PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION
Limits of and amount payable as compensation57. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Act or in any Compensation Assessment-roll as finally modified under section 54, no rent-receiver shall be entitled to receive on account of compensation for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests any amount in excess of the amount calculated on his total net income from all his rent-receiving interests in all estates, tenures, holdings and tenancies held by him within the Province at the rate applicable to such net income under section 37.
(2) When a rent-receiver holds rent-receiving interests in different areas, the Revenue-officer shall, before making payment under section 58 of the compensation payable to him under a Compensation Assessment-roll as finally modified under section 54 for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests in any such area, ascertain in the prescribed manner if any amount has been paid to such rent-receiver on account of compensation for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests in any other area or areas in excess of the amount admissible under sub-section (1) and, if any such excess payment is found to have been made, deduct the amount of such excess from the amount of the compensation payable to him under such roll for the acquisition of such interests:
Provided that no such deduction shall be made until a reasonable notice has been given to the rent-receiver to appear and be heard in the matter:
Provided further that an appeal, if presented within thirty days from the date of the order making such deduction shall lie against such order to the prescribed superior Revenue Authority whose order thereon shall be final.
(3) When any amount is deducted under sub-section (2) from the amount of any compensation payable to a rent-receiver under a Compensation Assessment-roll for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests, the balance, if any, remaining after such deduction shall, for the purpose of section 58, be deemed to be the compensation payable to such rent-receiver in respect of such interests in the terms of the said roll.
Manner of payment of compensation58. (1) When the time within which appeals under section 51 or under section 53 may be made in respect of any entry in or omission from a Compensation Assessment-roll has expired and, where any such appeal has been made under section 51, the time within which a reference may be made to the High Court under section 52 with regard to any order made by the Special Judge in relation to such appeal has also expired and all references made under section 52 in relation to all such appeals have been disposed of and all orders under sub-section (4) of that section arising out of such references have been passed and, where any appeal has been made under section 53, such appeal has been disposed of, the Revenue-officer shall proceed to make payment to the proprietors, tenure-holders and other rent-receivers, and to any groups of proprietors, tenure-holders or other rent-receivers and to the cultivating raiyats, cultivating under-raiyats and other persons, who are shown in such Compensation Assessment-roll as finally modified under section 54 to be entitled to compensation, of the compensation payable to them in the terms of the said roll after deducting from the amount of any compensation so payable any amount which has been ordered by the Collector to be so deducted under clause (b), (c), (d) or (dd) of sub-section (4) of section 3 or clause (5), (6), (6a) or (7) of section 44 and also any amount to be deducted from such compensation under clause (8) of section 44 or clause (2) of section 46E or section 76B and any amount recoverable from such compensation under Chapter X:
Provided that if a rent-receiver applied for scaling down his debts under Chapter X of this Act, only half of the total amount of compensation payable to him under a Compensation Assessment-roll, less any amount to be deducted under clause (b), (c), (d) or (dd) of sub-section (4) of section 3 or clause (5), (6), (6a), (7) or (8) of section 44 or clause (2) of section 46E or section 76B, shall be paid to him and the payment of the other half shall be withheld until such application is disposed of and all debts recoverable from compensation money under that Chapter are recovered in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (7) of section 71:
Provided further that no compensation payable to any person under a Compensation Assessment-roll for any land with building shall be paid till the Government takes khas possession of such land and building.
(2) The amount of compensation so payable shall be paid in cash or in bonds or partly in cash and partly in bonds. The bonds shall be non-negotiable and payable in not more than forty annual instalments to the person named therein or his successor-in-interest and shall carry interest at three per centum per annum with effect from the date of issue.
(3) If any person, entitled to receive such compensation in respect of any estate, tenure or holding or part thereof or any land, had no power to alienate such estate, tenure, holding, part or land, or if there be any dispute as to the title to receive the compensation or as to the apportionment of it, the Revenue-officer shall keep the amount of compensation, or the bonds in which it is to be paid, in deposit with the Collector of the district:
Provided that nothing herein contained shall effect the liability of any person who may receive the whole or any part of any compensation awarded under this Act to pay the same to the person lawfully entitled thereto.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (2) and (3), an annuity referred to in clause (3) of section 37 or sub-section (1a) of section 39 shall be paid to the Commissioner of Wakfs in the case of a wakf or wakf-al-al-aulad and to a trustee to be appointed in this behalf by the Government in any other case.
