A RESEARCH PAPER ON VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN BANGLADESH
Human right is one of the most buzzing issue in the present world situation. Every country of the world is trying to protect the human rights for the well establishment of the state. But in the third world human right is not establish strongly yet. Like one of the developing countries human rights are obstructed in Bangladesh. Extrajudicial killing, torture, ill treatment, random arrest becoming very common in the society. This makes the human rights questionable in Bangladesh. Body:
Bangladesh is a democratic country. The government is elected by free and fair election. But the opposition parties often called strikes to fall the government through violent demonstration.
“The party in power usually takes advantage of state resources to suppress opposition activities. Opposition to ruling government policies are often portrayed as anti-state treasonable activities and the state police machinery is used to make politically arrests and repression of opposition members”
“The police in Bangladesh is also known is corrupt-partially as a consequence of being misused as party functionaries by the ruling government. Police related human rights abuses are plentiful- unlawful detention, excessive use of force, torture, deaths in custody stories abound in the media”
According to Human Rights Watch,” successive government s have promised but failed to ensure the law enforcement officials and soldiers responsible for abuses are brought to justice.”
In a report of human rights watch,” ignoring executions and torture: impunity for Bangladesh’s security forces, details the involvement of soldiers, parmilitary officers and police in so called ‘crossfire killings and other custodial killing, torture,’disappearances’, and arbitrary arrests.”
Upon which battalion the duty has given to save the rule of law now they are involved to break the law. The first cause of this problem is the law and the appropriate apply of it. Though the government has take policy to protect the unlawful activities but still it has no use at all in practical.
The Human Rights Watch has recommended to make a independent commission for the judgment of the extrajudicial killings, arrest and torture which will work maintaining the quality of the rules of international human rights. Torture and ill-treatment is another reason which are violating the human rights in Bangladesh. From the MP to common people many people are suffering for ill-treatment and torture. Mr. Mahmudur Rahman, the editor of Bangladeshi newspaper ‘Amar Desh’ is recently tortured by arbitrary detention and ill-treatment.
In border area many Bangladeshi nationals are abuse and torture by the Border Security Force (BSF).these abuse range form intimidation and verbal abuse to beatings and electric shocks, sometimes resulting in deaths. “Research carried by Human Rights Watch and Odhikar reveals that Bangladeshi nationals are sometimes subjected to torture and ill-treatment of they are apprehended crossing into India. Some victims are actually involved in illegal trade. But because the border is not demarcated, many cross the border by mistake”
Bangladesh garments sector is another area where the workers and activists are subject to torture and ill-treatment.
The garments workers demanding increase their wages of labour. Bangladesh government announced the monthly amount of wages but the workers refuse to accept it. To prevent them the police used excessive forces to them for which many of them were subjected to torture and ill treatment. “Amnesty International remind the authority that Bangladesh has international treaty obligations to protect the right of life. International law places severe restrictions on the use of force by law enforcement officers. Amnesty International urges the government to ensure that no one is tortured of ill- treated in custody, and no one is held in custody without a recognizably criminal charge against them”
The human rights record of Bangladesh is not pleasing. Sometimes the level of torture increase, but the victims don’t open their mouth in fear of being more tortured. It is alleged that various security and intelligence agencies, including law enforcement forces were used for the porpous of inhuman or degrading treatment.
Tortured is applied to fulfill the investigation. The enforcement agencies apply it cause they believe it helps the investigation and after tortured a person open up and tell the truth. That’s why now a days torture is a logical to questioning into custody. “In Bangladesh torture is used for different purpose as a part of questioning a suspect, getting confessions, extracting money, forcing a person to make a false statement, oppressing the poor and often to repress opposition against the government party”.
During the emergency 44 people were victims to torture in2008. Torture in custody continues during the present elected regime.
This torture and ill treatment not only destroy a person’s body but also destroy the minds and spirits, which is sometimes irreparable. This destroys the dignity of humanity. In Bangladesh the law enforcement agencies have legitimized power. But now they are abuse their power randomly over the common people. In Bangladesh it is very well known that the ruling party use the law enforcement agencies as they desire. Many time they abused by politically. But for that reason the main sufferer are the common people. Thus the common people are being oppressed by the political activities very often and loosing their basic human rights randomly. “Grass root level arbitrary arrests were done by the law enforcement forces what is being happened without any logical reason. Arbitrary arrest are operated countrywide only on the whims and caprices of the forces that have super power. The law enforcement forces are operating silent torture and terrorism several over the common people”.
The instability of our political situation is also responsible for the hamper of the human rights in our country. The law enforcement forces used randomly in the order of the ruling party. As they have power, with this they dominate and torture people without any logical reason. Though Bangladesh is a state party of different international treaties and conventions, torture and ill treatment take place here for the lack of accountability and culture of impunity of law enforcement agencies. In Bangladesh torture is not considered as a crime. But to save the human rights and stop torture and ill treatment necessary steps must have to take. Conclusion:
Everyone in Bangladesh has the right to remedy against human rights violation and to truth and justice. The right should not be violated. Bangladeshi parliament should take necessary steps about it. They must follow their own conscience to seek the proper way to save the human rights of every common people. The political parties should change their out look and should do work for the well being of the citizen of Bangladesh. The law enforcement agencies must follow the rule of the International human rights so that no one will be tortured by them or anyone. They should use their power in a right way only to prevent the criminal and to establish the truth. They must ensure the believe of the common people over them and make themselves to be the real power of the country. BIBLIOGRAPHY
While Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy with reasonably free and fair election, opposition to government policies is often display through violent demons tractions and enforced strikes(hortals), Virtual Bangladesh : Human Rights, paragraph-2 ,Google. 
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Report of human rights watch released on may 18, 2009, page-76 
Bangladesh new government has declared a ‘zero-tolerance’ policy for extrajudicial executions and stated that state officials who engage in such acts will be punished. There are, however, no indications into past abuses or into credible allegations that several suspects in the February 2009 rebellion and massacre at the headquarters of the Bangladesh Rifles, the country border security forces, have been tortured and killed while in custody. Virtual Bangladesh : human rights, Bangladesh: executions ,tortured by security forces go unpunished,paragraph-12, Google. 
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At least six garment workers detained in early August, including a pregnant woman, have been beaten by officers during interrogation. One is reportedly badly injured but has not received medical attention, Workers and activists in Danger in Bangladesh, paragraph-1, Google. 
Workers and activists in Danger in Bangladesh,paragraph-5 and 6. www.nosweat.org.uk/…/workers
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In the past 10 months,74 people were allegedly tortured by the law enforcement agencies. Among them 14 have been tortured by police, 23 by the RAB, 5 by the coast guard, 4 by BDR,2 by member of the joint task force and 1 by the jail police. The Status of UNCAT in Bangladesh : the fight goes on, torture and impunity in Bangladesh, paragraph-4, Google. 
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