INTEL CORPORATION AND ITS FUNCTIONING
Intel Corporation is a leading technological manufacturer that largely can be credited with many of today’s technological advances, innovations and developments – it is hardly can be accused of seeking to curb the growth of the internet or computer technology. Intel introduces the first microprocessor in late 1971 that is only 4-bit processor but in this time Intel discovers multi core processor and next generation 45nm processor that is more effective to the 65nm processor. Intel is the leading corporation for the producing chipset in the world. AMD (advance micro device) is the second largest chip producer in the world and the main competitor of Intel. Recently AMD take an action for discover a better chip to the Intel. Therefore, Intel faces a competition and Intel declare reduce the product price and so much expense for research.
Ø There are limited numbers of literature or secondary data available on this research.
Ø There were some irrelevant works to be done.
Ø Intel follows the moor’s low for the produce of micro processor.
3.0 Method used:
The methodology of this report consists of several criterions. Practical observation will emphasize. Almost the entire report will consists of our practical observation. While preparing the report, we will gather our information from the following sources:
Ø Intel Corporation profile.
Ø Intel Corporation Annual report.
Ø Website of Intel Corporation.
4.0: Profile of Intel Corporation:
Intel is the most common name for chip producer in the world. The history of microcomputer, in the beginning period Intel produces a silicon chip (4004) that is the world first commercially available microprocessor. The chip is a 4-bit computer contain
Around 1978-1979 Intel took the next step up by introducing the 8086 processor. This was one of the earlier 16-bit processors. IBM decided to us it. Around 1984-1985 Intel introduced the 80286, which added more sophisticated memory management. In 1987 the 80386 became available. This was a 32 bit word machine with real memory management (paging). In 1990, the 80486 arrived sporting an integrated floating-point unit and higher performance. The Pentium was introduced around 1992-93. When Intel produce first chip 4004 than Intel follow a law that is Moore’s low. Moore’s law system the number of transistors that could be placed on a single chip will double every 18month.
Intel mainly produces chipset and processor Intel also includes education initiative work. And help education sector .recently Intel release classmate PC that is helpful for the student. Intel always care student because Intel believe student are at the center of the learning process– Well designed project-based units engage students in open-ended, authentic tasks. Compelling project tasks empower students to make decisions and apply their interests and passions to culminating products and performances. Students learn through inquiry and have some control over decisions about how they complete project tasks. The teacher takes on the role of a facilitator or coach. Students often work in collaborative groups, assuming roles that make best use of their individual talents. Intel use transistor. The transistor characteristics report on the Intel GE28F320B3TD-70 32M Advanced Boot Block Flash Memory (0.13 µm process) provides key electrical measurements of NMOS and PMOS transistors, including transfer characteristics (ID vs. VGS), output characteristics (ID vs. VDS), body effect, substrate current, punch through and snapback characteristics with voltage swings of 2.5 V and 2.1 V for both NMOS and PMOS transistors at well bias (VB) of 0 V for the PMOS transistors, and 0 V, -0.5 V, -0.61 V, -0.63 V, and -VDS/2 for the NMOS transistors. The linear and saturation threshold voltages, sub-threshold swing, Tran conductance, drive current, saturation and leakage currents are also provided. The report also includes SEM topographical and cross-section images of the measured transistors. When we discuss Intel characteristics than becomes investment characteristics. Intel investment many countries. Intel makes investment for the geographic separation. Intel always research for new technology. That is helpfully for people.
7.0: Intel Function:
Returns the number of bytes that will be allocated for each parallel thread to use as its private stack. This value can be changed with kmp_set_stacksize_s () prior to the first parallel region or with the KMP_STACKSIZE environment variable. Sets to size the number of bytes that will be allocated for each parallel thread to use as its private stack. This value can also be set via the KMP_STACKSIZE environment variable. In order for kmp_set_stacksize_s () to have an effect, it must be called before the beginning of the first (dynamically executed) parallel region in the program. Allocate memory block of size bytes from thread-local heap. Free memory block at address ptr from thread-local heap. Memory must have been previously allocated with kmp_malloc (), kmp_calloc (), or kmp_realloc ().
After eight weeks of final negotiations earlier this year, Washington County, the City of Hillsboro and Intel Corporation have arrived at a tentative agreement to provide an alternative tax structure for qualified Intel investment under Oregon’s Strategic Investment Program (SIP). Created by the 1993 Legislature, SIP was designed to increase Oregon’s ability to attract and retain capital-intensive industry and jobs, particularly in the high-technology industry. The tentative agreement will be considered by the County Board of Commissioners and City Council during a public hearing planned for 6 p.m. on May 17, 2005, at the Hillsboro Civic Center, 150 East Main Street, Hillsboro. Public testimony will be welcome. Currently three Intel-Washington County SIP agreements are in place, two approved in 1994 and a third in 1999. The 1994 agreements granted an alternative property tax structure for qualified Intel investment of up to $3 billion. The 1999 agreement took a similar approach for qualified Intel investment up to $12.5 billion between the tax years 2000-01 and 2014-15. If approved, the proposed new agreement would provide a framework for potential additional Intel investment in Oregon of up to $25 billion over a 15-year period expected to begin as soon as 2008 or as late as 2013. The new agreement would also establish a method for dealing with investment that might occur during an overlapping period covered by both the 1999 agreement and the 2005 proposal. More information is provided below.
