**The Role of Human Resource Department in Corporate Social Responsibility**

**Objectives of the Study**

**Broad Objectives: **The broad objective of the report was to look on Human Resource Management (HRM) through the framework of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). How CSR trend and expectations forced specific HRM changes, developments, and HRM influences through internal corporate stakeholders, employees the corporate social responsibility, sustainability performance of a company. Discussing different important parts and views of CSR we often mention the important formula CSR?HR=PR while indicating a key role for human resource management, and indirectly to employees themselves.

**Specific Objectives: **In order to fulfill this broad objective, the following specific objectives have to be pursued:

· Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment Gather information on the internal CSR activities of Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

· Considering the HRM practices from their CSR perspective How SPL intend to integrate CSR and HRM; and to which level they are successful.

· The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR

· The role/influence of HRM on the CSR policy of the company is significant

· Relationship between Employee Motivation and Internal CSR activities

**Significance of the study**

Human resource managers are well positioned to play an instrumental role in helping their organization achieve its goals of becoming a socially and environmentally responsible firm – one which reduces its negative and enhances its positive impacts on society and the environment. Further, human resource (HR) professionals in organizations that perceive successful corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a key driver of their financial performance can be influential in realizing on that objective. While there is considerable guidance to firms who wish to be the best place to work and for firms who seek to manage their employee relationships in a socially responsible way, there is a dearth of information for the HR manager who sees the importance of embedding their firm’s CSR values throughout the organization, who wish to assist the executive team in integrating CSR into the company’s DNA. And as high profile corporate failures such as Enron make all too clear, organizations that pay lip-service to CSR while neglecting to foster a CSR culture run the risk of damaging their corporate reputation if not their demise. Indeed, HR’s mandate to communicate and implement ideas, policies, and cultural and behavioral change in organizations makes it central to fulfilling an organization’s objectives to “integrate CSR in all that we do.” That said, it is important to understand that employee engagement is not simply the mandate of HR. Indeed people leadership rests with all departmental managers. HR can facilitate the development of processes and systems; however, employee engagement is ultimately a shared responsibility. The more the HR practitioner can understand their leverage with respect to CSR, the greater their ability to pass these insights along to their business partners towards the organization’s objectives in integrating CSR throughout their operations and business model.

As human resources influence many of the key systems and business processes underpinning effective delivery, it is well positioned to foster a CSR ethic and achieve a high performance CSR culture. Human resource management can play a significant role so that CSR can become “the way we do things around here”. HR can be the key organizational partner to ensure that what the organization is saying publicly aligns with how people are treated within the organization. HR is in the enviable position of being able to provide the tools and framework for the executive team and CEO to embed CSR ethic and culture into the brand and the strategic framework of the organization. It is the only function that influences across the entire enterprise for the entire ‘lifecycle’ of the employees who work there – thus it has considerable influence if handled correctly. HR is poised for this lead role as it is adept at working horizontally and vertically across and within the organization, so important for successful CSR delivery.

**Methodology**

To accomplish the research both qualitative and quantitative methods has been followed. Initially,

· **Secondary Research:** Secondary Research has been performed by undertaking various literature reviews and internet- based research to gather information about the background and history of Square Pharmaceuticals operations. Furthermore, secondary research in terms of various journal and literature review and related web research has also been undertaken to gather relevant information regarding the issue of CSR and HRM about Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

· **Primary Research:** While collecting the primary data, I have followed the following methods:

o **Questionnaire method:** This report is extensively based on extensive primary research in terms of conducting surveys on different activities of HR and the effects on internal CSR activities. The survey has helped me to understand about various HR activities like motivation, retention, recruitment and loyalty in contrast with internal CSR activities of Square Pharmaceuticals. And also helped to understand the employee’s position about the integration of CSR and HRM.

o **Interview method:** While collecting information, I have taken the interview of some officials of SPL and individual employees of Square Pharma.

**Limitations of the study**

The internship report is not free from limitations. The study has been conducted on the subject of “The Role of Human Resource Management in Corporate Social Responsibility: A Square Pharma perspective” Key limitations of the study are as follows:

· Sufficient books, publications, facts and figures are not available; these constraints narrowed the scope of accurate analysis.

· It was very difficult to collect data from such a big organization. My internship was at Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd. But because of some divisional and confidential problem, I could not get enough information.

· Another limitation of the report is the organizations’ policy not to disclose some data and information to keep secrecy the administration policy.

