellow, orange, red or bronze; discs are brown, black, or green. Thick stems support single- and double –flower varieties.

Special Care: Keep sunflowers hydrated to help stems support heavy head weight. Place sunflowers in tall containers to provide adequate support for their height.

Sun Flower

Common name : Sunflower

Description: A special flower which turns its head in direction of Sun is Sunflower. It symbolizes the name given to it.

Sunflowers are not just pretty to look. But sunflower seeds are power – packed with healthy fats, protein, fiber, minerals, and vitamin E – all important to nutritional quality of your diet.

The sunflower is a warm and caring flower. With brilliant yellow petals that surround the flower’s center , sunflowers have an unmistakable sun-like appearance that has made them a passionate flower choice for many. Sunflowers come in a number of varieties, rabging from small to large and from daylight yellows to sunset reds.

History of Sunflower

These flowers always turn towards the sun. They originated in Central and South America, and were grown for their usefulness, not their beauty. In 1532 Francisco Pizarro reported seeing the natives of the Inca Empire in Peru worshipping a giant sunflower. Incan priestesses wore large sunflower disks made of gold on their garments.

Sunflowers represented different meanings in many cultures. In China they symbolized longevity. In the Andes Mountains, golden images of sunflowers were found in temples. And North America Indians in the prairies placed bowls of sunflower seeds on the graves of their dead.

Different Species and Varieties of Sunflower :

  • Helianthus angustifolius (Swamp Sunflower)
  • Helianthus annuus (Sunflower)
  • Helianthus atrorubens (Dark Eye Sunflower, Purpledisk Sunflower)
  • Helianthus decapetalus (Thinleaf Sunflower)
  • Helianthus maximiliani (Maximillian Sunflower)
  • Helianthus multiflorus
  • Helianthus salicifolius (Willowleaf Sunflower)
  • Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem Artichoke, Girasole)

Tulips Flower

Common name: Tulips

Description: Tulip is one of the most popular spring flower which is most loved and recognized flower worldwide. Tulips stand as third most popular flower world-wide next only to the Rose and Chrysanthemum.
Tulips come in an incredible variety of colors, heights, and flower shapes. Some Tulips are even fragrant. Tulips mean a perfect lover.

Various types of Tulips

The following classification of Tulips is based on the time of bloom. Tulips can be divided into early, mid, and late season flowering Tulips.

  • Early Flowering Tulips:-These Tulips bloom in March and early April. Early Flowering Tulips are Species Tulips, Kaufmanniana (eg., Waterlily), Fosteriana (eg.,Red Emperor), Single Early(eg., Apricot Beauty ), Double Early, Greigii Tulips etc.
  • Midseason Flowering Tulips:- These bloom in April and early may. Eg., Triumph, Swan Wings Tulip, Darwin Hybrids, Parrot Tulips.
  • Late Flowering Tulips:- These Tulips bloom in May. Eg., Single Late, Double Late, Viridiflora Tulips, Lily-Flowered, Fringed Tulips, Rembrandt Tulips, Multi Flowering Tulips.

History of Tulip

Over a thousand years ago, Tulips grew wild in Persia, and near Kabul the Great Mogul Baber counted thirty-three different species. The word tulip is thought to be a corruption of the Turkish word for turbans. Persian poets sang its praises, and their artists drew and painted it so often, that all of Europe considered the tulip to be the symbol of the Ottoman Empire.

There are people in the world who eat some varieties tulip bulbs, and Japan makes a flour from them. The Dutch have eaten tulip bulbs when no other food was available.

Tulips Bloom

Tulips bloom on bulbous plants, with big, showy flowers with six petals. There are about 100 species of wild Tulips.

Like many flowers, different colors of tulips carry different meanings. “Red tulips” mean love and fame, while ” purple” is symbol royalty. The “yellow tulips” are expression for cheerful thoughts and sunshine. “White tulips” are used to claim worthiness or to send a message of forgiveness. “Multicolored tulips” can be given to people with beautiful eyes

Orchid Flower

Common name: Orchid.