9.0: Intel Technology & Product:
Intel’s leading-edge products range from processors to processor technologies that are designed to work together to deliver a great computing experience—for home, business, and on the go. Learn more about your next great technology experience.
Server / workstation
Networking and communications
Processor: Intel produce many type of processor there are desktop processor, notebook processor, server and workstation processor, embedded processor, networking and communicating processor. Intel first discovers the microprocessor for desktop pc now Intel provides many types of processor. Recently Intel shows their latest technology Intel core 2 extreme processor. Intel says these processors are the best all over the world. This technology is helpful for the low power consumption high performance. High performance use to the play latest 3D game and graphics incentive use.
Intel core 2 extreme processor: For extreme computing. Enjoy revolutionary levels of performance enabling vivid, high-definition experiences and multi-tasking responsiveness from state-of-the-art Intel dual-core and quad-core technologies
Intel core 2 Quad processor: Multimedia enthusiasts, prepare to enthuse. Bring quad-core performance to your desktop with the Intel® Core™2 Quad processor. It’s the ideal engine for highly threaded entertainment applications and highly productive multitasking.
Intel core 2 duo processor: The power to perform. With power-optimized enabled dual-core technology and exceptional energy efficiency, the Intel® Core™2 Duo processor excels running the most intense applications.
These three types of core 2 processor are the best all over the world. Before core 2 processor Intel release the Pentium D (duel core), Pentium 4(HT technology), Celeron D. those processor are the popular for normal computing.
Notebook processor- Intel mobile processor gives the performance for business computing and energy power is saving.
Intel Centurion: Note book technologies are well known as Intel Centurion mobile technology.
Intel® Core™ Duo mobile processor: Intel’s first mobile dual-core processor executes multiple threads simultaneously using two cores, thereby helping to maximize performance and multitasking capabilities
Intel® Core™2 Solo mobile processor: The Intel Core 2 Solo processor is the next generation single-core mobile processor that provides freedom and flexibility to live, work, and play on-the-go.
Server and workstation processor: Our server and workstation processors provide enhanced scalability, power, and performance for robust multi-processing environments.
Intel provides some server and workstation processor that are helps to run server and workstation.
Intel xeon processor, duel core Intel xeon processor 5300 series, duel core Intel xeon processor 5100 series and Intel Pentium D processor are most popular for server
Embedded processor: Intel embedded processors combine outstanding performance with scalable, power-efficient processing for a wide range of embedded applications.
Networking and communication processor:
Our industry-leading networking and communications processors use the latest technologies to achieve high levels of computing performance.
Chipset: Intel manufactures some chipset desktop, notebook, embedded, server and workstation and consumer electronics.
Intel X38 express chipset and Intel 975X express are the desktop chipset. Mobile Intel PM965 expresses chipset and mobile Intel 945PM express chipset are the common chipset for the notebook.
Intel 7300 chipset and 5400 chipset set are the use for workstation and server. And embedded chipset use Experience the performance, power, stability, features, and reliability you expect from the embedded computing applications.
Motherboard: Intel produce two types of motherboards there are- server board and desktop board. Desktop board are divided into some types-
Intel® Desktop Boards Extreme Series : this series board is deigned by Intel for the very high performance. Intel release two extreme series board these are –
1. Intel DX38BT: Intel® Desktop Board DX38BT is designed to unleash the power of Intel® Core™2 Extreme processors. With support for 1333 MHz front side bus, fast DDR3 memory and over clocking, Intel Desktop Board DX38BT delivers the gaming performance you deserve.
Intel Desktop Board DX38BT supports Dolby* Home Theatre and Microsoft Windows Vista* Premium WHQL certified.
Photo: Intel extreme series board
2. Intel D975 XBX2: the Intel® Desktop Board D975XBX2, supporting the Intel® Core™ 2 Extreme processor, your desktop PC will become the ultimate weapon. You will scream through the latest games, level after level.
The Intel® Desktop Board D975XBX2 is Microsoft Windows Vista* Premium Ready. The Intel® 975X Express Chipset fully supports the visually stunning Windows Aero* user interface with amazing transition effects and realistic animations.