**Findings and Analysis**

Thereof the present section relates to findings or results and analysis or discussion thereof presented in the following sub-sections: Integration of CSR and HRM.

**Variables**

**List of the Variables**

There are 4 independent variables which affect the integration of CSR and HRM towards Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd. The variables are:

Table 1: dependent and independent variables

**1. Influence of Internal CSR activities and HRM activities**

**Frequency Analysis:**

Table 2: Internal CSR activities and HRM activities | |||||

Frequency | Percent | Valid Percent | Cumulative Percent | ||

Valid | disagree | 2 | 4.0 | 4.0 | 4.0 |

neutral | 4 | 8.0 | 8.0 | 12.0 | |

agree | 21 | 42.0 | 42.0 | 54.0 | |

highly agree | 23 | 46.0 | 46.0 | 100.0 | |

Total | 50 | 100.0 | 100.0 |

Figure 2: Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment

From the frequency table we see that 46% percent respondents highly agreed that their company’s internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment, another 42% respondents agreed with this statement. 8% respondents are neutral about this statement and 4% disagree the statement.

Considering HRM practices from CSR perspective | |||||

Frequency | Percent | Valid Percent | Cumulative Percent | ||

Valid | disagree | 8 | 16.0 | 16.0 | 16.0 |

neutral | 10 | 20.0 | 20.0 | 36.0 | |

agree | 21 | 42.0 | 42.0 | 78.0 | |

highly agree | 11 | 22.0 | 22.0 | 100.0 | |

Total | 50 | 100.0 | 100.0 |

Figure 3: The Company does consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective

From the frequency table we see that 42% respondents agreed that their company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective, another 22% respondents highly agreed with this statement. 20% respondents are neutral about this statement and 16% disagree the statement.

The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR | |||||

Frequency | Percent | Valid Percent | Cumulative Percent | ||

Valid | disagree | 6 | 12.0 | 12.0 | 12.0 |

neutral | 7 | 14.0 | 14.0 | 26.0 | |

agree | 25 | 50.0 | 50.0 | 76.0 | |

disagree | 12 | 24.0 | 24.0 | 100.0 | |

Total | 50 | 100.0 | 100.0 |

Figure 4: The Company successfully used HRM to promote CSR

From the frequency table we see that 50% respondents agreed that their company has successfully used HRM to promote CSR, another 24% respondents highly agreed with this statement. 14% respondents are neutral about this statement and 12% disagree the statement.

The influence of HRM on the CSR policy | |||||

Frequency | Percent | Valid Percent | Cumulative Percent | ||

Valid | disagree | 4 | 8.0 | 8.0 | 8.0 |

neutral | 12 | 24.0 | 24.0 | 32.0 | |

agree | 14 | 28.0 | 28.0 | 60.0 | |

highly agree | 20 | 40.0 | 40.0 | 100.0 | |

Total | 50 | 100.0 | 100.0 |

Figure 5: The role/influence of HRM on the CSR policy of the company is significant

From the frequency table we see that 40% respondents highly agreed that the role/influence of HRM on the CSR policy of the company is significant, another 28% respondents agreed with this statement. 24% respondents are neutral about this statement and 8% disagree the statement.

**2. Employee Motivation and Internal CSR activities**

**Regression:**

**Employee Motivation and Internal CSR activities**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no relationship between “Employee Motivation^{” }& “Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation”

H1: There is relationship between “Employee Motivation^{” }& “Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation”

ANOVAb | ||||||||||||

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | |||||||

1 | Regression | 6.963 | 4 | 1.741 | 3.328 | .018a | ||||||

Residual | 23.537 | 45 | .523 | |||||||||

Total | 30.500 | 49 | ||||||||||

a. Predictors: (Constant), Increasing Corporate Image & Branding allows a company to enhance employee morale., Our staffs are motivated and proud to work at our company., “Shohoj Kisti Reen Prokalpa” helps to motivate the employees., CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly. | ||||||||||||

b. Dependent Variable: Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment | ||||||||||||

Coefficientsa | ||||||||||||

Model | Unstandardized Coefficients | Standardized Coefficients | t | Sig. | ||||||||

B | Std. Error | Beta | ||||||||||

1 | (Constant) | 1.913 | .981 | 1.950 | .057 | |||||||

Our staffs are motivated and proud to work at our company. | .031 | .226 | .020 | .139 | .040 | |||||||

