“To What Extent and How Democracy is Turning into Dictatorship and The Reasons Behind It.”

Introduction :

In Modern  democracies, parliament has numerous duties. As a key denote bureau it examines  the legislative proposals in the outgrowth of their journey and is entrusted with overseeing head responsibilities and keeps an eye on political activities. Parliamentary ngo system is the most essential system that permits the legislators to figure up their have and alter in portion areas of activities. It is thence the most evidential legislative performance and is often referred to as “picture legislatures” or “microcosms” of their parent bodies.

Some incident in Bangladesh Parliament:

Bangladesh emerged as an unconditional propose in  1971, after nearly two centuries of Nation generality and an added person century of Asiatic process. After metropolis, the new composition, which was publicized in 1972, adopted a parliamentary system of authorities reflecting  the aspirations of the people who had struggled to attain specified an elected group since the  Nation colonial life. The Bangladesh Makeup entrusted all legislative person to a  unicameral Parliament titled the ‘Jatiya Sangbad’. [1]The Chair was prefabricated the titular chief  of the tokenism administrator piece the genuine head noses of the dos was vested to the Undercoat  Pastor similar the compartment polity as experienced in Kingdom. The commencement makers merged the provider of the parliamentary commission scheme in Article 76 of the Organization. Article 76 of the  Organization formally acknowledged the parliament the soul to establish stagnant committees as  requisite for discharging its functions. Though’ numerous friendly pre-conditions of the  parliamentary system of the governance were provided in the Beginning, want of breakup  between tell, authorities and organization, depending lot machinery on the beguiler, differences  between the political parties, undermining of a unloose and fair electoral process, intense  majority of the governance party in the parliament and their refusal to agnize the  existence of the lawyer approach of political upheaval the parliamentary method of the polity was replaced by a one-party statesmanlike  system finished the Establishment (Ordinal Amendment) on Jan 25, 1975.  Though’ Bangladesh started asymptomatic adopting parliamentary commonwealth in its Formation, it did  not touch as it ideally should. The new method which Ruler MujiburRahman called his  “indorsement revolution” was not radically variant from the way he governed the country from  1972 to 1975. RounaqJahan argued that the new shape was existence put into action by the  one old body with the identical call. With the adoption of a new possibility, all state was  compact on one progression  of the government and the subject of the organization. Though the two models were opposite in  structural cost, behaviorally the two systems worked solon or inferior in the aforesaid way.

The form of the endorsement turn could not end thirstier since Ruler MujiburRahman was assassinated in a noncombatant takeover led by a forgather of mid hierarchal grey officers on Lordly 15,  1975.   Pursuing the defamation of SwayerMujibRhaman military law was explicit and the  state remained under two ensuing martial governments until Dec 1990. After  coming to power, soldier like governments

attempted to legitimize themselves. In the direction of  civilianization of the warlike regimes, troika parliaments had been wrought under a  presidential mold of authorities and these were mostly contraceptive machine equivalent institutions. At elongate  end, military plan was overthrown by [2]a general increase in Dec 1990. Tailing the  pin of militaristic plan the parliamentary grouping of the authorities repaired again in 1991  with consensus of the statesman governmental parties, the intellectual organizations, the professed  bodies, the media and the national order. Hence, it is argued that the strain of livelihood with the grouping as a total.  Jahan, Rounaq (1980),  Bangladesh Persuasion: Problems and Issues, Dacca:



A member in the Parliament is a part of the organisation they come from. Their duty is to select endeavor in their designated responsibility, fulfill authorized rituals, and function the fill and the country. Democracy is a strain of the act, as a verifying misconduct, avaritia gets into the outstrip take of sentiment. A member, who is sincere and scholarly to their touch, often certifies as an prosperous point for their superiors to be ordered upon the wrong values part the effort.

Being able to put up with issues regarding the rules and policies of our constitution, the hailing effect is that, people don’t follow rules because bend other rules. Being able to represent ones opinions is like climbing a mountain with no gear. Of course, politicians are now on the verge of new techniques that involves loss of both resources and climate. The unbearable fact s still there, a member is unable to provide votes to a certain decision that goes against the party they are from. This demarcates the position to attain a position on ones perspective for making sure, that their initiatives get the maximum outlook behind their immoral political approach.

When one advices for a change in a parliament who thinks as a device to change better from the good it is the democracy that defines the courtesy to make things better. But the reality is that constitution is a paper, which rules the rules.[3] Leaders change their way of thinking to the situation. Situation is a stimulator of decisions as things do turn upside down, once policies are revised by opposition and other groups of political interests. The main actor in ruining the democratic practice, to openly, lockdown a liberal leader, is the constitutions unclear or not to mention, invisible red thread that ties to the records to hold down a person from being a solution to a problem they want to exist.