Intel desktop board’s product list –
|DG33TL||Intel® G33||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|DG965OT||Intel® G965||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D945GCZ||Intel® 945G||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|DQ35MP||Intel® Q35||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|DQ35JO||Intel® Q35||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|DQ965CO||Intel® Q965||LGA775||MICRO BTX|
|D945GCZ||Intel® 945G||LGA775||MICRO BTX|
|D945GTP||Intel® 945G||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|DG31PR||Intel® G31||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|DG33BU||Intel® G33||LGA775||MICRO BTX|
|DG965MS||Intel® G965||LGA775||MICRO BTX|
|DG965SS||Intel® G965||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D945GCZ||Intel® 945G||LGA775||MICRO BTX|
|D945GCPE||Intel® 945GC||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D945GCNL||Intel® 945GC||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D946GZAB||Intel® 946GZ||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D946GZTS||Intel® 946GZ||LGA775||MICRO BTX|
|D946GZIS||Intel® 946GZ||LGA775||MICTO BTX|
|D945GCCR||Intel® 945GC||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D945GCL||Intel® 945G||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D945PLNM||Intel® 945PL||LGA775||MICRO ATX|
|D201GLY||SIS* SiS662||N/A||MICTO ATX|
|D201GLY2||SIS* SiS662||N/A||MICRO ATX|
SERVER BOARD: Intel server board is used high speed data transfer and safely transfer data easily. EDGES are not now imagining .Intel server board gives smoothly run internet operation.
|Dual-Socket Intel® Xeon® 5000 Sequence|
|Intel® Server Board S5400SF||2 Multi-Core Intel® Xeon® processors||FBDIMM/16/64GB||Rack-Optimized|
|Intel® Server Board S5000PAL||2 Multi-Core Intel® Xeon® processors||FBD/8/32GB||Rack-Optimized|
|Intel® Server Board S5000PSL||2 Multi-Core Intel® Xeon® processors||FBD/8/32GB||Pedestal|
|Intel® Server Board S5000VSA||2 Multi-Core Intel® Xeon® processors||FBD/8/16GB||Pedestal|
|Intel® Workstation Board S5000XVN||2 Multi-Core Intel® Xeon® processors||FBD/8/32GB||Pedestal|
Intel Software: Intel making some software for their board and chipset. Actually this software is the driver. Driver may be audio, graphic software and embedded technology. Driver used to smoothly run operating system.
Example: Intel GMA (graphic media accelerator) 950, Intel HD audio.
Worker Health, Safety A Benefits
Student is at the center of the learning process.
Intel is committed to satisfying diverse needs of its customers through an array of products at a competitive price by using appropriate technology and providing timely service so that a sustainable growth, reasonable return and contribution to the development of the country can be ensured with a motivated and professional work-force.
The findings of the report require a noteworthy recommendation for the betterment of the Intel in the long run. On the basis of personal observation and discussion, we have come up with some recommendations which may help the Intel to flourish in the technology sector.
The recommendations are stated as follows:
Ø Intel provides some server and workstation processor that are helps to run server and workstation.
Ø Intel embedded processors combine outstanding performance with scalable, power-efficient processing for a wide range of embedded applications.
Ø Intel manufactures some chipset desktop, notebook, embedded, server and workstation and consumer electronics.
Ø Intel produce two types of motherboards there are- server board and desktop board.
Intel start their operation in 1971, the operation result is 4 bid micro processor (4004). It is the primary period for micro processor system now Intel continues their research and explores the new type processor. Intel continuous research result is the 45nm processor. Now Intel introduce Intel is the world largest manufacturer. Intel believes Intel re-take lost market to the AMD (advance micro device). Intel continuous reduces their price for the poor country. Intel taking a big world wide action for the rural areas internet development and making a WIFI zone. This action is effective for the every poor country like Bangladesh. Because communication is the main points to development any country.
Steps in strategic management:
Strategic planning typically begins with a review of the company’s basic mission. The goal of the external environment analysis is to identify opportunities and threats that will need to be addressed. The purpose of internal environment analysis is to evaluate the company’s financial and personnel strengths and weakness.
· Right products, quality and reliability.
· Superior product performance vs. competitors.
· Better product life and durability.
· Spare manufacturing capacity.
· Some staff has experience of end-user sector.
· Have customer lists.
· Direct delivery capability.
· Product innovations ongoing.
· Can serve from existing sites.
· Products have required accreditations.
· Processes and IT should cope.
· Management is committed and confident
· Customer lists not tested
· Management cover insufficient.
· Need more sales people
· Delivery-staff need training
· Customer service staff needs training.
· Some gaps in range for certain sectors
· Could develop new products.
· Local competitors have poor products.
· Profit margins will be good.
· End-users respond to new ideas.
· Could extend to overseas.
· New specialist applications.
· Can surprise competitors.
· Support core business economies.
· Could seek better supplier deals.
· Legislation could impact.
· Environmental effects would favor larger competitors.
· Existing core business distribution risk.
· Market demand very seasonal.
· Retention of key staff critical.
· Could distract from core business.
· Possible negative publicity.
· Vulnerable to reactive attack by major competitors.
Which presents a practical way of assimilating the internal and external information about the business unit, delineating short and long-term priorities, and allowing an easy way to build the management team, which can achieve the objectives of profit growth.
This approach captures the collective agreement and commitment of those who will ultimately have to do the work of meeting or exceeding the objectives finally set. It permits the team leader to define and develop co-ordinate, goal-directed actions, which underpin the overall agreed objectives between levels of the business hierarchy.