“Shohoj Kisti Reen Prokalpa” helps to motivate the employees. | .208 | .138 | .244 | 1.503 | .042 | |||||||

CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly. | .333 | .170 | .318 | 1.960 | .056 | |||||||

Increasing Corporate Image & Branding allows a company to enhance employee morale. | -.013 | .174 | -.013 | -.075 | .037 | |||||||

a. Dependent Variable: Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment | ||||||||||||

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that F is 3.328 and the sig or probability of F is 0.018 which is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is relationship between **“Employee Motivation ^{” }& “Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation”**

In this case we can say that internal CSR activities have helped to influence the employee motivation.

**Employee Retention and Internal CSR activities**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no linear relationship between **“Employee Retention ^{” &} “Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like retention”**

H1: There is linear relationship between **“Employee Retention ^{” &} “Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like retention”**

ANOVA^{b} |
||||||

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | |

1 | Regression | 6.655 | 4 | 1.664 | 3.140 | .023^{a} |

Residual | 23.845 | 45 | .530 | |||

Total | 30.500 | 49 | ||||

a. Predictors: (Constant), On-Job Training to all level employees reduce employee turnover, Strict maintenance of the labor standards enabled the initiative to be a big success improving the employee retention levels., Workers’ Trade Union “Square Kormochari Samity” can negotiate with the management about labor issues which promotes retention, Incorporating CSR into the corporate image & brand can enhance employee retention | ||||||

b. Dependent Variable: Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment |

**Employee motivation and HRM practices from CSR perspective**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no linear relationship between **“Employee motivations ^{” &} “The Company does consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

H1: There is linear relationship between **“Employee motivations ^{” &} “The Company does consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

ANOVA^{b} |
||||||

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | |

1 | Regression | 16.758 | 4 | 4.190 | 5.939 | .001^{a} |

Residual | 31.742 | 45 | .705 | |||

Total | 48.500 | 49 | ||||

a. Predictors: (Constant), Increasing Corporate Image & Branding allows a company to enhance employee morale., Our staffs are motivated and proud to work at our company., “Shohoj Kisti Reen Prokalpa” helps to motivate the employees., CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly. | ||||||

b. Dependent Variable: The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective |

Coefficientsa | ||||||

Model | Unstandardized Coefficients | Standardized Coefficients | t | Sig. | ||

B | Std. Error | Beta | ||||

1 | (Constant) | .043 | 1.139 | .038 | .070 | |

Our staffs are motivated and proud to work at our company. | .037 | .263 | .019 | .140 | .089 | |

“Shohoj Kisti Reen Prokalpa” helps to motivate the employees. | .408 | .160 | .380 | 2.546 | .014 | |

CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly. | .106 | .197 | .080 | .537 | .094 | |

Increasing Corporate Image & Branding allows a company to enhance employee morale. | .308 | .203 | .234 | 1.519 | .036 | |

a. Dependent Variable: The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that F is 5.939 and the sig or probability of F is 0.001 which is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is significant relationship between **“Employee motivation ^{” }& “The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

In this case we can say that the company does consider employee motivation from their CSR perspective.

**Employee retention and HRM practices from CSR perspective**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no linear relationship between **“Employee retention ^{” &} “The Company does consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

H1: There is linear relationship between **“Employee retention ^{”&} “The Company does consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

ANOVA^{b} |
||||||

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | |

1 | Regression | 15.991 | 4 | 3.998 | 5.534 | .001^{a} |

Residual | 32.509 | 45 | .722 | |||

Total | 48.500 | 49 | ||||

a. Predictors: (Constant), On-Job Training to all level employees reduce employee turnover, Strict maintenance of the labor standards enabled the initiative to be a big success improving the employee retention levels., Workers’ Trade Union “Square Kormochari Samity” can negotiate with the management about labor issues which promotes retention, Incorporating CSR into the corporate image & brand can enhance employee retention | ||||||

b. Dependent Variable: The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective |

Coefficients^{a} |
||||||

Model | Unstandardized Coefficients | Standardized Coefficients | t | Sig. | ||

B | Std. Error | Beta | ||||

1 | (Constant) | -.375 | 1.145 | -.327 | .045 | |

Strict maintenance of the labor standards enabled the initiative to be a big success improving the employee retention levels. | .070 | .173 | .058 | .407 | .086 | |