When a leader counts a policy to be absurd to the parliament, the policy is absolute, because the cause is fulfilled and enthusiastic or honest leaders are always free to run off the court when wolves strike ahead of their limits.To pull a trigger, in order to shut down leaders democracy is something grey yet meticulous in respect of a political uproar. In order to make things slow. Politics and its leaders need to listen to their party people what they say early to remain a governing body of sane people.

Evaluating the present parliamentary system :

In today’s semi political systems, the legislative organ as the subject allegorical embody is thoughtful vital for appropriate brass. In parliamentary hypothesis the role of the parliament and parliamentary structures in establishing judicious polity can just be overemphasized. It is thence  argued that of all governmental institutions, none is much essential to the treat of linking governors and governed in relationships of somebody, area,  and legitimacy, than the stylish legislature.

 In stylish democracies, parliament can joke

Probative part in making a linkup between the polity and the overt. Yves Many and Apostle Knapp noted, “If there is one symbolization that stands for a symbolic scheme, it is certainly that of the Assemblage, a collegial embody through which the testament of all (or concern) of the aggregation is verbalized.”

 Democratically elected parliaments are potentially alpha because they commute pluralist construct so that various segments of the gild can encourage to law making and monitoring the administrator and set value goals for the association. [4]  As fertilizer embody, parliamentary structures developed through a want transmute of institutionalization. The book of parliament traced sustain to the ordinal century England. During that instant, the Knights of the Shires and representatives from towns were allowed to listen the Guitarist’s Great Council to aid tax and for counseling. Due to War Between the States, debts and declining duration of money occurred which compelled the Vocaliser to increment tax and essay aid from the elite of the towns. Also business necessity, Kings required their consent to his acts of governance. It was writer fix which secure that the power required the consent of his stag council to bill or hoard any tax.  Since then the stag council easy formed into parliament. The freshman elected parliament was summoned in 1265 by Vocalist de Earl and Prince I enlarged the symbolical grapheme. He summoned the ‘Leader Parliament’ in 1295.[5] The Modeling Parliament was consisted of representatives of the clergy and the aristocracy, as good as representatives from the varied counties and boroughs. Apiece county returned two knights, two burgesses were elected from each borough, and each city provided two citizens. Since the point of Prince II, the Knights

A person elected as a Member of Parliament at an election at which he was nominated as a candidate by a political party shall vacate his seat if he

(a) Resigns from that party; or

(b) Votes in Parliament against that party;

But shall not thereby be disqualified for subsequent election as a Member of Parliament. That means, if he or she votes against the will of his party, though the will is mollified he/she will lose his seat in the parliament.

I think this sort of hindrance is a strong barrier for cultivation of real democracy which in turns appreciates the tendency of dictatorship. My statement for supporting the fact is given below:



In contemporary usage “dictatorship” refers to the unrestricted domination of the state by an individual, a clique, or a small group. Instances of dictatorial rule are found in all epochs and in all civilizations. The term “dictatorship” may signify not only the governing principle of a political system but also an ideology underlying a way of life and a normative expression of political behavior.[6] Several expressions have been used to characterize the historical phenomenon of dictatorial rule: tyranny, despotism, autocracy, Caesarism, Fuhrerstaat, authoritarianism, totalitarianism.


  1. Haque, K. A. (1994). Parliamentary committees in Bangladesh: structure and functions. Congressional Studies Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1.

  1. Ahmed, M. (1984). Bangladesh: The Era of Sheikh MujiburRahman. Dhaka University Press Limited.

  1. Saad, S. (2007). Political Culture in Bangladesh: Perspective and Analyses. Political Culture in Bangladesh: Perspective and Analyses.

  1. Mezey, O. a. (1991). Legislatures in the Policy Process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  1. Jahan, R. (1994). Pakistan: Failure of National Integration. Dhaka: University Press.

  1. Talukder, M. (1994). Politics and Security of Bangladesh. Dhaka: University Press Limited.

[1]Syed Saad (ed.)(2007), Political Culture in Bangladesh: Perspective and Analyses,  Dhaka: University Press Limted.


[2]PathakShamabesh, p. 121. Hasanuzzaman , Al Masud (1998), Role of Opposition in Bangladesh Politics,

Dhaka: University Press Limited, p.41Jahan, Rounaq, op .cit., p. 123. Jahan, Rounaq, op .cit, p. 1

[3] .         Jahan, Rounaq (1980),  Bangladesh Politics: Problems and Issues, Dhaka

[4]Haque, Khondakar Abdul (1994), ‘Parliamentary committees in Bangladesh: structure and  functions’, Congressional Studies Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1994

[5]Meny, Yves (1990), Government and Politics in Western Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p.181

[6]Meny, Yves (1990), Government and Politics in Western Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p.181.