Description: One of the most fascinating, beautiful and peculiar variety among the flowering plants is Orchid. Due to their graceful appearance they draw immediate attention, and their reputation as an exotic and unusual flower evokes a sense of refinement and innocence.

Orchids are so fascinating that many countries have adopted many varities of orchids as National Flower.

Like all flowers orchids impart a wide range of messages. Since ancient times orchids suggested virility, and later onwards they become symbol of luxury. Orchids are also included as wealth, love and beauty. Also it is considered to carry various healing and protective properties, which cures disease.

History of Orchid

Orchid originates from Greece, where orchis, means testicle. Some orchids are called ladies’ fingers, ladies’ tresses, or long purples. Greek women thought that if the father of their unborn child ate large, new tubers, the baby would be a boy. If the mother ate small tubers, they would give birth to a baby girl.

The most famous orchid, the vanilla orchid, was said to give strength to the Aztecs, who drank vanilla mixed with chocolate.

During the 19th Century, Orchids were widely collected. There are nearly 25,000 varieties. It’s reproductive behavior has fascinated botanists for years… to germinate, an orchid’s seeds need to be penetrated by fungus threads.

Various types of Orchids

Orchids are classified into three main categories depending on theirdifferent growth habits :-

  • Epiphytic Orchids – These are seen clinging to tree branches to obtain light and air.
  • Lithophytic Orchids – They can be seen covering the bases and forks of trees or filling crevices in rocks
  • Terrestrial Orchids – They are seen under the ground, having a symbiotic relation with a special fungus, which in turn supports the orchid with the essential nutrients.


Common name: Orchid

Today, orchids are regarded as a symbol or rare and delicate beauty. Orchids stand as most favourite houseplant. Among the all different types of flowers available, the orchid holds a special place as one of the most appealing and charming, making them a special choice for the treasured people in your life.

Chrysanthemum Plants

Common names: Chrysanthemum, mum.

Description: Colors include pink, Yellow, red, White, Bronze, magenta and purple.

Special Care: Water blooming plants every two days, even at risk of over watering Wilting shortens life. Give plenty of bright, indirect light, Which encourages buds to open.

Direct sunlight can burn flowers.

History of Chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums had been cultivated in Chinese gardens for more than 2,500 years before they were first exhibited in England in 1795. The ancient Chinese named the Chrysanthemum (“chu hua”), to be their official Flower for October, and also the official badge of the Old Chinese Army. Mums were considered one of the four Chinese noble plants… along with bamboo, the plum, and the orchid, and therefore the lower class Chinese were not permitted to grow them in their gardens.

Visiting Buddhist monks brought the chrysanthemum to Japan in AD 400. Japanese emperors so loved this flower that they sat upon chrysanthemum thrones, and kikus, chrysanthemums in Japanese, were featured on the Imperial Crest of Japan.

Even today, the chrysanthemum is a symbol of the sun, and the orderly unfolding of the mum’s petals denotes perfection. One of their traditions is to put a single chrysanthemum petal on bottom of a wine glass to sustain a long and healthy life.

This popular perennial’s name is derived from the Greek chrysos (gold) and anthos (flower). In Italy chrysanthemums are associated with death, so don’t give an Italian girl friend a bouquet of chrysanthemums!

Cyclamen Plants

Common names: Cyclamen

Description :Blooms have five petals and sweep up to resemble butterflies in this popular blooming plant. Heart shaped , dark green foliage has slivery markings. Flowers are available in white, red, lavender and pink shades; they may be discolored with a darker center circle. Individual flowers last 10 days to two weeks. Plants last about three weeks.

Special Care: Keep soil fairly moist, but don’t allow plants to stand in water. Remove old leaves and blossoms. Provide bright, indirect light.

Heather Plants

Common names: Heather, Calluna, Scotch heather.

Description: These evergreen Shrubs consist of flight stems covered with tiny leaves that are 1/8-inch long. They grow from 4 inches to 3feetall. They have 6 to 10 inch flower spikes and come in purple, lavender, pink and white.

Special Care : Keep product stored at 34 to 38 F/ 1to 3 C. Do not prune tips because doing so accelerates water loss. Water plants frequently, but do not allow them to stand in water or to dry out. They are susceptible to fungus disease during mist , humid summers, so use a fungicide at the first sign of infection. They are fairly drought – resistant. They prefer full sun.