(5) If any compensation is paid to a person in excess of the amount admissible to him under sub-section (1) or if a person receives any compensation to which he is not legally entitled, the Collector may require such person to refund the amount within a period fixed. On the failure of such person to do so, the amount shall be treated as a “public demand” and shall be recovered from such person as a public demand under Article 4(i) of Schedule I of the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913:
Provided that nothing herein contained shall affect the criminal liability of the person concerned.
Money or bonds deposited in respect of estates, tenures, holdings or lands belonging to persons incompetent to alienate59. (1) If the amount of any compensation paid in bonds or in cash is deposited with the Collector of the district under sub-section (3) of section 58 and it appears to the Collector that the estate, tenure or holding or part thereof or any land in respect of which such amount has been awarded as compensation was held by any person who had no power to alienate the same, the Collector shall, where the amount is deposited in cash, order such amount to be invested in the purchase of such Government or other approved securities as the Collector thinks fit and shall direct the payment of the interest of such bonds or interest or other proceeds arising from such investment to the person or persons who would for the time being have been entitled to the interest in such estate, tenure, holding or part thereof or other land, as the case may be, if such interest had not vested in the Government under section 3 or section 44, and such bonds or securities shall remain so deposited until-
(a) they are made over to any person or persons becoming absolutely entitled thereto; or
(b) they are mature.
(2) If, when such bonds or securities are mature, there is no person or persons absolutely entitled thereto, the Collector shall direct the investment of the proceeds of such bonds or securities in the purchase of such Government or other approved securities as the Collector thinks fit; and the provisions of sub-section (1) shall apply to such investment and to the interest and other proceeds arising from such investment as they apply to the investment made under sub-section (1) of the amount of compensation deposited in cash with the Collector under sub-section (3) of section 58 and the interest and other proceeds arising out of such investment.
(3) In all cases of moneys, bonds and other securities deposited to which this section applies, the Collector of the district shall order the costs of the following matters including therein all reasonable charges and expenses incidental thereto, to be paid by the Government, namely:-
(a) the cost of such investments as aforesaid;
(b) the cost of the orders for the payment of the interest or other proceeds of securities upon which such moneys are for the time being invested or of such bonds or other securities, and of all proceedings relating thereto except such as may be occasioned by litigation between adverse claimants.
(4) When any annuity is paid as compensation under sub-section (4) of section 58 to the Commissioner of Wakfs, the Commissioner of Wakfs shall pay the same to the Mutawalli or other person or persons who would for the time being have been entitled to the possession of the wakf property in respect of which such compensation has been awarded; and when any amount is paid as compensation under the said sub-section to a trustee appointed in this behalf by the Government, such trustee shall pay the same to the sebait or other person or persons who would for the time being have been entitled to the possession of the trust property in respect of which such Compensation has been awarded; and all costs for the payment of every such annuity under this sub-section shall be paid by the Government:
Provided that the Commissioner of Wakfs or the Trustee may withhold the payment of the whole or any portion of such annuity until he is satisfied that amount of annuity paid in the preceding year under sub-section (4) of this section has been spent for the purpose for which such amount was paid.
Dispute as to title or apportionment60. If any dispute arises as to the title of any person to receive any compensation payable under a Compensation Assessment-roll or as to the apportionment of any such compensation or any part thereof, the Revenue-officer may refer such dispute to the Special Judge appointment under sub-section (4) of section 48 to enquire into such disputes for decision.
Certain sections not applicable to future acquisition28[60A. The provisions of clause (c) of sub-section (4) of section 3, clause (7) of section 44 and sections 61 to 68 shall not apply in the case of acquisition of rent-receiving interests on or after the date of coming into force of the East Bengal State Acquisition and Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 1956.]