Incorporating CSR into the corporate image & brand can enhance employee retention | -.041 | .182 | -.034 | -.223 | .024 | |

Workers’ Trade Union “Square Kormochari Samity” can negotiate with the management about labor issues which promotes retention | .459 | .161 | .401 | 2.849 | .007 | |

On-Job Training to all level employees reduce employee turnover | .475 | .190 | .322 | 2.492 | .016 | |

a. Dependent Variable: The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that F is 5.534 and the sig or probability of F is 0.001 which is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is significant relationship between **“Employee retention ^{” &} “The Company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

In this case we can say that the company does consider employee retention from their CSR perspective.

**Recruitment and HRM practices from CSR perspective**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no linear relationship between **“Recruitment ^{” }& “The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

H1: There is linear relationship between **“Recruitment ^{” }& “The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

ANOVA^{b} |
||||||

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | |

1 | Regression | 26.541 | 4 | 6.635 | 13.598 | .000^{a} |

Residual | 21.959 | 45 | .488 | |||

Total | 48.500 | 49 | ||||

a. Predictors: (Constant), CSR activities of our company has lessen the recruitment cost , Incorporating CSR into the employer brand can enhance recruitment, We recruited based on their skill and competency, Our CSR activities for the employees helps to attract talent pool while recruiting | ||||||

b. Dependent Variable: The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective |

Coefficients^{a} |
||||||

Model | Unstandardized Coefficients | Standardized Coefficients | t | Sig. | ||

B | Std. Error | Beta | ||||

1 | (Constant) | -.207 | .985 | -.210 | .035 | |

Incorporating CSR into the employer brand can enhance recruitment | .173 | .170 | .119 | 1.020 | .013 | |

We recruited based on their skill and competency | .015 | .160 | .012 | .091 | .028 | |

Our CSR activities for the employees helps to attract talent pool while recruiting | .155 | .155 | .140 | 1.002 | .022 | |

CSR activities of our company has lessen the recruitment cost | .620 | .128 | .683 | 4.834 | .000 | |

a. Dependent Variable: The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that F is 13.598 and the sig or probability of F is 0.000 which is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is significant relationship between **“Recruitment ^{” &} “The Company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective”**

In this case we can say that the company does consider recruitment from their CSR perspective.

**Employee motivation and using HRM to promote CSR**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no linear relationship between **“Employee motivation ^{” &} “The Company successfully used HRM to promote CSR”**

H1: There is linear relationship between **“Employee motivation ^{” &} “The Company successfully used HRM to promote CSR”**

ANOVA^{b} |
||||||

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | |

1 | Regression | 13.632 | 4 | 3.408 | 5.402 | .001^{a} |

Residual | 28.388 | 45 | .631 | |||

Total | 42.020 | 49 | ||||

a. Predictors: (Constant), Increasing Corporate Image & Branding allows a company to enhance employee morale., Our staffs are motivated and proud to work at our company., “Shohoj Kisti Reen Prokalpa” helps to motivate the employees., CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly. | ||||||

b. Dependent Variable: The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR |

Coefficients^{a} |
||||||

Model | Unstandardized Coefficients | Standardized Coefficients | t | Sig. | ||

B | Std. Error | Beta | ||||

1 | (Constant) | .622 | 1.078 | .578 | .566 | |

Our staffs are motivated and proud to work at our company. | .359 | .249 | .200 | 1.446 | .055 | |

“Shohoj Kisti Reen Prokalpa” helps to motivate the employees. | .452 | .152 | .452 | 2.978 | .005 | |

CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly. | -.119 | .187 | -.097 | -.637 | .027 | |

Increasing Corporate Image & Branding allows a company to enhance employee morale. | .101 | .192 | .082 | .526 | .032 | |

a. Dependent Variable: The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that F is 5.402 and the sig or probability of F is 0.001 which is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is significant relationship between **“Employee motivation ^{” &} “The Company successfully used HRM to promote CSR”**

In this case we can say that the company successfully used employee motivation to promote CSR.