Kalanchoe Plants

Common names: Kalanchoe.

Description: These blooming plants’ flowers last for many weeks. The plant grows 8 to 12 inches tall with masses of small four – petaled leaves that are red, orange , coral , gold, yellow and purple. They have thick, waxy leaves with a succulent appearance.

Special Care: Water when soil feels dry to the touch and drain excess water from tray. Plants can withstand periods of dry soil. Maintain flower color with bright, indirect sunlight daily for at least four hours. Remove dead leaves and spent blossoms. The blooming period usually lasts four to eight weeks.

Zygocactus Plants

Common names: Zygocactus, Christmas cactus.

Description: Named for its blooming season, these cacti have individual stem joints that are 1 to 1 1 /2 inches long. Satiny, many – petaled flowers hang from pendulous branches, making them lovely blooming plants. Colors include lavender, purple, pink, red and white. They grow 1 to 1 ½ feet high.

Special Care: These blooming plants thrive in bright indirect light Night temperatures should be no lower than 55F/3C. Keep the soil evenly moistened, and fertilize every two weeks while flowering. Keep humidity levels medium to high. Watch for wilt diseases and spider mites.

Cactus Plants

Common names: Cacti.

Description: More than 2,500 varieties of cacti exist some popular varieties are pincushion, powder puff, rat-tail, prickly pear, bunny ears and golden barrel cacti.Cacti grow in many sizes and forms, but all have thick, fleshy , green stems. Most have sharp needles, but some are covered with hair-like fibers. Cacti live for several years, and some flower each season.

Special care: These plants are hardy and occupy minimum space, making them ideal houseplants. Give plants six to eight hours of bright, direct light each day. Additional sun may burn plants. Water plants thoroughly, but allow soil to dry between watering.

.Areca Palm Plants

Common names: Areca Palm.

Description : can be found in sizes ranging from 3 feet up to 10 feet or taller and is readily available in the marketplace.

Special care: Suitable for bright locations and requires heavy watering to do well.

Gerbera Caisy Flower

Common name: Gerbera Caisy.

Description: Gerbera daisies are known for their brilliant hues. Gerbera is the fifth most popular flower in the world behind the rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, and tulip. Gerberas come in all the vibrant rainbow colors including bright pink, snow white, sunny yellow, and ruby red.

Gerbera daisy are plants with a height up to 24 inch and 4 to 10 inch diameter flowers. There will be more than ten leaves in a plant , medium green in color spread out in a circle parallel to the ground.

Flower Care Tips

Most floral arrangements last 4-7 days or longer, depending on the flowers used and the care they receive. The society of American Florists provides these tips for longer-lasting, more vibrant flowers.

01 .Keep flowers in a cool spot (65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit) away from direct sunlight.

02. Away from heating or cooling vents, directly under ceiling fans, or on top of

televisions or radiators.

03. Keep our flowers in a cool place until you can get them in a flower food solution.

04. don’t forget how important it is to follow the mixing directions on the flower food packet.

05. fill a clean (washed with a detergent or antibacterial cleaning solution),deep vase with water and add a flower food from our florist.

06. Remove leaves that will be below the waterline. Leaves in water will promote bacterial microbial growth that may limit water uptake by the flower.

07. Re- cut stems by removing one to two inches with a sharp knife. Place the flowers in the vase solution we’ve prepared.

Selecting flowers

When selecting flowers , look for flowers with upright, firm petals and buds beginning to open. Yellow, spotted or drooping leaves are signs of age.

Kitchen flowers

*Trim a windowsill with a collection of terra cotta pots, using a combination of herbs and sun-loving plants like kalanchoe, African violets or primroses.

*Old water pitchers, antique teapots, classic urns or even tattered clay pots make fascinating containers for a casually placed flower arrangement .Loosely clustered to give the look of a freshly cut garden bouquet, this hand-tied design adorns a favorite water pitcher. The complementary flowers and colors brighten any part of the house, from the kitchen to the family room to the bedroom.

