Date of Assent: 14th July, 2006 Date of Commencement: 21st July, 2006
- Compelled or induced indecent acts.
- Acts which cause penetration or indecent acts committed within the view of a child or person with mental
- Indecent act with child or
- Promotion of sexual offences with a
- Child sex
- Exploitation of prostitution.
- Trafficking for sexual
- Prostitution of persons with mental disabilities. 20- Incest by male persons.
21- Incest by female persons. 22- Test of relationship.
- Sexual offences relating to position of authority and persons in position of
- Sexual relationship which pre-date position of authority or
- Deliberate transmission of HIV or any other life threatening sexually transmitted disease.
- Administering a substance with
- Distribution of substance by juristic persons. 29- Cultural and religious sexual
30- Non-disclosure of conviction of sexual offences. 31- Vulnerable witnesses.
- Vulnerable witnesses to be notified of protective
- Evidence of surrounding circumstances and impact of sexual
- Evidence of character and previous sexual 35- Medical treatment orders.
- Evidence of medical, forensic and scientific
- Keeping a crime scene secure,
- Offence to make false
- Supervision of dangerous sexual
- Attorney-General to decide whether police investigations should be discontinued.
- Extra-territorial jurisdiction.
- Intentional and unlawful acts.
44 – Evidential presumptions about consent. 45- Conclusive presumptions about consent. 46- National policy framework.
- Consequential amendments and repeals.
FiRST SCHEDULE – TRANSiTiONAL PROViSiONS
SECOND SCHEDULE – CONSEQUENTiAL AmENDmENTS AND
7 of 2007,
6 of 2009, Sch.
Interpretation. 7 of 2007, Sch.,
6 of 2009, Sch.
No. 8 of 2001.
THE SEXUAL OFFENCES ACT, 2006
Commencement Date: 21st July 2006
An Act of Parliament to make provision about sexual offences, their definition, prevention and the protection of all persons from harm from unlawful sexual acts, and for connected purposes.
ENACTED BY THE PARLIAMENT OF KENYA AS FOLLOWS –
- This Act may be cited as the Sexual Offences Act,
- (1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires –
“act which causes penetration” means an act contemplated under this Act;
“child” has the meaning assigned thereto in the Children Act; “complainant” means the Republic or the alleged victim of
a sexual offence and in the case of a child or a person with mental
disabilities, includes a person who lodges a complaint on behalf of the alleged victim where the victim is unable or inhibited from lodging and following up a complaint of sexual abuse;
“consent” has the meaning assigned to it under this Act; “DNA” means deoxyribonucleic acid, the genetic code unique to
every living organism, including human beings and “DNA Test” shall
be construed accordingly;
“gang” means two or more persons;
“genital organs” includes the whole or part of male or female genital organs and for purposes of this Act includes the anus;
“HIV” means the Human Immunodeficiency Virus which causes
“HIV test” means the test which determines whether a person is infected with HIV;
“indecent act” means an unlawful intentional act which causes-
- any contact between any part of the body of a person with the genital organs, breasts or buttocks of another, but does not include an act that causes penetration.
- exposure or display of any phornographic material to any person against his or her will;
“intermediary” means a person authorized by a court, on account of his or her expertise or experience, to give evidence on behalf of a vulnerable witness and may include a parent, relative, psychologist, counselor, guardian, children’s officer or social worker;
“law enforcement officer” means any person whose duties involve law enforcement and includes but is not limited to a police officer as defined under the Police Act;
“person with mental disabilities” means a person affected by any mental disability irrespective of its cause, whether temporary or permanent, and for purposes of this Act includes a person affected by such mental disability to the extent that he or she, at the time of the alleged commission of the offence in question, was –
- unable to appreciate the nature and reasonably foreseeable consequences of any act described under this Act;
- able to appreciate the nature and reasonably foreseeable consequences of such an act but unable to act in accordance with that appreciation;
- unable to resist the commission of any such act; or
- unable to communicate his or her unwillingness to participate in any such act;
“Minister” means the Minister for the time being responsible for matters relating to legal affairs and public prosecutions;
“penetration” means the partial or complete insertion of the genital organs of a person into the genital organs of another person;
“sexual offence” means any offence prescribed in this Act; and “vulnerable person” means a child, a person with mental
disabilities or an elderly person and “vulnerable witness” shall be
3.(1) A person commits the offence termed rape if –
- he or she intentionally and unlawfully commits an act which causes penetration with his or her genital organs;
- the other person does not consent to the penetration; or
- the consent is obtained by force or by means of threats or
intimidation of any kind.
- In this section the term “intentionally and unlawfully” has the meaning assigned to it in section 43 of this
- A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than ten years but which may be enhanced to imprisonment for
Sexual assault. 7 of 2007, Sch.
Compelled or induced indecent acts.
- Any person who attempts to unlawfully and intentionally commit an act which causes penetration with his or her genital organs is guilty of the offence of attempted rape and is liable upon conviction for imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than five years but which may be enhanced to imprisonment for
- (1) Any person who unlawfully –
- penetrates the genital organs of another person with –
- any part of the body of another or that person; or
- an object manipulated by another or that person except where such penetration is carried out for proper and professional hygienic or medical purposes;
- manipulates any part of his or her body or the body of another person so as to cause penetration of the genital organ into or by any part of the other person’s body,
is guilty of an offence termed sexual assault.
- A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years but which may be enhanced to imprisonment for
- A person who intentionally and unlawfully compels, induces or causes another person to engage in an indecent act with –
- the person compelling, inducing or causing the other person to engage in the act;
- a third person;
- that other person himself or herself; or
- an object, including any part of the body of an animal, in circumstances where that other person –
- would otherwise not have committed or allowed the indecent act; or
- is incapable in law of appreciating the nature of an indecent act, including the circumstances referred to in section 43,
is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to imprisonment
for a term which shall not be less than five years.
- A person who intentionally commits rape or an indecent act with another within the view of a family member, a child or a person with mental disabilities is guilty of an offence and is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than ten
- (1) A person who commits an act which causes penetration
with a child is guilty of an offence termed defilement.
- A person who commits an offence of defilement with a child aged eleven years or less shall upon conviction be sentenced to imprisonment for life.
- A person who commits an offence of defilement with a child between the age of twelve and fifteen years is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term of not less than twenty years.
- A person who commits an offence of defilement with a child between the age of sixteen and eighteen years is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term of not less than fifteen
- It is a defence to a charge under this section if –
- it is proved that such child, deceived the accused person into believing that he or she was over the age of eighteen years at the time of the alleged commission of the offence; and
- the accused reasonably believed that the child was over the age of eighteen years.
- The belief referred to in subsection (5) (b) is to be determined having regard to all the circumstances, including any steps the accused person took to ascertain the age of the complainant.
- Where the person charged with an offence under this Act is below the age of eighteen years, the court may upon conviction, sentence the accused person in accordance with the provisions of the Borstal Institutions Act and the Children’ s
- The provisions of subsection (5) shall not apply if the accused person is related to such child within the prohibited degrees of blood or
- (1) A person who attempts to commit an act which would cause penetration with a child is guilty of an offence termed attempted defilement.
Acts which cause penetration or indecent acts committed within the view of a family member, child or person with mental disabilities.
Act No. 8 of 2001.
- A person who commits an offence of attempted defilement with a child is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years.
- The provisions of section 8(5),(6),(7) and (8) shall apply
mutatis mutandis to this section.