**Recruitment and using HRM to promote CSR**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no linear relationship between **“Recruitment ^{” }& “The Company successfully used HRM to promote CSR”**

H1: There is linear relationship between **“Recruitment ^{” }& “The Company successfully used HRM to promote CSR”**

ANOVA^{b} |
||||||

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | |

1 | Regression | 23.885 | 4 | 5.971 | 14.817 | .000^{a} |

Residual | 18.135 | 45 | .403 | |||

Total | 42.020 | 49 | ||||

a. Predictors: (Constant), CSR activities of our company has lessen the recruitment cost , Incorporating CSR into the employer brand can enhance recruitment, We recruited based on their skill and competency, Our CSR activities for the employees helps to attract talent pool while recruiting | ||||||

b. Dependent Variable: The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR |

Coefficients^{a} |
||||||

Model | Unstandardized Coefficients | Standardized Coefficients | t | Sig. | ||

B | Std. Error | Beta | ||||

1 | (Constant) | 1.070 | .895 | 1.195 | .038 | |

Incorporating CSR into the employer brand can enhance recruitment | -.182 | .154 | -.134 | -1.179 | .045 | |

We recruited based on their skill and competency | .119 | .145 | .103 | .820 | .016 | |

Our CSR activities for the employees helps to attract talent pool while recruiting | .241 | .140 | .234 | 1.714 | .093 | |

CSR activities of our company has lessen the recruitment cost | .516 | .117 | .610 | 4.426 | .000 | |

a. Dependent Variable: The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that F is 14.817 and the sig or probability of F is 0.000 which is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is significant relationship between **“Recruitment ^{” }& “The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR”**

In this case we can say that the company successfully used recruitment to promote CSR.

**Chi-square analysis:**

**1. Chi-square analysis of Employee motivation**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no association between **Employee motivation **and** Internal CSR activities**

H1: There association between **Employee motivation **and** Internal CSR activities**

Test Statistics | ||||

Our staffs are motivated and proud to work at our company. | “Shohoj Kisti Reen Prokalpa” helps to motivate the employees. | CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly. | Increasing Corporate Image & Branding allows a company to enhance employee morale. | |

Chi-Square | 37.240^{a} |
38.200^{b} |
32.080^{c} |
12.640^{a} |

df | 2 | 4 | 3 | 2 |

Asymp. Sig. | .000 | .000 | .000 | .002 |

a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 16.7. | ||||

b. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 10.0. | ||||

c. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 12.5. |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that all the sig or probability of F is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is association between **Employee motivation**and** Internal CSR activities.**

**2. Chi-square analysis of Employee retention**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no association between **Employee retention **and** Internal CSR activities**

H1: There is association between **Employee retention **and** Internal CSR activities**

Test Statistics | ||||

Strict maintenance of the labor standards enabled the initiative to be a big success improving the employee retention levels. | Incorporating CSR into the corporate image & brand can enhance employee retention | Workers’ Trade Union “Square Kormochari Samity” can negotiate with the management about labor issues which promotes retention | On-Job Training to all level employees reduce employee turnover | |

Chi-Square | 19.280^{a} |
29.040^{a} |
16.400^{a} |
14.680^{b} |

df | 3 | 3 | 3 | 2 |

Asymp. Sig. | .000 | .000 | .001 | .001 |

a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 12.5. | ||||

b. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 16.7. |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that all the sig or probability of F is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is association between **Employee retention **and** Internal CSR activities**

**Chi-square analysis of Recruitment**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no association between Recruitment and Internal CSR activities

H1: There is association between Recruitment and Internal CSR activities

Test Statistics | ||||

Incorporating CSR into the employer brand can enhance recruitment | We recruited based on their skill and competency | Our CSR activities for the employees helps to attract talent pool while recruiting | CSR activities of our company has lessen the recruitment cost | |

Chi-Square | 9.760^{a} |
23.440^{b} |
14.480^{b} |
32.600^{c} |

df | 2 | 3 | 3 | 4 |

Asymp. Sig. | .008 | .000 | .002 | .000 |

a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 16.7. | ||||

b. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 12.5. | ||||

c. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 10.0. |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that all the sig or probability of F is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is association between **Recruitment **and** Internal CSR activities.**

**Chi-square analysis of Employee loyalty**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no association between **Employee loyalty **and** Internal CSR activities**

H1: There is association between **Recruitment **and** Internal CSR activities**

Test Statistics |
||||

The more socially responsible the company becomes the more loyalty is shown by the staffs towards their jobs. | The company helps to ensure the health and safety of employees, which influences loyalty. | Management and Labor Mutual Understanding in workplace influences loyalty. | Have a policy to ensure honesty and quality in all company’s contracts, dealings and advertizing promotes loyalty | |