Weddings & Special Events


What would a wedding be without flowers? We love to work with our clients in designing the most seasonal, gorgeous arrangements for your wedding. We can help guide you when deciding which flowers and color combinations to use for your wedding based on the season and what’s locally available. Though we do encourage our clients to use locally grown flowers, we are happy to incorporate florist flowers that we can special order through our partner florist.

We also offer bulk purchases of flowers (so you can do the arranging) or we will do the whole thing, bridal bouquets and all! Our wedding season runs from May to October.

Special Events– We will provide special orders for any event with a minimum order of $50.

Different Types of Flowers Used in Flower Arrangements

1. Line Flowers


Line flowers have tall narrow profiles and are used both vertically and horizontally to establish an arrangement’s height and width. They include gladioli, delphiniums, freesias, larkspur and giant snapdragons.

2. Focal Flowers


Focal flowers are the largest and showiest flowers in an arrangement. Roses, peonies, hydrangeas, football chrysanthemums and lilies are some focal flowers.

3. Filler Flowers


Clusters of individual flowers on a single stem, like babies’ breath, statice, wax flowers, limonium and solidaster, provide color and body between the line and focal flowers.

4. Textured Flowers


Textured flowers create visual interest. The contrast between a dozen densely frilled variegated carnations and a smooth, sleek, solid colored vase, for example, makes a simple but striking arrangement.

5. Fragrant Flowers


Stargazer lilies, freesia, lilac, stock, some roses and wax flowers all have pleasing fragrances. They add an unexpected and haunting dimension to flower arrangements.


· For an easy, elegant table decoration set a series of alternating crystal vases and candles on a fabric runner. Place fresh flowers in each of the vases and surround them with greenery.

· Individual flowers are perfect at place settings or attached to name cards.

  • Blending with the casual atmosphere of modern home entertaining, this centerpiece is sure to dazzle guests during afternoon brunch or informal dinners. The candles provide a refreshing combination using the elegance of flowers with the ambience of candlelight.

Coffee Table

Deer Flower



Banquet Hall

Banquet Hall Stage


? Attach small vases containing short stems of fresh flowers to a pre-made wreath and hang it on your front door to welcome guests.

? Make a first impression with a large, abundant arrangement.

? Create a focal point with a piece of artwork on a pedestal draped with a garland and flowers.

? For a friendly look, place a basket with a garden bouquet on the entry table.

Flower Holidays, Occasions & Parties

People have always used flowers to commemorate life’s special occasions such as weddings and funerals and milestones such as birthdays and anniversaries. Flowers are used to convey special messages such as “I love you” and “Get Well,” to beautify homes and offices, and to create festive atmospheres for social gatherings. Talk to your florist about making your occassion extra special.

Bed Room Door on the corridor

Conference Room & Meeting Room

Bedroom flowers

Tea roses, freesias, peonies, lilac and lilies, are all deliciously fragrant choices for a bud vase on our nightstand.

Guest Bedroom flowers

A Bud vase with a simple cluster of flowers hidden in the center of a clear bubble bowl filled with potpourri is the perfect way to welcome a guest.

Try floating rose petals in a special bath to spoil a friend!

Home Office Flowers


Give yourself a “nature break” by keeping a flowering or green plant next to our computer station or fax machine.



Double Bedroom

Pub / Lounge

Bathroom & swimming pool

Marriage ceremony

Flower Box

Napkin Ring

Home Dining

Curtain with Flower

Weeding Cake

Flower vase


This project contains many common flower varieties that can often be found at your local professional florist. With an expanding global market and advanced technology, more and more varieties are available year round. Used alone or mixed with others, they can create a beautiful arrangement. the varieties we are interested in and let him or her put together something to fit our personal needs and desires.


Flower and plants are part and parcel of our life. The necessity of flower and plants and the importance of flower and plants cannot be ignored in any way. So it is our responsibility that take care of them. Because They also amuse us with their sweet smell.

There is something incredible about putting flowers in your home. Whether it’s your kitchen, your dining room, or even your bathroom, flowers never disappoint. They make every room cheery and bright. I love putting flowers in every room of my home; they are a great mood lifter and can be appreciated by everyone.