Chi-Square | 12.280^{a} |
22.800^{b} |
17.360^{b} |
18.960^{b} |

df | 2 | 3 | 3 | 3 |

Asymp. Sig. | .002 | .000 | .001 | .000 |

a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 16.7. | ||||

b. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 12.5. |

**Interpretation: **

From the analysis we see that all the sig or probability of F is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is association between **Recruitment **and** Internal CSR activities**

**Chi-square analysis of Integration of CSR and HRM**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: There is no association between **Internal CSR activities **and** HRM**

H1: There is association between **Internal CSR activities **and** HRM**

Test Statistics | ||||

Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment | The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective | The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR | The role/influence of HRM on the CSR policy of the company is significant | |

Chi-Square | 29.200^{a} |
8.080^{a} |
18.320^{a} |
10.480^{a} |

df | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 |

Asymp. Sig. | .000 | .044 | .000 | .015 |

a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 12.5. |

**Interpretation: **From the analysis we see that all the sig or probability of F is less than .05. Which means it is significant. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that there is association between **Internal CSR activities **and** HRM**

**ANOVA:**

**One way ANOVA between CSR activities directed towards woman employees and Integration of CSR and HRM**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: The population means of **Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment **and** CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are not equal

H1: The population means of **Internal CSR activities have helped HRM activities like motivation, retention, loyalty and recruitment **and** CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are equal

**ANOVA**

Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | ||

Between Groups | 7.538 | 3 | 2.513 | 5.034 | .004 | |

Within Groups | 22.962 | 46 | .499 | |||

Total | 30.500 | 49 |

If the value of the mean MSG ÷ MSW = F then we accept null hypothesis

If the value of the mean MSG ÷ MSW ? F then we reject null hypothesis

From the analysis we see that MSG ÷ MSW is 5.036 and the F ratio is 5.034 which is not equal. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that the population means of ** CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are equal.

In this case we can say that internal CSR activities have helped to influence the moral of woman employees.

**One way ANOVA between CSR activities directed towards woman employees and HRM practices from CSR perspective**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: The population means of **The Company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective ^{ and} CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are not equal

H1: The population means of **The Company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective ^{ and} CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are equal

**ANOVA**

Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | ||

The company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective | Between Groups | 9.843 | 3 | 3.281 | 3.904 | .014 |

Within Groups | 38.657 | 46 | .840 | |||

Total | 48.500 | 49 |

If the value of the mean MSG ÷ MSW = F then we accept null hypothesis

If the value of the mean MSG ÷ MSW ? F then we reject null hypothesis

From the analysis we see that MSG ÷ MSW is 3.906 and the F ratio is 5.904 which is not equal. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that the population means of **The Company do consider the HRM practices from their CSR perspective ^{ and} CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are equal.

In this case we can say that internal CSR activities have helped to influence the moral of woman employees.

**One way ANOVA between CSR activities directed towards woman employees and successfully using HRM to promote CSR**

The null and alternative hypotheses for testing are assumed below:

Ho: The population means of **The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR **and** CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are not equal

H1: The population means of **The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR **and** CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are equal

**ANOVA**

Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. | ||

The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR | Between Groups | 7.414 | 3 | 2.471 | 3.285 | .029 |

Within Groups | 34.606 | 46 | .752 | |||

Total | 42.020 | 49 |

If the value of the mean MSG ÷ MSW = F then we accept null hypothesis

If the value of the mean MSG ÷ MSW ? F then we reject null hypothesis

From the analysis we see that MSG ÷ MSW is 3.286 and the F ratio is 3.285 which is not equal. So we reject the null hypothesis. H1 is proven true which implies that the population means of **The company successfully used HRM to promote CSR **and** CSR activities directed towards women employees help to has increased their moral significantly **are equal.

In this case we can say that internal CSR activities have helped to influence the moral of woman employees.

**Crosstabs:**

**Crosstabs between “Employee Motivation” and “Integration of CSR and HRM”**

Chi-Square Tests | |||

Value | df | Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) | |

Pearson Chi-Square | 13.527^{a} |
6 | .035 |

Likelihood Ratio | 14.012 | 6 | .030 |

Linear-by-Linear Association | .902 | 1 | .342 |

N of Valid Cases | 50 | ||

a. 10 cells (83.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .24. |

Symmetric Measures | |||